Journal of Grid Computing

http://link.springer.com/journal/10723

List of Papers (Total 41)

A Dynamic Profile Questions Approach to Mitigate Impersonation in Online Examinations

Online examinations are an integral component of many online learning environments, which face many security challenges. Collusion is seen as a major security threat to such examinations, when a student invites a third party to impersonate or abet in a test. This work aims to strengthen the authentication of students via the use of dynamic profile questions. The study reported in...

Parallel Tree Search in Volunteer Computing: a Case Study

While volunteer computing, as a restricted model of parallel computing, has proved itself to be a successful paradigm of scientific computing with excellent benefit on cost efficiency and public outreach, many problems it solves are intrinsically highly parallel. However, many efficient algorithms, including backtracking search, take the form of a tree search on an extremely...

Autonomous Context-Based Service Optimization in Mobile Cloud Computing

As the concept of merging the capabilities of mobile devices and cloud computing is becoming increasingly popular, an important question arises: how to optimally schedule services/tasks between the device and the cloud. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the possibilities for using a decision module on mobile devices in order to autonomously optimize the execution...

Topology and Application Aware Dynamic VM Management in the Cloud

Cloud computing continues to mature and more applications continue to be deployed in public clouds. Client applications deployed in the cloud should automatically scale up and down to match changing workload demands, though they must be careful to ensure that sufficient resources are provisioned to achieve performance objectives. The cloud provider, on the other hand, attempts to...

PaaSword: A Holistic Data Privacy and Security by Design Framework for Cloud Services

Enterprises increasingly recognize the compelling economic and operational benefits from virtualizing and pooling IT resources in the cloud. Nevertheless, the significant and valuable transformation of organizations that adopt cloud computing is accompanied by a number of security threats that should be considered. In this paper, we outline significant security challenges...

An Evaluation of Information Consistency in Grid Information Systems

A Grid information system resolves queries that may need to consider all information sources (Grid services), which are widely distributed geographically, in order to enable efficient Grid functions that may utilise multiple cooperating services. Fundamentally this can be achieved by either moving the query to the data (query shipping) or moving the data to the query (data...

Extending Science Gateway Frameworks to Support Big Data Applications in the Cloud

Cloud computing offers massive scalability and elasticity required by many scientific and commercial applications. Combining the computational and data handling capabilities of clouds with parallel processing also has the potential to tackle Big Data problems efficiently. Science gateway frameworks and workflow systems enable application developers to implement complex...

IaaSMon: Monitoring Architecture for Public Cloud Computing Data Centers

Monitoring of cloud computing infrastructures is an imperative necessity for cloud providers and administrators to analyze, optimize and discover what is happening in their own infrastructures. Current monitoring solutions do not fit well for this purpose mainly due to the incredible set of new requirements imposed by the particular requirements associated to cloud...

Storage-aware Algorithms for Scheduling of Workflow Ensembles in Clouds

This paper focuses on data-intensive workflows and addresses the problem of scheduling workflow ensembles under cost and deadline constraints in Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) clouds. Previous research in this area ignores file transfers between workflow tasks, which, as we show, often have a large impact on workflow ensemble execution. In this paper we propose and implement...

Scaling Ab Initio Predictions of 3D Protein Structures in Microsoft Azure Cloud

Computational methods for protein structure prediction allow us to determine a three-dimensional structure of a protein based on its pure amino acid sequence. These methods are a very important alternative to costly and slow experimental methods, like X-ray crystallography or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. However, conventional calculations of protein structure are time-consuming...

Green Cloud Provisioning Throughout Cooperation of a WDM Wide Area Network and a Hybrid Power IT Infrastructure

The paper focuses on cooperation between cloud and network operators, as well as on fitting particular routing strategies to various cloud services. Three cooperation models are presented, analyzed and compared in the paper: the proposed model and two widely used reference models. The main difference between the models is the set of information being exchanged between the...

Subdividing Long-Running, Variable-Length Analyses Into Short, Fixed-Length BOINC Workunits

We describe a scheme for subdividing long-running, variable-length analyses into short, fixed-length boinc workunits using phylogenetic analyses as an example. Fixed-length workunits decrease variance in analysis runtime, improve overall system throughput, and make boinc a more useful resource for analyses that require a relatively fast turnaround time, such as the phylogenetic...

Time and Energy Performance of Parallel Systems with Hierarchical Memory

In this paper we analyze the impact of memory hierarchies on time-energy trade-off in parallel computations. Contemporary computing systems have deep memory hierarchies with significantly different speeds and power consumptions. This results in nonlinear phenomena in the processing time and energy usage emerging when the size of the computation is growing. In this paper the...

Revisiting the Anatomy and Physiology of the Grid

A domain-specific software architecture (DSSA) represents an effective, generalized, reusable solution to constructing software systems within a given application domain. In this paper, we revisit the widely cited DSSA for the domain of grid computing. We have studied systems in this domain over the last ten years. During this time, we have repeatedly observed that, while...

Accessing Grid and Cloud Services Through a Scientific Web Portal

Distributed Computing Infrastructures have dedicated mechanisms to provide user communities with computational environments. While in the last decade the Grid has demonstrated to be a powerful paradigm in supporting scientific research, the complexity of the user experience still limits its adoption by unskilled user communities. Command line interfaces, X.509 certificates...

Adding Federated Identity Management to OpenStack

OpenStack is an open source cloud computing project that is enjoying wide. While many cloud deployments may be stand-alone, it is clear that secure federated community clouds, i.e., inter-clouds, are needed. Hence, there must be methods for federated identity management (FIM) that enable authentication and authorisation to be flexibly enforced across federated environments. Since...