Plant and Soil

http://link.springer.com/journal/11104

List of Papers (Total 410)

Correction to: Neighbourhood stories: role of neighbour identity, spatial location and order of arrival in legume and non-legume initial interactions

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Figures 2 and 3 were published erroneously. The corrected Figs. 2 and 3 are shown in the next page.

Effects of phosphorus-mobilizing bacteria on tomato growth and soil microbial activity

Aims The aim of our study was to clarify whether inoculating a soil with Pseudomonas sp. RU47 (RU47) bacteria would stimulate the enzymatic cleavage of organic P compounds in the rhizosphere and bulk soil, promoting plant growth. Adding either viable or heat treated RU47 cells made it possible to separate direct from indirect effects of the inoculum on P cycling in soil and plants. ...

Correction to: Cattle slurry acidification and application method can improve initial phosphorus availability for maize

The article Cattle slurry acidification and application method can improve initial phosphorus availability for maize, written by Ingeborg F. Pedersen, Gitte H. Rubæk and Peter Sørensen, was originally published Online First without open access.

Interplay between N-form and N-dose influences ecosystem effects of N addition to boreal forest

Aims Nitrogen (N) addition effects on boreal forest ecosystem are influenced by an interplay between N-form and N-dose. We hypothesize that trees take up organic N more efficiently than inorganic N and that unwanted side-effects of organic N are smaller. We predicted that 1) the tree growth response to arginine (ARG) addition is larger than to ammonium-nitrate (AN) and, 2) ...

Rock-type control of Ni, Cr, and Co phytoavailability in ultramafic soils

Background and aims Ultramafic soils constitute an extreme environment for plants because of specific physico-chemical properties and the presence of Ni, Cr, and Co. We hypothesized that type of ultramafic parent rock depending on their origin affects the composition of soils and plants. Therefore, phytoavailability of metals would be higher in soil derived from serpentinized ...

Correction to: Severe water deficit restricts biomass production of Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. and causes foliar nitrogen but not carbohydrate limitation

The article Severe water deficit restricts biomass production of Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. and causes foliar nitrogen but not carbohydrate limitation, written by Daniel Hofer, Matthias Suter, Nina Buchmann and Andreas Lüscher.

Correction to: Organic phosphorus in the terrestrial environment: a perspective on the state of the art and future priorities

The article “Organic phosphorus in the terrestrial environment: a perspective on the state of the art and future priorities”, written by Timothy S George et al., was originally published with incorrect affiliation information for one of the co-authors, E. Klumpp.

Continuous application of different organic additives can suppress tomato disease by inducing the healthy rhizospheric microbiota through alterations to the bulk soil microflora

Aims Bio-organic fertilizer and different additives are widely applied to suppress soil-borne diseases. However, how different additives alter bulk soil microflora and thereby induce the healthy rhizospheric microflora remains unclear. Methods A 3-season field experiment containing four fertilization management programs (chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer, amino acid organic ...

Environmental differences between sites control the diet and nutrition of the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia

Background and aims Carnivorous plants are sensitive to small changes in resource availability, but few previous studies have examined how differences in nutrient and prey availability affect investment in and the benefit of carnivory. We studied the impact of site-level differences in resource availability on ecophysiological traits of carnivory for Drosera rotundifolia L. Methods ...

Mutualism between Klebsiella SGM 81 and Dianthus caryophyllus in modulating root plasticity and rhizospheric bacterial density

Aims Dianthus caryophyllus is a commercially important ornamental flower. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are increasingly applied as bio-fertilisers and bio-fortifiers. We studied the effect of a rhizospheric isolate Klebsiella SGM 81 strain to promote D. caryophyllus growth under sterile and non-sterile conditions, to colonise its root system endophytically and its impact on ...

Landscape-scale assessments of stable carbon isotopes in soil under diverse vegetation classes in East Africa: application of near-infrared spectroscopy

Aims Stable carbon isotopes are important tracers used to understand ecological food web processes and vegetation shifts over time. However, gaps exist in understanding soil and plant processes that influence δ13C values, particularly across smallholder farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to develop predictive models for δ13C values in soil using near infrared ...

Legacy effects of altered flooding regimes on decomposition in a boreal floodplain

Background and aims Since long-term experiments are scarce, we have poor understanding of how changed flooding regimes affect processes such as litter decomposition. Methods We simulated short- and long-term changed flooding regimes by transplanting turfs between low (frequently flooded) and high (in-frequently flooded) elevations on the river bank in 2000 (old turfs) and 2014 ...

Plant exudates improve the mechanical conditions for root penetration through compacted soils

Background and aim Plant exudates greatly affect the physical behaviour of soil, but measurements of the impact of exudates on compression characteristics are missing. Our aim is to provide these data and explore how plant exudates may enhance the restructuring of compacted soils following cycles of wetting and drying. Methods Two soils were amended with Chia (Salvia hispanica) ...

Residual effect of BNI by Brachiaria humidicola pasture on nitrogen recovery and grain yield of subsequent maize

Background and Aims The forage grass Brachiaria humidicola (Bh) has been shown to reduce soil microbial nitrification. However, it is not known if biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) also has an effect on nitrogen (N) cycling during cultivation of subsequent crops. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the residual BNI effect of a converted long-term Bh ...

Understanding cassava yield response to soil and fertilizer nutrient supply in West Africa

Background and aims Enhanced understanding of plant and nutrient interactions is key to improving yields. We adapted the model for QUantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils (QUEFTS) to assess cassava yield response to soil and fertilizer nutrients in West Africa. Methods Data from on-station and farmer’s field experiments across Togo and Ghana were used. Results ...

Intensive ground vegetation growth mitigates the carbon loss after forest disturbance

Aims Slow or failed tree regeneration after forest disturbance is increasingly observed in the central European Alps, potentially amplifying the carbon (C) loss from disturbance. We aimed at quantifying C dynamics of a poorly regenerating disturbance site with a special focus on the role of non-woody ground vegetation. Methods Soil CO2 efflux, fine root biomass, ground vegetation ...

Thaw pond development and initial vegetation succession in experimental plots at a Siberian lowland tundra site

Background and aims Permafrost degradation has the potential to change the Arctic tundra landscape. We observed rapid local thawing of ice-rich permafrost resulting in thaw pond formation, which was triggered by removal of the shrub cover in a field experiment. This study aimed to examine the rate of permafrost thaw and the initial vegetation succession after the permafrost ...

Determining the fate of selenium in wheat biofortification: an isotopically labelled field trial study

Aims The principal aim of this research was to quantify retention of a single, realistic Se biofortification application (10 g ha−1) in contrasting soils over two growing seasons utilizing an enriched stable Se isotope (77Se) to discriminate between applied Se and native soil Se. Methods Isotopically enriched 77Se (Na2SeO4) was applied (10 g ha−1) to four replicate plots (2 m × 2 ...

Inter- and intra-species intercropping of barley cultivars and legume species, as affected by soil phosphorus availability

Aims Intercropping can improve plant yields and soil phosphorus (P) use efficiency. This study compares inter- and intra-species intercropping, and determines whether P uptake and shoot biomass accumulation in intercrops are affected by soil P availability. Methods Four barley cultivars (Hordeum vulgare L.) and three legume species (Trifolium subterreneum, Ornithopus sativus and ...

Opportunities for mobilizing recalcitrant phosphorus from agricultural soils: a review

Background Phosphorus (P) fertilizer is usually applied in excess of plant requirement and accumulates in soils due to its strong adsorption, rapid precipitation and immobilisation into unavailable forms including organic moieties. As soils are complex and diverse chemical, biochemical and biological systems, strategies to access recalcitrant soil P are often inefficient, case ...

An energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence method for analysing Fe and Zn in common bean, maize and cowpea biofortification programs

Background and aims Biofortification breeding programs have the need for rapid and accurate screening methods to identify nutrient dense genotypes. This study explores the use of energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) for the rapid screening of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentration in three coarse-grain crops; common bean, maize and cowpea. Methods Bean, maize and cowpea seed ...

The effect of crop rotation between wetland rice and upland maize on the microbial communities associated with roots

Background and aims Microorganisms colonize plant roots for mutual benefits. Colonization is initiated by the soil microbial community but is also affected by soil conditions and plant type. Rice typically grows under wetland conditions that are anoxic, thus being supportive for an anaerobic methanogenic microbial community. Maize, however, grows under upland conditions that are ...

Chemical changes in organic matter after fungal colonization in a nitrogen fertilized and unfertilized Norway spruce forest

Background and aims Decomposition and transformation of organic matter (OM) in forest soils are conducted by the concomitant action of saprotrophic and mycorrhizal fungi. Here, we examine chemical changes in OM after fungal colonization in nitrogen fertilized and unfertilized soils from a Norway spruce forest. Methods Sand-filled bags amended with composted maize leaves were placed ...