Mine Water and the Environment

http://link.springer.com/journal/10230

List of Papers (Total 37)

Unique Pit Lake Created in an Opencast Potassium Salt Mine (Dombrovska Pit Lake in Kalush, Ukraine)

We studied the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the Dombrovska pit lake in Ukraine. The lake formed in an abandoned opencast potassium salt mine and is one of the most saline inland water bodies in the world. It is 85 m deep (November 2015) and an annual inflow of about 2 Mm3 of water. The lake has two distinct layers. The mesohaline surface (0–5 m) layer is well...

Estimating Water Retention in Post-mining Excavations Using LiDAR ALS Data for the Strzelin Quarry, in Lower Silesia

A digital terrain model of the Strzelin granite quarry was created from ISOK project data obtained from airborne laser scanning (ALS). Based on 2009, 2012, and 2014 data, the volume of water in the Strzelin quarry’s two excavations were determined. Additionally, the predicted volume of retained water after mining ceases was calculated, assuming a water level of 150.0 m a.s.l. In...

Groundwater Source Discrimination and Proportion Determination of Mine Inflow Using Ion Analyses: A Case Study from the Longmen Coal Mine, Henan Province, China

Complex hydrogeological conditions in China’s coal mines have contributed to frequent mine water disasters. A simple and effective method to determine water inflow sources and paths is therefore essential. The Longmen Mine, located in Henan Province, in central China was used as a case study. A Piper diagram and cluster analysis were used to screen the characteristic values of 18...

A Simplified Model to Simulate pH and Alkalinity in the Mixing Zone Downstream of an Acidic Discharge

A modelling methodology was developed that simulates the resulting pH and alkalinity in the mixing zone when acidic water is discharged into a river. The input to the model are the: pH, alkalinity, flow, and temperature of both the river water and the acidic discharge. Two different scenarios were simulated: (1) a change of pH in the acidic discharge, assuming constant flow; and...

Comparison of Electromagnetic Wave Sensors with Optical and Low-frequency Spectroscopy Methods for Real-time Monitoring of Lead Concentrations in Mine Water

The feasibility of using novel electromagnetic wave sensors for real-time monitoring of metal pollution in water was assessed. Five solutions with different concentrations of lead (0, 1, 10, 50, 100 mg/L) were measured using several sensing methods: UV–Vis spectroscopy, low frequency capacitance and resistance measurements, and two sensing systems based on microwave technology...

Overburden Failure Associated with Mining Coal Seams in Close Proximity in Ascending and Descending Sequences Under a Large Water Body

We investigated differences of overburden failure induced by mining multiple seams in ascending and descending sequences under a large water body. A case study that involves mining in an ascending sequence was the Beizao coal mine, which is under the Bohai Sea, and one that involves mining in a descending sequence was the Cuizhuang coal mine, which is under Weishan Lake. Using...

International Trials of Vertical Flow Reactors for Coal Mine Water Treatment

Vertical flow reactors (VFRs) were tested at coal mine sites in New Zealand, South Korea, and the USA. The objective was to evaluate the iron removal efficiency and iron removal mechanisms during field trials at low pH and circumneutral pH, and to evaluate the potential use of VFRs as stand-alone systems or in combination with other passive treatment technologies. Total iron and...

Rotifer Diversity in the Acidic Pyrite Mine Pit Lakes in the Sudety Mountains (Poland)

The diversity of rotifers was studied in three artificial water bodies (Azure Lake, Yellow Lake, and Purple Lake), which were once pyrite mines. The physicochemical parameters and the zooplankton composition of the water were determined. Azure Lake had a pH of 3.4–6.9, conductivity values of 165–194 µS cm− 1, and low concentrations of sulphate, calcium, magnesium, copper, and...

Year-Round Performance of a Passive Sulfate-Reducing Bioreactor that Uses Rice Bran as an Organic Carbon Source to Treat Acid Mine Drainage

The development of compact and cost-effective passive treatment systems is of critical importance for acid mine drainage (AMD) remediation in Japan. The purpose of this study was to construct an AMD treatment system comprising a sulfate-reducing bioreactor using rice bran as a carbon source for sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and to demonstrate its stable operation for at least a...

Understanding Abiotic and Biotic Conditions in Post-Mining Pit Lakes for Efficient Management: A Case Study (Poland)

This study was aimed at determining whether the origin, morphometry, and hydrology of post-mining lakes affect their hydrochemical and hydrobiological parameters (i.e. water quality). The investigated post-mining lakes were very young compared to glacial lakes and represent early stages of ecosystem succession. Despite their different ages and morphometries, they are all...

Review of Passive Systems for Acid Mine Drainage Treatment

When appropriately designed and maintained, passive systems can provide long-term, efficient, and effective treatment for many acid mine drainage (AMD) sources. Passive AMD treatment relies on natural processes to neutralize acidity and to oxidize or reduce and precipitate metal contaminants. Passive treatment is most suitable for small to moderate AMD discharges of appropriate...

Factors Controlling the Migration of Tailings-Derived Arsenic: A Case Study at the Yara Siilinjärvi Site

The behaviour of arsenic (As) derived from tailings was investigated at the Yara Siilinjärvi apatite mine and industrial site in eastern Finland. The study assessed factors influencing the migration and fate of As and compared the anthropogenic As load to the natural geogenic background. Environmental risks related to As were assessed by examining the As concentrations in humus...

Causes of Decreased Discharge and Damage to a Dewatering Well’s Gravel Coat

Drainage wells used in lignite mining have to be operated at high efficiency in order to achieve a targeted drawdown in the shortest time period possible. However, oversizing of pump units and excessive pumping can cause accelerated aging of wells and over time, decrease a well’s drainage efficiency. This article analyzes the case of a well that was operated for 10 years and then...

Causes and Effects of Uncontrolled Water Inrush into a Decommissioned Mine Shaft

Central Europe experienced catastrophic rainfalls and flooding in 2010. This paper discusses a decommissioned shaft that was flooded by surface water, which led to displacement of shaft backfill and an inrush of large amounts of water into an underground pumping station. The weather conditions for the period preceding the inrush, the hydrogeological conditions, the quantity of...

Multiple Modeling Approach for the Aquatic Effects Assessment of a Proposed Northern Diamond Mine Development

Eight water models were used to assess potential aquatic environmental effects of the proposed Gahcho Kué diamond mine on groundwater and surface water flow and quality in the Northwest Territories, Canada. This sequence of models was required to cover different spatial and temporal domains, as well as specific physico-chemical processes that could not be simulated by a single...

A Simplified Anaerobic Bioreactor for the Treatment of Selenium-Laden Discharges from Non-acidic, End-Pit Lakes

Selenium (Se) contamination of aquatic resources and its mitigation is of global concern. Anaerobic bioreactors are the most promising method for treating Se-laden water in end-pit lakes resulting from intensive coal mining and waste rock leachate in the Canadian Rockies. This study assessed the suitability of a bioreactor system to treat non-acidic, coal mine effluent containing...

Modeling of Water Flow in Reclaimed Mine Spoil with Embedded Lignitic Fragments Using Hydrus-1D

Lignitic mine soils represent a dual-porosity medium consisting of a technogenic mixture of overburden sediments that include porous fragments embedded within a mostly coarse-textured matrix. Flow and transport process in such soils are not sufficiently understood. The objective of this study was to identify the most appropriate conceptual model for describing small-scale...

Impact of Saline Mine Water: Development of a Meromictic Reservoir in Poland

The hard coal mines in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin of southern Poland have highly saline waste water. In the past, such water was often discharged into nearby reservoirs, which would completely change the physical–chemical properties of the reservoir water. In some cases, it also caused permanent stratification; meromictic reservoirs were created. This paper describes the...