Carcinogenesis

https://academic.oup.com/carcin

List of Papers (Total 1,106)

miR-200b induces cell cycle arrest and represses cell growth in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

miR-200b is a pleiotropically acting microRNA in cancer progression, representing an attractive therapeutic target. We previously identified miR-200b as an invasiveness repressor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), whereas further understanding is warranted to establish it as a therapeutic target. Here, we show that miR-200b mitigates ESCC cell growth by inducing G2...

Carcinogen-specific mutations in preferred Ras-Raf pathway oncogenes directed by strand bias

Carcinogen exposures inscribe mutation patterns on cancer genomes and sometimes bias the acquisition of driver mutations toward preferred oncogenes, potentially dictating sensitivity to targeted agents. Whether and how carcinogen-specific mutation patterns direct activation of preferred oncogenes remains poorly understood. Here, mouse models of breast cancer were exploited to...

Breast cancer cells compete with hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells for intercellular adhesion molecule 1-mediated binding to the bone marrow microenvironment

Adhesion-based cellular interactions involved in breast cancer metastasis to the bone marrow remain elusive. We identified that breast cancer cells directly compete with hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) for retention in the bone marrow microenvironment. To this end, we established two models of competitive cell adhesion—simultaneous and sequential—to study a...

Comparison of hematological alterations and markers of B-cell activation in workers exposed to benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene

Benzene, formaldehyde (FA) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are ubiquitous chemicals in workplaces and the general environment. Benzene is an established myeloid leukemogen and probable lymphomagen. FA is classified as a myeloid leukemogen but has not been associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), whereas TCE has been associated with NHL but not myeloid leukemia. Epidemiologic...

A case–control analysis of smoking and breast cancer in African American women: findings from the AMBER Consortium

Recent population studies suggest a role of smoking in the etiology of breast cancer, but few have been conducted among African American women. In a collaborative project of four large studies, we examined associations between smoking measures and breast cancer risk by menopause and hormone receptor status [estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), ER-negative (ER−) and triple-negative...

Genome-wide association study of colorectal cancer in Hispanics

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 58 susceptibility alleles across 37 regions associated with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) with P < 5×10−8. Most studies have been conducted in non-Hispanic whites and East Asians; however, the generalizability of these findings and the potential for ethnic-specific risk variation in Hispanic and Latino (HL) individuals...

Pancreatic cancer: associations of inflammatory potential of diet, cigarette smoking and long-standing diabetes

Epidemiologic studies show strong associations between pancreatic cancer (PC) and inflammatory stimuli or conditions such as cigarette smoking and diabetes, suggesting that inflammation may play a key role in PC. Studies of dietary patterns and cancer outcomes also suggest that diet might influence an individual’s risk of PC by modulating inflammation. We therefore examined...

Integrin-linked kinase as a novel molecular switch of the IL-6-NF-κB signaling loop in breast cancer

Substantial evidence has clearly demonstrated the role of the IL-6-NF-κB signaling loop in promoting aggressive phenotypes in breast cancer. However, the exact mechanism by which this inflammatory loop is regulated remains to be defined. Here, we report that integrin-linked kinase (ILK) acts as a molecular switch for this feedback loop. Specifically, we show that IL-6 induces ILK...

PAQR3 enhances Twist1 degradation to suppress epithelial–mesenchymal transition and metastasis of gastric cancer cells

Twist1 is an essential transcription factor required to initiate epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promote tumor metastasis. PAQR3 is a newly found tumor suppressor that is frequently downregulated in many types of human cancers. Downregulation of PAQR3 is associated with accelerated metastasis and poor prognosis of the patients with gastric cancers. In this study, we...

Gene-expression profiling of buccal epithelium among non-smoking women exposed to household air pollution from smoky coal

In China’s rural counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, lung cancer rates are among the highest in the world. While the elevated disease risk in this population has been linked to the usage of smoky (bituminous) coal as compared to smokeless (anthracite) coal, the underlying molecular changes associated with this exposure remains unclear. To understand the physiologic effects of smoky...

miR-342-3p regulates MYC transcriptional activity via direct repression of E2F1 in human lung cancer

Accumulating evidence indicates that altered miRNA expression is crucially involved in lung cancer development, though scant information is available regarding how MYC , an archetypical oncogene, is regulated by miRNAs, especially via a mechanism involving MYC cofactors. In this study, we attempted to identify miRNAs involved in regulation of MYC transcriptional activity in lung...