Symbiosis

http://link.springer.com/journal/13199

List of Papers (Total 45)

An assessment of plant growth and N2 fixation in soybean genotypes grown in uninoculated soils collected from different locations in Ethiopia

Achieving food and nutritional security is a major challenge in Ethiopia, especially with increasing human population and low crop productivity. Legumes offer an alternative choice to chemical fertilizers for increasing crop yields. The aim of this study was to assess, under glasshouse conditions, plant growth and symbiotic performance of uninoculated soybean genotypes planted in...

Grain yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties is markedly increased by rhizobial inoculation and phosphorus application in Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted to assess plant growth, symbiotic performance and grain yield of common bean in response to rhizobial incoculation and phosphorus application at Galalicha in Southern Ethiopia during the 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons under rain-fed conditions. The treatments consisted of 2 released common bean varieties (Hawassa Dume and Ibbado), 3 levels of...

Nitrate inhibition of N2 fixation and its effect on micronutrient accumulation in shoots of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Vedc) and Kersting’s groundnut (Macrotyloma geocarpum Harms.)

Although nitrate is known to inhibit nodulation and N2 fixation in symbiotic legumes, little is known about its effect on the uptake and accumulation of trace elements such as Fe, Zn, Mn and Cu. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 5 mM NO3 − supply, either with or without rhizobial inoculation, on nodulation, nodule functioning and micronutrient levels in the...

Effect of nutritional condition on photosymbiotic consortium of cultured Globigerinoides sacculifer (Rhizaria, Foraminifera)

Several foraminifers found in warm and low-nutrient ocean surface water have photosynthetic algae as endosymbionts (photosymbiosis). To understand the trophic interactions, we studied Globigerinoides sacculifer, a spinose planktic foraminifer that has a dinoflagellate endosymbiont. We controlled two nutritional factors, feeding and inorganic nutrients in the seawater. The growth...

Symbiotic performance of grain and wild herbaceous legumes in the Okavango Delta and Tswapong region of Botswana

The low inherent soil fertility, especially nitrogen (N) constrains arable agriculture in Botswana. Nitrogen is usually added to soil through inorganic fertilizer application. In this study, biological nitrogen fixation by legumes is explored as an alternative source of N. The objectives of this study were to measure levels of N2 fixation by grain legumes such as cowpea, Bambara...

Correction to: Performance of cowpea as influenced by native strain of rhizobia, lime and phosphorus in Samaru, Nigeria

The original version of this article unfortunately contained an error in the author name. The name of the third author should be corrected to C. Masso. The correct author name is shown above.

Assessing host range, symbiotic effectiveness, and photosynthetic rates induced by native soybean rhizobia isolated from Mozambican and South African soils

Host range and cross-infectivity studies are important for identifying rhizobial strains with potential for use as inoculants. In this study, 10 native soybean rhizobia isolated from Mozambican and South African soils were evaluated for host range, symbiotic effectiveness and ability to induce high rates of photosynthesis leading to enhanced plant growth in cowpea (Vigna...

Selecting elite groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L) genotypes for symbiotic N nutrition, water-use efficiency and pod yield at three field sites, using 15N and 13C natural abundance

About 70% of the groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) produced in Ghana is from the Guinea savanna. However, low soil nutrients, especially N, together with erratic rainfall distribution have often resulted in poor grain yield. The aim of this study was to evaluate plant growth, N2-fixing efficiency, N contribution, water-use efficiency and pod yield of 21 elite groundnut genotypes in...

Ultrastructural evidence for nutritional relationships between a marine colonial invertebrate (Bryozoa) and its bacterial symbionts

Autozooids of the cheilostome bryozoan Aquiloniella scabra contain rod-like bacteria in the funicular bodies – the complex swellings of the funicular strands. Each funicular body contains symbionts in the central cavity surrounded by a large, synthetically active internal “sheath-cell” (bacteriocyte) and a group of the flat external cells. The tightly interdigitating lobes of...

Ectomycorrhizal and endophytic fungi associated with Alnus glutinosa growing in a saline area of central Poland

Alnus glutinosa (black alder) is a mycorrhizal pioneer tree species with tolerance to high concentrations of salt in the soil and can therefore be considered to be an important tree for the regeneration of forests areas devastated by excessive salt. However, there is still a lack of information about the ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) associated with mature individuals of A...

Performance of cowpea as influenced by native strain of rhizobia, lime and phosphorus in Samaru, Nigeria

The complimentary effects of a native rhizobia strain (SAMFIX 286), lime and single superphosphate (SSP) as components of ISFM were evaluated on the biomass, nodulation and N2 fixation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). Lime was applied at the rate of 250 kg (Ca(OH)2) ha−1, while SSP was applied at 30 kg P ha−1. The trial was carried out in a screen house with the treatments...

Cymbomonas tetramitiformis - a peculiar prasinophyte with a taste for bacteria sheds light on plastid evolution

Cymbomonas tetramitiformis is a peculiar green alga that unites in one cell the abilities of photosynthesis and phagocytosis, which makes it a very useful model for the study of the evolution of plastid endosymbiosis. We have pondered over this issue and propose an evolutionary scenario of trophic strategies in eukaryotes, including primary and secondary plastid endosymbioses. C...

Body size and symbiotic status influence gonad development in Aiptasia pallida anemones

Pale anemones (Aiptasia pallida) coexist with dinoflagellates (primarily Symbiodinium minutum) in a mutualistic relationship. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of these symbionts in gonad development of anemone hosts. Symbiotic and aposymbiotic anemones were subjected to light cycles that induced gametogenesis. These anemones were then sampled weekly for nine...

Raman spectroscopic analysis of the effect of the lichenicolous fungus Xanthoriicola physciae on its lichen host

Lichenicolous (lichen-dwelling) fungi have been extensively researched taxonomically over many years, and phylogenetically in recent years, but the biology of the relationship between the invading fungus and the lichen host has received limited attention, as has the effects on the chemistry of the host, being difficult to examine in situ. Raman spectroscopy is an established...

Characterization and diversity of rhizobia nodulating selected tree legumes in Ghana

The study was conducted to assess the characteristics and diversity of the rhizobia that nodulate some prominent tree legumes in three soils of Ghana. Five introduced and/or indigenous tree legumes were initially assessed for nodulation in three Ghanaian soils. After 12 weeks of growth in nursery pots the 200 rhizobial strains isolated from their nodules were characterized...

Characterization of innate immunity genes in the parasitic nematode Brugia malayi

The filarial nematode Brugia malayi is one of the causative agents of lymphatic filariasis, a neglected tropical disease that affects 120 million people worldwide. The limited effectiveness of available anthelmintics and the absence of a vaccine have prompted extensive research on the interaction between Brugia and its obligate bacterial endosymbiont, Wolbachia. Recent studies...

Root-inhabiting fungi in alien plant species in relation to invasion status and soil chemical properties

In order to recognize interactions between alien vascular plants and soil microorganisms and thus better understand the mechanisms of plant invasions, we examined the mycorrhizal status, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization rate, arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) morphology and presence of fungal root endophytes in 37 non-native species in Central Europe. We also studied the...

The diversity of endophytic fungi in the above-ground tissue of two Lycopodium species in Poland

Endophytes are a large and diverse group of fungi that colonize healthy plant tissues without causing any symptoms. The majority of studies have focused on angiosperm and conifer hosts and few have examined the endophytes of lycophytes. In the present study, we characterized culturable endophytic fungi in two closely related Lycopodium species (L. annotinum and L. clavatum) from...

New insights into diversity and selectivity of trentepohlialean lichen photobionts from the extratropics

Aerial green algae of Trentepohliaceae can form conspicuous free-living colonies, be parasites of plants or photobionts of lichen-forming ascomycetes. So far, their diversity in temperate regions is still poorly known as it has been mostly studied by phenotypic approaches only. We present new insights in the phylogenetic relationships of lichenized representatives from temperate...