Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

http://link.springer.com/journal/11751

List of Papers (Total 302)

Predicting translational deformity following opening-wedge osteotomy for lower limb realignment

An opening-wedge osteotomy is well recognised for the management of limb deformity and requires an understanding of the principles of geometry. Translation at the osteotomy is needed when the osteotomy is performed away from the centre of rotation of angulation (CORA), but the amount of translation varies with the distance from the CORA. This translation enables proximal and...

Computer-assisted 3D planned corrective osteotomies in eight malunited radius fractures

In corrective osteotomy of the radius, detailed preoperative planning is essential to optimising functional outcome. However, complex malunions are not completely addressed with conventional preoperative planning. Computer-assisted preoperative planning may optimise the results of corrective osteotomy of the radius. We analysed the pre- and postoperative radiological result of...

Callus massage after distraction osteogenesis using the concept of lengthening then dynamic plating

Correction of complex deformities is a challenging procedure. Long-term wearing of a fixator after correction and lengthening are inconvenient and has a high rate of complication. The goals of the surgical treatment in the presented case were: (1) correction of the deformity and lengthening of the left leg by the Taylor spatial frame (TSF, Smith and Nephew, Marl, Germany); (2...

Distal humerus prosthetic hemiarthroplasty: midterm results

Treatment of comminuted distal humeral fractures remains challenging. Open reduction–internal fixation remains the preferred treatment, but is not always feasible. In selected cases with non-reconstructable or highly comminuted fractures, total elbow arthroplasty has been used, however, also with relatively high complication and failure rates. Distal humerus prosthetic...

Efficacy of 1 % silver sulphadiazine dressings in preventing infection of external fixation pin-tracks: a randomized study

Pin-track infection (PTI) is a common complication of external fixation. Antimicrobial dressings of the pin-site interface should reduce the severity and incidence of PTI. This study is aimed at determining the efficacy of 1 % silver sulphadiazine dressings in preventing PTI in external fixation. We compared the incidence of PTI between group A (dry sterile gauze dressing) and...

The effects of tibial fracture and Ilizarov osteosynthesis on the structural reorganization of sciatic and tibial nerves during the bone consolidation phase and after fixator removal

Reactive and adaptive changes in mechanically uninjured nerves during fracture healing have not been studied previously although the status of innervation is important for bone union and functional recovery. This study explores whether subclinical nerve fibre degeneration occurs in mechanically uninjured nerves in an animal fracture model and to quantify its extent and functional...

Hook plate fixation for acute acromioclavicular dislocations without coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction: a functional outcome study in military personnel

The aim of our study was to evaluate the shoulder function after clavicular hook plate fixation of acute acromioclavicular dislocations (Rockwood type III) in a population group consisting exclusively of high-demand military personnel. This prospective study was carried out at a tertiary care military orthopaedic centre during 2012–2013 using clavicular hook plate for management...

Fibular head transfixion wire and its relationship to common peroneal nerve: cadaveric analysis

Proximal tibio-fibular joint is routinely stabilised during leg lengthening, peri-articular fractures and deformity corrections of tibia. Potential injury to the common peroneal nerve at the level of the fibula head/neck junction during wire insertion is a recognised complication. Previous studies have mapped the course of the common peroneal nerve and its branches at the level...

The incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism with the elective use of external fixators

Little evidence exists about the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) with the use of external fixators. We investigated this in a cohort of 207 consecutive patients undergoing 258 elective frame applications by case note review. Case notes were obtained for 84 % of the sample population. The type of surgery, demographic data, thromboembolic risk...

Reconstruction of the DRUJ in a young adult after resection of a large exostosis of the distal radius

The prevalence of known solitary exostosis is around 1–2 % in the general population. Treatment of an exostosis may consist of resection with or without further treatment for deformity. The distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) acts as the link between radius and ulna at the wrist and is important in the transmission of load. Its anatomic integrity should be respected in surgical...

An accurate method of determining a single-plane osteotomy to correct a combined rotational and angular deformity

Conventional osteotomy used for the correction of deformity is performed out of the plane of deformity creating a wedge either opening or closing when the deformity is corrected. Deformity that is a combination of rotation and angulation exists in a single plane that is oblique to the coronal, sagittal and axial planes depending on the magnitude of deformity measured in each...

Limb reconstruction in Ollier’s disease

We present our experience of lengthening and correction of complex deformities in the management of patients with Ollier’s dysplasia (multiple enchondromatosis) from 1985 and 2002. All patients were under 18 years with a minimum follow-up time of 2 years (mean 9.6 years, range 2–15 years). There were a total of ten patients of which seven were male and three female. The mean age...

Femoral supracondylar focal dome osteotomy with plate fixation for acute correction of frontal plane knee deformity

Focal dome osteotomy (FDO) allows deformity correction without secondary translational deformity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of correction and knee functional outcome after correction of frontal knee deformity using femoral supracondylar FDO fixed with plate and screws. A prospective study included 12 consecutive cases of femoral frontal plane deformity...

Bone transport through an induced membrane in the management of tibial bone defects resulting from chronic osteomyelitis

Wide resection of infected bone improves the odds of achieving remission of infection in patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Aggressive debridement is followed by the creation of large bone defects. The use of antibiotic-impregnated PMMA spacers, as a customized dead space management tool, has grown in popularity. In addition to certain biological advantages, the spacer offers a...

The role of soft-tissue traction forces in bone segment transport for callus distraction

Callus distraction using bone segment transport systems is an applied process in the treatment of bone defects. However, complications such as muscle contractures, axial deviation and pin track infections occur in the treatment process using the currently available devices. Since successful treatment is influenced by the applied distraction force, knowledge of the biomechanical...

Reviewers 2014

The Ilizarov method for the treatment of complex tibial fractures and non-unions in a mass casualty setting: the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan

We report our experience in treating victims of the recent earthquake disaster in Pakistan. Our experience was based on two humanitarian missions to Islamabad: one in October 2005, 10 days after the earthquake, and the second in January 2006. The mission consisted of a team of orthopaedic surgeons and a second team of plastic surgeons. The orthopaedic team bought all the...

Retrograde intramedullary nailing for the treatment of femoral medial condyle fracture nonunion

An unicondylar fracture of the femur is uncommon and of the medial condyle more so. Open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures is most commonly performed with screws or plate and screws. Secure bone fixation is compromised by osteoporosis in elderly patients; additional measures may be required. We report the case of an elderly osteoporotic patient with a medial...

Limb salvage in a partially amputated distal femur with extensive segmental bone loss using the nailing after lengthening technique: a case report

Segmental long bone defects resulting from high-energy trauma with severe soft tissue loss are difficult problems to manage. Amputation was for a long time the primary mainstay of treatment. This is the report on a 15-year-old male patient who sustained a third-degree open, traumatic fracture with partial amputation of the left distal femur and extensive bone loss of 26 cm...

“Open-book” pelvic fracture with soft tissue serious damage in a child

Open-book fractures of the pelvis are uncommon during childhood and require urgent treatment from the association with other abdominal, vascular or nervous injuries. The case discussed is an open-book fracture (type B1, Tile classification) associated with triradiate cartilage injury (type I, Salter–Harris classification) in an 11-year-old female. Surgical treatment was delayed...

Mechanical rigidity of the Ortho-SUV frame compared to the Ilizarov frame in the correction of femoral deformity

The Ortho-SUV frame (OSF) is a novel hexapod circular external fixator which draws upon the innovation of the Ilizarov method and the advantages of hexapod construction in the three-dimensional control of bone segments. Stability of fixation is critical to the success or failure of an external circular fixator for fracture or osteotomy healing. In vitro biomechanical modelling...

Clinical results of the re-fixation of a Chevron olecranon osteotomy using an intramedullary cancellous screw and suture tension band

Exposure of the distal humerus in case of an articular fracture is often performed through a Chevron osteotomy of the olecranon. Several options have been described for re-fixation of the Chevron osteotomy. Pull-out of the hard-wear is often seen as complication. In this study, an evaluation of the re-fixation of the Chevron osteotomy through a cancellous screw and suture tension...

Internal fixation of shaft humerus fractures by dynamic compression plate or interlocking intramedullary nail: a prospective, randomised study

Compare the results of internal fixation of shaft of humerus fractures using dynamic compression plating (DCP) or antegrade interlocking intramedullary nail (IMN). Fifty patients with diaphyseal fracture of the shaft of the humerus and fulfilling the inclusion criterion were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Twenty-five patients were managed with closed antegrade...

Proximal tibiofibular dislocation: a case report and review of literature

An isolated dislocation of the proximal tibiofibular joint is uncommon. The mechanism of this injury is usually sports related. We present a case where initial X-rays did not show the tibiofibular joint dislocation conclusively. It was diagnosed after comparative bilateral AP X-rays of the knees were obtained. A closed reduction was performed and followed by unrestricted...

Surgical treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: description of a technique using an adjustable uniplanar external fixator

Several surgical techniques are available for the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The use of a uniplanar external fixator is an option for the treatment of fractures classified as Sanders types 2 and 3. Satisfactory reduction and stabilisation of the fracture are achieved by means of mini-incisions and fixator adjustment. The advantages of this technique include...