Plant and Soil

http://link.springer.com/journal/11104

List of Papers (Total 421)

The relationships between soil chemical properties and vegetation succession in the aspect of changes of distance from the glacier forehead and time elapsed after glacier retreat in the Irenebreen foreland (NW Svalbard)

AimsThe aim of this study was to determine relationships between soil chemical parameters (i.e. content of total organic carbon, total nitrogen, total sulphur, soil pH) and vegetation development in relation to distance from the current glacier forehead and time elapsed after glacier retreat in the Irenebreen foreland.MethodsThree transects were designated along the foreland...

In situ observation of localized, sub-mm scale changes of phosphorus biogeochemistry in the rhizosphere

Aims We imaged the sub-mm distribution of labile P and pH in the rhizosphere of three plant species to localize zones and hot spots of P depletion and accumulation along individual root axes and to relate our findings to nutrient acquisition / root exudation strategies in P-limited conditions at different soil pH, and to mobilization pattern of other elements (Al, Fe, Ca, Mg, Mn...

Correction to: Neighbourhood stories: role of neighbour identity, spatial location and order of arrival in legume and non-legume initial interactions

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Figures 2 and 3 were published erroneously. The corrected Figs. 2 and 3 are shown in the next page.

The Cucurbita pepo seed microbiome: genotype-specific composition and implications for breeding

Background and aims Plant breeding activities shape the rhizosphere microbiome but less is known about the relationship of both with the seed microbiome. We analyzed the composition of bacterial communities of seeds and rhizospheres of Styrian oil pumpkin genotypes in comparison to bulk soil to elucidate specific microbial signatures to support a concept involving plant-microbe...

Effects of phosphorus-mobilizing bacteria on tomato growth and soil microbial activity

Aims The aim of our study was to clarify whether inoculating a soil with Pseudomonas sp. RU47 (RU47) bacteria would stimulate the enzymatic cleavage of organic P compounds in the rhizosphere and bulk soil, promoting plant growth. Adding either viable or heat treated RU47 cells made it possible to separate direct from indirect effects of the inoculum on P cycling in soil and...

Functional implications of root cortical senescence for soil resource capture

Background Root phenes play a primary role in plant adaptation to edaphic stress. Understanding the functional implications of root phenotypes will enable the development of crop varieties with improved soil resource acquisition. Root cortical senescence (RCS) is a type of programmed cell death in cortical cells of several Poaceae species. Until recently there has been very...

Correction to: Cattle slurry acidification and application method can improve initial phosphorus availability for maize

The article Cattle slurry acidification and application method can improve initial phosphorus availability for maize, written by Ingeborg F. Pedersen, Gitte H. Rubæk and Peter Sørensen, was originally published Online First without open access.

Interplay between N-form and N-dose influences ecosystem effects of N addition to boreal forest

Aims Nitrogen (N) addition effects on boreal forest ecosystem are influenced by an interplay between N-form and N-dose. We hypothesize that trees take up organic N more efficiently than inorganic N and that unwanted side-effects of organic N are smaller. We predicted that 1) the tree growth response to arginine (ARG) addition is larger than to ammonium-nitrate (AN) and, 2...

Rock-type control of Ni, Cr, and Co phytoavailability in ultramafic soils

Background and aims Ultramafic soils constitute an extreme environment for plants because of specific physico-chemical properties and the presence of Ni, Cr, and Co. We hypothesized that type of ultramafic parent rock depending on their origin affects the composition of soils and plants. Therefore, phytoavailability of metals would be higher in soil derived from serpentinized...

Correction to: Severe water deficit restricts biomass production of Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. and causes foliar nitrogen but not carbohydrate limitation

The article Severe water deficit restricts biomass production of Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. and causes foliar nitrogen but not carbohydrate limitation, written by Daniel Hofer, Matthias Suter, Nina Buchmann and Andreas Lüscher.

Correction to: Organic phosphorus in the terrestrial environment: a perspective on the state of the art and future priorities

The article “Organic phosphorus in the terrestrial environment: a perspective on the state of the art and future priorities”, written by Timothy S George et al., was originally published with incorrect affiliation information for one of the co-authors, E. Klumpp.

Continuous application of different organic additives can suppress tomato disease by inducing the healthy rhizospheric microbiota through alterations to the bulk soil microflora

AimsBio-organic fertilizer and different additives are widely applied to suppress soil-borne diseases. However, how different additives alter bulk soil microflora and thereby induce the healthy rhizospheric microflora remains unclear.MethodsA 3-season field experiment containing four fertilization management programs (chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer, amino acid organic...

Stepwise incorporation of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) as fertiliser increases nitrogen fixation and improves nitrogen retention when intercropped with leek (Allium porrum L.)

Background and aims We investigated whether the incorporation of intercropped white clover as a split-dose fertiliser improves N retention of the plant-soil system in leek production. Methods White clover and leek were grown in pots where clover was stepwise incorporated into soil as fertiliser. Half of the clover was incorporated before leek transplantation (LT), the other half...

Environmental differences between sites control the diet and nutrition of the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia

Background and aimsCarnivorous plants are sensitive to small changes in resource availability, but few previous studies have examined how differences in nutrient and prey availability affect investment in and the benefit of carnivory. We studied the impact of site-level differences in resource availability on ecophysiological traits of carnivory for Drosera rotundifolia L...

Mutualism between Klebsiella SGM 81 and Dianthus caryophyllus in modulating root plasticity and rhizospheric bacterial density

Aims Dianthus caryophyllus is a commercially important ornamental flower. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are increasingly applied as bio-fertilisers and bio-fortifiers. We studied the effect of a rhizospheric isolate Klebsiella SGM 81 strain to promote D. caryophyllus growth under sterile and non-sterile conditions, to colonise its root system endophytically and its impact...

Landscape-scale assessments of stable carbon isotopes in soil under diverse vegetation classes in East Africa: application of near-infrared spectroscopy

Aims Stable carbon isotopes are important tracers used to understand ecological food web processes and vegetation shifts over time. However, gaps exist in understanding soil and plant processes that influence δ13C values, particularly across smallholder farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to develop predictive models for δ13C values in soil using near infrared...

Legacy effects of altered flooding regimes on decomposition in a boreal floodplain

Background and aims Since long-term experiments are scarce, we have poor understanding of how changed flooding regimes affect processes such as litter decomposition. Methods We simulated short- and long-term changed flooding regimes by transplanting turfs between low (frequently flooded) and high (in-frequently flooded) elevations on the river bank in 2000 (old turfs) and 2014...

Plant exudates improve the mechanical conditions for root penetration through compacted soils

Background and aim Plant exudates greatly affect the physical behaviour of soil, but measurements of the impact of exudates on compression characteristics are missing. Our aim is to provide these data and explore how plant exudates may enhance the restructuring of compacted soils following cycles of wetting and drying. Methods Two soils were amended with Chia (Salvia hispanica...