Cellulose

http://link.springer.com/journal/10570

List of Papers (Total 140)

Dry, hydrophobic microfibrillated cellulose powder obtained in a simple procedure using alkyl ketene dimer

In order to produce dry and hydrophobic microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) in a simple procedure, its modification with alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) was performed. For this purpose, MFC was solvent-exchanged to ethyl acetate and mixed with AKD dissolved in the same solvent. Curing at 130 °C for 20 h under the catalysis of 1-methylimidazole yielded a dry powder. Scanning electron ...

Direct preparation of green and renewable aerogel materials from crude bagasse

Lignocellulosic biomass aerogels with relatively high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area and pore volume were prepared directly from bagasse solutions in the present study. Bagasse was dissolved in DMSO/LiCl, treated with cyclic freezing-thawing processes, and regenerated with water. The resulted bagasse hydrogels were solvent-exchanged to t-butanol and subjected to ...

Aqueous solutions of HEC and hmHEC: effects of molecular mass versus hydrophobic associations on hydrodynamic and thermodynamic parameters

Aqueous solutions of amphiphilic polymers usually comprise of inter- and intramolecular associations of hydrophobic groups often leading to a formation of a rheologically significant reversible network at low concentrations that can be identified using techniques such as static light scattering and rheometry. However, in most studies published till date comparing water soluble ...

Extensional rheometry of cellulose ether solutions: flow instability

Capillary breakup extensional rheometry of semi-dilute hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) solutions was performed under several step-stretch conditions. The resulting parameters, i.e. terminal steady state extensional viscosity (η E ) and the timescale for viscoelastic stress growth, commonly referred to as the extensional relaxation time (λ E ) were found to be sensitive to the ...

Bio polyetherurethane composites with high content of natural ingredients: hydroxylated soybean oil based polyol, bio glycol and microcrystalline cellulose

In our study, we focused on obtaining bio-polyurethane composites using bio-components such as bio glycol, modified natural oil-based polyol, and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). The pre-polymer method was used to prepare the bio polyurethane matrix. Prepolymer was synthesized using 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and a polyol mixture containing 50 wt% of commercial polyether ...

Evaluation of pine kraft cellulosic pulps and fines from papermaking as potential feedstocks for biofuel production

Results of enzymatic hydrolysis of pine kraft cellulosic pulps (Kappa numbers ranging from 17.2 to 86.2) and waste fines from paper production line suggest that they are potential feedstocks for biofuel production. Glucose (61–68 % d.w.) and reducing sugars (around 90 % d.w.) yields from the pine cellulosic pulps with Kappa numbers ranging between 17.2 and 47.7 were higher than ...

Permittivity of a composite of cellulose, mineral oil, and water nanoparticles: theoretical assumptions

The paper presents results of testing permittivity of an oil-impregnated electric pressboard containing water nanoparticles depending on AC frequency, moisture content level and the temperature of samples. A new method has been developed for converting experimentally obtained frequency dependences of permittivity determined with the frequency-domain spectroscopy (FDS) to the ...

Preparation of cross-linked cellulose nanofibril aerogel with water absorbency and shape recovery

Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) aerogels are promising materials for various applications because of their highly porous and ultralight characteristics. The fiber network of CNF aerogels held together by hydrogen bonding and mechanical entanglement of adjacent fibers is easily destroyed when it is exposed to water. In this study, cross-linked CNF aerogels were prepared using maleic acid ...

Electrochemical deposition of silver nanoparticle and polymerization of pyrrole on fabrics via conducting multiwall carbon nanotubes

The paper presents results of tests on the possibility of utilising fabric with a deposited spatial network of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as electrodes in processes of their functionalization by electrochemical methods enabling deposition of metal nanoparticles, as well as—by electropolymerization—of conductive polymer nanocoatings. Cyclic voltammetry was employed in the ...

Biocomposites of polyamide 4.10 and surface modified microfibrillated cellulose (MFC): influence of processing parameters on structure and thermomechanical properties

Novel bio-polyamides obtained from renewable resources, e.g. PA4.10, are considered nowadays as promising ‘green’ engineering materials consisting of building blocks derived from castor oil. In this work the composites of heterogeneously acetylated microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and biopolyamide 4.10 have been prepared by melt blending. Thermoplastic processing of PA4.10/MFC ...

Comparison of digestibility of wood pulps produced by the sulfate and TMP methods and woodchips of various botanical origins and sizes

Poplar and pine cellulosic pulps derived by the sulfate process (Kappa numbers of 15.4 and 31.4, respectively) and a poplar thermomechanical pulp (TMP, Kappa number of 124.7) as well as 0.43–0.8 mm woodchips of various botanical origins (poplar, birch, lime, oak, beech, pine, and spruce) and poplar chips of five different average particle sizes, ranging from 1.6–2.0 to <0.43 mm, ...

Development of cardanol-bonded cellulose thermoplastics: high productivity achieved in two-step heterogeneous process

We developed a heterogeneous process with low energy consumption to synthesize novel high-strength and heat-resistant cellulose-based bioplastics: cellulose esters bonded with a short chain component (acetic acid) and a long one (3-pentadecylphenoxy acetic acid; PAA), which is a derivative of cardanol, extracted from cashew nut shells. Although we recently showed that PAA-bonded ...

Breakdown of hierarchical architecture in cellulose during dilute acid pretreatments

Cellulose is an attractive candidate as a feedstock for sustainable bioenergy because of its global abundance. Pretreatment of biomass has significant influence on the chemical availability of cellulose locked in recalcitrant microfibrils. Optimizing pretreatment depends on an understanding of its impact on the microscale and nanoscale molecular architecture. X-ray scattering ...

Formation of water nanodrops in cellulose impregnated with insulating oil

This article presents results on the DC conductivity of moist pressboard impregnated with insulating oil and its dependence on the moisture and temperature of the samples. The transfer of charges was found to take place because of electron hopping between potential wells produced by water nanodrops. The average dimension of the nanodrops was around 2.32 nm, forming approximately ...

Production of glucose-rich enzymatic hydrolysates from cellulosic pulps

The digestibility of cellulosic pulps derived by the sulfate process was assessed using commercial multienzyme preparations. Poplar wood pulps of relatively low lignin contents (Kappa numbers of 15.4–24.2), birch, beech and pine wood pulps (Kappa numbers of 25.8–31.4), and wheat straw pulp (Kappa number of 29.5) were efficiently hydrolyzed by a commercial preparation NS-22086 from ...

Controlling the elastic modulus of cellulose nanofibril hydrogels—scaffolds with potential in tissue engineering

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) form hydrogels at low concentrations. These hydrogels are held together by transient interactions such as entanglement of fibrils, non-specific ionic interactions and hydrogen bonds; and are thus vulnerable for changes in the chemical environment or the influence of mechanical forces. By a covalent crosslinking of the fibrils, stable permanent gels can ...

Photolithographic patterning of cellulose: a versatile dual-tone photoresist for advanced applications

In many areas of science and technology, patterned films and surfaces play a key role in engineering and development of advanced materials. Here, we present a versatile toolbox that provides an easy patterning method for cellulose thin films by means of photolithography and enzymatic digestion. A patterned UV-illumination of trimethylsilyl cellulose thin films containing small ...

Chemical and ultrastructural changes in cotton cellulose induced by laundering and textile use

The textile industry is currently under pressure to decrease environmental load related to both the manufacture and the use of textiles. Material recycling may be one of many ways to accomplish such a decrease. Age-induced property changes in cotton textiles are important to understand in order to facilitate the recycling of cotton textiles. Consequently, this study investigates ...

Superhydrophobic properties of cotton woven fabrics with conducting 3D networks of multiwall carbon nanotubes, MWCNTs

This article presents the findings concerning the preparation and properties of cotton woven fabrics with a conductive network made of multiwall carbon nanotubes deposited on the fiber surface by the padding method. The next stage of treatment consisted of imparting superhydrophobic properties to the fabrics in solution with methyltrichlorosilane (MTCS) in a waterless medium. The ...