Protein & Cell

http://link.springer.com/journal/13238

List of Papers (Total 662)

Cellular models for disease exploring and drug screening

The biopharmaceutical industry has been greatly promoted by the application of drug and disease models, including both animal and cellular models. In particular, the emergence of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) makes it possible to create a large number of disease-specific cells in vitro. This review introduces the most widely applied models and their specialties.

Nusap1 is essential for neural crest cell migration in zebrafish

Microtubules play important roles in mitotic spindle assembly and chromosome segregation to maintain normal cell cycle progression. A number of microtubule-associated proteins have been identified in epithelial and neural cell cultures; however, their physiological significance is not well characterized due to the lack of appropriate in vivo animal models. Nucleolar spindle...

The role of ADAMTSs in arthritis

The ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family consists of 19 proteases. These enzymes are known to play important roles in development, angiogenesis and coagulation; dysregulation and mutation of these enzymes have been implicated in many disease processes, such as inflammation, cancer, arthritis and atherosclerosis. This review briefly...

Bat and virus

Bat, the only flying mammal and count more than 20% of the extant mammals on earth, were recently identified as a natural reservoir of emerging and reemerging infectious pathogens. Astonishing amount (more than 70) and genetic diversity of viruses isolated from the bat have been identified in different populations throughout the world. Many studies focus on bat viruses that...

Alpha-helical cationic antimicrobial peptides: relationships of structure and function

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), with their extraordinary properties, such as broad-spectrum activity, rapid action and difficult development of resistance, have become promising molecules as new antibiotics. Despite their various mechanisms of action, the interaction of AMPs with the bacterial cell membrane is the key step for their mode of action. Moreover, it is generally...

The class A macrophage scavenger receptor type I (SR-AI) recognizes complement iC3b and mediates NF-κB activation

The macrophage scavenger receptor SR-AI binds to host tissue debris to perform clearance and it binds to bacteria for phagocytosis. In addition, SR-AI modulates macrophage activation through cell signaling. However, investigation of SR-AI signaling on macrophages is complicated due to its promiscuous ligand specificity that overlaps with other macrophage receptors. Therefore, we...

Surfactant protein A (SP-A) binds to phosphatidylserine and competes with annexin V binding on late apoptotic cells

The role of surfactant protein A (SP-A) in the recognition and clearance of apoptotic cells is well established, but to date, it is still not clear which surface molecules of apoptotic cells are involved in the process. Here we present evidence that phosphatidylserine (PS) is a relevant binding molecule for human SP-A. The binding is Ca2+-dependent and is not inhibited by mannose...

New nsp8 isoform suggests mechanism for tuning viral RNA synthesis

During severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection, the activity of the replication/transcription complexes (RTC) quickly peaks at 6 hours post infection (h.p.i) and then diminishes significantly in the late post-infection stages. This “down-up-down” regulation of RNA synthesis distinguishes different viral stages: primary translation, genome replication...