Symbiosis

http://link.springer.com/journal/13199

List of Papers (Total 34)

Review article: The meristem in indeterminate root nodules of Faboideae

In this review, the anatomy of indeterminate legume root nodule is briefly summarized. Next, the indeterminate nodule meristem activity, organization and cell ultrastructure are described in species with a distinct nodule meristem zonation. Finally, the putative primary endogenous factors controlling nodule meristem maintenance are discussed in the context of the well-studied root ...

Protein import into the photosynthetic organelles of Paulinella chromatophora and its implications for primary plastid endosymbiosis

The rhizarian amoeba Paulinella chromatophora harbors two photosynthetically active organelles of cyanobacterial origin that have been acquired independently of classic primary plastids. Because their acquisition did take place relatively recently, they are expected to provide new insight into the ancient cyanobacterial primary endosymbiosis. During the process of Paulinella ...

Structural changes in Medicago truncatula root nodules caused by short-term aluminum stress

Aluminum in the form of Al3+ is one of the most toxic heavy metal pollutants in nature and its effects are primarily root-related. Roots of Medicago truncatula exposed to 50 μM of AlCl3 for 2 h and 24 h were examined by light and electron microscopy. Changes in the appearance of the host cells, infection threads and bacteroidal tissue occurred during the first 2 h of Al stress. ...

LEC-2, a highly variable lectin in the lichen Peltigera membranacea

Lectins are a diverse group of carbohydrate binding proteins often involved in cellular interactions. A lectin gene, lec-2, was identified in the mycobiont of the lichen Peltigera membranacea. Sequencing of lec-2 open reading frames from 21 individual samples showed an unexpectedly high level of polymorphism in the deduced protein (LEC-2), which was sorted into nine haplotypes ...

Movement of fluorescent dyes Lucifer Yellow (LYCH) and carboxyfluorescein (CF) in Medicago truncatula Gaertn. roots and root nodules

Lucifer Yellow (LYCH) and carboxyfluorescein (CF) served in Medicago truncatula roots and root nodules as the markers of apoplastic and symplastic transport, respectively. The aim of this study was to understand better the water and photoassimilate translocation pathways to and within nodules. The present study shows that in damaged roots LYCH moves apoplastically through the ...

Targeted genome enrichment for efficient purification of endosymbiont DNA from host DNA

Wolbachia endosymbionts are widespread in arthropods and are generally considered reproductive parasites, inducing various phenotypes including cytoplasmic incompatibility, parthenogenesis, feminization and male killing, which serve to promote their spread through populations. In contrast, Wolbachia infecting filarial nematodes that cause human diseases, including elephantiasis and ...

A proposed mechanism for nitrogen acquisition by grass seedlings through oxidation of symbiotic bacteria

In this paper we propose and provide evidence for a mechanism, oxidative nitrogen scavenging (ONS), whereby seedlings of some grass species may extract nitrogen from symbiotic diazotrophic bacteria through oxidation by plant-secreted reactive oxygen species (ROS). Experiments on this proposed mechanism employ tall fescue (Festuca arundinaceae) seedlings to elucidate features of the ...