Human Cell

http://link.springer.com/journal/13577

List of Papers (Total 41)

Establishment of two basal-like breast cancer cell lines with extremely low tumorigenicity from Taiwanese premenopausal women

The research of carcinogenetic mechanisms of breast cancer in different ethnic backgrounds is an interesting field, as clinical features of breast cancers vary among races. High premenopausal incidence is distinctive in East-Asian breast cancer. However, human cell lines derived from Asian primary breast tumor are rare. To provide alternative cell line models with a relevant...

Diverse effect of BMP-2 homodimer on mesenchymal progenitors of different origin

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), is a potential factor to enhance osseointegration of dental implants. However, the appropriate cellular system to investigate the osteogenic effect of BMP-2 in vitro in a standardized manner still needs to be defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of BMP-2 on the cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human...

Graphical classification of DNA sequences of HLA alleles by deep learning

Alleles of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A DNAs are classified and expressed graphically by using artificial intelligence “Deep Learning (Stacked autoencoder)”. Nucleotide sequence data corresponding to the length of 822 bp, collected from the Immuno Polymorphism Database, were compressed to 2-dimensional representation and were plotted. Profiles of the two-dimensional plots...

CD146 positive human dental pulp stem cells promote regeneration of dentin/pulp-like structures

CD146 and STRO-1 are endothelial biomarkers that are co-expressed on the cellular membranes of blood vessels within human dental pulp tissue. This study characterized the percentage of dentin-like structures produced by CD146-positive (CD146+) human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), compared with their CD146-negative (CD146−) counterparts. DPSC populations were enriched using...

MicroRNA-30e regulates neuroinflammation in MPTP model of Parkinson’s disease by targeting Nlrp3

Accumulating evidences suggest that neuroinflammation is a pathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). MicroRNAs have been recently recognized as crucial regulators of inflammatory responses. Here, we found significant downregulation of microRNA-30e (miR-30e...

Classification of C2C12 cells at differentiation by convolutional neural network of deep learning using phase contrast images

In the field of regenerative medicine, tremendous numbers of cells are necessary for tissue/organ regeneration. Today automatic cell-culturing system has been developed. The next step is constructing a non-invasive method to monitor the conditions of cells automatically. As an image analysis method, convolutional neural network (CNN), one of the deep learning method, is...

DNA hypermethylation enhanced telomerase reverse transcriptase expression in human-induced pluripotent stem cells

During reprogramming into human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), several stem cell marker genes are induced, such as OCT-4, NANOG, SALL4, and TERT. OCT-4, NANOG, and SALL4 gene expression can be regulated by DNA methylation. Their promoters become hypomethylated in iPSCs during reprogramming, leading to their induced expression. However, epigenetic regulation of the TERT...

A common variant of MAF/c-MAF, transcriptional factor gene in the kidney, is associated with gout susceptibility

Gout is a multifactorial disease characterized by acute inflammatory arthritis, and it is caused as a consequence of hyperuricemia. A recent meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies has newly identified the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and rs889472, a single nucleotide polymorphism of musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene (MAF/c-MAF). However, it...

Down-regulation of miR-23a inhibits high glucose-induced EMT and renal fibrogenesis by up-regulation of SnoN

It has been reported that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) signaling plays an important role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The nuclear transcription co-repressor Ski-related novel protein N (SnoN) is a critical negative regulator of TGF-β1/Smad signal pathway, involving in tubule epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), extracellular matrix (ECM...

MicroRNA-30a functions as tumor suppressor and inhibits the proliferation and invasion of prostate cancer cells by down-regulation of SIX1

Increasing reports have demonstrated that aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is found in multiple human cancers. Many studies have shown that down-regulated level of miR-30a is in a variety of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa). However, the precise mechanisms of miR-30a in PCa have not been well explored. In this study, we investigated the biological functions and...

Human gingival fibroblast response to enamel matrix derivative, porcine recombinant 21.3-kDa amelogenin and 5.3-kDa tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide

Enamel matrix derivative (EMD) containing a variety of protein fractions has been used for periodontal tissue regeneration. It is suggested that the proteins contained in EMD positively influence gingival fibroblasts migration and proliferation. Effects of EMD as well as of porcine recombinated 21.3-kDa amelogenin (prAMEL) and 5.3-kDa tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide (prTRAP) on...

Establishment and characterization of novel epithelial-like cell lines derived from human periodontal ligament tissue in vitro

In this study, novel human-derived epithelial-like cells (hEPLCs) lines were established from periodontal ligament (PDL) tissues, which were composed of a variety of cell types and exhibited complex cellular activities. To elucidate the putative features distinguishing these from epithelial rest of Malassez (ERM), we characterized hEPLCs based on cell lineage markers and tight...

Enhanced Stim1 expression is associated with acquired chemo-resistance of cisplatin in osteosarcoma cells

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor. Although cisplatin is the primary chemotherapy used in osteosarcoma treatment, the cisplatin resistance remains a big challenge for improving overall survival. The store-operated calcium (Ca2+) entry (SOCE) and its major mediator Stim1 have been shown to be implicated in a number of pathological processes typical for...

Advantages of genome sequencing by long-read sequencer using SMRT technology in medical area

PacBio RS II is the first commercialized third-generation DNA sequencer able to sequence a single molecule DNA in real-time without amplification. PacBio RS II’s sequencing technology is novel and unique, enabling the direct observation of DNA synthesis by DNA polymerase. PacBio RS II confers four major advantages compared to other sequencing technologies: long read lengths, high...

Practical methods for handling human periodontal ligament stem cells in serum-free and serum-containing culture conditions under hypoxia: implications for regenerative medicine

Stem cell-based therapies depend on the reliable expansion of patient-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in vitro. The supplementation of cell culture media with serum is associated with several risks; accordingly, serum-free media are commercially available for cell culture. Furthermore, hypoxia is known to accelerate the expansion of MSCs. The present study aimed to...

Mesenchymal stroma cells in peritoneal dialysis effluents from patients

Mesenchymal stroma cells (MSCs) have potential as an emerging cell therapy for treating many different diseases, but discovery of the practical sources of MSCs is needed for the large-scale clinical application of this therapy. This study was to identify MSCs in peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluents that were discarded after PD. The effluents were collected from patients who were on...

Imaging hamster model of bile duct cancer in vivo using fluorescent l-glucose derivatives

Extrahepatic bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) has a poor prognosis. Since surgical resection is the only way to prolong the patient’s life, it is of critical importance to correctly determine the extent of lesions. However, conventional pre-operative assessments have insufficient spatial resolution for determining the surgical margin. A fluorescent contrast agent might...

Induction and differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells from human buccal fat pads into salivary gland cells

Atrophy or hypofunction of the salivary gland because of aging or disease leads to hyposalivation that affects patient quality of life by causing dry mouth, deterioration of mastication/deglutition, and poor oral hygiene status. Current therapy for atrophy or hypofunction of the salivary gland in clinical practice focuses on symptom relief using drugs and artificial saliva...

Sperm midpiece apoptotic markers: impact on fertilizing potential in in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between apoptotic markers present in human spermatozoa, namely phosphatidylserine translocation (PST) from the inner to the outer layer of the cytomembrane and the active form of caspase-3 (c3) versus the fertilizing potential of male gametes in conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection...

Uptake of a fluorescent l-glucose derivative 2-NBDLG into three-dimensionally accumulating insulinoma cells in a phloretin-sensitive manner

Of two stereoisomers of glucose, only d- and not l-glucose is abundantly found in nature, being utilized as an essential fuel by most organisms. The uptake of d-glucose into mammalian cells occurs through glucose transporters such as GLUTs, and this process has been effectively monitored by a fluorescent d-glucose derivative 2-[N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxy...

Reversible transformation and de-differentiation of human cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cell teratomas

We first aimed to generate transformed cell lines from a human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-teratoma, and then examined the tumorigenic risks of the differentiated cells from hiPSC explant, because hiPSC-derivatives give rise to tumors in immune-deficient mice when transplanted. The colonies isolated from sparse cultures of hiPSC-teratoma cells expressed NANOG and OCT3/4...

Common variant of ALPK1 is not associated with gout: a replication study

Gout is one of the most kinds of common inflammatory arthritis as a consequence of hyperuricemia. Alpha-protein kinase 1 (ALPK1) gene locates in a gout-susceptibility locus on chromosome 4q21–31, and encodes ALPK1 protein which plays a pivotal role in the phosphorylation of myosin 1. In the previous genetic study of Taiwanese populations, 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs...

Matriptase and MET are prominently expressed at the site of bone metastasis in renal cell carcinoma: immunohistochemical analysis

High MET expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and MET activation in bone metastases are reportedly important in progression of several cancers. To find new treatment targets in bone metastasis, we immunohistochemically analyzed expression levels of MET and matriptase (specific cellular activator of hepatocyte growth factor). We obtained nephrectomy specimens from 17 RCC...