Cellulose

http://link.springer.com/journal/10570

List of Papers (Total 173)

Formation of water nanodrops in cellulose impregnated with insulating oil

This article presents results on the DC conductivity of moist pressboard impregnated with insulating oil and its dependence on the moisture and temperature of the samples. The transfer of charges was found to take place because of electron hopping between potential wells produced by water nanodrops. The average dimension of the nanodrops was around 2.32 nm, forming approximately...

Production of glucose-rich enzymatic hydrolysates from cellulosic pulps

The digestibility of cellulosic pulps derived by the sulfate process was assessed using commercial multienzyme preparations. Poplar wood pulps of relatively low lignin contents (Kappa numbers of 15.4–24.2), birch, beech and pine wood pulps (Kappa numbers of 25.8–31.4), and wheat straw pulp (Kappa number of 29.5) were efficiently hydrolyzed by a commercial preparation NS-22086...

Controlling the elastic modulus of cellulose nanofibril hydrogels—scaffolds with potential in tissue engineering

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) form hydrogels at low concentrations. These hydrogels are held together by transient interactions such as entanglement of fibrils, non-specific ionic interactions and hydrogen bonds; and are thus vulnerable for changes in the chemical environment or the influence of mechanical forces. By a covalent crosslinking of the fibrils, stable permanent gels can...

Photolithographic patterning of cellulose: a versatile dual-tone photoresist for advanced applications

In many areas of science and technology, patterned films and surfaces play a key role in engineering and development of advanced materials. Here, we present a versatile toolbox that provides an easy patterning method for cellulose thin films by means of photolithography and enzymatic digestion. A patterned UV-illumination of trimethylsilyl cellulose thin films containing small...

Chemical and ultrastructural changes in cotton cellulose induced by laundering and textile use

The textile industry is currently under pressure to decrease environmental load related to both the manufacture and the use of textiles. Material recycling may be one of many ways to accomplish such a decrease. Age-induced property changes in cotton textiles are important to understand in order to facilitate the recycling of cotton textiles. Consequently, this study investigates...

Superhydrophobic properties of cotton woven fabrics with conducting 3D networks of multiwall carbon nanotubes, MWCNTs

This article presents the findings concerning the preparation and properties of cotton woven fabrics with a conductive network made of multiwall carbon nanotubes deposited on the fiber surface by the padding method. The next stage of treatment consisted of imparting superhydrophobic properties to the fabrics in solution with methyltrichlorosilane (MTCS) in a waterless medium. The...

Isolation and handedness of helical coiled cellulosic thickenings from plant petiole tracheary elements

Leaf stalks (petioles) are critical components of the vascular system that conducts water from the roots to the photosynthetic apparatus of most green plants. Helical coiled cellulosic microfibrils that reinforce the tracheary elements in plant leaf petioles were isolated by a gentle treatment with alkali and acid chlorite from celery and from a number of tree species, including...

Effects of NO2 and acetic acid on the stability of historic paper

This research investigates degradation of historic paper in polluted environments during long-term dark storage. In an innovative experiment, degradation rates at realistic pollution levels are compared with degradation rates in the absence of pollution, using a set of real historic papers. The most abundant pollutants in repositories in post-industrial environments are taken...

Topochemical acetylation of cellulose nanopaper structures for biocomposites: mechanisms for reduced water vapour sorption

Moisture sorption decreases dimensional stability and mechanical properties of polymer matrix biocomposites based on plant fibers. Cellulose nanofiber reinforcement may offer advantages in this respect. Here, wood-based nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and bacterial cellulose (BC) nanopaper structures, with different specific surface area (SSA), ranging from 0.03 to 173.3 m2/g...

Stability of manganese dioxide by guar gum in the absence or presence of surfactants

Stability of the manganese dioxide (MnO2) suspensions by non-ionic guar gum (GG) in the absence or presence of the surfactants: anionic sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), cationic hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and non-ionic Triton X-100 (t-octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol) and their equimolar mixtures (SDS/TX-100; CTAB/TX-100) was measured using turbidity. The obtained...

Quantum chemical calculations of pristine and modified crystalline cellulose surfaces: benchmarking interactions and adsorption of water and electrolyte

In this study, we investigate the hydration of three different functional groups present on cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) surfaces: hydroxyls, carboxylates and sulphates by means of quantum chemical calculation. The performance of several density functional theory (DFT) functionals in reproducing, against higher level MP2 benchmark calculations, relevant non-covalent CNC...

Fluorescent cellulose aerogels containing covalently immobilized (ZnS)x(CuInS2)1−x/ZnS (core/shell) quantum dots

Photoluminiscent (PL) cellulose aerogels of variable shape containing homogeneously dispersed and surface-immobilized alloyed (ZnS)x(CuInS2)1−x/ZnS (core/shell) quantum dots (QD) have been obtained by (1) dissolution of hardwood prehydrolysis kraft pulp in the ionic liquid 1-hexyl-3-methyl-1H-imidazolium chloride, (2) addition of a homogenous dispersion of quantum dots in the...

A comparison of softwood and birch kraft pulp fibers as raw materials for production of TEMPO-oxidized pulp, MFC and superabsorbent foam

This study compares the suitability of using birch kraft pulp or softwood kraft pulp in the preparation of TEMPO-oxidized pulp, MFC and superabsorbent foam. TEMPO oxidation was performed using five different dosages of primary oxidant. The time of disintegration treatment was varied to study its influence on the properties of the produced MFCs and foams. Both the birch and the...

Cellulose-based materials as scaffolds for tissue engineering

Two types of cellulose-based materials, 6-carboxycellulose with 2.1 or 6.6 wt% of –COOH groups, were prepared and tested for potential use in tissue engineering. The materials were functionalized with arginine, i.e. an amino acid with a basic side chain, or with chitosan, in order to balance the relatively acid character of oxidized cellulose molecules, and were seeded with...

Influence of surfactants on the adsorption and elektrokinetic properties of the system: guar gum/manganese dioxide

The adsorption of non-ionic polysaccharide—guar gum (GG) in the presence or absence of the surfactants: anionic SDS, cationic CTAB, nonionic TX-100 and their equimolar mixtures SDS/TX-100, CTAB/TX-100 from the electrolyte solutions (NaCl, CaCl2) on the manganese dioxide surface (MnO2) was studied. The increase of GG adsorption amount in the presence of surfactants was observed in...

Mechanism of structure formation of microbial cellulose during nascent stage

The structure of microbial cellulose (MC) produced by Acetobacter xylinum was studied in presence of Fluorescent Brightener, Direct Blue 1, 14, 15, 53, Direct Red 28, 75 and 79, as probe. X-ray diffraction pattern of the product showed that it was a crystalline complex of dye and cellulose. The product has the structure in which the monomolecular layer of the dye molecule is...

Cellulose-TiO2 nanocomposite with enhanced UV–Vis light absorption

TiO2/N-cellulose nanocomposite was successfully prepared in the (cyclohexyl)hexyl-dimethylammonium acetate–dimethyl sulfoxide solution. The obtained composite was characterized with various techniques like UV–Vis/DR, FTIR/DRS, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, DLS method and BET SSA measurements. TiO2/N-cellulose nanocomposite exhibited high UV–Vis light absorption...