Veterinary Research Communications

http://link.springer.com/journal/11259

List of Papers (Total 89)

A case of primary papillary disseminated adenocarcinoma of canine lung

Primary lung tumors are rare in dogs, whereas pulmonary metastatic neoplastic involvement is common. We describe a case of a 12-year-old male, mixed-breed dog with a 3-month history of coughing and dyspnea. The investigating protocol, which also includes transcutaneous pulmonary biopsy, allowed a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma that necroscopic findings confirmed as a primary...

Clinical chemistry parameters of piglets at weaning are modulated by an oral, low-dose interferon-α treatment

Clinical chemistry parameters were investigated in piglets weaned at 22 and 28 days. The effects of an oral, low-dose interferon (IFN)-α treatment at weaning were evaluated as well. The trial was carried out on 59 piglets from the same farm, allocated to three groups: the first and the second groups were weaned at 28 and 22 days of age, respectively; the third group was weaned at...

Dimensional analysis of milk fat globules in sow milk: effects of the lactation stage and fat content and comparison with vaccine milk

To assess the differences in the granulometry of milk fat globules between swine and bovine species, milk samples from 30 lactating sows were analyzed for fat globule dimensions and compared with cow milk samples. Results showed differences between the fat globules: sow milk presents reduced globule diameters compared with cow milk (volume-weighted diameter 2.62 vs. 3.27 µm, p...

Production of vasoactive amines during the ripening of Pecorino Carmasciano cheese

The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of the vasoactive amines, histamine and tyramine, and of other biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, and spermine) during the ripening of pecorino Carmasciano cheese, a traditional Italian cheese produced with raw sheep milk. Vasoactive amines, which may pose health risks for consumers, showed relatively low...

Determination of styrene content in Gorgonzola PDO cheese by headspace solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME) and gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry (GC-MS)

Control of the composition of products that are intended for use as packaging material is essential, particularly when these products come into direct contact with food. It is well known that plastics are not inert and that their residual monomers, starting substances, and additives are able to migrate into the food they contact. Among plastics, styrene is a common compound found...

Relationship between body fat and body condition score and their effects on estrous cycles of the Standardbred maiden mare

Standardbred maiden mares are generally stressed and in poor physical condition because of their incorrect management at the end of their racing careers. The purpose of this study was to identify an objective assessment that, similar to body condition score (BCS) determination, is easy to measure and able to confirm or improve fattening status assessment, as well as to ascertain...

Proteomics to investigate fertility in bulls

In dairy cattle breeding, herd reproductive management is the primary focus, affecting a large part of the general costs. A negative association was observed between the level of milk production and fertility. Some studies have shown that a significant percentage of reproductive failure is attributable to semen quality; therefore, if reproduction management is based on artificial...

Relationship between milk fatty acid composition and dietary roughage source in dairy cows

According to a 2 × 2 crossover design, 14 Holstein dairy cows were fed two isoenergetic diets based on either grass hay (GH) or maize silage (MS). Milk samples were collected during the third week of each period, and fatty acid (FA) profiles were analyzed using gas chromatography. The data obtained were subjected to ANOVA. Dietary treatment had no effect on either dry matter...

Experimental study on allografts of amniotic epithelial cells in calcaneal tendon lesions of sheep

An experimental protocol was designed to study the survival and behaviour of an allograft of amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) in an ovine model. The study was conducted on three healthy adult sheep. A core lesion was created in both calcaneal tendons under ultrasound (US) guidance by injecting 400 UI of Type 1A collagenase diluted in 0.6 ml saline. The AECs were obtained from a...

Raw milk for sale in Pisa province: biosecurity of dairy farms and hygienic evaluation of milk

Selling raw milk by automatic dispenser on the farm is a good way to increase income. The aim of the present research is to evaluate both the biosecurity of dairy farms in the Pisa province and the hygienic quality of raw milk. Two farms, chosen because of previously analyzed results carried out on animals and milk, were monitored for 9 months according to the regional law DGR...

Proteomics analysis for the identification of three species of Thunnus

The genus Thunnus comprises many species, some of higher quality and commercial value for their excellent organoleptic features, while others of lower quality and value. Consequently, these species are subjected to frequent fraudulent substitution. Increasing trade in fillet and minced fish makes the identification of external anatomical and morphological features of fish...

Kinetics and intrapulmonary disposition of tilmicosin after single and repeated oral bolus administrations to rabbits

Tilmicosin (TIM, Pulmotil®) was administered to eight rabbits by oral gavage at a dose of 12.5 mg/kg body weight for 2, 5, and 7 days, and its plasma kinetics and intrapulmonary disposition were investigated. TIM concentrations in plasma samples collected after days 1 and 6 of treatment were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. The...

Netrin-1: Just an axon-guidance factor?

Netrin-1 was first identified as a guidance factor in axon outgrowth during central nervous system development and was later shown to be involved in the morphogenesis of other organs. This study, thus, aimed to verify netrin-1 gene expression in swine antral follicles and to detect netrin-1 protein expression in follicular fluid. In addition, since netrin-1 is also a potential...

Hot air treatment for surface decontamination of table eggs experimentally infected with Salmonella, Listeria, and Escherichia coli

Hot-air pasteurization was investigated in the EU-funded project “Reducing Egg Susceptibility to Contaminations in Avian Production in Europe (RESCAPE)” as an innovative treatment for surface bacterial decontamination of table eggs. Possible side effects of the treatment on egg quality traits were also studied. The decontamination power of hot air was evaluated over 1 month on...

Improvement of biomolecular methods for the identification and typing of Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolated from raw meat

The aim of the study was to evaluate the sensitivity of two m-PCR methods for the quantitative determination of E. coli O157:H7 in foodstuffs. Genomic serotyping was carried out on bacterial cultures, and the necessary time was optimized to increase the resolution of the method. Subsequently, artificial contamination trials using meat were conducted to assess method accuracy in...

Proteomic analysis in canine leishmaniasis

The aim of this study was to perform a proteomic analysis on serum of dogs naturally infected with Leishmania parasite. Sera from 24 dogs, n. 8 with high IFAT titre of anti-Leishmania antibodies (≥ 1:640), n. 8 with uncertain titre (= 1:40), and n. 8 with IFAT negative were used. Sera of each group were pooled together to form three pools: P (high titre); U (uncertain titre); and...

Pulmonary kinetic expression of the endothelin system in a swine model of endotoxic shock

Endothelin (ET)-1 is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide involved in the derangement of respiratory mechanics during endotoxic shock. We measured the kinetics of pulmonary mRNA expression of the key components of the ET system [i.e., ET-1, ET-converting enzyme (ECE), and ETA and ETB receptors] by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in a swine model...

Organic management of dietary rosemary extract in dairy sheep: effects on milk quality and clotting properties

The increasing demand for animals from organic breeding systems has increased interest in certain natural substances, called nutraceuticals, to stimulate the organic defenses of the animals. The aim of this trial was to study the effects of dietary rosemary extract in 36 ewes, from 57 to 154 days of lactation, divided into three groups: CTR (basal diet), ROXLD (600 mg extract...

The effect of weight loss on lameness in obese dogs with osteoarthritis

This paper describes the effect of weight loss on lameness in obese dogs with osteoarthritis (OA). Fourteen obese client-owned dogs with clinical and radiographic signs of OA participated in an open prospective clinical trial. After a screening visit and a visit for collection of baseline data, the dogs were fed a restricted-calorie diet over a study period of 16 weeks that...

Recombinant Moraxella bovoculi cytotoxin-ISCOM matrix adjuvanted vaccine to prevent naturally occurring infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis

A randomized, blinded, controlled field trial was conducted during summer 2006 in a northern California, USA, herd of beef cattle to evaluate the efficacy of a recombinant Moraxella bovoculi cytotoxin subunit vaccine to prevent naturally occurring infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK; pinkeye). A convenience sample comprised of 127 steers were administered a subcutaneous...

Designing and evaluation of sodium selenite nanoparticles in vitro to improve selenium absorption in ruminants

Sodium selenite is used to prevent selenium deficiency known as nutritional muscular dystrophy or white muscle disease. In ruminants, selenium supplements are transformed partiality in insoluble form by ruminal microorganisms and its process decrease the selenium absorption in digestive gastrointestinal. However, the objective in this research was focused in encapsulated sodium...

Effect of mitratapide on body composition, body measurements and glucose tolerance in obese Beagles

The objective of this study was to confirm that weight loss after treatment with mitratapide (Yarvitan®) is loss of adipose tissue. Obese dogs were treated with the recommended treatment schedule of mitratapide. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was done before and after the treatment schedule. Body weight, feed consumption and pelvic circumference were recorded and a...