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Substitution effect of white radish (Raphanus sativus L.)’ by-product and tunic of sea squirt (Halocynthia rorentzi, von Drasche) for Undaria pinnatifida in feed of abalone (Haliotis discus, Reeve 1846)

Substitution effect of white radish’ by-product (WRB) and tunic of sea squirt (TSS) for Undaria in feed on growth and carcass composition of abalone was determined. Eight-hundred forty juveniles were distributed into 12 containers. Three formulated diets were prepared in triplicate. A 15% Undaria was included in the control diet. The 15% Undaria was substituted with a same amount...

Provider perspectives on PrEP for adolescent girls and young women in Tanzania: The role of provider biases and quality of care

Background Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to reduce HIV acquisition among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa. However, health care providers’ (HCPs) perspectives and interactions with potential clients can substantially influence effective provision of quality health services. We examine if HCPs’ knowledge, attitude, and skills...

Contamination Métallique D’une Espèce De Poisson (Brama Brama) De La Côte Dakaroise

Pollution of metal origin constitutes one of the major risks in the world today. The metal elements can be very dangerous to human health when they are present in the environment at high concentrations. Thus, the evaluation of the metal contamination in marine organisms, especially fish, makes it possible to predict a possible contamination of humans. This paper focuses on...

Validity of consumer-grade activity monitor to identify manual wheelchair propulsion in standardized activities of daily living

Background Hypoactive lifestyle contributes to the development of secondary complications and lower quality of life in wheelchair users. There is a need for objective and user-friendly physical activity monitors for wheelchair-dependent individuals in order to increase physical activity through self-monitoring, goal setting, and feedback provision. Objective To determine the...

Multitemporal UAV surveys for landslide mapping and characterization

This paper presents the preliminary results of the IPL project 196 “Development and applications of a multi-sensor drone for geohazards monitoring and mapping.” The objective of the project is to test the applicability of a multi-sensor drone for the mapping and monitoring of different types of geohazards. The Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Florence has...

Regenerated cellulose from N-methylmorpholine N-oxide solutions as a coating agent for paper materials

The objective of the presented research was to determine the influence of cellulose coating, obtained from the cellulose solution in N-Methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), on the structural and mechanical properties of paper. The effect of heating time of paper samples coated with cellulose dissolved in NMMO was also investigated. Depending on the heating time of the coating, a...

A thirty year, fine-scale, characterization of area burned in Canadian forests shows evidence of regionally increasing trends in the last decade

Fire as a dominant disturbance has profound implications on the terrestrial carbon cycle. We present the first ever multi-decadal, spatially-explicit, 30 meter assessment of fire regimes across the forested ecoregions of Canada at an annual time-step. From 1985 to 2015, 51 Mha burned, impacting over 6.5% of forested ecosystems. Mean annual area burned was 1,651,818 ha and varied...

The Neuronal Ischemic Tolerance Is Conditioned by the Tp53 Arg72Pro Polymorphism

Cerebral preconditioning (PC) confers endogenous brain protection after stroke. Ischemic stroke patients with a prior transient ischemic attack (TIA) may potentially be in a preconditioned state. Although PC has been associated with the activation of pro-survival signals, the mechanism by which preconditioning confers neuroprotection is not yet fully clarified. Recently, we have...

Time-dependent one-dimensional simulation of atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge in N2/O2/H2O using COMSOL Multiphysics

The results of time-dependent one-dimensional modelling of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in a nitrogen–oxygen–water vapor mixture at atmospheric pressure are presented. The voltage–current characteristics curves and the production of active species are studied. The discharge is driven by a sinusoidal alternating high voltage–power supply at 30 kV with frequency of 27 kHz...

Association of renal hyperfiltration with incident proteinuria - A nationwide registry study

To elucidate the association between renal hyperfiltration (RHF) and incident proteinuria, the data from 11,559,520 Korean adults who had undergone health screenings ≥ 3 times between 2009 and 2014 and had glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73m2 and negative dipstick test for proteinuria at baseline, were retrospectively analyzed. GFR was estimated with the Chronic...

Ureteroscopy is more cost effective than shock wave lithotripsy for stone treatment: systematic review and meta-analysis

IntroductionA rising incidence of kidney stone disease has led to an increase in ureteroscopy (URS) and shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Our aim was to compare the cost of URS and SWL for treatment of stones.MethodsA systematic review and meta-analysis based on Cochrane and PRISMA standards was conducted for all studies reporting on comparative cost of treatment between URS and SWL...

A low dose lipid infusion is sufficient to induce insulin resistance and a pro-inflammatory response in human subjects

Objective The root cause behind the low-grade inflammatory state seen in insulin resistant (obesity and type 2 diabetes) states is unclear. Insulin resistant subjects have elevations in plasma free fatty acids (FFA), which are ligands for the pro-inflammatory toll-like receptor (TLR)4 pathway. We tested the hypothesis that an experimental elevation in plasma FFA (within...

Analysis of exergy efficiency of a super-critical compressed carbon dioxide energy-storage system based on the orthogonal method

Super-critical carbon dioxide energy-storage (SC-CCES) technology is a new type of gas energy-storage technology. This paper used orthogonal method and variance analysis to make significant analysis on the factors which would affect the thermodynamics characteristics of the SC-CCES system and obtained the significant factors and interactions in the energy-storage process, the...

Can Twitter be used to predict county excessive alcohol consumption rates?

Objectives The current study analyzes a large set of Twitter data from 1,384 US counties to determine whether excessive alcohol consumption rates can be predicted by the words being posted from each county. Methods Data from over 138 million county-level tweets were analyzed using predictive modeling, differential language analysis, and mediating language analysis. Results...

Performance and comparability of laboratory methods for measuring ferritin concentrations in human serum or plasma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Different laboratory methods are used to quantify ferritin concentrations as a marker of iron status. A systematic review was undertaken to assess the accuracy and comparability of the most used methods for ferritin detection. Methods and findings National and regional databases were searched for prospective, retrospective, sectional, longitudinal and case-control...

Epidemiological patterns of traumatic musculoskeletal injuries and non-traumatic disorders in Japan Self-Defense Forces

BackgroundThe epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.MethodsAll orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who...

The use of plant lectins to regulate H1N1 influenza A virus receptor binding activity

We applied an in vitro selection approach using two different plant lectins that bind to α2,3- or α2,6-linked sialic acids to determine which genetic changes of the A/California/04/09 (H1N1) virus alter hemagglutinin (HA) receptor binding toward α2,3- or α2,6-linked glycans. Consecutive passages of the A/California/04/09 virus with or without lectins in human lung epithelial Calu...

Breast tuberculosis in men: A systematic review

Setting Breast tuberculosis in male is a rarely reported and poorly described condition. Objective To quantify the number of breast tuberculosis in men, to describe clinical presentation and to present the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures applied. Design A systematic review of the literature including reports published in English, Spanish and French until December 2017...

First report of orchid fleck virus and its mite vector on green cordyline

Orchid fleck virus (OFV) and its mite vector Brevipalpus californicus were for the first time identified on green cordyline plants showing distinctive chlorotic and necrotic ringspots. Thin section electron microscopy revealed bacilliform, dichorhavirus-like particles within nuclear viroplasms. RT-PCR using OFV degenerate primers yielded a single amplicon, the nucleotide sequence...

Testing the effectiveness of handwriting interventions: introduction to the special issue

This special issue was born within the COST Action IS1401ELN—Strengthening Europeans’ Capabilities by Establishing the European Literacy Network, with the major goal of disseminating evidence-based practices to promote handwriting and motivate researchers to move this research field forward. This issue includes five articles testing a different range of interventions to promote...

Probabilistic properties of the date of maximum river flow, an approach based on circular statistics in lowland, highland and mountainous catchment

Probabilistic properties of dates of winter, summer and annual maximum flows were studied using circular statistics in three catchments differing in topographic conditions; a lowland, highland and mountainous catchment. The circular measures of location and dispersion were used in the long-term samples of dates of maxima. The mixture of von Mises distributions was assumed as the...

Hereditary renal cell carcinoma syndromes: diagnosis, surveillance and management

PurposeGenetic factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with around 3% of cases having a family history. A greater knowledge of the genetics of inherited RCC has the potential to translate into novel therapeutic targets for sporadic RCC.MethodsA literature review was performed summarising the current knowledge on hereditary RCC diagnosis...

A 3D spatial spectral integral equation method for electromagnetic scattering from finite objects in a layered medium

The generalization of a two-dimensional spatial spectral volume integral equation to a three-dimensional spatial spectral integral equation formulation for electromagnetic scattering from dielectric objects in a stratified dielectric medium is explained. In the spectral domain, the Green function, contrast current density, and scattered electric field are represented on a complex...

Charged fermions below 100 GeV

AbstractHow light can a fermion be if it has unit electric charge? We revisit the lore that LEP robustly excludes charged fermions lighter than about 100 GeV. We review LEP chargino searches, and find them to exclude charged fermions lighter than 90 GeV, assuming a higgsino-like cross section. However, if the charged fermion couples to a new scalar, destructive interference among...

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