Cellulose

http://link.springer.com/journal/10570

List of Papers (Total 173)

Modulating cell response on cellulose surfaces; tunable attachment and scaffold mechanics

Combining surface chemical modification of cellulose to introduce positively charged trimethylammonium groups by reaction with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (GTMAC) allowed for direct attachment of mammalian MG-63 cells, without addition of protein modifiers, or ligands. Very small increases in the surface charge resulted in significant increases in cell attachment: at a...

Effect of xylanases on refining process and kraft pulp properties

Results of this study demonstrate that enzymatic pretreatment of pulps enables energy savings in the refining process. Pretreatments of NBSK pulp with 3 different commercial xylanases resulted in a faster increase in the pulp freeness that reduced energy input for refining. The partial xylan removal by these enzymes affected the properties of cellulosic pulp and paper. The...

Novel piezoelectric paper based on SbSI nanowires

A novel piezoelectric paper based on antimony sulfoiodide (SbSI) nanowires is reported. The composite of tough sonochemically produced SbSI nanowires (with lateral dimensions 10–100 nm and length up to several micrometers) with very flexible cellulose leads to applicable, elastic material suitable to use in fabrication of, for example, piezoelectric nanogenerators. For mechanical...

Enhanced stabilization of cellulose-lignin hybrid filaments for carbon fiber production

Herein we investigate the stabilization behavior of a cellulose-lignin composite fibre towards application as a new bio derived precursor for carbon fibres. Carbon fibre materials are in high demand as we move towards a lower emission high-efficiency society. However, the most prominent current carbon fibre precursor is an expensive fossil-based polymer. Over the past decade...

Surface treatment of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC): effects on dispersion rheology

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) were surface modified by grafting azetidinium salts onto the sulphate ester groups on the cellulosic surfaces. The modified CNC were characterized using NMR, FTIR spectroscopy, conductometric titration and measurement of the ζ-potential. Thermal gravimetrical analysis revealed that the onset temperature for the thermal degradation was shifted upwards...

Imidazole-doped nanocrystalline cellulose solid proton conductor: synthesis, thermal properties, and conductivity

A new proton conducting material with a possible application as a membrane in fuel cells is synthesized. It is formed by nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) doped with a different concentration of the imidazole molecules (Im) used as “dry” conducting species. The nanocomposites (NCC-Im) are obtained in the form of films. Their chemical composition, thermal properties, and the...

Correction to: Comparative characteristics of TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers and resulting nanopapers from bamboo, softwood, and hardwood pulps

The affiliation “Collaborative Innovation Center of Bamboo Resources & Highly Efficient Utilization in Zhejiang Province” in the published article should be corrected to read “Zhejiang Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Bamboo Resources and High-Efficiency Utilization”.

Homogeneous cellulose thin films by regeneration of cellulose xanthate: properties and characterization

The preparation and characterization of cellulose thin films derived from cellulose xanthate is reported. The films are prepared by depositing alkaline aqueous solutions of cellulose xanthate onto silicon wafers, followed by a spin coating step. Depending on the xanthate concentration used for spin coating, films with 50 and 700 nm thickness are obtained. The cellulose xanthate...

Structural factors affecting 13C NMR chemical shifts of cellulose: a computational study

The doublet C4 peaks at ~ 85 and ~ 89 ppm in solid-state 13C NMR spectra of native cellulose have been attributed to signals of C4 atoms on the surface (solvent-exposed) and in the interior of microfibrils, designated as sC4 and iC4, respectively. The relative intensity ratios of sC4 and iC4 observed in NMR spectra of cellulose have been used to estimate the degree of...

Homogenous esterification of cellulose pulp in [DBNH][OAc]

Cellulose acetate is widely used in films, filters, textiles, lacquer and cosmetic products. Herein we demonstrate the production of cellulose esters under homogeneous conditions using 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene acetate ([DBNH][OAc]) as solvent. The reagents have been chosen such that the system is recyclable, i.e. by-products are low boiling and easy to remove. It is...

Properties and fibre characterisation of bleached hemp, birch and pine pulps: a comparison

The papermaking potential of bleached kraft pulps made from hemp stalks, hemp woody-core and hemp bast fibres was studied and compared with that of bleached birch pulp and pine kraft pulp. It has been shown that among the pulps from these raw materials, hemp stalk pulp has the most useful properties for papermaking. The disadvantages of hemp woody-core pulp and hemp bast fibre...

Toughening mechanisms in cellulose nanopaper: the contribution of amorphous regions

Cellulose nanopaper is a strong and tough fibrous network composed of hydrogen bonded cellulose nanofibres. Upon loading, cellulose nanopaper exhibits a long inelastic portion of the stress–strain curve which imparts high toughness into the material. Toughening mechanisms in cellulose nanopaper have been studied in the past but mechanisms proposed were often rather speculative...

In-situ synthesised hydroxyapatite-loaded films based on cellulose nanofibrils for phenol removal from wastewater

Phenol removal from aqueous medium was studied by the batch method using novel and fully biobased solvent-cast films prepared from cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and in situ synthesised hydroxyapatite (HAp) by the wet-chemical precipitation method and different concentrations of HAp precursors and weight mass of CNFs. The chemical and morphological structures of as-prepared films...

Hot water treatment of hardwood kraft pulp produces high-purity cellulose and polymeric xylan

Hot water treatments (HWTs) of unbleached hardwood kraft pulps under various process conditions were conducted to extract the xylan and thus produce a high-purity cellulosic pulp that could be used in dissolving applications. Increasing treatment temperature up to 240 °C increased the removal of xylan over the degradation of cellulose in birch pulp, but this effect was minor at...

Internalization of (bis)phosphonate-modified cellulose nanocrystals by human osteoblast cells

Covalent conjugation of (bis)phosphonate group-containing molecules, sodium Alendronate (Aln) and 3-AminoropylPhosphoric Acid (ApA), to Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) was performed via oxidation/Shiff-base reaction. Further fluorescent labelling with Rhodamine B Iso ThioCyanate (RBITC) was performed to follow CNCs interaction and potential internalization with/in human osteoblasts...

Effect of the degree of substitution on the rheology of sodium carboxymethylcellulose solutions in propylene glycol/water mixtures

The linear dynamic viscoelastic properties and non-linear transient rheology of sodium carboxymethylcellulose solutions (Na-CMC) in propylene glycol/water mixtures were investigated. Measurements were carried out for the solutions of Na-CMC with three different degrees of substitution (DS), namely 0.62, 0.79, 1.04, and the similar average molecular weight (Mw ≈ 250,000 g/mol...

Measurement of the flexibility of wet cellulose fibres using atomic force microscopy

Flexibility and modulus of elasticity data for two types of wet cellulose fibres using a direct force–displacement method by means of AFM are reported for never dried wet fibres immersed in water. The flexibilities for the bleached softwood kraft pulp (BSW) fibres are in the range of 4–38 × 1012 N−1 m−2 while the flexibilities for the thermomechanical pulp (TMP) fibres are about...

Mechanical fabrication of high-strength and redispersible wood nanofibers from unbleached groundwood pulp

In the past, the direct production of lignin-containing nanofibers from wood materials has been very limited, and nanoscale fibers (nanocelluloses) have been mainly isolated from chemically delignified, bleached cellulose pulp. In this study, we have introduced a newly adapted, heat-intensified disc nanogrinding process for the enhanced nanofibrillation of wood nanofibers (WNF...

Chromophores from hexeneuronic acids (HexA): synthesis of model compounds and primary degradation intermediates

Hexeneuronic acid (HexA) is formed under pulping conditions from 4-O-methyl-glucuronic acid residues in xylans by methanol elimination. It is usually removed by an acidic washing treatment (A-stage) within the pulp bleaching sequence. Hexeneuronic acid has long been recognized as a source of color generation in pulps, but the chemical structure of the actual chromophoric...