AAPS PharmSciTech

http://link.springer.com/journal/12249

List of Papers (Total 856)

Recommended Best Practices for Process Monitoring Instrumentation in Pharmaceutical Freeze Drying—2017

Recommended best practices in monitoring of product status during pharmaceutical freeze drying are presented, focusing on methods that apply to both laboratory and production scale. With respect to product temperature measurement, sources of uncertainty associated with any type of measurement probe are discussed, as well as important differences between the two most common types of ...

Development and Optimisation of Spironolactone Nanoparticles for Enhanced Dissolution Rates and Stability

Stable solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) formulations to enhance the dissolution rates of poorly soluble drug spironolactone (SP) were being developed. Probe ultra-sonication method was used to prepare SLNs and NLCs. All NLCs contained stearic acid (solid lipid carrier) and oleic acid (liquid lipid content), whereas, SLNs were prepared and ...

Effect of Four Commonly Used Dissolution Media Surfactants on Pancreatin Proteolytic Activity

Proteolytic enzymes are often used in dissolution testing of cross-linked gelatin capsules that do not conform to the dissolution specification. Their catalytic activity, however, can be affected when they are added to a dissolution media containing solubility enhancers, such as surfactants. The aim of this study was to assess the activity of pancreatic proteases in presence of ...

Study of the Transformations of Micro/Nano-crystalline Acetaminophen Polymorphs in Drug-Polymer Binary Mixtures

This study elucidates the physical properties of sono-crystallised micro/nano-sized acetaminophen/paracetamol (PMOL) and monitors its possible transformation from polymorphic form I (monoclinic) to form II (orthorhombic). Hydrophilic Plasdone® S630 copovidone (S630), N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate copolymer, and methacrylate-based cationic copolymer, Eudragit® EPO (EPO), ...

Physicochemical Properties of Bosentan and Selected PDE-5 Inhibitors in the Design of Drugs for Rare Diseases

The study provides the physicochemical characteristic of bosentan (BOS) in comparison to tadalafil (TA) and sildenafil citrate (SIL). Despite some reports dealing with thermal characteristic of SIL and TA, physicochemical properties of BOS have not been investigated so far. Recent clinical reports have indicated that the combination of bosentan and PDE-5 inhibitor can improve the ...

Paediatric Drug Development and Formulation Design—a European Perspective

The availability of licensed paediatric drugs is lagging behind those for adults, and there is a lack of safe formulations in suitable doses that children are able and willing to take. As a consequence, children are commonly treated with off-label or unlicensed drugs. As off-label and unlicensed drug use are associated with a greater risk for harm than on-label drug use, a range of ...

Personalized Medicine in Pediatrics: The Clinical Potential of Orodispersible Films

Children frequently receive medicines that are designed for adults. The dose of commercially available products is adapted, mostly based on the child’s bodyweight, thereby neglecting differences in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics parameters. If commercial products are unsuitable for administration to children or are unavailable, extemporaneous pharmacy preparations are a good ...

Monitoring of a Hot Melt Coating Process via a Novel Multipoint Near-Infrared Spectrometer

The aim of the present work was to develop a PAT strategy for the supervision of hot melt coating processes. Optical fibers were placed at various positions in the process chamber of a fluid bed device. Experiments were performed to determine the most suitable position for in-line process monitoring, taking into account such requirements as a good signal to noise ratio, the ...

Investigation of Possible Maillard Reaction Between Acyclovir and Dextrose upon Dilution Prior to Parenteral Administration

In this study the stability of parenteral acyclovir (ACV) when diluted in dextrose (DEX) as large volume intravenous fluid preparation (LVIF) was evaluated and the possible Maillard reaction adducts were monitored in the recommended infusion time. Different physicochemical methods were used to evaluate the Maillard reaction of dextrose with ACV to track the reaction in real ...

Glycosylated Sertraline-Loaded Liposomes for Brain Targeting: QbD Study of Formulation Variabilities and Brain Transport

Effectiveness of CNS-acting drugs depends on the localization, targeting, and capacity to be transported through the blood–brain barrier (BBB) which can be achieved by designing brain-targeting delivery vectors. Hence, the objective of this study was to screen the formulation and process variables affecting the performance of sertraline (Ser-HCl)-loaded pegylated and glycosylated ...

Design, Optimization, and Evaluation of a Novel Metronidazole-Loaded Gastro-Retentive pH-Sensitive Hydrogel

Floating pH-sensitive chitosan hydrogels containing metronidazole were developed for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori from the stomach. Hydrogels were prepared by crosslinking medium or high molecular weight chitosan in lyophilized solutions containing metronidazole using either citrate or tripolyphosphate (TPP) salts at 1% or 2% concentration. A 23 factorial design was ...

The Roles of Vitrification of Stabilizers/Matrix Formers for the Redispersibility of Drug Nanocrystals After Solidification: a Case Study

To elucidate the roles of vitrification of stabilizers/matrix formers for the redispersibility of drug nanocrystal powder after solidification at storage stress, the influence of different drying methods and storage stresses on stability of drug nanocrystals was systemically investigated. A poorly soluble drug, baicalin, used as model drug was converted into baicalin nanocrystals ...

Evaporation Behavior and Characterization of Eutectic Solvent and Ibuprofen Eutectic Solution

Liquid eutectic system of menthol and camphor has been reported as solvent and co-solvent for some drug delivery systems. However, surprisingly, the phase diagram of menthol-camphor eutectic has not been reported previously. The evaporation behavior, physicochemical, and thermal properties of this liquid eutectic and ibuprofen eutectic solution were characterized in this study. ...

Development of a Robust Method for Simultaneous Quantification of Polymer (HPMC) and Surfactant (Dodecyl β-D-Maltoside) in Nanosuspensions

This report describes the development of a chromatographic method for the simultaneous quantification of a polymer, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), and a surfactant, dodecyl β-D-maltoside (DM), that are commonly used in the physical stabilization of pharmaceutical formulations such as nanosuspensions and solid dispersions. These excipients are often challenging to quantify ...

Use of Polyvinyl Alcohol as a Solubility-Enhancing Polymer for Poorly Water Soluble Drug Delivery (Part 1)

Polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL) has not been investigated in a binary formulation as a concentration-enhancing polymer owing to its high melting point/high viscosity and poor organic solubility. Due to the unique attributes of the KinetiSol® dispersing (KSD) technology, PVAL has been enabled for this application and it is the aim of this paper to investigate various grades for improvement ...

Drug Targeting to Macrophages With Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Harboring Paromomycin: an In Vitro Evaluation Against L. major and L. tropica

Leishmaniasis is a worldwide disease that leads to high mortality and morbidity in human populations. Today, leishmaniasis is managed via drug therapy. The drugs that are already in clinical use are limited to a number of toxic chemical compounds and their parasite drug resistance is increasing. It is therefore essential, in order to circumvent the current difficulties, to design a ...

Effect of Food Status on the Gastrointestinal Transit of Amphotericin B-Containing Solid Lipid Nanoparticles in Rats

Amphotericin B (AmB) is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Recent studies have suggested enhanced drug absorption from solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). Little is known of the fate of AmB absorption within the gastrointestinal tract, and no gastrointestinal transit study has yet been performed on AmB-containing nano-formulations. We aimed to investigate the effect of ...

Mathematical Model-Based Accelerated Development of Extended-release Metformin Hydrochloride Tablet Formulation

A computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model was developed to predict metformin release from a hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) matrix-based extended-release formulation that took into consideration the physical and chemical properties of the drug substance, composition, as well as size and shape of the tablet. New high dose strength (1000 mg) tablet geometry was selected based on ...

Synthesis and Characterization of PLGA Shell Microcapsules Containing Aqueous Cores Prepared by Internal Phase Separation

The preparation of microcapsules consisting of poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) polymer shell and aqueous core is a clear challenge and hence has been rarely addressed in literature. Herein, aqueous core-PLGA shell microcapsules have been prepared by internal phase separation from acetone-water in oil emulsion. The resulting microcapsules exhibited mean particle size of 1.1 ± ...

Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Improved Oral Bioavailability of Valsartan: Proliposomes Versus Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System

The objective of this study was to develop proliposomes and self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) for a poorly bioavailable drug, valsartan, and to compare their in vivo pharmacokinetics. Proliposomes were prepared by thin-film hydration method using different lipids such as soy phosphatidylcholine (SPC), hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), distearyl ...

The Effect of Local Delivery Doxycycline and Alendronate on Bone Repair

The aim of the present study was to investigate the local effect of 10% doxycycline and 1% alendronate combined with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) on bone repair. Thirty rats were divided into three groups, as follows: control group (CG), drug group (DG), and vehicle-PLGA group (VG). Bone defect was created in the right femur and filled with the following: blood clot (CG); ...

Comparative Study of Antidiabetic Activity and Oxidative Stress Induced by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles and Zinc Sulfate in Diabetic Rats

In the current study, antidiabetic activity and toxic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) were investigated in diabetic rats compared to zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) with particular emphasis on oxidative stress parameters. One hundred and twenty male Wistar rats were divided into two healthy and diabetic groups, randomly. Each major group was further subdivided into five subgroups ...