European Scientific Journal

http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj

List of Papers (Total 14,383)

Banque Centrale Et Politique Budgetaire : Une Évidence Empirique Pour La Zone CEMAC

The purpose of this article is to analyze how the degree of independence of the Bank of Central African States (BEAC) influences the level of budget deficit for the countries of the Economic and Monetary Community of Africa Centrale (CEMAC) over the period 1994-2016. To do this, we rely on the statutory and rotational indicators of central bank governors developed by the...

Degree of Competency in Practicing Basic Education for Kindergarten Teachers from the Point of View of the Teachers Themselves

The study aimed to identify the degree of practicing the basic educational competencies of kindergarten teachers from the point of view of the teachers themselves. The study sample consisted of 125 randomly selected teachers. The researcher used the questionnaire as a tool of study consisting of 50 paragraphs divided into five areas (personal competencies, competencies for the...

The Impact of Remittances on the Import Demand Function in Jordan: An ARDL Bounds Testing Approach

The present study investigates the short- and long-run relationships between Jordan’s aggregate import demand function and its macroeconomic determinants, in addition to remittances. The study employs the autoregressive distributed lagged (ARDL) model to estimate the import function over the period 1975–2016. The preliminary statistical tests, the ADF test, confirmed that none of...

Supply Chain Management Control of Fish Canning Industry in Morocco

Management control is increasingly adapted to the changes taking place at inter-firm level of business exchanges. By taking the form of an interorganizational control, the latter aims to reduce uncertainty, avoid opportunism and seek to make the most of an exchange relationship between two organizations. This article analyses some of the main studies dealing with inter...

Initial Public Offerings Short and Long Term Performance of MENA Countries

This study examines a comprehensive set of 162 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Initial Public Offerings (IPO’s) for the period 2001- 2015, considered the first and most comprehensive data set investigated to date. Results confirmed that IPO performances are mixed among MENA countries classified into three groups. The first group comprises countries whose IPOs over-performed...

Transformational Leadership Practices in Curriculum Implementation (Environmental Education) in Secondary Schools in Siaya County, Kenya

Leadership practices promote accomplishment of goals in organizations. This paper focuses on the application of transformational leadership practices: Idealized influence, Inspirational motivation, Intellectual stimulation and Individualized consideration in curriculum implementation, Environmental Education (EE). The sample consisted of 183 teachers randomly selected from 30...

Importance of the Use of the Internet of Things and its Implications in the Manufacturing Industry

The research presented in this paper is a literary analysis of 91 papers of 31 different journals of world recognition from different countries (England, Poland, Spain, China, Switzerland, Netherlands); focusing on productivity improvement inside a business through Internet of Things (IoT) in the manufacturing industry. It is essential to know the implications in the use of IoT...

Exploring the Tensions in Organizational Theories

Today’s organizations cannot survive through the application of old theories which are considered obsolete. However, some of these ‘old theories’ still maintain their relevance in the operation of businesses today. The complexity and dynamism of the world have introduced more tensions in organizational theories as some of the theories were introduced with the intention of...

Corporate Governance in Jordan and Boardroom Diversity: A Critical Review of Literature

This paper focuses on critically analyzing the present literature which discusses the Corporate Governance (CG) concept in Jordan and board diversity, and the potential benefits obtained from adopting this concept in different streams like its impact on the total organizational performance. The paper also aims to present related theories and empirical literature focused on the...

Oil Consumption in Transport and Economic Growth Nexus: Empirical Evidence from Cameroon

This paper focuses on casting light on the causal relationship between oil consumption in transport and economic growth in Cameroon. This paper uses an annual data covering the period 1975-2014, which is a five-step modern time series techniques. They include the Unit root tests, co-integration analysis, and Granger-causality based on error correction model. As a robustness test...

An Assessment of the Impact of Business Plan Competitions on Enterprise Development in Kenya: A Case Study of Chora Bizna Enablish LaunchPad

The purpose of the study was to establish the impact of business plan competitions (BPCs) on enterprise development as measured by number of new ventures created and sustained, number and value of jobs created, revenue turnover growth and value of assets. The BPC was dubbed “Chora Bizna Enablis LaunchPad”. The study used a quasi-experimental design. The target population was the...

The Prevalence of ADHD in American Society: The Influence of Parent-Child and Child-Technology Interactions

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder that begins in childhood and persists throughout adulthood and is characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Societal attitudes classify the diagnosis of ADHD differently in establishing what behaviors are deemed acceptable or tolerable in children depending on the particular...

Determination of Traffic Induced Noise Pollution and its Impact on City Dwellers in the Chittagong City Area

Chittagong, the port city of Bangladesh, is one of the nosiest cities of the country. Extreme noise is very inimical for human health and environment. Noise pollution implies a discomfort and restlessness caused to humans by unwanted high intensity sound. Motorized traffic is one of the major sources of producing noise in Chittagong city. The present paper deals with determining...

Connecting the English Class to the Internet of Things

It goes without saying that the World Wide Web drives learners/students to become more autonomous as it offers an array of tools that cater for students’ diverse needs and learning styles. This paper connects the teaching and learning English for Specific Purposes to the ecosystem of the Internet of Things. More precisely, we explore the concept of Internet of Things and its...

Self-Responsibility to Be Insured for the Future Social Risks Labor Contract and Social Insurance Rights (Albanian Case)

The right for social insurance is a right which derives from the labor relationships; so far, it is categorized into the group of private laws. The right for social insurance is a right for incomes when the employee cannot work because of sickness or labor accident or unemployment, or old age, invalidity, etc. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between self...

Intercommunalite Et Amenagement Du Territoire Dans Le Departement De L'atacora Au Nord Ouest Du Benin

Despite the 2009-17 law of 13th August 2009 which lay down that the Public Institution of Intercommunity Cooperation (EPCI) is the only form of intercommunality body in Bénin, municipal groupings still exist in associative form. This article analyses the impact of intercommunity cooperation on territory planning in the Department of Atacora. Data and information used have been...

Environnement Social Et Prolifération Des Groupements Informels En Milieu Rural Ivoirien

The objective of this study is to analyse the factors of the proliferation of informal groups in the sub-prefecture of Sirasso despite the regulations in force and which requires the transition of cooperatives into cooperative societies. The methodology used is a set of qualitative approaches consisting of individual semi-directional interviews made with some leaders of informal...

Populism: What Is and Why We Need A Multidimensional Approach to Understand it

Populism is the 'new big thing' in western politics. On both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, populist leaders, movements and parties are obtaining a growing political consent. Staring from this empirical evidence, the article reconstructs the three main strands that constitute the scientific reflexion on populism showing the limits that every single strand have and proposing a new...

Relación Entre Los Niveles Motivacionales Y La Autoeficacia En Estudiantes De Instrumentos De Cuerda Frotada De Nivel Superior

Motivation is one of the most important aspects in the development of a career of learning, even more so if one fits in a musical studies in which motivational levels must be sustained for many years. In this sense, the study of the motivation of musical achievement from the motivational theory of Weiner (2000) and its possible relation with the general self-efficacy described by...

La Création Et La Vénération Des Saints Au Maroc

This article, which is part of social and religious relations, tries to study the sainthood and the cult of saints in Morocco. In order to achieve the objective of this work, we adopt an empirical method, which is based essentially on documentary research. To analyze the cult of saints in Morocco, this article presents, at first, the definitions of the words " sainthood " and...

Extension Du Reseau De Distribution D’eau Potable Dans Le District d’Abidjan

The aim of the present study was to find a mechanism for funding the extension of the drinking water network to the poor neighbourhoods of the District of Abidjan in order to bring drinking water close to the disadvantaged populations. To this end, microeconomic data collected from one thousand households, spread over the entire territory of the Abidjan District, were used. A...

African Theology in the 21st Century: Mapping Out Critical Priorities

There is a dialogue taking place in the area of African Theology; “do we call it African Christian theology or African Theology and how it relates to the African culture”? Depending on where one sits, any name will carry the day as long as it fulfills the academic desire intended. What is important is the dialogue that is taking place between the Bible and the African culture...

Impact Des Conflits Armes Sur La Sante Maternelle En Cote d’Ivoire: Cas Des Conflits Armes De 2002 Et De 2010

The "new conflict" that emerged in the 90s, mainly in developing countries, is a major obstacle to improving health. Quantitative studies of the impact of armed conflict on maternal health indicators are still fragmentary and scarce. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of the 2002 and the 2010 conflicts on maternal health in Côte d'Ivoire. In this study, we choose...

La Notion Du Pouvoir Dans Les Institutions De Gestion De Conflits Politiques En Côte d’Ivoire: Cas De L’institution Dénommée «Le Médiateur De La République»

The study of conflict management, especially that relating to mediation, occupies an important place in the advent of conflicts in traditional African environment. In the 1990s, it was introduced gradually into the Ivorian institutions to answer socio-political excesses. However, despite its existence, this institution has faced several oppositions in regards to the aim of the...