Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

http://link.springer.com/journal/253

List of Papers (Total 596)

Metagenome, metatranscriptome, and metaproteome approaches unraveled compositions and functional relationships of microbial communities residing in biogas plants

The production of biogas by anaerobic digestion (AD) of agricultural residues, organic wastes, animal excrements, municipal sludge, and energy crops has a firm place in sustainable energy production and bio-economy strategies. Focusing on the microbial community involved in biomass conversion offers the opportunity to control and engineer the biogas process with the objective to...

Robust signal peptides for protein secretion in Yarrowia lipolytica: identification and characterization of novel secretory tags

Upon expression of a given protein in an expression host, its secretion into the culture medium or cell-surface display is frequently advantageous in both research and industrial contexts. Hence, engineering strategies targeting folding, trafficking, and secretion of the proteins gain considerable interest. Yarrowia lipolytica has emerged as an efficient protein expression...

Phytochemical and biotechnological studies on Schisandra chinensis cultivar Sadova No. 1—a high utility medicinal plant

In the presented work, raw materials (fruits and leaves) and in vitro biomass of a highly productive Schisandra chinensis Sadova No. 1 cultivar (SchS) were evaluated for the production of therapeutically useful schisandra lignans (SL). In vitro cultures of SchS were initiated, followed by extensive optimization studies focused on maximizing secondary metabolite production, with...

β-Mannanase-catalyzed synthesis of alkyl mannooligosides

β-Mannanases catalyze the conversion and modification of β-mannans and may, in addition to hydrolysis, also be capable of transglycosylation which can result in enzymatic synthesis of novel glycoconjugates. Using alcohols as glycosyl acceptors (alcoholysis), β-mannanases can potentially be used to synthesize alkyl glycosides, biodegradable surfactants, from renewable β-mannans...

The CRISPR/Cas9 system sheds new lights on the biology of protozoan parasites

The CRISPR/Cas9 system, a natural defence system of bacterial organisms, has recently been used to modify genomes of the most important protozoa parasites. Successful genome manipulations with the CRISPR/Cas9 system are changing the present view of genetics in parasitology. The application of this system offers a major chance to overcome the current restriction in culturing...

Insights into microbial communities mediating the bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil from an Alpine former military site

The study of microbial communities involved in soil bioremediation is important to identify the specific microbial characteristics that determine improved decontamination rates. Here, we characterized bacterial, archaeal, and fungal communities in terms of (i) abundance (using quantitative PCR) and (ii) taxonomic diversity and structure (using Illumina amplicon sequencing) during...

Manufacturing human mesenchymal stem cells at clinical scale: process and regulatory challenges

Human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC)-based therapies are of increasing interest in the field of regenerative medicine. As economic considerations have shown, allogeneic therapy seems to be the most cost-effective method. Standardized procedures based on instrumented single-use bioreactors have been shown to provide billion of cells with consistent product quality and to be superior...

Detecting ligand interactions in real time on living bacterial cells

Time-resolved analysis assays of receptor-ligand interactions are fundamental in basic research and drug discovery. Adequate methods are well developed for the analysis of recombinant proteins such as antibody-antigen interactions. However, assays for time-resolved ligand-binding processes on living cells are still rare, in particular within microbiology. In this report, the real...

The use of extracellular DNA as a proxy for specific microbial activity

The ubiquity and relevance of extracellular DNA (exDNA) are well-known and increasingly gaining importance in many fields of application such as medicine and environmental microbiology. Although sources and types of exDNA are manifold, ratios of specific DNA-molecules inside and outside of living cells can give reliable information about the activity of entire systems and of...

Multiplicity of enzymatic functions in the CAZy AA3 family

The CAZy auxiliary activity family 3 (AA3) comprises enzymes from the glucose-methanol-choline (GMC) family of oxidoreductases, which assist the activity of other AA family enzymes via their reaction products or support the action of glycoside hydrolases in lignocellulose degradation. The AA3 family is further divided into four subfamilies, which include cellobiose dehydrogenase...

Halotolerant microbial consortia able to degrade highly recalcitrant plant biomass substrate

The microbial degradation of plant-derived compounds under salinity stress remains largely underexplored. The pretreatment of lignocellulose material, which is often needed to improve the production of lignocellulose monomers, leads to high salt levels, generating a saline environment that raises technical considerations that influence subsequent downstream processes. Here, we...

Coumarin: a novel player in microbial quorum sensing and biofilm formation inhibition

Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat worldwide, causing serious problems in the treatment of microbial infections. The discovery and development of new drugs is urgently needed to overcome this problem which has greatly undermined the clinical effectiveness of conventional antibiotics. An intricate cell-cell communication system termed quorum sensing (QS) and the coordinated...

Correction to: Environmental biodegradation of haloarchaea-produced poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) in activated sludge

The published online version contains mistake in the funding information. Instead of 30370096, it should have been 31370096.

Forward genetics screen coupled with whole-genome resequencing identifies novel gene targets for improving heterologous enzyme production in Aspergillus niger

Plant biomass, once reduced to its composite sugars, can be converted to fuel substitutes. One means of overcoming the recalcitrance of lignocellulose is pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. However, currently available commercial enzyme cocktails are inhibited in the presence of residual pretreatment chemicals. Recent studies have identified a number of cellulolytic...

A novel galactolipase from a green microalga Chlorella kessleri: purification, characterization, molecular cloning, and heterologous expression

We have identified an enzyme, galactolipase (ckGL), which hydrolyzes the acyl ester bond of galactolipids such as digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), in the microalga Chlorella kessleri. Following purification of the enzyme to electrophoretic homogeneity from cell-free extract, the maximum activity toward DGDG was observed at pH 6.5 and 37 °C. ckGL was Ca2+-dependent enzyme and...

Correction to: Increased heterologous production of the antitumoral polyketide mithramycin a by engineered Streptomyces lividans TK24 strains

The original publication contains error error in the Materials and Methods section and in the acknowledgement section.

Cell culture-based production of defective interfering particles for influenza antiviral therapy

Defective interfering particles (DIPs) lack an essential portion of the virus genome, but retain signals for replication and packaging, and therefore, interfere with standard virus (STV) replication. Due to this property, DIPs can be potential antivirals. The influenza A virus DIP DI244, generated during propagation in chicken eggs, has been previously described as a potential...

Exploring anaerobic environments for cyanide and cyano-derivatives microbial degradation

Cyanide is one of the most toxic chemicals for living organisms described so far. Its toxicity is mainly based on the high affinity that cyanide presents toward metals, provoking inhibition of essential metalloenzymes. Cyanide and its cyano-derivatives are produced in a large scale by many industrial activities related to recovering of precious metals in mining and jewelry, coke...

Molecular design for recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector production

Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors are increasingly popular tools for gene therapy applications. Their non-pathogenic status, low inflammatory potential, availability of viral serotypes with different tissue tropisms, and prospective long-lasting gene expression are important attributes that make rAAVs safe and efficient therapeutic options. Over the last three...

Quantification of the catalytic performance of C1-cellulose-specific lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases

Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) have recently been shown to significantly enhance the degradation of recalcitrant polysaccharides and are of interest for the production of biochemicals and bioethanol from plant biomass. The copper-containing LPMOs utilize electrons, provided by reducing agents, to oxidatively cleave polysaccharides. Here, we report the development of...

Erythritol as sweetener—wherefrom and whereto?

Erythritol is a naturally abundant sweetener gaining more and more importance especially within the food industry. It is widely used as sweetener in calorie-reduced food, candies, or bakery products. In research focusing on sugar alternatives, erythritol is a key issue due to its, compared to other polyols, challenging production. It cannot be chemically synthesized in a...

Starter cultures as biocontrol strategy to prevent Brettanomyces bruxellensis proliferation in wine

Brettanomyces bruxellensis is a common and significant wine spoilage microorganism. B. bruxellensis strains generally detain the molecular basis to produce compounds that are detrimental for the organoleptic quality of the wine, including some classes of volatile phenols that derive from the sequential bioconversion of specific hydroxycinnamic acids such as ferulate and p...

Improved production of dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans in the elicited microshoot cultures of Schisandra chinensis (Chinese magnolia vine)

Dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans are a specific group of secondary metabolites that occur solely in Schisandra chinensis. The aim of the presented work was to boost the accumulation of lignans in the agitated microshoot cultures of S. chinensis, using different elicitation schemes. The experiments included testing of various concentrations and supplementation times of cadmium...

Correction to: Industrial antifoam agents impair ethanol fermentation and induce stress responses in yeast cells

The article “Industrial antifoam agents impair ethanol fermentation and induce stress responses in yeast cells” was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume 101, issue 22, page 8237–8248, the author decided to opt for Open Choice and to make the article an open access publication.