Archives of Osteoporosis

http://link.springer.com/journal/11657

List of Papers (Total 74)

Body balance evaluation in osteoporotic elderly women

Summary Osteoporotic Brazilian women balance was evaluated by timed up and go test (TUG) and to the Berg balance scale (BBS). In the BBS, women with and without osteoporosis had normal range scores, even with history of fall. In the TUG test, women with osteoporosis were slower, but in the normal parameter. Results suggest that the references values of these tests are not ...

Prevalence and determinants of osteoporosis among men aged 50 years or more in Sri Lanka: a community-based cross-sectional study

Summary This study, based on phalangeal bone mineral density (BMD) of 1,174 community dwelling male volunteers aged 50 years or more from seven provinces in Sri Lanka, shows 5.8% prevalence of osteoporosis among them. Advancing age, less physical activity, and low body weight were associated with low BMD. Men with larger families were more likely to have a lower bone mineral ...

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone health parameters of healthy young Indian women

Summary There is a huge prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in the Indian population. We studied the efficacy and safety of oral vitamin D supplementation in apparently healthy adult women. Monthly cholecalciferol given orally, 60,000 IU/month during summers and 120,000 IU/month during winters, safely increases 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels to near normal levels. Introduction ...

Management of osteoporosis in central and eastern Europe (CEE): conclusions of the “2nd Summit on Osteoporosis—CEE”, 21–22 November 2008, Warsaw, Poland

In November 2008, the “2nd Summit on Osteoporosis—Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)” was held in Warsaw, Poland. Discussions at this meeting focused on the identification and discussion of diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic measures used in CEE. Evaluated information was used to identify issues regarding diagnosis and therapy of osteoporosis in these countries to facilitate the ...

Hip fracture incidence in Japan: estimates of new patients in 2007 and 20-year trends

Summary We estimated the number of hip fracture patients in 2007 in Japan and investigated the trends in incidence during a 20-year period from 1987 to 2007. Despite the increasing number of new patients, the incidence of hip fracture in some age groups showed the possibility of decline. Purpose The aims of this study were to estimate the number of hip fracture patients in 2007, to ...

Bone mass of overweight affluent Indian youth and its sex-specific association with body composition

Summary The study assessed whether overweight is associated with better bone densities in healthy youth. It was observed that overweight individuals had better BMDs at the hip but not at other sites after controlling for the bone area. Lean body mass was an important determinant of BMDs in men, but both lean and fat mass were important for BMDs in women. Introduction The study ...

Undertreatment of osteoporosis in the oldest old? A nationwide study of over 700,000 older people

Summary We analysed data from elderly people registered in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register to investigate whether age is associated with use of osteoporosis drugs in a nationwide population. Our results indicate an undertreatment of osteoporosis, particularly with bisphosphonates, in the oldest old in Sweden. Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate whether age is ...

Peak bone mineral density in Vietnamese women

Summary This cross-sectional study showed that peak bone mineral density in Vietnamese women is comparable to that in Caucasian women; however, the prevalence of osteoporosis in post-menopausal Vietnamese women was slightly higher than in Caucasian women. The age of achieving peak bone mass in Vietnamese women was between 26 and 30 years. Introduction While peak bone mass and its ...

Normative bone mineral density data at multiple skeletal sites in Indian subjects

Summary Age-related change in bone mineral density (BMD) varied according to skeletal site in Indian subjects. A larger proportion of subjects was classified as osteoporotic and osteopenic using the Caucasian database than newly derived peak BMD values at most skeletal sites. Results establish useful normative data for reliable interpretations of individual dual-energy X-ray ...

Femoral neck and bilateral scapular fractures in a 19-year-old male due to tetany. A case report

Summary A case of simultaneous bilateral scapula fractures and a femoral neck fracture of the right hip suffered during hypocalcemic convulsions in a 19-year-old male is presented. The medical history, the treatment, and his latest follow-up are reported. The treatment approaches of such fractures in renal osteodystrophy patients are discussed. Case report A case of simultaneous ...

Quality of life in postoperative Japanese hip fracture patients: a hospital-based prospective study

Summary This study aimed to study quality of life (QOL) in postoperative Japanese hip fracture patients. Although QOL in Japanese patients recovered to pre-fracture levels 1 year following hospitalization, the recovery varied and was associated with physical factors and living arrangements. Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate quality-of-life (QOL) changes in ...

Osteoporosis in urban post-menopausal women of the Philippines: prevalence and risk factors

Summary The prevalence of osteoporosis was assessed among post-menopausal women dwelling in an urban community of Davao, Philippines using quantitative ultrasonic bone densitometry and its predictors were investigated. The prevalence of osteoporosis was 19.8%. Advancing age, lower body weight, and higher educational attainment were identified as the independent predictors of ...

Epidemiology of hip fractures in Zanjan, Iran

Summary The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of hip fracture in Zanjan, Iran and to describe its seasonal variation. A total of 244 cases of hip fractures (131 men, 113 women) were recorded during 1 year. The annual age-standardized incidence rates were 206.5 and 214.8 per 100,000 men and women, respectively. Most fractures occurred in winter, in-house and daytime. ...

Improving diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis: evaluation of a clinical pathway for low trauma fractures

Summary Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in hospitals is poor. We compared patient outcomes before and after implementation of a clinical protocol for low-trauma fractures. Patients in the pathway were more likely to receive information about osteoporosis or osteoporosis medications. Therefore our clinical pathway is effective in improving osteoporosis information and ...

Bone mineral density in the normal Iranian population: a comparison with American reference data

Summary In order to establish the normative curves for BMD in Iranian individuals, we measured BMDs at the lumbar spine and femoral regions of 760 women and 632 men using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. This study provides a baseline normative for Iranian individuals. BMD values of Iranian subjects were generally lower than those of the American population. Introduction In order ...

Cumulative incidence and changes in the prevalence of vertebral fractures in a rural Japanese community: a 10-year follow-up of the Miyama cohort

Introduction The objective of this study was to clarify secular changes in the prevalence and cumulative incidence of vertebral fractures (VFx) among the general inhabitants of Miyama, a rural Japanese community. Methods A cohort of 1,543 inhabitants aged 40–79 years was established using resident registration in 1989. Of these, 400 participants were selected and divided into four ...

Age-related changes of bone strength phenotypes: observational follow-up study of hand bone mineral density

Summary In a cross-sectional and follow-up study, we evaluated age-related changes of hand bone mineral density in both sexes using data obtained by digital radiographic densitometry in a large Chuvashian cohort. Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate age-related changes of hand bone mineral density (BMD) in both sexes using data obtained by digital radiographic ...

Validation and comparative evaluation of four osteoporosis risk indexes in Moroccan menopausal women

Introduction Measuring bone mineral density (BMD) is a widely accepted strategy for identifying subjects with an increased risk of fracture. However, because of limited availability of BMD technology in some communities and cost considerations, it has been proposed that BMD measurements be targeted to subjects with risk factors for osteoporosis. Recently, many risk assessment ...

Bone mineral density in healthy Kuwaiti women

Objective This study aimed to measure bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumber spine and femur regions in healthy adult Kuwaiti women, and to evaluate the influence of body size on BMD results. Methods Bone mass measurement was performed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (L2-L4) and femur (four regions) of healthy ambulatory Kuwaiti females aged between 20 and ...

Six-fold increased risk of hip fracture in older Australians (≥60 years) with dementia

Introduction The objectives were: (1) to estimate the prevalence of dementia in older people with hip fracture (HF) and (2) to evaluate the significance of dementia and residential care as risk factors for HF in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Methods We performed a prospective study of 555 consecutive patients (≥60 years) with HF (mean age 82.6±7.9 (SD) years; ...

Reference data for bone speed of sound measurement by quantitative ultrasound in healthy children

Introduction The aim of the study was to establish reference data for tibia and radius bone ultrasonic speed of sound (SOS) measurement in our pediatric population, and to compare the results with original (built-in) reference data. We also investigated the relationship between SOS Z-scores and anthropometric parameters and bone markers. Method SOS was measured in 463 healthy ...

Incidence of hip fractures in Salamanca, Spain. Period: 1994–2002

Introduction The incidence of hip fractures in Salamanca (Spain) has been lower than in other countries, but has shown a marked increase during the past few decades. The aim of this work is to ascertain the real incidence of hip fractures in the province of Salamanca (Spain) in the period 1994–2002, and based on these results make a prediction for the future (up to the year 2015). ...

Vitamin D status, postural sway, and the incidence of falls in elderly community-dwelling Japanese women

Introduction There is little evidence of a preventive effect of vitamin D on falling in Japanese populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D status on postural sway, muscle strength, and the incidence of falls in elderly community-dwelling Japanese women. This study utilized a cross-sectional design for postural sway and muscle strength as ...