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Elbow Posterolateral Rotatory Instability due to Cubitus Varus and Overuse

A malunion as a complication of distal humerus fractures has been frequently linked with aesthetic problems but less frequently with posterolateral rotatory instability. We report 2 cases of childhood posttraumatic cubitus varus with subsequent posterolateral rotatory instability and their treatment with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. The etiology of the so-called...

Unresectable Malignant Biliary Obstruction: Treatment by Self-Expandable Biliary Endoprostheses

The primary goal in the treatment of malignant obstruction is the relief of jaundice. Although operative biliary bypass is a reliable method of palliation, nonoperative palliation may be desirable in selected patients.

The Gly482Ser Missense Mutation of the Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ Coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) Gene Associates with Reduced Insulin Sensitivity in Normal and Glucose-Intolerant Obese Subjects

Among the putative candidate genes for insulin resistance, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator of PPARγ and α, regulating a wide range of processes involved in energy production and utilization, such as thermogenesis, liver gluconeogenesis, glucose uptake in muscle. In population studies a Gly482Ser...

The Reduction of Visceral Adipose Tissue after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Is more Pronounced in Patients with Impaired Glucose Metabolism

PurposeVisceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors and insulin resistance. The physiological mechanisms underlying the benefits of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on glucose metabolism remain incompletely understood. The impact of RYGB on VAT was assessed among three groups of patients stratified by their glucose tolerance before surgery...

Total Dielectric Function Approach to the Electron Boltzmann Equation for Scattering from a Two-Dimensional Coupled Mode System

The nonequilibrium total dielectric function lends itself to a simple and general method for calculating the inelastic collision term in the electron Boltzmann equation for scattering from a coupled mode system. Useful applications include scattering from plasmon-polar phonon hybrid modes in modulation doped semiconductor structures. This paper presents numerical methods for...

Evaluating Nitrogen Management Options for Reducing Nitrate Leaching from Northeast U.S. Pastures

Substantial amounts of nitrate nitrogen NO3-N can leach from intensively grazed pasture in the northeast U.S. where there is about 30 cm of groundwater recharge, annually. Management options for reducing NO3-N leaching were evaluated for this environment using the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System Model and a recently developed nitrogen leaching index. Management...

Varieties of Alexia From Fusiform, Posterior Inferior Temporal and Posterior Occipital Gyrus Lesions

Reading impairments of three alexia patients, two pure alexia and one alexia with agraphia, due to different lesions were examined quantitatively, using Kanji (Japanese morphogram) words, Kana (Japanese phonetic writing) words and Kana nonwords. Kana nonword reading was impaired in all three patients, suggesting that widespread areas in the affected occipital and occipitotemporal...

Towards a Coronavirus-Based HIV Multigene Vaccine

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection represents one of the major health threats in the developing world. The costly treatment of infected individuals with multiple highly efficient anti-HIV drugs is only affordable in industrialized countries. Thus, an efficient vaccination strategy is required to prevent the further spread of the infection. The molecular biology of...

The Medicinal Mushroom Agaricus blazei Murrill: Review of Literature and Pharmaco-Toxicological Problems

Agaricus blazei Murrill (ABM) popularly known as ‘Cogumelo do Sol’ in Brazil, or ‘Himematsutake’ in Japan, is a mushroom native to Brazil, and widely cultivated in Japan for its medicinal uses, so it is now considered as one of the most important edible and culinary-medicinal biotechnological species. It was traditionally used to treat many common diseases like atherosclerosis...

A Study of Mild Steel Corrosion Using Adhatoda Vasica (AV) Extract as Inhibitor in Different Acid Medium

Corrosion behavior of mild steel in acidic medium using Adhatoda Vasica (AV) extract was investigated. The inhibitive effective of Adhatoda Vasica on the corrosion of mild steel in different acidic medium has been studied by weight loss and polarization methods. The Ecorr values are shifted slightly towards negative side in presence of inhibitors which indicate the inhibitors...

Chaos: Challenges from and to socio-spatial form and policy

A brief assessment is given of the major accomplishments made through the mathematics of chaos to the understanding of socio-spatial dynamics to date. Certain shortfalls are also presented, mostly associated with model testing and falsifiability which transcend socio-spatial dynamics. Beyond such shortcomings, lie an array of challenges for chaotic dynamics involving specifically...

Cooperative Caching in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Based on Data Utility

Cooperative caching, which allows sharing and coordination of cached data among clients, is a potential technique to improve the data access performance and availability in mobile ad hoc networks. However, variable data sizes, frequent data updates, limited client resources, insufficient wireless bandwidth and client's mobility make cache management a challenge. In this paper, we...

Hemochromatosis and Yersiniosis

Two patients with documented hemochromatosis and systemic infection with Yersinia enterocolitica are described. The first patient presented with Y enterocolitica septicemia and an infected hip prosthesis which led to the diagnosis of hemochromatosis. The second patient was previously treated for Y enterocolitica with antibiotics but did not recover fully until aggressive...

Stimulation of neutrophil functions by C5adesArg: an in vitro model of haemodialysis

Cuprophane membranes during haemodialysis significantly increase the plasma levels of C5adesArg (maximal 55 μg C5aadesArg/1 blood after 30 min) whereas Hemophane or Polysulphonemembranes induce only low plasma levels of C5adesArg. C5adesArg generated in vitro by yeast incubation of autologous plasma stimulates PMN chemotaxis and oxidative metabolism but has no effect on enzyme...

Deletions of N33, STK11 and TP53 Are Involved in the Development of Lymph Node Metastasis in Larynx and Pharynx Carcinomas

Background: Lymph node metastasis is the mayor cause of mortality in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (45%). The genetic changes underlying metastasis are still largely unknown and genetic markers to predict lymph node positivity still need to be found. The aim of this study was to search such markers by using Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification...

Loss of Imprinting of IGF2 as an Epigenetic Marker for the Risk of Human Cancer

IGF2 is the first gene discovered to be imprinted and expressed exclusively from the paternal allele in both human and mouse. IGF2 is also the first imprinted gene displaying loss of imprinting (LOI) or aberrant imprinting in human cancers. Evidently, LOI or reactivation of the maternal allele of IGF2 is associated with an increase of IGF2 expression that may subsequently play an...

Syntheses and Characterization of Some Tetradentate Schiff-Base Complexes and Their Heteroleptic Analogues

VO(IV), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of the asymmetric Schiff base [(HOC6H3(OCH3)C(C6H5):N(CH2CH2)N:C(CH3)CH:C(C6H5)OH)], and their heteroleptic analogues with triphenyl phosphine and 2,2’-bipyridine have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, conductance, magnetic, infrared and electronic spectral measurements. The ligand is tetradentate coordinating via the...

Intestinal inflammation in TNBS sensitized rats as a model of chronic inflammatory bowel disease

An enteritis, based on a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, was induced in TNBS (2,4,4-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid) sensitized rats by multiple intrajejunal challenge with TNBS via an implanted catheter. This treatment induced chronic inflammation of the distal small intestine characterized by intense hyperaemia, oedema and gut wall thickening as assessed by macroscopic...

Peyer's Patches Are Precocious to the Appendix in Human Development

PP are first visible at ∼15.5 wk gestation after which there is a rapid spurt in the development and maturation of lymphoid follicles so that at any given point of time new foci of PP development are continuously formed at a rapid rate. Addition of rows of follicles results in the formation of a PP. Immature PP of younger fetuses have a spongy structure in contrast with the...

A Model for the Analysis of Ultimate Capacity of RC and PC Corroded Beams

Corrosion of steel in reinforced and prestressed concrete beams is very common for structures and infrastructures. It can drastically reduce the resisting section of rebar, modify the mechanical response of the steel rebar, and also determine cracking of the surrounding concrete because of the volume expansion effect of rust. Moreover, it heavily influences the bond between steel...

Novel CCI-OTA-Based Grounded Capacitor Current-Mode Biquadratic Bandpass and Lowpass Filters

A novel current-mode active filter topology using a first generation current conveyor (CCI) and an operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) is presented. Using this topology, grounded-capacitor biquadratic bandpass and lowpass filter sections, with at most five one-port passive elements, are realized. In these realizations, the parameter ω0 can be adjusted without disturbing...

Oxidative Stress is Increased in Serum from Mexican Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Objective: To determine the oxidative stress markers in serum from patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Methods: Blood samples from healthy controls and 22 patients 15 women (7 aged from 20 to 30 and 8 were > 40 years old) and 7 men (5 aged from 20 to 30 and 2 were > 40 years old) fulfilling the McDonald Criteria and classified as having Relapsing-Remitting...

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Fe2N and FeN: Trends of the Magnetism of the Fe-N System

The electronic and magnetic properties of the nitrides Fe2N and hypothetical FeN were investigated by use of the ASW method. For both nitrides, the calculations were done in the orthorhombic structure of Fe2N for the two nitrides. The magnetization is low (0.95 μB/at.) for Fe2N and vanishes for FeN. The decrease of the magnetization with increasing amount of N is assessed within...

Renal Aspects of Peptic Ulcer Pharmacology

Medications to treat peptic ulcer disease are used widely and may have adverse effects on renal function. Similarly, renal dysfunction may alter the pharmacokinetics of this diverse group of medications resulting in dosage adjustments. The older agents, antacids and sucralfate, allow absorption of cations (calcium, magnesium and aluminum) which may result in toxicity. Newer...

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