Journal of Computational Neuroscience

http://link.springer.com/journal/10827

List of Papers (Total 114)

The significance of dynamical architecture for adaptive responses to mechanical loads during rhythmic behavior

Many behaviors require reliably generating sequences of motor activity while adapting the activity to incoming sensory information. This process has often been conceptually explained as either fully dependent on sensory input (a chain reflex) or fully independent of sensory input (an idealized central pattern generator, or CPG), although the consensus of the field is that most ...

Study of GABAergic extra-synaptic tonic inhibition in single neurons and neural populations by traversing neural scales: application to propofol-induced anaesthesia

Anaesthetic agents are known to affect extra-synaptic GABAergic receptors, which induce tonic inhibitory currents. Since these receptors are very sensitive to small concentrations of agents, they are supposed to play an important role in the underlying neural mechanism of general anaesthesia. Moreover anaesthetic agents modulate the encephalographic activity (EEG) of subjects and ...

Stimulation-induced ectopicity and propagation windows in model damaged axons

Neural tissue injuries render voltage-gated Na+ channels (Nav) leaky, thereby altering excitability, disrupting propagation and causing neuropathic pain related ectopic activity. In both recombinant systems and native excitable membranes, membrane damage causes the kinetically-coupled activation and inactivation processes of Nav channels to undergo hyperpolarizing shifts. This ...

Impact of correlated inputs to neurons: modeling observations from in vivo intracellular recordings

In vivo recordings in rat somatosensory cortex suggest that excitatory and inhibitory inputs are often correlated during spontaneous and sensory-evoked activity. Using a computational approach, we study how the interplay of input correlations and timing observed in experiments controls the spiking probability of single neurons. Several correlation-based mechanisms are identified, ...

Supervised learning with decision margins in pools of spiking neurons

Learning to categorise sensory inputs by generalising from a few examples whose category is precisely known is a crucial step for the brain to produce appropriate behavioural responses. At the neuronal level, this may be performed by adaptation of synaptic weights under the influence of a training signal, in order to group spiking patterns impinging on the neuron. Here we describe ...

A Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman approach for termination of seizure-like bursting

We use Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman methods to find minimum-time and energy-optimal control strategies to terminate seizure-like bursting behavior in a conductance-based neural model. Averaging is used to eliminate fast variables from the model, and a target set is defined through bifurcation analysis of the slow variables of the model. This method is illustrated for a single neuron ...

Locally optimal extracellular stimulation for chaotic desynchronization of neural populations

We use optimal control theory to design a methodology to find locally optimal stimuli for desynchronization of a model of neurons with extracellular stimulation. This methodology yields stimuli which lead to positive Lyapunov exponents, and hence desynchronizes a neural population. We analyze this methodology in the presence of interneuron coupling to make predictions about the ...

Dynamics of the exponential integrate-and-fire model with slow currents and adaptation

In order to properly capture spike-frequency adaptation with a simplified point-neuron model, we study approximations of Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) models including slow currents by exponential integrate-and-fire (EIF) models that incorporate the same types of currents. We optimize the parameters of the EIF models under the external drive consisting of AMPA-type conductance pulses using ...

Bifurcation study of a neural field competition model with an application to perceptual switching in motion integration

Perceptual multistability is a phenomenon in which alternate interpretations of a fixed stimulus are perceived intermittently. Although correlates between activity in specific cortical areas and perception have been found, the complex patterns of activity and the underlying mechanisms that gate multistable perception are little understood. Here, we present a neural field ...

The effect of morphology upon electrophysiological responses of retinal ganglion cells: simulation results

Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) display differences in their morphology and intrinsic electrophysiology. The goal of this study is to characterize the ionic currents that explain the behavior of ON and OFF RGCs and to explore if all morphological types of RGCs exhibit the phenomena described in electrophysiological data. We extend our previous single compartment cell models of ON and ...

Accuracy and response-time distributions for decision-making: linear perfect integrators versus nonlinear attractor-based neural circuits

Animals choose actions based on imperfect, ambiguous data. “Noise” inherent in neural processing adds further variability to this already-noisy input signal. Mathematical analysis has suggested that the optimal apparatus (in terms of the speed/accuracy trade-off) for reaching decisions about such noisy inputs is perfect accumulation of the inputs by a temporal integrator. Thus, ...

Emergent dynamics in a model of visual cortex

This paper proposes that the network dynamics of the mammalian visual cortex are highly structured and strongly shaped by temporally localized barrages of excitatory and inhibitory firing we call ‘multiple-firing events’ (MFEs). Our proposal is based on careful study of a network of spiking neurons built to reflect the coarse physiology of a small patch of layer 2/3 of V1. When ...

A new method to infer higher-order spike correlations from membrane potentials

What is the role of higher-order spike correlations for neuronal information processing? Common data analysis methods to address this question are devised for the application to spike recordings from multiple single neurons. Here, we present a new method which evaluates the subthreshold membrane potential fluctuations of one neuron, and infers higher-order correlations among the ...

Reciprocal inhibition and slow calcium decay in perigeniculate interneurons explain changes of spontaneous firing of thalamic cells caused by cortical inactivation

The role of cortical feedback in the thalamocortical processing loop has been extensively investigated over the last decades. With an exception of several cases, these searches focused on the cortical feedback exerted onto thalamo-cortical relay (TC) cells of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). In a previous, physiological study, we showed in the cat visual system that ...

The spatial pattern of light determines the kinetics and modulates backpropagation of optogenetic action potentials

Optogenetics offers an unprecedented ability to spatially target neuronal stimulations. This study investigated via simulation, for the first time, how the spatial pattern of excitation affects the response of channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) expressing neurons. First we described a methodology for modeling ChR2 in the NEURON simulation platform. Then, we compared four most commonly ...

Associative memory of phase-coded spatiotemporal patterns in leaky Integrate and Fire networks

We study the collective dynamics of a Leaky Integrate and Fire network in which precise relative phase relationship of spikes among neurons are stored, as attractors of the dynamics, and selectively replayed at different time scales. Using an STDP-based learning process, we store in the connectivity several phase-coded spike patterns, and we find that, depending on the excitability ...

High-capacity embedding of synfire chains in a cortical network model

Synfire chains, sequences of pools linked by feedforward connections, support the propagation of precisely timed spike sequences, or synfire waves. An important question remains, how synfire chains can efficiently be embedded in cortical architecture. We present a model of synfire chain embedding in a cortical scale recurrent network using conductance-based synapses, balanced ...

Information filtering by synchronous spikes in a neural population

Information about time-dependent sensory stimuli is encoded by the spike trains of neurons. Here we consider a population of uncoupled but noisy neurons (each subject to some intrinsic noise) that are driven by a common broadband signal. We ask specifically how much information is encoded in the synchronous activity of the population and how this information transfer is distributed ...

Bifurcation analysis applied to a model of motion integration with a multistable stimulus

A computational study into the motion perception dynamics of a multistable psychophysics stimulus is presented. A diagonally drifting grating viewed through a square aperture is perceived as moving in the actual grating direction or in line with the aperture edges (horizontally or vertically). The different percepts are the product of interplay between ambiguous contour cues and ...

Spike-triggered covariance: geometric proof, symmetry properties, and extension beyond Gaussian stimuli

The space of sensory stimuli is complex and high-dimensional. Yet, single neurons in sensory systems are typically affected by only a small subset of the vast space of all possible stimuli. A proper understanding of the input–output transformation represented by a given cell therefore requires the identification of the subset of stimuli that are relevant in shaping the neuronal ...

Modeling the influence of optic flow on grid cell firing in the absence of other cues1

Information from the vestibular, sensorimotor, or visual systems can affect the firing of grid cells recorded in entorhinal cortex of rats. Optic flow provides information about the rat’s linear and rotational velocity and, thus, could influence the firing pattern of grid cells. To investigate this possible link, we model parts of the rat’s visual system and analyze their ...

Representation of motion onset and offset in an augmented Barlow-Levick model of motion detection

Kinetic occlusion produces discontinuities in the optic flow field, whose perception requires the detection of an unexpected onset or offset of otherwise predictably moving or stationary contrast patches. Many cells in primate visual cortex are directionally selective for moving contrasts, and recent reports suggest that this selectivity arises through the inhibition of contrast ...