International Journal of Public Health

http://link.springer.com/journal/38

List of Papers (Total 343)

Marked increase in measles vaccination coverage among young adults in Switzerland: a campaign or cohort effect?

ObjectivesTo evaluate the impact of the Swiss measles elimination strategy—including a mass media campaign—on vaccination coverage and awareness among young adults aged 20–29 years.MethodsComparison of the results of two cross-sectional population surveys in 2012 and 2015.ResultsDocumented vaccination coverage increased from 77 to 88% for two doses of measles vaccine. Major...

Direct healthcare costs of spinal disorders in Brazil

ObjectivesTo investigate the direct healthcare costs of spinal disorders in Brazil, over 2016.MethodsPrevalence-based cost-of-illness study, top-down approach and public healthcare system’s perspective. International Classification of Diseases codes related to spinal disorders were included. The following costs were obtained: (1) hospitalization; medical professional service...

Do people with intersecting identities report more high-risk alcohol use and lifetime substance use?

ObjectivesWe examined protective and non-protective effects of disadvantaged social identities and their intersections on lifetime substance use and risky alcohol consumption.MethodsData from 90,941 participants of the Global Drug Survey 2015 were analysed. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios for lifetime use of nine psychoactive...

Parental transmission of smoking among middle-aged and older populations in Russia and Belarus

Objectives The very high rates of smoking among men and the rapid changes among women in the Post-Soviet countries mean that this region offers an opportunity to understand better the intergenerational role of parental influences on smoking. Methods In this study, we exploit a unique data set, the PrivMort cohort study conducted in 30 Russian and 20 Belarusian towns in 2014–2015...

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women leaving women’s shelters: a randomized controlled trial

Objectives To examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI)—an evidence-based intervention—for abused women transitioning from women’s shelters to community living. Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted in nine women’s shelters across the Netherlands. 136 women were assigned to CTI (n = 70) or care-as-usual (n = 66). Data were analyzed using...

Human papillomavirus vaccine uptake in adolescence and adherence to cervical cancer screening in Switzerland: a national cross-sectional survey

Objectives The objectives were to measure uptake of and factors associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation and to determine whether HPV vaccination reduced the uptake of cervical cancer screening. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Swiss women aged 18–49 years in 2014 (N = 3588). Results Vaccination initiation was 69.3% and...

Derivation of some contemporary scales to measure adolescent risk-taking in Canada

Objectives To derive a contemporary series of composite indicators of adolescent risk-taking, inspired by the US CDC Framework and Problem Behaviour Theory. Methods Factor analyses were performed on 28-risk behaviours in a nationally representative sample of 30,096 Grades 6–10 students from the 2014 Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Results Three composite...

Harnessing advances in computer simulation to inform policy and planning to reduce alcohol-related harms

Objectives Alcohol misuse is a complex systemic problem. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of using a transparent and participatory agent-based modelling approach to develop a robust decision support tool to test alcohol policy scenarios before they are implemented in the real world. Methods A consortium of Australia’s leading alcohol experts was engaged to...

The contribution of alcohol consumption and smoking to educational inequalities in life expectancy among Swedish men and women during 1991–2008

Objectives To assess the level and changes in contribution of smoking and alcohol-related mortality to educational differences in life expectancy in Sweden. Methods We used register data on the Swedish population at ages 30–74 during 1991–2008. Cause of death was used to identify alcohol-related deaths, while smoking-related mortality was estimated using lung cancer mortality to...

Predicting homeless people’s perceived health after entering the social relief system in The Netherlands

Objectives We explored whether changes in the perceived health of homeless people after entering the social relief system (SRS) in The Netherlands were predicted by housing, income, hours of work, social support, unmet care needs, arrests, physical and mental health, substance use, and experiences of autonomy, competence and relatedness, in addition to perceived health at...

Changes in support for bans of illicit drugs, tobacco, and alcohol among adolescents and young adults in Europe, 2008–2014

Objectives This study assessed the support for bans for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs in adolescents and young adults across the European Union (EU). Methods Data were analysed for the years 2008, 2011, and 2014 for 27 EU member states. 37,253 individuals aged 15–24 years were interviewed ascertaining their support for banning tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, heroin...