International Ophthalmology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10792

List of Papers (Total 77)

Peyronie’s disease and Dupuytren’s contracture secondary to topical timolol

IntroductionTopical beta-blockers are a proven and safe medication used in the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Local and systemic side effects are, however, well documented. Systemic side effects can include severe cardio-respiratory impairment, endocrine dysfunction, as well as headache and hyper-somnolence. Disorders involving fibrosis such as Peyronie’s disease...

Long-term impact of dry eye symptoms on vision-related quality of life after phacoemulsification surgery

PurposeTo observe the long-term changes in dry eye symptoms and vision-related quality of life in age-related cataract patients after phacoemulsification.MethodsA total of 101 cataract patients after phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation (Ph-IOL) in one eye were enrolled. Visual acuity, tear film breakup time (BUT), and Schirmer test 1 (ST1) were measured before and...

Pars plana vitrectomy with transscleral fixation of posterior chamber lens in the treatment of post-traumatic lens dislocation

Purpose To present our experience with post-traumatic lens dislocation management by vitrectomy followed with sutureless artificial lens fixation. Methods The retrospective study involved 15 patients (12 men and 3 women) aged from 36 to 78 (on average, 63 years old), from the Vitreoretinal Surgery Teaching Hospital, operated in the years 2013–2015. All cases concerned ocular...

Successful recovery from misdirection syndrome in nanophthalmic eyes by performing an anterior vitrectomy through the anterior chamber

Purpose To determine the effectiveness of iridectomy, capsulotomy and anterior vitrectomy through the anterior chamber to treat misdirection syndrome in pseudophakic nanophthalmic eyes. Methods This was a non-comparative study of seven nanophthalmic eyes from four consecutive patients. All eyes developed misdirection syndrome after successful cataract surgery. Treatment for...

Prompt 27-gauge sutureless transconjunctival vitrectomy for bleb-associated endophthalmitis

Purpose To summarize the characters of 6 bleb-associated endophthalmitis (BAE) cases and to report the outcomes of prompt 27-gauge sutureless transconjunctival vitrectomy to treat these cases. Methods Retrospective, non-randomized, consecutive case series of patients diagnosed with bleb-associated endophthalmitis who underwent prompt 27-gauge vitrectomy. Results The interval to...

Correction of hyperopia with astigmatism following radial keratotomy with daily disposable plus spherical contact lens: a case report

Purpose To report the refractive correction in a case of hyperopia and astigmatism following radial keratotomy. Methods A case report. Results A 47-year-old woman, who had undergone refractive surgery for radial keratotomy in both eyes 22 years before the present study, presented to our clinic with blurred vision. Her best corrected visual acuity, with spectacle correction of +3...

“What should I inject next?” Challenging treatment decisions in the multiple anti-VEGF: a review of publications exploring anti-VEGF switching for nAMD

Purpose The purpose of our work was to collate information from studies published to date focusing on switching in anti-VEGF therapy and describe the currently available data on anti-VEGF switching in nAMD. Methods A PubMed search of published articles from January 2010 to January 2017 was conducted. Published studies were compared in parameters of sample size, reason for switch...

Effect of berberine on lipopolysaccharide-induced monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-8 expression in a human retinal pigment epithelial cell line

Purpose In this study, we elucidated the effects of berberine, a major alkaloid component contained in medicinal herbs, such as Phellodendri Cortex and Coptidis Rhizoma, on expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in a human retinal pigment epithelial cell line (ARPE-19) caused by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Methods ARPE-19 cells...

An epidemiological investigation of age-related macular degeneration in aged population in China: the Hainan study

Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the risk factors in the residents aged ≥50 years in Hainan Province. Methods Random sampling was carried out in four separated cities in Hainan Province in 2015. All the subjects accomplished the standard questionnaire and ocular examinations. The diagnosis of AMD was...

Crossover clinical trial of pain relief in cataract surgery

Purpose To determine the effects of intra-operative Korean traditional music on pain experienced by Korean patients undergoing sequential bilateral cataract surgery. Methods This was a two-sequence, two-period, and two-treatment crossover study. Fifty-two patients with cataracts were divided into two groups by block randomization, and bilateral cataract surgery was performed. In...

What are the priorities for improving cataract surgical outcomes in Africa? Results of a Delphi exercise

Purpose The quality of cataract surgery delivered in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is a significant constraint to achieving the elimination of avoidable blindness. No published reports from routine SSA cataract services attain the WHO benchmarks for visual outcomes; poor outcomes (<6/60) often comprise 20% in published case series. This Delphi exercise aimed to identify and prioritise...

Complete corneal ring (MyoRing) implantation versus MyoRing implantation combined with corneal collagen crosslinking for keratoconus: 3-year follow-up

Purpose To estimate the effectiveness of complete corneal ring (MyoRing) implantation compared with MyoRing implantation combined with corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus treatment for 36 months follow-up. Design Retrospective cohort study. Materials and methods MyoRing implantation was performed in a series of 78 patients (80 eyes) with keratoconus II–III Amsler...

Performing corneal crosslinking under local anaesthesia in patients with Down syndrome

Purpose To report on the ability to perform corneal crosslinking (CXL) under local anaesthesia for the treatment of keratoconus in patients with Down syndrome. Methods Nine eyes of seven patients with both keratoconus and Down syndrome were scheduled for an epithelium-off CXL procedure under local anaesthesia. Exclusion criteria were a corneal thickness under 400 µm and the...

The correct diagnosis and therapeutic management of tear dysfunction: recommendations of the P.I.C.A.S.S.O. board

Purpose To describe a standard approach to manage tear dysfunction (TD), in order to obtain a clinically favourable outcome. TD is a highly prevalent, yet largely underdiagnosed, condition that affects from 5 to 30% of the population above 50 years old. Left untreated, TD is associated with eye discomfort and ocular surface disease, substantially affecting quality of life...

Usability and reproducibility of tear meniscus values generated via swept-source optical coherence tomography and the slit lamp with a graticule method

Purpose To investigate the usability and the reproducibility of the tear meniscus values via swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and the conventional slit lamp microscope method with a graticule. Methods The right eye was examined in 90 healthy adult subjects who were grouped according to age (group 1: 20–39 years; group 2: 40–59 years; group 3: ≥60 years). The...

Assessment of choroidal osteoma complicating choroidal neovascularization by optical coherence tomography angiography

Purpose Choroidal osteoma (CO) frequently leads to progressive visual loss due to complications of secondary choroidal neovascularization (CNV).We report herein the function of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in observation of CO complicating CNV. Methods A 25-year-old female presented to our hospital with chief complaint of sudden unilateral visual acuity...

Reversal of threatening blindness after initiation of eculizumab in Purtscher-like retinopathy secondary to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome

Purtscher-like retinopathy, a rare manifestation of systemic thrombotic microangiopathy, is a potentially visually debilitating condition with no effective proven treatment. Distinct pathogenic pathways have been proposed as etiological factors. We revisit the etiology of Purtscher-like retinopathy based on the rapid response and profound visual improvement after initiation of...

Changes in choroidal thickness in patients with diabetic retinopathy

Purpose To investigate the changes in choroidal thickness (ChT) following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and compare ChT in relation to DR severity. Methods Thirty-two eyes [19 eyes with proliferative DR (PDR) and 13 eyes with severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR)] for which PRP was necessary were analyzed. ChT was measured before PRP and at 1, 3, and...