Behavior Research Methods

http://link.springer.com/journal/13428

List of Papers (Total 5,305)

Promises and pitfalls of Web-based experimentation in the advance of replicable psychological science: A reply to Plant (2015)

In a recent letter, Plant (2015) reminded us that proper calibration of our laboratory experiments is important for the progress of psychological science. Therefore, carefully controlled laboratory studies are argued to be preferred over Web-based experimentation, in which timing is usually more imprecise. Here we argue that there are many situations in which the timing of ...

MultiLog: a tool for the control and output merging of multiple logging applications

MultiLog is a logging tool that controls, gathers, and combines the output, on-the-fly, from existing research and commercial logging applications or “loggers.” Loggers record a specific set of user actions on a computing device, helping researchers to better understand environments or interactions, guiding the design of new or improved interfaces and applications. MultiLog reduces ...

Communicative interactions in point-light displays: Choosing among multiple response alternatives

Vision scientists are increasingly relying on the point-light technique as a way to investigate the perception of human motion. Unfortunately, the lack of standardized stimulus sets has so far limited the use of this technique for studying social interaction. Here, we describe a new tool to study the interaction between two agents starting from point-light displays: the ...

The relative accuracy and interpretability of five sequential analysis methods: A simulation study

A variety of sequential analysis methods exist to quantify close temporal associations between events from direct observation data. In the present study, we compared the relative accuracy and interpretability of five sequential-analysis methods using simulated data. The methods included three existing approaches (event lag, concurrent interval, and time window) and two proposed ...

Item exposure control for multidimensional computer adaptive testing under maximum likelihood and expected a posteriori estimation

Item bank stratification has been shown to be an effective method for combating item overexposure in both uni- and multidimensional computer adaptive testing. However, item bank stratification cannot guarantee that items will not be overexposed—that is, exposed at a rate exceeding some prespecified threshold. In this article, we propose enhancing stratification for multidimensional ...

Digital LED Pixels: Instructions for use and a characterization of their properties

This article details how to control light emitting diodes (LEDs) using an ordinary desktop computer. By combining digitally addressable LEDs with an off-the-shelf microcontroller (Arduino), multiple LEDs can be controlled independently and with a high degree of temporal, chromatic, and luminance precision. The proposed solution is safe (can be powered by a 5-V battery), tested (has ...

Adapting cultural mixture modeling for continuous measures of knowledge and memory fluency

Previous research (e.g., cultural consensus theory (Romney, Weller, & Batchelder, American Anthropologist, 88, 313–338, 1986); cultural mixture modeling (Mueller & Veinott, 2008)) has used overt response patterns (i.e., responses to questionnaires and surveys) to identify whether a group shares a single coherent attitude or belief set. Yet many domains in social science have ...

Subjective age-of-acquisition norms for 4,640 verbs in Spanish

Many studies have shown that how words are processed in a variety of language-related tasks is affected by their age of acquisition (AoA). Most AoA norms have been collected for nouns, a fact that limits the extent to which verb stimuli can be adequately manipulated and controlled in empirical studies. With the aim of increasing the number of verbs with AoA values in Spanish, 900 ...

The prevalence of statistical reporting errors in psychology (1985–2013)

This study documents reporting errors in a sample of over 250,000 p-values reported in eight major psychology journals from 1985 until 2013, using the new R package “statcheck.” statcheck retrieved null-hypothesis significance testing (NHST) results from over half of the articles from this period. In line with earlier research, we found that half of all published psychology papers ...

The consequences of modeling autocorrelation when synthesizing single-case studies using a three-level model

Results from single-case studies are being synthesized using three-level models in which repeated observations are nested in participants, which in turn are nested in studies. We examined the performance of these models under conditions in which the errors associated with the repeated observations (the Level-1 errors) were assumed to be first-order autoregressive. Monte Carlo ...

Normative study of theme identifiability: Instructions with and without explanation of the false memory effect

False-memory illusions have been widely studied using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott paradigm (DRM). In this paradigm, words semantically related to a single nonpresented critical word are studied. In a later memory test, critical words are often falsely recalled and recognized. The present normative study was conducted to measure the theme identifiability of 60 associative word ...

The what, why, and how of born-open data

Although many researchers agree that scientific data should be open to scrutiny to ferret out poor analyses and outright fraud, most raw data sets are not available on demand. There are many reasons researchers do not open their data, and one is technical. It is often time consuming to prepare and archive data. In response, my laboratory has automated the process such that our data ...

The tool for the automatic analysis of text cohesion (TAACO): Automatic assessment of local, global, and text cohesion

This study introduces the Tool for the Automatic Analysis of Cohesion (TAACO), a freely available text analysis tool that is easy to use, works on most operating systems (Windows, Mac, and Linux), is housed on a user’s hard drive (rather than having an Internet interface), allows for the batch processing of text files, and incorporates over 150 classic and recently developed ...

Introducing a short version of the Geneva Emotion Recognition Test (GERT-S): Psychometric properties and construct validation

The ability to accurately interpret others’ emotional expressions in the face, voice, and body is a crucial component of successful social functioning and has been shown to predict better outcomes in private and professional life. To date, emotion recognition ability (ERA) has mostly been measured with tests that heavily rely on static pictures of the face and on few emotions, ...

The MR2: A multi-racial, mega-resolution database of facial stimuli

Faces impart exhaustive information about their bearers, and are widely used as stimuli in psychological research. Yet many extant facial stimulus sets have substantially less detail than faces encountered in real life. In this paper, we describe a new database of facial stimuli, the Multi-Racial Mega-Resolution database (MR2). The MR2 includes 74 extremely high resolution images ...

Relative meaning frequencies for 578 homonyms in two Spanish dialects: A cross-linguistic extension of the English eDom norms

Relative meaning frequency is a critical factor to consider in studies of semantic ambiguity. In this work, we examined how this measure may change across the European and Rioplatense dialects of Spanish, as well as how the overall distributional properties differ between Spanish and English, using a computer-assisted norming approach based on dictionary definitions (Armstrong, ...

Characterization of the Nencki Affective Picture System by discrete emotional categories (NAPS BE)

The Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS; Marchewka, Żurawski, Jednoróg, & Grabowska, Behavior Research Methods, 2014) is a standardized set of 1,356 realistic, high-quality photographs divided into five categories (people, faces, animals, objects, and landscapes). NAPS has been primarily standardized along the affective dimensions of valence, arousal, and approach–avoidance, yet ...

Efficacy of methods for ovulation estimation and their effect on the statistical detection of ovulation-linked behavioral fluctuations

Contention of the ovulatory shift hypothesis is principally supported by failures to replicate previous findings; e.g., recent meta-analytic work suggests that the effects endorsing the hypothesis may not be robust. Some possible limitations in this and other ovulatory-effects research—that may contribute to such controversy arising—are: (a) use of error-prone methods for assessing ...

The conceptual cueing database: Rated items for the study of the interaction between language and attention

Humans appear to rely on spatial mappings to describe and represent concepts. In particular, conceptual cueing refers to the effect whereby after reading or hearing a particular word, the location of observers’ visual attention in space can be systematically shifted in a particular direction. For example, words such as “sun” and “happy” orient attention upwards, whereas words such ...

The TimeStudio Project: An open source scientific workflow system for the behavioral and brain sciences

This article describes a new open source scientific workflow system, the TimeStudio Project, dedicated to the behavioral and brain sciences. The program is written in MATLAB and features a graphical user interface for the dynamic pipelining of computer algorithms developed as TimeStudio plugins. TimeStudio includes both a set of general plugins (for reading data files, modifying ...

Search for efficient complete and planned missing data designs for analysis of change

The design of longitudinal data collection is an essential component of any study of change. A well-designed study will maximize the efficiency of statistical tests and minimize the cost of available resources (e.g., budget). Two families of designs have been used to collect longitudinal data: complete data (CD) and planned missing (PM) designs. This article proposes a systematic ...

Online versus offline: The Web as a medium for response time data collection

The Internet provides a convenient environment for data collection in psychology. Modern Web programming languages, such as JavaScript or Flash (ActionScript), facilitate complex experiments without the necessity of experimenter presence. Yet there is always a question of how much noise is added due to the differences between the setups used by participants and whether it is ...