Stem Cell Research & Therapy

http://link.springer.com/journal/13287

List of Papers (Total 1,338)

Transplantation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells attenuates pulmonary fibrosis of silicosis via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects in rats

BackgroundSilicosis has been topping the list of high-incidence occupational diseases in developing countries and cannot be completely cured. Recent advances in stem cell research have made possible the treatment of various diseases including lung fibrosis. The application of stem cell therapy in occupational diseases, in particular the use of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem...

Platelet-rich plasma enhances the proliferation of human adipose stem cells through multiple signaling pathways

BackgroundPlatelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous blood product that contains a high concentration of several growth factors. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB is a potential mitogen for human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). PRP stimulates proliferation of hASCs; however, the signaling pathways activated by PRP remain unclear.MethodshASCs were cultured with or...

Three-dimensional printed PLA scaffold and human gingival stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles: a new tool for bone defect repair

BackgroundThe role of bone tissue engineering in the field of regenerative medicine has been a main research topic over the past few years. There has been much interest in the use of three-dimensional (3D) engineered scaffolds (PLA) complexed with human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs) as a new therapeutic strategy to improve bone tissue regeneration. These devices can...

The emerging role of fibrocytes in ocular disorders

The fibrocyte, which was first described in 1994, is a type of circulating mesenchymal progenitor cell in the peripheral blood. Fibrocytes play important roles in chronic inflammation, wound healing, tissue remodeling, and fibrosis. Emerging evidence indicates that fibrocytes are involved in a wide variety of ocular disorders associated with inflammation and fibrosis. In this...

Dental pulp stem cells used to deliver the anticancer drug paclitaxel

BackgroundUnderstanding stem cell behavior as a delivery tool in cancer therapy is essential for evaluating their future clinical potential. Previous in-vivo studies proved the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for local delivery of the commonest anticancer drug, paclitaxel (PTX). Dental pulp is a relatively abundant noninvasive source of MSCs. We assess dental pulp stem cells...

Impact of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell immunomodulation on the osteogenic effects of laponite

BackgroundWith the development of osteoimmunology and bone tissue engineering (BTE), it has been recognized that the immunomodulatory properties of bone biomaterials have considerable impact in determining their fate after implantation. In this regard, the polarization of macrophages secondary to biomaterials is postulated to play a crucial role in modulating their osteogenesis...

Transcriptional activator DOT1L putatively regulates human embryonic stem cell differentiation into the cardiac lineage

BackgroundCommitment of pluripotent stem cells into differentiated cells and associated gene expression necessitate specific epigenetic mechanisms that modify the DNA and corresponding histone proteins to render the chromatin in an open or closed state. This in turn dictates the associated genetic machinery, including transcription factors, acknowledging the cellular signals...

Efficacy and long-term longitudinal follow-up of bone marrow mesenchymal cell transplantation therapy in a diabetic patient with recurrent lower limb bullosis diabeticorum

Bullosis diabeticorum is a rare presentation of cutaneous manifestation most commonly affecting the lower limbs in patients with diabetes. The appearance, often as insidious as its resolution, is characterized by tense blisters on the skin surfaces of the lower limbs and the feet. The cause still remains unclear, but it may relate to microangiopathy and neuropathy. In this report...

The need to revisit the definition of mesenchymal and adult stem cells based on their functional attributes

A debate is ongoing about the ‘stem cell’ status of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This can easily be resolved based on the definition of a stem cell. ‘True’ stem cells are expected to undergo asymmetric cell divisions (ACD) whereby they divide to self-renew and give rise to a slightly bigger, differentiated cell. However, MSCs like any other adult tissue-specific stem cells...