Veterinary Research Communications

http://link.springer.com/journal/11259

List of Papers (Total 89)

Labeling of ethnic food in the Prato Chinese community

Ethnic food consumption is a quickly growing reality within Chinese communities, which have a well-organized “internal” food market for both Asian and ethnic foods produced in the European Union. The main problems associated with these markets are related to hygienic conditions, certifications of accomplishment, and personnel management. Moreover, controls and identification of...

Antibiotic resistance assessment in S. aureus strains isolated from raw sheep’s milk cheese

In vitro activities of 16 antibiotics were tested against 36 Staphylococcus aureus (SA) strains isolated from raw sheep’s milk cheese from six dairies. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using a broth microdilution method (CLSI). All 36 isolates were analyzed for the presence of the accessory gene regulator gene, agr (I–IV), and genes encoding resistance to...

Monoclonal gammopathy associated with multiple myeloma and visceral leishmaniasis in the dog: A comparison of two cases

The term monoclonal gammopathy (MG) suggests the presence of clonal immunoglobulins in blood serum that are recognized as narrow spikes in the β and/or γ region of the electrophoretic pattern of serum. In the dog, MG is rare and is associated with a heterogeneous group of diseases that include multiple myeloma (the most common source of MG) as well as infectious and chronic...

Apocynin activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR): preliminary studies in vivo

An elevation in angiotensin II (Ang II) levels is a common occurrence in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Infusions of Ang II and a high salt diet increase the activity of NADPH oxidase that stimulates superoxide anion (O−2) generation and increases the expression of certain subunits of NADPH oxidase. Apocynin, an NADPH oxidase inhibitor with antihypertensive effects, is...

Comparison of endoscopy, histology, and cytokine mRNA of the equine gastric mucosa

In recent years, gastric ulceration has been recognized as a common, possibly performance-limiting disease, of adult horses. The aim of this study was to compare endoscopic features, histological diagnosis, and mRNA levels of various cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-13) from horse gastric biopsies. Eleven horses suffering from equine gastric ulcer syndrome and seven horses with...

Topographic comparative study of paranasal sinuses in adult horses by computed tomography, sinuscopy, and sectional anatomy

Clinical and radiographic investigations of paranasal sinuses in horses are difficult due to the complex anatomy of these regions, the lack of patognomonic symptoms, and the low sensitivity of conventional diagnostic techniques. The aim of this study was to produce an anatomical atlas to support computed tomography (CT) and sinuscopy of the paranasal sinuses of the adult horse...

Pathological changes caused by Anoplocephala perfoliata in the equine ileocecal junction

Gastrointestinal motility disorders represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in horses. Previously regarded as a non-pathogenic tapeworm, Anoplocephala perfoliata has been recently associated with equine colic. In this study, pathological changes related to A. perfoliata at the ileocecal junction were investigated in 31 slaughtered horses. Our results showed a...

Isolation, characterization, and in vitro differentiation of ovine amniotic stem cells

Stem cell (SC) regenerative therapy represents an emerging strategy for the treatment of human diseases. Since amniotic fluid-derived cells have been recently proposed as a promising source of human SCs, the present research aimed to amplify in vitro and characterize ovine amniotic fluid-derived SCs collected from the membranes (AMSCs) or fluid (AFSCs). These cells were found to...

Electron spin resonance (ESR) detection of irradiated fish containing bone (gilthead sea bream, cod, and swordfish)

Food irradiation is a preservation method that has been approved by the European Union for a limited number of foods or food products and within a limited range of doses. European Community legislation states that all foods or food ingredients treated in this manner and authorized for sale in the European Union must be clearly labeled, and that market-level inspections must be...

Influence of replacing corn silage with barley silage in the diets of buffalo cows on milk yield and quality

A 150-day trial was carried out on 40 Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows that, immediately after calving, were equally divided into two homogeneous groups (M and O) based on the number of calving events and previous milk yield. The animals were fed (16 kg dry matter (DM)/head) two isoenergy/isoprotein diets (NEl: 6.39 MJ/kg DM; 15.4 CP% DM), composed of corn (diet M) or barley...

Antimycotic effectiveness against dermatophytes: comparison of two in vitro tests

Seven antimycotic drugs (econazole, enilconazole, fluconazole, griseofulvin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, and miconazole) were tested against 36 dermatophyte strains (19 M. canis, 7 T. mentagrophytes, 5 M. gypseum, 2 M. cookei, 1 T. rubrum, 1 T. ajelloi, and 1 T. terrestre) isolated from animals, humans, and the environment. Two in vitro methods were compared: a micro-dilution...

Role of TRPV1 channels during the acquisition of fertilizing ability in boar spermatozoa

Recently, the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel was shown to be involved in capacitation, the process that allows mammalian spermatozoa to acquire their fertilizing ability within the female genital tract. Unfortunately, the role of TRPV1 in this process is still unclear. Thus, the aims of the present work were to 1) investigate the function of TRPV1...

LTR promoter activity of SRLV genotype E, strain Roccaverano

The highly divergent, small ruminant lentivirus (SRLV) genotype E Roccaverano strain has a full genome consisting of 8,418 nucleotides, which lack the entire dUTPase subunit of the pol gene, the vpr-like accessory gene, and the 71-bp repeat of the U3 region within the long terminal repeat (LTR). These deletions affect in reverse transcriptase fidelity in non-dividing cells...

Immunohistochemical localization of CB1 receptor in canine salivary glands

CB1 is a member of the G-protein-linked receptor superfamily that is present in the central nervous system as well as in certain peripheral neuronal and non-neuronal tissues. Recently, the presence of CB1 was found in the ductal system of the major salivary glands of laboratory animals, but no data are available for domestic mammals. Thus, in the present study, we examined the...

Plasma serotonin levels in Italian Fresian dairy cows

The aim of this work was to investigate the metabolism of plasma serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), an important neurotransmitter, in Fresian dairy cows, a breed of zootechnical interest, using high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The subjects under study were at the stage of early lactation (n = 10; \( {\hbox{mean body weight}} \ 375\pm 50...

Pharmacokinetics of methylphenidate following two oral formulations (immediate and sustained release) in the dog

Methylphenidate (MPH) is an immediate-release (IR) or sustained-release (SR) drug used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Eight dogs were randomly assigned to two treatment groups, using an open, single-dose, two-treatment, two-period, randomized, crossover design. Each subject received a single dose of 20 mg d,l-MPH IR or SR tablet. After blood collections at...

Tenoscopy of the navicular bursa: a new therapeutic approach for horses affected by “palmar pain syndrome.” Endoscopic technique review and personal experiences

Tenoscopy of the navicular bursa has been recently introduced as a diagnostic and therapeutic treatment in cases of palmar foot pain syndrome. A deep digital flexor tendon transthecal approach was suggested in 1999, and the endoscopic technique has been reviewed. Smith and coworkers have recently reported good and promising results. An anatomic cadaver limb study was performed...

Swine virus-specific cytotoxic cells producing IFNγ under different conditions of virus antigenic stimulation

Flow cytometry is a useful tool to determine both the phenotype and function of immune cells during vaccination and viral infection. Since cytokine release is a hallmark of cell activation, detection of intracellular interferon (IFN)γ in cytotoxic CD8α+ cells under physiological conditions and after Aujeszky’s Disease Virus (ADV)- or Porcine Circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-swine...

Evaluation of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus intermedius isolated from dogs

Methicillin and multi-drug resistance were investigated in 136 Staphylococcus intermedius strains of canine origin. The large majority of isolates were found to be mecA-negative by polymerase chain reaction, whereas only four strains were positive for the mecA gene. All mecA-positive strains were confirmed as methicillin-resistant by complementary tests, except for oxacillin disk...

Genetic structure of candidate genes for litter size in Italian Large White pigs

The aim of this work was to verify whether polymorphisms in candidate genes for litter size segregate in Italian Large White (ITLW) pigs. We genotyped 120 sows that belonged to six different farms for 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 10 different genes. Polymorphisms in the chosen genes had already been associated with litter-size traits in other pig populations and...

Improving calving management to further enhance reproductive performance in dairy cattle

The aim of this study was to develop a system for the monitoring of calving to both reduce perinatal morta1ity and improve dairy cow fertility by preventing the majority of post-partum reproductive pathologies. Eighty dairy cows were assigned to the protocol of calving monitoring using GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) technology. The application of GSM technology and...

Type 1 diabetes mellitus and hyperadrenocorticism in a ferret

Diabetes mellitus (DM) was diagnosed in a 6-year-old neutered male ferret with polyuria/polydipsia, symmetrical alopecia, and weight loss. Laboratory tests revealed severe hyperglycemia, glucosuria, and increased steroid hormone profile. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a bilateral enlargement of the adrenal glands. Significant clinical improvement was achieved with insulin- and...

Cancer antigen 15/3: possible diagnostic use in veterinary clinical oncology. Preliminary study

The cancer antigen 15/3 is a mucin that is associated with the cell membrane, encoded by the MUC1 gene, and recognized by the monoclonal-clone DF3 antibody. The latter antigen was discovered to be specific for both the identification of human mammary neoplasia and during patient follow-up evaluations. The aim of this study is to report and compare the results of the application...

Religious slaughter in Italy

This research aims to understand the prevalence of religious slaughter practices in Italy. Two different ways of slaughtering animals are identified. Conventional slaughter is performed with prior stunning; kosher slaughter is practiced without stunning. Halal slaughter is performed for most animals without stunning. Halal slaughter with prior stunning is acceptable for 5.90% of...

Alveolar recruiting maneuver in dogs under general anesthesia: effects on alveolar ventilation, gas exchange, and respiratory mechanics

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a recruiting maneuver (RM) on lung aeration, gas exchange, and respiratory mechanics during general anesthesia in mechanically ventilated dogs. A thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan, an arterial blood sample, and measurement of respiratory mechanics were performed 10 min before (baseline) and both 5 and 30 min after a vital...