European Scientific Journal

http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj

List of Papers (Total 14,370)

BANK LENDING, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND THE PERFORMANCE OF THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN NIGERIA

The study investigates the effect of bank lending and economic growth on the manufacturing output in Nigeria. Times seriesdata covering a period of 36 years (1973-2009) were employed and tested with the cointegration and vector error correctionmodel (VECM) techniques. The findings of the study show that manufacturing capacity utilization and bank lending ratessignificantly affect...

MEDIA AND MUSHARRAF: A MARRIAGE OF CONVENIENCE

Media have never been consistently free in Pakistan. Different regimes used legal and constitutional means to control themedia from public debate and criticism. In it over sixty-two years of history, Pakistan has been ruled by military more thanthe civilian. Media in Pakistan usually face threats, violence, economic pressure, etc. The country's laws have been usedagainst...

THE PROSPECTS OF MICRO-INSURANCE IN THE RURAL AREAS OF NIGERIA

This study investigates the prospects of micro-insurance in the rural areas of Nigeria, while Kebbi State wasused as case study. The data used in this study is cross sectional and was collected from a sample of 190respondents, who were contacted through a structured questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed usinglogit regression model and the study revealed that income level...

CORRELATES OF ADEQUACY OF RETIREMENT BENEFITS AMONG THE OLDER PERSONS IN NIGERIA

Background--It is unknown how socio-demographic variables impact on adequacy of gratuity among the older persons inNigeria. This has become essential in order to improve the preparation for old age among Nigerians. Reliable information isalso required to formulate comprehensive social security system for the elderly. Methods - Quantitative data was collectedthrough individual...

TRENDS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN NIGERIA

Given the tremendous explosions of urban settlements and the decadence of rural areas during the past two or three decades, the myth, reality and hope of a sustainable human settlement pattern seem to have been unraveled by the two UN Habitat Conferences of 1976 and 1996. Even though the wide range, tempting and unresolved human settlement issues have for long been grappled with...

THE INTERACTIVE WHITEBOARD IN ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (EFL) CLASSROOM

This study describes and analyses the uses of Interactive WhiteBoards in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classrooms. It tries to answer the following questions; first, how can an Interactive WhiteBoard be used in a learning environment?, second, how can Interactive WhiteBoards promote student engagement?, and what are Interactive WhiteBoard activities in the EFL classroom?The...

GLOBAL NEWS FLOW DEBATE IN THE ERA OF SOCIAL MEDIA NETWORKS: IS THE U.S MEDIA STILL THE WORLD’S NEWS LEADER?

The News Flow Debate (NFD), which is about the imbalance in the flow of news internationally, has continued to generate interest in communication research. This is because the issues that gave birth to the debate in the first instance have remained fluid, notwithstanding the impact of social media on the unidirectional flow of news and information due to the liberalization and...

UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS’ ASSESSMENT OF THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TO PHYSICS EDUCATION

In this paper, university undergraduate students’ assessment of the application of information technology to physics education was looked into. Eighty five final year educational technology students of the University of Ilorin who minored in introductory technology (physics component) participated in the study. Three research questions were generated and they were answered using...

ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURE OF NIGERIA’S INDEPENDENT NATIONAL ELECTORAL COMMISSION (1999-2011)

The structure of election administration is a crucial component of the democratic project of any state. In Nigeria, it is widely acknowledged that the structural character of the country’s election management body –the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has over the years become the focal points at which elections are compromised. With insights from interviews and...

POLITICAL PARTIES AND THE CHALENGE OF FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA: A FOCUS ON KOGI STATE 2011 GUBERNATORIAL ELECTION

This research work unfolds party politics and the challenge of free and fair elections in Nigeria with specific focus on Kogi State 2011 gubernatorial election. The paper through the understanding of the typologies of political culture and political participation as frame work of analysis focuses on the concepts: political mobilization and education, party primaries and...

CHALLENGES FACING THE REALIZATION OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDG`s) IN EDUCATIONAL REFORM IN NIGERIA

The importance and linkage of education to the development of any society is well known. It is in recognition of this importance that the international community and governments all over the world have made commitments for citizens to have access to education. The delivery of education in Nigeria has suffered from years of neglect, compounded by inadequate attention to policy...

THE ROLE OF SME-S ON TOURISM MARKETING – THE CASE OF ALBANIA

Tourism is a priority sector in Albania. With its 13 % contribution to GDP and 233000 employed directly or indirectly annually, or 23,9 per cent of the total Albania jobs, it has become one of the most priority sectors promoted strongly even by the Government. Tourism marketing is always perceived as multi-parties effort toward a final aim, increase the country revenues. The...

QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF REVENUE ALLOCATION TO STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN NIGERIA (1999-2008)

As a follow-up to our last paper on Spatio-temporal information system analysis of revenue allocation in Nigeria, this article presents a quantitative evaluation of the statutory, value added tax and excess crude oil revenue allocation to states and the local governments in Nigeria between May 1999 – December 2008. A comparative and cluster analyses were conducted among the 36...

STRATEGIC PLAN IMPLEMENTATION AND INTERNAL EFFICIENCY IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

In recent time, concerted efforts have been made on strategic planning to achieve internal efficiency in the school system. In fact, strategic planning, as a systematic and comprehensive analytical process that scans the internal and external environment of an institution, is more than ever before now receiving attention as a viable alternative in institutional management. This...

RONALD DWORKIN – THEORY OF JUSTICE

Ronald Dworkin - one of the greatest contemporary political and legal philosophers - started developing his comprehensiveliberal theory of a central position of the concept of equality firstly in a field of philosophy of law1 (he turned back to a fieldof jurisprudence with his book Justice in Robes, published in 2006), then followed liberal political theory of justice...

CLASSIFICATION OF THE METAPHORS ACCORDING TO THE DEGREE OF UNEXPECTEDNESS

Unexpectedness causes great emotions in real life; the more unexpected this or that phenomenon is the greater the causedemotion is, be negative or positive. The classification of metaphors given in article is based on the degree of theirunexpectedness. The article discusses genuine and trite metaphors and the way metaphor passes in the period of itsexistence.

DEMAND FOR MODERN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS IN TOURISM

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is one of the key factors of competitiveness. Internet is especiallyrelevant to tourism product since it enables knowledge about a consumer or a tourist to be gathered and vice versa. Tourismproduct is dominated by the need to provide fast and accurate information to a consumer.Tourist products cannot be examined before traveling...

EUROPEAN UNION IN COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICING

Every day several thousand of people are trafficked in different countries in searching better life. Modern day slavery,trafficking in human beings, presents a grave human rights violation. This is the problem, which covers social, political, anddemographic aspects, as well as gender and ethnic stratification, transnational organized crime and human rights abuses, andthe facility...

SOME ISSUES ON BANDITRY

The article concerns the attempt of mixing the concept of “banditry” with the concept of “organized crime” what is typicalto the Anglo-American approach. The legislation of Georgia essentially differs from this approach as it exactly specifiesdifferent features of banditry and thus meets the requirements of the resolution of the Committee of Ministers of theEuropean Council.

APPEAL AS THE COURT OF SECOND INSTANCE, ITS ESSENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE

In early years, the civil procedural legislation considered only cassation rule of appeal against court adjudication. Nowadays,establishment of the appellant system is one of the most important results of the reform of the court system of our country.Theoretical investigation of the institute of appeal against court adjudications is of utmost importance to effectively...

LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR ESTABLISHING PATERNITY – GENERAL REVIEW

The article suggests the amendments made in the Civil Code of Georgia which is concern the issues of legal regulations onestablishing paternity for illegitimate children. According to this law, for establishing paternity it is mandatory to make thebiological and anthropological medical research, the so called DNA analysis which specifies genetic information.The mentioned article...

MONEY LAUNDERING IN THE USA CRIMINAL LAW

The article concerns one of the difficult and interesting problems of comparative criminal law – money laundering in theUSA criminal law. As a result of the analysis of the existing legislation, it is ascertained that the issue of money laundering isnot reflected in the USA legislation in the form of one certain law. This is conditioned by the fact that a codified mode ofcriminal...

INTERNATIONAL REGULATION OF AIR CARRIAGE

In the work is discussed the characteristics of fulfilling the air carriage according to the international norms and there arerepresented the considerations in accordance with the convention`s certain articles of Warsaw and Montreal Conventions,namely concerning the restriction of carriers’ responsibility.The author regards that, Warsaw system is the first attempt of unification...

RESPONSIBILITY FOR BRUTAL, PREMEDITATED MURDER

Willful murder, by its nature, is an enormous offence, but brutal murder committed with extreme cruelty exposes a highlydangerous crime. The concept of brutal murder emphasizes not only inflicting suffering on a victim, but committing murderwith cruelty and extreme violence. It is necessary to determine the proper qualification, whether an offender plannedcommitting a murder with...

TYPES OF LAWSUITS IN THE CIVIL PROCEDURE RULES

For the purpose of protection or recovery of one’s rights and obligations, according to the nature of a relation, any person isentitled to apply to a court through a lawsuit or a claim form. According to the Civil Procedure Rules of Georgia, there areseveral types of lawsuits: claims for alteration of legal relations, declaratory (defining right) lawsuits and the so called...