Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

http://link.springer.com/journal/11751

List of Papers (Total 289)

Correction of complex foot deformities using the V-osteotomy and the Ilizarov technique

Complex foot deformity is a multiplanar deformity with or without foot shortening. It also includes deformed feet with poor soft-tissue coverage, relapsed or neglected cases, and those with acompanying problems such as leg-length discrepancy, lower leg deformity, osteomyelitis and nonunions. Traditionally, correction of these deformities can be achieved by extensive soft tissue ...

Stability with unilateral external fixation in the tibia

Unilateral external fixation can be used in the provisional or definitive treatment of tibial fractures. A properly applied fixator allows bony and soft tissue stability, whereas an improperly applied fixator achieves neither and can be a hindrance. The principles for the successful application of monolateral external fixation, including the rationale for choosing this type of ...

The “floating forearm” injury in a child: a case report

The case of a eleven-year-old girl who had a fracture dislocation of the left elbow with entrapment of the ulnar nerve into the dislocated ulnar epicondyle anlage and unstable forearm fracture of the ipslateral upper extremity is described. This severe injury to the elbow and the ipsilateral forearm is termed “floating forearm” injury. The forearm was stabilized percutaneously and ...

A life without pain: a case report

Congenital insensitivity to pain is a rare condition with an abnormality of interpretation of painful stimuli. This case report illustrates how a sequence of injuries after no or trivial trauma incapacitated a young boy. Especially the bilateral collapse and dislocation of the hip is an unusual sequela of this disorder.

The treatment of severely comminuted intra-articular fractures of the distal radius

Comminuted fractures of the distal end of the radius are caused by high-energy trauma and present as shear and impacted fractures of the articular surface of the distal radius with displacement of the fragments. The force of the impact and the position of the hand and carpal bone determine the pattern of articular fragmentation and their displacement and the amount and the extent ...

Congenital pseudarthrosis of radius. A case report

We report a case of a 9 year old female child with congenital pseudarthrosis of the radius. She had a history of fractures of both bones of the left forearm after trivial trauma at the age of 7 years (2003) and 8 years (2004). On each occasion she was treated conservatively in a POP cast 4 weeks. She reported to us in January 2005 complaining of a gradually increasing deformity of ...

Editorial

Distal tibial metaphyseal fractures: the role of fibular fixation

Distal tibial extra-articular fractures are often a result of complex high-energy trauma, which commonly involves associated fibular fractures and soft tissue injury. The goal of tibial fixation is to maximise fracture stability without increasing soft tissue morbidity from surgical intervention. The role of adjunctive fibular fixation in distal tibial metaphyseal fractures has ...

Salvage of a failed valgus osteotomy for non-union of an unstable pertrochanteric fracture

Salvage of a failed valgus osteotomy for nonunion of an unstable pertrochanteric fracture is reported. A valgus intertrochanteric osteotomy was performed for a failed sliding hip screw fixation of an unstable pertrochanteric fracture at another institution. Four months following osteotomy, the fracture was still un-united with two distal screws of the hip plate broken and a coxa ...

Treatment of high-energy tibial plateau fractures

Treatment of high-energy fractures of the tibial plateau requires an inordinate degree of surgical effort in order to avoid complications. Fracture reduction can be a challenge to experienced hands and the soft tissue conditions are intolerant of careless dissection. In general, it is an oversimplification to use one technique of stabilisation for such a heterogenous group (even ...

Efficacy of the A-V Impulse System versus cryotherapy in the reduction of postoperative oedema of the hand: a prospective randomised trial

In a prospective randomised trial, the effects of an intermittent compression hand pump vs. cryotherapy were compared on reduction of postoperative hand swelling and gain in finger movement after distal radius fractures. Although intermittent compression as a physical method for thromboprophylaxis and swelling reduction in orthopaedic and trauma patients of the lower leg are ...

Techniques in splintage and support during reconstruction of the tibia

The aim of this article is to help clinicians and allied professionals understand problems that may arise with use of external fixators in limb reconstruction and trauma, and in particular describe how preventative strategies can be implemented. The indications for splinting and orthotic use with external fixators can be broadly subdivided into those that facilitate functional ...

Guided growth: 1933 to the present

While osteotomies are necessary for rotational correction and limb lengthening, angular correction or moderate length inhibition may be achieved by other, less invasive means. Several techniques of epiphysiodesis have evolved, enabling gradual correction of angular correction and/or length equalisation through guided growth. This manuscript comprises a historical and comparative ...