Cellulose

http://link.springer.com/journal/10570

List of Papers (Total 140)

Dynamic vapor sorption and thermoporometry to probe water in celluloses

Dynamic vapor sorption and thermoporometry probe complementary dimensions of water interaction with cellulose. While sorption is primarily sensitive to the first hydration layers, thermoporometry is primarily sensitive to the nanometric water-filled pores. In this article, these analytical techniques are detailed and applied to model mesoporous materials and to a wide spectrum of ...

Kinetics of enzymatic deacetylation of chitosan

The current paper reports on an investigation of the kinetics of chitosan deacetylation by chitin deacetylase isolated from Absidia orchidis vel coerulea. The reaction rate was correlated with the concentration of GlcNHAc units of the polymer. It is shown that the process follows the Michaelis–Menten mechanism. Modification of the Michaelis–Menten equation by introducing the ...

Functionalization of cotton with poly-NiPAAm/chitosan microgel. Part I. Stimuli-responsive moisture management properties

Stimuli-responsive microgel, based on synthetic polymer (poly-NiPAAm) and biopolymer (chitosan), was incorporated onto cotton fabric surface by pad-dry-cure method using 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) as crosslinker. In order to assess the moisture management properties of cotton functionalized with responsive microgel, the effects of temperature, relative humidity and ...

Conversion of cellulose Iα to Iβ via a high temperature intermediate (I-HT) and other cellulose phase transformations

The observation that the hydrothermal conversion of cellulose Iα to cellulose Iβ is irreversible has been assumed to be due to the relative free energy of these polymorph phases. We propose an alternative explanation: when cooling the high temperature phase, the barrier to forming Iβ is much smaller than the barrier to forming Iα, so kinetics favor the formation of Iβ. This ...

Functionalization of cotton with poly-NiPAAm/chitosan microgel: Part II. Stimuli-responsive liquid management properties

An innovative strategy for functional finishing of cotton involves application of stimuli-responsive surface modifying system based on temperature- and pH-responsive poly-NiPAAm/chitosan microgel. The stimuli-responsiveness implied to cotton is the consequence of swelling/collapse of the microgel particles incorporated to the fibre surface, which produces an active liquid ...

Cellulose nanofibrils as filler for adhesives: effect on specific fracture energy of solid wood-adhesive bonds

Cellulose nanofibrils were prepared by mechanical fibrillation of never-dried beech pulp and bacterial cellulose. To facilitate the separation of individual fibrils, one part of the wood pulp was surface-carboxylated by a catalytic oxidation using (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl (TEMPO) as a catalyst. After fibrillation by a high pressure homogenizer, the obtained aqueous ...

Ligament-like tough double-network hydrogel based on bacterial cellulose

Using the double-network (DN) method, bacterial cellulose/polyacrylamide (BC/PAAm) DN gels able to sustain not only high elongation but also high compression have been synthesized by combining BC gel as the first network with PAAm as the second network in the presence of N,N′-methylene bisacrylamide (MBAA) as a cross-linker. This DN gel was obtained by modifying the monomer ...

The implication of chemical extraction treatments on the cell wall nanostructure of softwood

Spruce wood was subjected to well-defined extraction treatments with sodium chlorite (NaClO2) for delignification, as well as with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at different concentrations for extraction of hemicelluloses. The corresponding changes of the macromolecular polymer assembly were investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Measurements with Fourier-transform infrared ...

Analysis of the effects of catalytic bleaching on cotton

Hydrogen peroxide can be catalyzed to bleach cotton fibers at temperatures as low as 30°C by incorporating dinuclear tri-μ-oxo bridged manganese(IV) complex of the ligand 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane (MnTACN) as the catalyst in the bleaching solution. The catalytic system was found to be more selective under the conditions applied than the non-catalytic H2O2 system, ...

TEMPO-mediated surface oxidation of cellulose whiskers

Cellulose whiskers resulting from HCl acid hydrolysis of tunicin were subjected to TEMPO-mediated oxidation under various conditions and the extent of the resulting oxidation was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), conductimetry, X-Ray diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). With degree of oxidation of up to 0.1 the samples ...