Science China Materials

http://link.springer.com/journal/40843

List of Papers (Total 317)

Cobalt-vanadium bimetal-based nanoplates for efficient overall water splitting

The development of effective and low-cost catalysts for overall water splitting is essential for clean production of hydrogen from water. In this paper, we report the synthesis of cobalt-vanadium (Co-V) bimetal-based catalysts for the effective water splitting. The Co2V2O7·xH2O nanoplates containing both Co and V elements were selected as the precursors. After the calcination under ...

Preparation of graphene-MoS2 hybrid aerogels as multifunctional sorbents for water remediation

The increasing demand of clean water and effective way to recycle industrial wastewater has offered a new application for carbon-based three-dimensional (3D) porous networks as sorbents due to their superior sorption abilities. Through the surface modification and hybridization with functional materials, the physical and chemical properties of the 3D carbon-based materials can be ...

Sequential deposition method fabricating carbon-based fully-inorganic perovskite solar cells

Hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskite material has been considered as a potential candidate for various optoelectronic applications. However, their high sensitivity to the environment hampers the actual application. Hence the technology replacing the organic part of the hybrid solar cells needs to be developed. Herein, we fabricated fullyinorganic carbon-based perovskite ...

Nanostructuring the electronic conducting La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ cathode for high-performance in proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells below 600°C

Proton-conducting oxides offer a promising electrolyte solution for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) due to their high conductivity and low activation energy. However, the lower operation temperature leads to a reduced cathode activity and thus a poorer fuel cell performance. La0.8Sr0.2MnO3-δ (LSM) is the classical cathode material for high-temperature SOFCs, ...

Mesoporous polypyrrole-based graphene nanosheets anchoring redox polyoxometalate for all-solid-state micro-supercapacitors with enhanced volumetric capacitance

Micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) have emerged as one competitive candidate of high-performance, flexible, safe, portable and wearable energy storage devices. However, improving their electrochemical performance from electrode materials to assembled devices still remains huge challenges. Here, we for the first time synthesized two-dimensional (2D), ultrathin, mesoporous ...

Influence of monovalent Bi+ doping on real composition, point defects, and photoluminescence in TlCdCl3 and TlCdI3 single crystals

The structural features and real compositions with point defects of Bi+-doped TlCdCl3 and TlCdI3 single crystals, grown by the Bridgman-Stockbarger technique, are first studied using the X-ray diffraction, X-ray synchrotron radiation, and EXAFS/XANES spectroscopy. In the structures of Bi+-doped TlCdCl3 and TlCdI3 crystals, the Cd, Cl, and I sites are found to be defect-free. The ...

In-situ wet tearing based subnanometer MoSeS for efficient hydrogen evolution

The development of ultrasmall transition-metal dichalcogenide (such as MoS2, MoSe2) nanostructures is an efficient strategy to increase the active edge sites and overall performance for hydrogen evolution reaction. Here, we report an in-situ tearing strategy to produce the carbon nanotube supported subnanometer ternary MoSeS (denoted as CNTs@NiSe@MoSeS) for efficient hydrogen ...

Fully bio-based, highly toughened and heat-resistant poly(L-lactide) ternary blends via dynamic vulcanization with poly(D-lactide) and unsaturated bioelastomer

Inherent brittleness and low heat resistance are the two major obstacles that hinder the wide applications of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA). In this study, we report a fully biobased, highly toughened and heat-resistant PLLA ternary blend, which was prepared by dynamic vulcanization of PLLA with poly(D-lactide) (PDLA) and an unsaturated bioelastomer (UBE). The results indicated that ...

Rational design of SnO2-based electron transport layer in mesoscopic perovskite solar cells: more kinetically favorable than traditional double-layer architecture

Here, the interfacial synergism of discontinuous spot shaped SnO2 and TiO2 mesoporous nanocomposite as electron transfer layer (ETL) underlayer is presented in highly efficient mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (M-PSCs). Based on this new strategy, strong charge recombination observed in previous SnO2-based ETLs is suppressed to a great extent as the pathways of charge ...

Fabrication of multifunctional carbon encapsulated Ni@NiO nanocomposites for oxygen reduction, oxygen evolution and lithium-ion battery anode materials

Multifunctional carbon encapsulated Ni@NiO nanocomposites (Ni@NiO@C) were synthesized for applications in oxygen reduction reactions (ORR), oxygen evolution reactions (OER) and lithium-ion batteries (LIB). The morphology was investigated via SEM and TEM, suggesting that the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposites have uniform and spherical core-shell structures. When the Ni@NiO@C nanocomposite is ...

Defective MoS2 electrocatalyst for highly efficient hydrogen evolution through a simple ball-milling method

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has attracted extensive attention as an alternative to replace noble electrocatalysts in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Here, we highlight an efficient and straightforward ball milling method, using nanoscale Cu powders as reductant to reduce MoS2 engineering S-vacancies into MoS2 surfaces, to fabricate a defectrich MoS2 material (DR-MoS2). The ...

Ethylene glycol-mediated synthetic route for production of luminescent silicon nanorod as photodynamic therapy agent

One-dimensional silicon nanorod (SiNR) has attracted considerable interest because of its unique morphology and electronic-optical properties that render SiNRs suitable for a broad spectrum of applications, such as fieldeffect transistor, drug carrier, solar cell, nanomechanical device, and lithium-ion battery. However, studies aiming to identify a new synthetic method and apply ...

Quantum confinement effect of two-dimensional all-inorganic halide perovskites

Quantum confinement effect (QCE), an essential physical phenomenon of semiconductors when the size becomes comparable to the exciton Bohr radius, typically results in quite different physical properties of low-dimensional materials from their bulk counterparts and can be exploited to enhance the device performance in various optoelectronic applications. Here, taking CsPbBr3 as an ...

Acid promoted Ni/NiO monolithic electrode for overall water splitting in alkaline medium

Exploring and designing bi-functional catalysts with earth-abundant elements that can work well for both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline medium are of significance for producing clean fuel to relieve energy and environment crisis. Here, a novel Ni/NiO monolithic electrode was developed by a facile and cost-effective acid promoted ...

Design and tailoring of patterned ZnO nanostructures for energy conversion applications

ZnO is a typical direct wide-bandgap semiconductor material, which has various morphologies and unique physical and chemical properties, and is widely used in the fields of energy, information technology, biomedicine, and others. The precise design and controllable fabrication of nanostructures have gradually become important avenues to further enhancing the performance of ...

Uptake of magnetic nanoparticles for adipose-derived stem cells with multiple passage numbers

With the increasingly promising role of nanomaterials in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, the interaction between stem cells and nanoparticles has become a critical focus. The entry of nanoparticles into cells has become a primary issue for effectively regulating the subsequent safety and performance of nanomaterials in vivo. Although the influence of nanomaterials on ...

Advanced carbon materials for flexible and wearable sensors

Flexible and wearable sensors have drawn extensive concern due to their wide potential applications in wearable electronics and intelligent robots. Flexible sensors with high sensitivity, good flexibility, and excellent stability are highly desirable for monitoring human biomedical signals, movements and the environment. The active materials and the device structures are the keys ...

Microfluidic generation of Buddha beads-like microcarriers for cell culture

The fabrication of functional microcarriers capable of achieving in vivo-like three-dimensional cell culture is important for many tissue engineering applications. Here, inspired by the structure of Buddha beads, which are generally composed of moveable beads strung on a rope, we present novel cell microcarriers with controllable macropores and heterogeneous microstructures by ...

A novel lithium-ion battery comprising Li-rich@Cr2O5 composite cathode and Li4Ti5O12 anode with controllable coulombic efficiency

Through meticulous design, a Li-lacking Cr2O5 cathode is physically mixed with Li-rich Li1.2Ni0.13Co0.13Mn0.54O2 (LNCM) cathode to form composite cathodes LNCM@xCr2O5 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.35, 0.4, mass ratio) in order to make use of the excess lithium produced by the Li-rich component in the first charge-discharge process. The initial coulombic efficiency (ICE) of LNCM ...

“Petal effect”-inspired superhydrophobic and highly adhesive coating on magnesium with enhanced corrosion resistance and biocompatibility

With properties of complete degradation and favorable mechanical behavior, Mg and its alloys are regarded as the next generation medical metal materials. However, fast degradation and poor surface biocompatibility hinder their clinical applications. Inspired by the “petal effect”, we successfully constructed a superhydrophobic and highly adhesive coating on pure Mg via a simple ...

Enhanced performance of solar cells via anchoring CuGaS2 quantum dots

Ternary I–III–VI quantum dots (QDs) of chalcopyrite semiconductors exhibit excellent optical properties in solar cells. In this study, ternary chalcopyrite CuGaS2 nanocrystals (2–5 nm) were one-pot anchored on TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2@CGS) without any long ligand. The solar cell with TiO2@CuGaS2/N719 has a power conversion efficiency of 7.4%, which is 23% higher than that of ...

Design and synthesis of low band gap non-fullerene acceptors for organic solar cells with impressively high J sc over 21 mA cm_2

Three low bandgap non-fullerene acceptors based on thieno[3,2-b]thiophene fused core with different ending groups, named TTIC-M, TTIC, TTIC-F were designed and synthesized. Using a wide bandgap polymer PBDB-T as donor to form a complementary absorption in the range of 300–900 nm, high efficencies of 9.97%, 10.87% and 9.51% were achieved for TTIC-M, TTIC and TTFC-F based ...

Atomic layer reversal on CeO2 (100) surface

The structure and properties of CeO2 surfaces have been intensively studied due to their importance in a lot of surface-related applications. Since most of surface techniques probe the structure information inside the outermost surface plane, the subsurface structure information has been elusive in many studies. Using the profile imaging with aberration-corrected transmission ...

A novel bone marrow targeted gadofullerene agent protect against oxidative injury in chemotherapy

Chemotherapy as an effective cancer treatment technique has been widely used in tumor therapy. However, it is still a challenge to overcome the serious side effects of chemotherapy, especially for its myelotoxicity. Here we report a novel strategy using the water soluble gadofullerene nanocrystals (GFNCs) to protect against chemotherapy injury in hepatocarcinoma bearing mice, which ...