Advances in Civil Engineering

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ace/

List of Papers (Total 322)

Experimental Study on the Shear Performance of Shallow Hinge Joints for Prefabricated Hollow Slab Bridges

To investigate whether shallow hinge joint fracture was caused by shear stress or flexural stress, during the demolition and reconstruction of Xiaojiang River bridge, two original girders were collected and shipped to the lab, and the shallow hinge joint between the two girders was rebuilt. Tests were performed to investigate the cracking load, failure mode, and force...

Increasing Permeability of Coal Seam and Improving Gas Drainage Using a Liquid Carbon Dioxide Phase Transition Explosive Technology

The low permeability of coal seams makes gas drainage difficult in lots of coal mines. This study presents a low-temperature, safe, and efficient liquid carbon dioxide phase transition explosive technology (LCDPTET) to increase the permeability of coal, thereby improving the efficiency of gas drainage and eliminating the dangers of coal and gas outburst. Meanwhile, an integrated...

Estimation of Influence Scope of Lateral Displacement of Soft Ground under Vacuum Pressure with PVD

The application of vacuum pressure to a treated area not only induces vertical settlement and inward lateral displacement but also causes the formation of tension cracks near the ground surface. In general, the strain method is applied to calculate the lateral displacement at the boundary of a treated area; however, the influence scope of lateral displacement has not yet been...

An NMR-Based Experimental Study on the Pore Structure of the Hydration Process of Mine Filling Slurry

To study the evolution of porosity in the process of filling slurry hydration, samples of tailing filling with different mixing ratios and different curing ages were prepared, and the pore structure was tested by low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR). According to the T2 spectrum distribution curve and T2 spectrum area of the filling slurry hydration process, the porosity...

Reproducing Field Measurements Using Scaled-Down Hydraulic Model Studies in a Laboratory

Little efforts have been made to the value of laboratory model study in closing the gap between results from idealized laboratory experiments and those from field data. Thus, at first, three bridge sites were selected and equipped with fathometers to find the bed elevation change in the vicinity of bridge pier over time. After and during the flooding, the stream flow variables...

Network Planning Method for Capacitated Metro-Based Underground Logistics System

Underground logistics system (ULS) tends to alleviate traffic congestion, increase city logistics efficiency, mitigate the negative effects of traditional logistics processes, and improve the sustainability of urban areas. However, the relatively high cost and risk of underground construction are serious obstacles to implementing ULS. Integrating ULS into modern metro system (M...

Experimental Study of the Low-Cycle Fatigue in Double-Walled Hollow Pipe Members

This paper introduces a double-walled hollow pipe (DWHP) that demonstrates good corrosion resistance and mechanical properties and that can be used in pipeline transportation and structural stress components in marine, freshwater, and corrosive environments. We designed and machined the specimens to meet the bending bearing capacity using a cross section method. We conducted low...

Heat Treatment and Ventilation Optimization in a Deep Mine

In order to address the issue of high temperatures and thermal damages in deep mines, the factors causing downhole heat damage at high temperatures were analyzed, the mine ventilation system was optimized and rebuilt, and a cooling system was established. The proposed cooling system uses mine water as the cooling source, and its features are based on the analysis of traditional...

Experimental Study on High-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of GFRP-Steel Sleeve Composite Cross Arms

To overcome the fatigue safety problem of transmission tower cross arms caused by the wind-induced vibrations, an experimental study on the high-cycle fatigue performance of a new type of GFRP-steel sleeve composite cross arms was carried out. A total of six specimens were subjected to 500 thousand cyclic loadings based on the practical engineering background. The stress state...

An Elastoplastic Softening Damage Model for Hydraulic Fracturing in Soft Coal Seams

In order to improve the permeability of soft coal seams with low intensity and permeability by hydraulic fracturing, an elastoplastic softening damage model of soft coal seams has been established, which takes into consideration the lower elastic modulus and tensile strength and higher pore compressibility and plastic deformation. The model then was implemented to FLAC3D finite...

An Elastoplastic Softening Damage Model for Hydraulic Fracturing in Soft Coal Seams

In order to improve the permeability of soft coal seams with low intensity and permeability by hydraulic fracturing, an elastoplastic softening damage model of soft coal seams has been established, which takes into consideration the lower elastic modulus and tensile strength and higher pore compressibility and plastic deformation. The model then was implemented to FLAC3D finite...

The Moderating Effect of Guanxi on the Dynamic Capacity and Competitive Advantage of Chinese International Contractors

With the active support of the national policy “One Belt and One Road” Initiative, Chinese contractors seized this historic opportunity to accelerate strategic globalization, and they gradually stood out in international construction projects owing to their low-cost advantage. However, despite China having large-scale contractors and wide-range business, compared to developed...

Heat Treatment and Ventilation Optimization in a Deep Mine

In order to address the issue of high temperatures and thermal damages in deep mines, the factors causing downhole heat damage at high temperatures were analyzed, the mine ventilation system was optimized and rebuilt, and a cooling system was established. The proposed cooling system uses mine water as the cooling source, and its features are based on the analysis of traditional...

Experimental Study on High-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of GFRP-Steel Sleeve Composite Cross Arms

To overcome the fatigue safety problem of transmission tower cross arms caused by the wind-induced vibrations, an experimental study on the high-cycle fatigue performance of a new type of GFRP-steel sleeve composite cross arms was carried out. A total of six specimens were subjected to 500 thousand cyclic loadings based on the practical engineering background. The stress state...

Prediction Model for Asphalt Pavement Temperature in High-Temperature Season in Beijing

Asphalt pavement temperatures greatly influence on the bearing capacity and performance, especially in high-temperature season. The variation rules of pavement temperatures under the high-temperature range affect the design and maintenance management of the asphalt pavement, as well as the accurate prediction for pavement temperatures. However, asphalt pavement temperature is...

A Model for the Analysis of Ultimate Capacity of RC and PC Corroded Beams

Corrosion of steel in reinforced and prestressed concrete beams is very common for structures and infrastructures. It can drastically reduce the resisting section of rebar, modify the mechanical response of the steel rebar, and also determine cracking of the surrounding concrete because of the volume expansion effect of rust. Moreover, it heavily influences the bond between steel...

Impact Behavior of a Laterally Loaded Guardrail Post near Slopes by Hybrid SPH Model

Based on the assumption that guardrail systems are placed in soil with horizontal ground, interaction behavior between soil and a post has been presented using some relevant theories such as the theory of subgrade reaction, Winkler’s spring theory, and the nonlinear p-y curve method. However, they can be constructed on cut slopes or compacted sloping embankments beside the...

Stability Analysis of Surrounding Rock and Treatment Structures in Superlarge Karst Cave of Naqiu Tunnel

This study relied on the treatment and construction process of the corridor hall-type large karst cave of Naqiu Tunnel, and field tests and numerical simulation were carried out to investigate the stability of surrounding rock and treatment structures during the tunnel excavation process. From the results of different excavation footages, both the displacement characteristics...

Impact of High-Rise Buildings Construction Process on Adjacent Tunnels

The demand for buildings constructed along subway lines is increasing, and analysis of the impact of foundation excavation and building construction on adjacent tunnels is critical. This study investigated the variation law of tunnel deformation and surrounding earth pressure on an existing tunnel resulting from deep foundation excavation and the load of buildings. Four groups of...

Temperature Control Measures and Temperature Stress of Mass Concrete during Construction Period in High-Altitude Regions

The focus on the development of China’s vast hydropower resources has shifted to Tibet and other plateau regions. These areas are high-altitude regions whose basic climatic characteristics are as follows: dry climate, significant differences in daily temperature, and strong solar radiation. If a dam is built under such special climate conditions, specific and strict temperature...

Dynamic Indentation Characteristics for Various Spacings and Indentation Depths: A Study Based on Laboratory and Numerical Tests

Laboratory and numerical study tests were conducted to investigate the dynamic indentation characteristics for various spacings and indentation depths. First, laboratory tests indicate that the increase in the indentation depth first resulted in enlarged groove volumes, caused by fiercer rock breakages between indentations for a fixed spacing; then, the groove volume slightly...

A Coupled Damage-Permeability Constitutive Model for Brittle Rocks Subjected to Explosive Loading

A dynamic constitutive model considering coupled damage-permeability effect is developed for rocks under explosion. The main purpose of this model is to provide reference to in situ leaching mining (include uranium ore, gold ore, etc.) to improve the permeability of rocks using blasting. The damage is induced and described by the summation of all principal tensile strains. This...

Improved HFACS on Human Factors of Construction Accidents: A China Perspective

Human errors are one of the major contributors of accidents. In order to improve the safety performance, human errors have to be addressed. Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) has been developed as an analytical framework for the investigation of the role of human errors in aviation accidents. However, the HFACS framework did not reveal the relationships...

Probabilistic Analysis of Weathered Soil Slope in South Korea

Rainfall is a major trigger of shallow slope failures, and it is necessary to consider the spatial correlation of soil properties for probabilistic analysis of slope stability in heterogeneous soil. In this study, a case study of a weathered soil slope in Korea was performed to identify the rainfall-induced landslides considering the spatial variability of the soil properties and...