Carcinogenesis

https://academic.oup.com/carcin

List of Papers (Total 1,958)

Induction of DNA damage and erroneous repair can explain genomic instability caused by endosulfan

Endosulfan (ES) is an organochlorine pesticide, speculated to be associated with chromosomal abnormalities and diseases in humans. However, very little is known about the mechanism of its genotoxicity. Using in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro model systems, we show that exposure to ES induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a concentration and time-dependent manner. The generation of...

Serum 5-LOX: a progressive protein marker for breast cancer and new approach for therapeutic target

Lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway has emerged to have a role in carcinogenesis. There is an evidence that both 12-LOX and 5-LOX have procarcinogenic role. We have previously reported the elevated level of serum 12-LOX in breast cancer patients. This study evaluated the serum level of 5-LOX in breast cancer patients and its in vitro inhibition assessment with peptide inhibitor YWCS. The...

miR-200b induces cell cycle arrest and represses cell growth in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

miR-200b is a pleiotropically acting microRNA in cancer progression, representing an attractive therapeutic target. We previously identified miR-200b as an invasiveness repressor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), whereas further understanding is warranted to establish it as a therapeutic target. Here, we show that miR-200b mitigates ESCC cell growth by inducing G2...

Breast cancer cells compete with hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells for intercellular adhesion molecule 1-mediated binding to the bone marrow microenvironment

Adhesion-based cellular interactions involved in breast cancer metastasis to the bone marrow remain elusive. We identified that breast cancer cells directly compete with hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) for retention in the bone marrow microenvironment. To this end, we established two models of competitive cell adhesion—simultaneous and sequential—to study a...

Lipocalin 2 prevents oral cancer metastasis through carbonic anhydrase IX inhibition and is associated with favourable prognosis

Lipocalin 2 (LCN2), a secreted glycoprotein, is up- or downregulated in different human cancers. At present, the functional role of LCN2 in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which accounts for most head and neck cancers, remains poorly understood, particularly with respect to its involvement in invasion and metastasis. In this study, we observed that LCN2...

Comparison of hematological alterations and markers of B-cell activation in workers exposed to benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene

Benzene, formaldehyde (FA) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are ubiquitous chemicals in workplaces and the general environment. Benzene is an established myeloid leukemogen and probable lymphomagen. FA is classified as a myeloid leukemogen but has not been associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), whereas TCE has been associated with NHL but not myeloid leukemia. Epidemiologic...

A case–control analysis of smoking and breast cancer in African American women: findings from the AMBER Consortium

Recent population studies suggest a role of smoking in the etiology of breast cancer, but few have been conducted among African American women. In a collaborative project of four large studies, we examined associations between smoking measures and breast cancer risk by menopause and hormone receptor status [estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), ER-negative (ER−) and triple-negative...

Genome-wide association study of colorectal cancer in Hispanics

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 58 susceptibility alleles across 37 regions associated with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) with P < 5×10−8. Most studies have been conducted in non-Hispanic whites and East Asians; however, the generalizability of these findings and the potential for ethnic-specific risk variation in Hispanic and Latino (HL) individuals...

Understanding mutagenesis through delineation of mutational signatures in human cancer

Each individual cell within a human body acquires a certain number of somatic mutations during a course of its lifetime. These mutations originate from a wide spectra of both endogenous and exogenous mutational processes that leave distinct patterns of mutations, termed mutational signatures, embedded within the genomes of all cells. In recent years, the vast amount of data...

Pancreatic cancer: associations of inflammatory potential of diet, cigarette smoking and long-standing diabetes

Epidemiologic studies show strong associations between pancreatic cancer (PC) and inflammatory stimuli or conditions such as cigarette smoking and diabetes, suggesting that inflammation may play a key role in PC. Studies of dietary patterns and cancer outcomes also suggest that diet might influence an individual’s risk of PC by modulating inflammation. We therefore examined...

Integrin-linked kinase as a novel molecular switch of the IL-6-NF-κB signaling loop in breast cancer

Substantial evidence has clearly demonstrated the role of the IL-6-NF-κB signaling loop in promoting aggressive phenotypes in breast cancer. However, the exact mechanism by which this inflammatory loop is regulated remains to be defined. Here, we report that integrin-linked kinase (ILK) acts as a molecular switch for this feedback loop. Specifically, we show that IL-6 induces ILK...

PAQR3 enhances Twist1 degradation to suppress epithelial–mesenchymal transition and metastasis of gastric cancer cells

Twist1 is an essential transcription factor required to initiate epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promote tumor metastasis. PAQR3 is a newly found tumor suppressor that is frequently downregulated in many types of human cancers. Downregulation of PAQR3 is associated with accelerated metastasis and poor prognosis of the patients with gastric cancers. In this study, we...

The feedback loop between miR-124 and TGF-β pathway plays a significant role in non-small cell lung cancer metastasis

Increasing evidence shows that micro RNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in tumor development. However, the role of miRNAs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) metastasis remains largely unknown. Here, we found that miR-124 expression was significantly impaired in NSCLC tissues and associated with its metastasis. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicate that restoring miR-124...

Dehydroepiandrosterone triggers autophagic cell death in human hepatoma cell line HepG2 via JNK-mediated p62/SQSTM1 expression

Autophagy is a catabolic process that cancer cells usually exploit during stress conditions to provide energy by recycling organelles and proteins. Beyond its prosurvival role, it is well accepted that occurrence of autophagy is often associated with a particular type of programmed cell death known as autophagic cell death (ACD). Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an endogenous...

Mucins and Wnt/β-catenin signaling in gastrointestinal cancers: an unholy nexus

The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is indispensable for embryonic development, maintenance of adult tissue homeostasis and repair of epithelial injury. Unsurprisingly, aberrations in this pathway occur frequently in many cancers and often result in increased nuclear β-catenin. While mutations in key pathway members, such as β-catenin and adenomatous polyposis coli, are early and...

The complex role of SIRT6 in carcinogenesis

SIRT6, a member of the mammalian sirtuins family, functions as a mono-ADP-ribosyl transferase and NAD + -dependent deacylase of both acetyl groups and long-chain fatty acyl groups. SIRT6 regulates diverse cellular functions such as transcription, genome stability, telomere integrity, DNA repair, inflammation and metabolic related diseases such as diabetes, obesity and cancer. In...