Landscape Ecology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10980

List of Papers (Total 154)

Incorporating soil ecosystem services into urban planning: status, challenges and opportunities

ContextTraditionally soils have not received much attention in urban planning. For this, tools are needed that can both be understood both by soil scientists and urban planners.PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to enhance the role of soil knowledge in urban planning practice, through the following objectives: (1) identifying the role soil plays in recent urban plans; (2...

An objective road risk assessment method for multiple species: ranking 166 reptiles and amphibians in California

ContextTransportation and wildlife agencies may consider the need for barrier structures and safe wildlife road-crossings to maintain the long-term viability of wildlife populations. In order to prioritize these efforts, it is important to identify species that are most at risk of extirpation from road-related impacts.PurposeOur goal was to identify reptiles and amphibians in...

Examining speed versus selection in connectivity models using elk migration as an example

ContextLandscape resistance is vital to connectivity modeling and frequently derived from resource selection functions (RSFs). RSFs estimate relative probability of use and tend to focus on understanding habitat preferences during slow, routine animal movements (e.g., foraging). Dispersal and migration, however, can produce rarer, faster movements, in which case models of...

Integrating animal movement with habitat suitability for estimating dynamic migratory connectivity

ContextHigh-resolution animal movement data are becoming increasingly available, yet having a multitude of empirical trajectories alone does not allow us to easily predict animal movement. To answer ecological and evolutionary questions at a population level, quantitative estimates of a species’ potential to link patches or populations are of importance.ObjectivesWe introduce an...

Dynamic surface water distributions influence wetland connectivity within a highly modified interior landscape

ContextAnimal movements are inherently linked to landscape structure. Understanding this relationship for highly-mobile species requires documenting their responses to spatiotemporal variability of resources. To that end, characterizing movement behaviors and resource distributions using the principles of habitat connectivity facilitates coordinated landscape planning efforts...

Symbolic species as a cultural ecosystem service in the European Alps: insights and open issues

PurposeSymbolic plants and animals are recognised as a cultural ecosystem service (CES), which is still underrepresented in ecosystem services assessments. Thus, this study aims at identifying and mapping important symbolic species in the European Alps, which are of cultural significance to large parts of the Alpine population.MethodsSymbolic species were identified by ten expert...

Community heterogeneity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in urban ponds at a multi-city scale

Purpose Urbanisation is a leading cause of biotic homogenisation in urban ecosystems. However, there has been little research examining the effect of urbanisation and biotic homogenisation on aquatic communities, and few studies have compared findings across different urban landscapes. We assessed the processes that structure aquatic macroinvertebrate diversity within five UK...

Is it common to be rare on the landscape? A test using a novel model system

Context Understanding how rare species are distributed can be difficult due to heterogeneity between landscape units. Lack of statistical replication of landscapes can make it difficult to carry out testing. Model systems may be a solution. Objectives We test whether lichen thalli along the trunk of a tree are analogous to habitat patches in a kilometers-extent landscape and...

Predicting effects of future development on a territorial forest songbird: methodology matters

Context Projected increases in human population size are expected to increase forest loss and fragmentation in the next century at the expense of forest-dwelling species. Objectives We estimated landscape carrying capacity (N k) for Ovenbirds in urban, suburban, exurban, and rural areas for the years 2000 and 2050, and compared changes in N k with changes in occupancy probability...

Accounting for spatial autocorrelation improves the estimation of climate, physical environment and vegetation’s effects on boreal forest’s burn rates

Context Wildfires play a crucial role in maintaining ecological and societal functions of North American boreal forests. Because of their contagious way of spreading, using statistical methods dealing with spatial autocorrelation has become a major challenge in fire studies analyzing how environmental factors affect their spatial variability. Objectives We aimed to demonstrate...

Diversity of bumblebees, heteropteran bugs and grasshoppers maintained by both: abandonment and extensive management of mountain meadows in three regions across the Austrian and Swiss Alps

Context Abandonment of extensively managed meadows is an ongoing global challenge in recent decades, particularly in mountain regions, and directly affects plant diversity. However, the extent to which plant diversity further affects associated insect pollinators or herbivores is little investigated. Objectives We focused on the effects of abandonment of mountain meadows on...

A bird’s eye view: using circuit theory to study urban landscape connectivity for birds

Context Connectivity is fundamental to understanding how landscape form influences ecological function. However, uncertainties persist due to the difficulty and expense of gathering empirical data to drive or to validate connectivity models, especially in urban areas, where relationships are multifaceted and the habitat matrix cannot be considered to be binary. Objectives This...

Island biogeography theory outweighs habitat amount hypothesis in predicting plant species richness in small grassland remnants

Context The habitat amount hypothesis has rarely been tested on plant communities. It remains unclear how habitat amount affect species richness in habitat fragments compared to island effects such as isolation and patch size. Objectives How do patch size and spatial distribution compared to habitat amount predict plant species richness and grassland specialist plant species in...

Urbanization and air quality as major drivers of altered spatiotemporal patterns of heavy rainfall in China

Context Land use/land cover change and other human activities contribute to the changing climate on regional and global scales, including the increasing occurrence of extreme-precipitation events, but the relative importance of these anthropogenic factors, as compared to climatic factors, remains unclear. Objectives The main goal of this study was to determine the relative...