Archives of Osteoporosis

http://link.springer.com/journal/11657

List of Papers (Total 95)

Mild cognitive impairment is associated with poor physical function but not bone structure or density in late adulthood: findings from the Hertfordshire cohort study

SummaryThis study investigated the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical function and bone health in older adults. MCI was associated with poor physical performance but not bone mineral density or bone microarchitecture.PurposeCross-sectional study to investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical performance, and bone...

Epidemiology of hip fracture in Belarus: development of a country-specific FRAX model and its comparison to neighboring country models

SummaryFracture probabilities resulting from the newly generated FRAX model for Belarus based on regional estimates of the hip fracture incidence were compared with FRAX models of neighboring countries. Differences between the country-specific FRAX patterns and the rank orders of fracture probabilities were modest.ObjectiveThis paper describes the epidemiology of hip fractures in...

Upright activity and higher motor function may preserve bone mineral density within 6 months of stroke: a longitudinal study

Purpose Bone fragility contributes to increased fracture risk, but little is known about the emergence of post-stroke bone loss. We investigated skeletal changes and relationships with physical activity, stroke severity, motor control and lean mass within 6 months of stroke. Methods This is a prospective observational study. Participants were non-diabetic but unable to walk...

Medication-taking behaviour in Bulgarian women with postmenopausal osteoporosis treated with denosumab or monthly oral bisphosphonates

Summary Persistence with osteoporosis therapy is critical for fracture risk reduction. This observational study evaluated medication-taking behaviour of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis receiving denosumab or oral ibandronate in real-world clinical practice in Bulgaria. Compared with ibandronate, densoumab was associated with a lower discontinuation rate and greater...

Epidemiology of fractures in Armenia: development of a country-specific FRAX model and comparison to its surrogate

Summary Fracture probabilities derived from the surrogate FRAX model for Armenia were compared to those from the model based on regional estimates of the incidence of hip fracture. Disparities between the surrogate and authentic FRAX models indicate the importance of developing country-specific FRAX models. Despite large differences between models, differences in the rank order...

Osteopenia and the physical function in Japanese patients with schizophrenia

Summary We evaluated the state of osteopenia and the physical function in 121 schizophrenic patients. These factors were worse in the inpatient group than in the outpatient group. The age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and physical function were correlated to the state of osteopenia. Physicians should consider the risk of osteopenia in elderly female psychiatric patients with low...

Exploring methods for comparing the real-world effectiveness of treatments for osteoporosis: adjusted direct comparisons versus using patients as their own control

SummaryUsing Swedish and Dutch registry data for women initiating bisphosphonates, we evaluated two methods of comparing the real-world effectiveness of osteoporosis treatments that attempt to adjust for differences in patient baseline characteristics. Each method has advantages and disadvantages; both are potential complements to clinical trial analyses.PurposeWe evaluated...

Reporting of vertebral fragility fractures: can radiologists help reduce the number of hip fractures?

Summary Patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures are at increased risk of hip fracture. In a cohort of hip fracture patients, many had previous imaging studies showing incidental vertebral fractures. Fifty-four percent of fractures were not reported by the radiologist, highlighting a missed opportunity for diagnosing and treating osteoporosis, thereby preventing further...

Impact of gastrointestinal events on patient-reported outcomes in Asia-Pacific women with osteoporosis: baseline results of the MUSIC OS-AP study

SummaryThe purpose of this study was to describe the impact of gastrointestinal events on patient-reported outcomes and health care resource use among Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The results of this study show that gastrointestinal events decreased adherence, treatment satisfaction, and quality of life in Asia-Pacific women with postmenopausal...

An application of partial least squares for identifying dietary patterns in bone health

Summary In a large cohort of older women, a mechanism-driven statistical technique for assessing dietary patterns that considers a potential nutrient pathway found two dietary patterns associated with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density. A “healthy” dietary pattern was observed to be beneficial for bone mineral density. Introduction Dietary patterns represent a...

Factors associated with high 24-month persistence with denosumab: results of a real-world, non-interventional study of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis in Germany, Austria, Greece, and Belgium

Summary Persistence with osteoporosis therapy is vital for fracture prevention. This non-interventional study of postmenopausal women receiving denosumab in Germany, Austria, Greece, and Belgium found that persistence with denosumab remains consistently high after 24 months in patients at high risk of fracture. Purpose Continued persistence with osteoporosis therapy is vital for...

A scoping review of the public health impact of vitamin D-fortified dairy products for fracture prevention

Purpose Dairy products are rich in nutrients that positively influence bone health and hence fracture risk, and have therefore been recommended and used for fracture prevention. To help decision makers to efficiently allocate scare resources, it is further important to assess the public health and economic impact of any health intervention. In recent years, several studies have...

Management of older adults with hip fractures in India: a mixed methods study of current practice, barriers and facilitators, with recommendations to improve care pathways

Summary Evidence-based management can reduce deaths and suffering of older adults with hip fractures. This study investigates the evidence-practice gaps in hip fracture care in three major hospitals in Delhi, potential barriers and facilitators to improving care, and consequently, identifies contextually appropriate interventions for implementing best practice for management of...

Epidemiology of hip fracture and the development of FRAX in Ukraine

Summary A country-specific FRAX model has been developed for the Ukraine to replace the Austrian model hitherto used. Comparison of the Austrian and Ukrainian models indicated that the former markedly overestimated fracture probability whilst correctly stratifying risk. Introduction FRAX has been used to estimate osteoporotic fracture risk since 2009. Rather than using a...

Public priorities for osteoporosis and fracture research: results from a general population survey

Summary This is the first national study of public and patient research priorities in osteoporosis and fracture. We have identified new research areas of importance to members of the public, particularly ‘access to information from health professionals’. The findings are being incorporated into the research strategy of the National Osteoporosis Society. Purpose This study aimed...

UK clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis

Introduction In 2008, the UK National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG) produced a guideline on the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, with an update in 2013. This paper presents a major update of the guideline, the scope of which is to review the assessment and management of osteoporosis and the prevention of fragility fractures in postmenopausal women and men age 50...

Changes and tracking of bone mineral density in late adolescence: the Tromsø Study, Fit Futures

Summary Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) predicts future fracture risk. This study explores the development of aBMD and associated factors in Norwegian adolescents. Our results indicate a high degree of tracking of aBMD levels in adolescence. Anthropometric measures and lifestyle factors were associated with deviation from tracking. Purpose Norway has one of the highest reported...

Seasonal variation in Internet searches for vitamin D

Summary Internet search rates for “vitamin D” were explored using Google Trends. Search rates increased from 2004 until 2010 and thereafter displayed a seasonal pattern peaking in late winter. This knowledge could help guide the timing of public health interventions aimed at managing vitamin D deficiency. Purpose The Internet is an important source of health information. Analysis...