Journal of Computational Neuroscience

http://link.springer.com/journal/10827

List of Papers (Total 114)

Path-finding in real and simulated rats: assessing the influence of path characteristics on navigation learning

A large body of experimental evidence suggests that the hippocampal place field system is involved in reward based navigation learning in rodents. Reinforcement learning (RL) mechanisms have been used to model this, associating the state space in an RL-algorithm to the place-field map in a rat. The convergence properties of RL-algorithms are affected by the exploration patterns of ...

Increased bradykinesia in Parkinson’s disease with increased movement complexity: elbow flexion–extension movements

The present research investigates factors contributing to bradykinesia in the control of simple and complex voluntary limb movement in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. The functional scheme of the basal ganglia (BG)–thalamocortical circuit was described by a mathematical model based on the mean firing rates of BG nuclei. PD was simulated as a reduction in dopamine levels, and a ...

Fluctuation-driven rhythmogenesis in an excitatory neuronal network with slow adaptation

Erratum to: J Comput NeurosciDOI 10.1007/s10827-008-0081-yThe publisher regrets that a reference was incorrectly printed for the article, “Fluctuation-driven rhythmogenesis in an excitatory neuronal network with slow adaptation,” by William H. Nesse, Alla Borisyuk and Paul C. Bressloff, which published in Journal of Computational Neuroscience 25:2, 317–333. The updated reference is ...

The nature of the memory trace and its neurocomputational implications

The brain processes underlying cognitive tasks must be very robust. Disruptions such as the destruction of large numbers of neurons, or the impact of alcohol and lack of sleep do not have negative effects except when they occur in an extreme form. This robustness implies that the parameters determining the functioning of networks of individual neurons must have large ranges or ...

NeuroXidence: reliable and efficient analysis of an excess or deficiency of joint-spike events

We present a non-parametric and computationally efficient method named NeuroXidence that detects coordinated firing of two or more neurons and tests whether the observed level of coordinated firing is significantly different from that expected by chance. The method considers the full auto-structure of the data, including the changes in the rate responses and the history ...

Neuron splitting in compute-bound parallel network simulations enables runtime scaling with twice as many processors

Neuron tree topology equations can be split into two subtrees and solved on different processors with no change in accuracy, stability, or computational effort; communication costs involve only sending and receiving two double precision values by each subtree at each time step. Splitting cells is useful in attaining load balance in neural network simulations, especially when there ...

Odor supported place cell model and goal navigation in rodents

Experiments with rodents demonstrate that visual cues play an important role in the control of hippocampal place cells and spatial navigation. Nevertheless, rats may also rely on auditory, olfactory and somatosensory stimuli for orientation. It is also known that rats can track odors or self-generated scent marks to find a food source. Here we model odor supported place cells by ...

Analysis of reflex modulation with a biologically realistic neural network

In this study, a neuromusculoskeletal model was built to give insight into the mechanisms behind the modulation of reflexive feedback strength as experimentally identified in the human shoulder joint. The model is an integration of a biologically realistic neural network consisting of motoneurons and interneurons, modeling 12 populations of spinal neurons, and a one ...

Role of type-specific neuron properties in a spinal cord motor network

Recent recordings from spinal neurons in hatchling frog tadpoles allow their type-specific properties to be defined. Seven main types of neuron involved in the control of swimming have been characterized. To investigate the significance of type-specific properties, we build models of each neuron type and assemble them into a network using known connectivity between: sensory ...

Neural network model of the primary visual cortex: From functional architecture to lateral connectivity and back

The role of intrinsic cortical dynamics is a debatable issue. A recent optical imaging study (Kenet et al., 2003) found that activity patterns similar to orientation maps (OMs), emerge in the primary visual cortex (V1) even in the absence of sensory input, suggesting an intrinsic mechanism of OM activation. To better understand these results and shed light on the intrinsic V1 ...

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