Advances in Civil Engineering

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ace/

List of Papers (Total 71)

Experimental Study on the Shear Performance of Shallow Hinge Joints for Prefabricated Hollow Slab Bridges

To investigate whether shallow hinge joint fracture was caused by shear stress or flexural stress, during the demolition and reconstruction of Xiaojiang River bridge, two original girders were collected and shipped to the lab, and the shallow hinge joint between the two girders was rebuilt. Tests were performed to investigate the cracking load, failure mode, and force...

Estimation of Influence Scope of Lateral Displacement of Soft Ground under Vacuum Pressure with PVD

The application of vacuum pressure to a treated area not only induces vertical settlement and inward lateral displacement but also causes the formation of tension cracks near the ground surface. In general, the strain method is applied to calculate the lateral displacement at the boundary of a treated area; however, the influence scope of lateral displacement has not yet been...

Reproducing Field Measurements Using Scaled-Down Hydraulic Model Studies in a Laboratory

Little efforts have been made to the value of laboratory model study in closing the gap between results from idealized laboratory experiments and those from field data. Thus, at first, three bridge sites were selected and equipped with fathometers to find the bed elevation change in the vicinity of bridge pier over time. After and during the flooding, the stream flow variables...

Experimental Study of the Low-Cycle Fatigue in Double-Walled Hollow Pipe Members

This paper introduces a double-walled hollow pipe (DWHP) that demonstrates good corrosion resistance and mechanical properties and that can be used in pipeline transportation and structural stress components in marine, freshwater, and corrosive environments. We designed and machined the specimens to meet the bending bearing capacity using a cross section method. We conducted low...

Heat Treatment and Ventilation Optimization in a Deep Mine

In order to address the issue of high temperatures and thermal damages in deep mines, the factors causing downhole heat damage at high temperatures were analyzed, the mine ventilation system was optimized and rebuilt, and a cooling system was established. The proposed cooling system uses mine water as the cooling source, and its features are based on the analysis of traditional...

An Elastoplastic Softening Damage Model for Hydraulic Fracturing in Soft Coal Seams

In order to improve the permeability of soft coal seams with low intensity and permeability by hydraulic fracturing, an elastoplastic softening damage model of soft coal seams has been established, which takes into consideration the lower elastic modulus and tensile strength and higher pore compressibility and plastic deformation. The model then was implemented to FLAC3D finite...

An Elastoplastic Softening Damage Model for Hydraulic Fracturing in Soft Coal Seams

In order to improve the permeability of soft coal seams with low intensity and permeability by hydraulic fracturing, an elastoplastic softening damage model of soft coal seams has been established, which takes into consideration the lower elastic modulus and tensile strength and higher pore compressibility and plastic deformation. The model then was implemented to FLAC3D finite...

The Moderating Effect of Guanxi on the Dynamic Capacity and Competitive Advantage of Chinese International Contractors

With the active support of the national policy “One Belt and One Road” Initiative, Chinese contractors seized this historic opportunity to accelerate strategic globalization, and they gradually stood out in international construction projects owing to their low-cost advantage. However, despite China having large-scale contractors and wide-range business, compared to developed...

Heat Treatment and Ventilation Optimization in a Deep Mine

In order to address the issue of high temperatures and thermal damages in deep mines, the factors causing downhole heat damage at high temperatures were analyzed, the mine ventilation system was optimized and rebuilt, and a cooling system was established. The proposed cooling system uses mine water as the cooling source, and its features are based on the analysis of traditional...

Experimental Study on High-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of GFRP-Steel Sleeve Composite Cross Arms

To overcome the fatigue safety problem of transmission tower cross arms caused by the wind-induced vibrations, an experimental study on the high-cycle fatigue performance of a new type of GFRP-steel sleeve composite cross arms was carried out. A total of six specimens were subjected to 500 thousand cyclic loadings based on the practical engineering background. The stress state...

A Model for the Analysis of Ultimate Capacity of RC and PC Corroded Beams

Corrosion of steel in reinforced and prestressed concrete beams is very common for structures and infrastructures. It can drastically reduce the resisting section of rebar, modify the mechanical response of the steel rebar, and also determine cracking of the surrounding concrete because of the volume expansion effect of rust. Moreover, it heavily influences the bond between steel...

Stability Analysis of Surrounding Rock and Treatment Structures in Superlarge Karst Cave of Naqiu Tunnel

This study relied on the treatment and construction process of the corridor hall-type large karst cave of Naqiu Tunnel, and field tests and numerical simulation were carried out to investigate the stability of surrounding rock and treatment structures during the tunnel excavation process. From the results of different excavation footages, both the displacement characteristics...

Impact of High-Rise Buildings Construction Process on Adjacent Tunnels

The demand for buildings constructed along subway lines is increasing, and analysis of the impact of foundation excavation and building construction on adjacent tunnels is critical. This study investigated the variation law of tunnel deformation and surrounding earth pressure on an existing tunnel resulting from deep foundation excavation and the load of buildings. Four groups of...

Temperature Control Measures and Temperature Stress of Mass Concrete during Construction Period in High-Altitude Regions

The focus on the development of China’s vast hydropower resources has shifted to Tibet and other plateau regions. These areas are high-altitude regions whose basic climatic characteristics are as follows: dry climate, significant differences in daily temperature, and strong solar radiation. If a dam is built under such special climate conditions, specific and strict temperature...

Dynamic Indentation Characteristics for Various Spacings and Indentation Depths: A Study Based on Laboratory and Numerical Tests

Laboratory and numerical study tests were conducted to investigate the dynamic indentation characteristics for various spacings and indentation depths. First, laboratory tests indicate that the increase in the indentation depth first resulted in enlarged groove volumes, caused by fiercer rock breakages between indentations for a fixed spacing; then, the groove volume slightly...

A Coupled Damage-Permeability Constitutive Model for Brittle Rocks Subjected to Explosive Loading

A dynamic constitutive model considering coupled damage-permeability effect is developed for rocks under explosion. The main purpose of this model is to provide reference to in situ leaching mining (include uranium ore, gold ore, etc.) to improve the permeability of rocks using blasting. The damage is induced and described by the summation of all principal tensile strains. This...

Improved HFACS on Human Factors of Construction Accidents: A China Perspective

Human errors are one of the major contributors of accidents. In order to improve the safety performance, human errors have to be addressed. Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) has been developed as an analytical framework for the investigation of the role of human errors in aviation accidents. However, the HFACS framework did not reveal the relationships...

Probabilistic Analysis of Weathered Soil Slope in South Korea

Rainfall is a major trigger of shallow slope failures, and it is necessary to consider the spatial correlation of soil properties for probabilistic analysis of slope stability in heterogeneous soil. In this study, a case study of a weathered soil slope in Korea was performed to identify the rainfall-induced landslides considering the spatial variability of the soil properties and...

Comparative Study of CFRP-Confined CFST Stub Columns under Axial Compression

This paper presented a comparative study of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) stub columns with three different confinement types from carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP): outer circular CFRP, inner circular CFRP, and outer square CFRP. The compressive mechanism and physical properties of the composite column were analyzed firstly aiming at investigating the confinement...

Microseismic Monitoring of Energy Changes in Deep Tunnels during the TBM Tunneling of the Jinping II Hydropower Station

The TBM tunneling at the Jinping II hydropower station in Southwest China has received extensive concerns around the world because of its large engineering scale and the high rockburst risks faced in the tunnel advancement. The associated energy changes of rockbursts and control method for safe TBM tunneling are to be further investigated. A movable microseismic (MS) monitoring...

Research on the Law of Large-Scale Deformation and Failure of Soft Rock Based on Microseismic Monitoring

Based on the existing Canadian ESG microseismic monitoring system, a mobile microseismic monitoring system for a soft rock tunnel has been successfully constructed through continuous exploration and improvement to study the large-scale nucleation and development of microfractures in the soft rock of the Yangshan Tunnel. All-weather, continuous real-time monitoring is conducted...

Seepage Behavior of Earth Dams Considering Rainfall Effects

More than 60% of annual rainfall in Korea is concentrated during the monsoon season from June to August because of the climate characteristics of East Asia. In general, reservoir water levels sharply rise during this period and rock-fill dams are exposed to various types of damages such as soil erosion and piping related to seepage problems. However, the detection of seepage...

Resource Unconstrained and Constrained Project Scheduling Problems and Practices in a Multiproject Environment

Construction companies execute many projects simultaneously. In such situations, the performance of one project may influence the others positively or negatively. Construction professionals face difficulties in managing multiple projects in limited resource situations. The purpose of this study is to identify the problems in multiproject scheduling from the practitioner’s...

Optimization of Temperature-Control Measures for Concrete Structures: A Case Study of the Sluice Project

Temperature control and crack prevention in sluice pier concrete is a key issue in the early design and construction period. Strong surface insulation may lead to cracks after formwork removal, while weak surface insulation may result in a high crack risk in the early age. The water-cooling measure may also cause severe cracks at a rapid cooling rate. Therefore, the optimum...