International Ophthalmology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10792

List of Papers (Total 78)

Changes in choroidal thickness in patients with diabetic retinopathy

Purpose To investigate the changes in choroidal thickness (ChT) following panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and compare ChT in relation to DR severity. Methods Thirty-two eyes [19 eyes with proliferative DR (PDR) and 13 eyes with severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR)] for which PRP was necessary were analyzed. ChT was measured before PRP and at 1, 3, and...

Changes in patterns of uveitis at a tertiary referral center in Northern Italy: analysis of 990 consecutive cases

Purpose The role of uveitis, an uncommon ocular disease, is often neglected in research and treatment of autoimmune conditions. The study described the spectrum of uveitis at a referral center in North Italy, and compared that to a previously published series of patients. Methods We reviewed all patients with uveitis diagnosed from 2013 to 2015 at the Immunology Eye Unit...

Reappraisal of the management of Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada disease: sunset glow fundus is no more a fatality

Purpose Vogt–Koyanagi–Harada (VKH) disease is a primary autoimmune stromal choroiditis. Aim of the study was to gather a body of evidence from the literature and from experts that systemic corticosteroid combined with non-steroidal immunosuppressive therapy should become the standard of care in initial-onset VKH disease. Methods Literature was reviewed and leading experts in VKH...

Questionnaire study to gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting process of artificial eyes in children: an ocularist perspective

Purpose To gain an insight into the manufacturing and fitting of artificial eyes in children and potential improvements to the process. Method An online qualitative survey was distributed to 39 ocularists/prosthetists in Europe and Canada. Participants were recruited through purposive sampling, specifically maximum variation sampling from the researcher’s contacts and an online...

Reproducibility and repeatability of central corneal thickness measurement in healthy eyes using four different optical devices

Aim The aim of the study is to compare the measurements of central corneal thickness (CCT) performed by two examiners with four different methods at different times inter- and intra-individually. Methods Thirty healthy people were included in the study. In these measurements, an optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR), an optic coherence tomography (OCT), a specular microscopy...

Three cases of tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome with different clinical manifestations

We here describe three different clinical manifestations of tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome. We examined and diagnosed the following 3 patients: a 15-year-old boy with bilateral anterior uveitis (Case 1), a 14-year-old girl with bilateral papilledema (Case 2), and a 49-year-old woman with panuveitis (Case 3). The findings are presented herein. Case 1: The...

A novel method to reduce noise in electroretinography using skin electrodes: a study of noise level, inter-session variability, and reproducibility

To determine the feasibility of recording reproducible electroretinograms (ERGs) with skin electrodes using a new ERG system. Seventeen healthy volunteers were studied. The dark-adapted, bright-flash ERGs were recorded with a new ERG recording system (LE-4000, Tomey, Nagoya, Japan) in which the stimulus alternated between the eyes every 15 s, and each eye was stimulated eight...

Predictors for treatment outcomes after corneal crosslinking for keratoconus: a validation study

Previous research suggested that baseline corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and maximum keratometry (Kmax) are the predictors for effectiveness of corneal crosslinking (CXL) for keratoconus. The aim of this study was to validate the previously determined predictors in a new treatment cohort. A prospective cohort of 112 eyes in 90 consecutive patients was used to validate...

The importance of quantitative measurement methods for uveitis: laser flare photometry endorsed in Europe while neglected in Japan where the technology measuring quantitatively intraocular inflammation was developed

Laser flare photometry (LFP) is an objective and quantitative method to measure intraocular inflammation. The LFP technology was developed in Japan and has been commercially available since 1990. The aim of this work was to review the application of LFP in uveitis practice in Europe compared to Japan where the technology was born. We reviewed PubMed articles published on LFP and...

Mobile ultra-clean unidirectional airflow screen reduces air contamination in a simulated setting for intra-vitreal injection

The aim of this study is to determine whether the use of a mobile ultra-clean laminar airflow screen reduces the air-borne particle counts in the setting of a simulated procedure of an intra-vitreal injection. A mobile ultra-clean unidirectional airflow (UDF) screen was tested in a simulated procedure for intra-vitreal injections in a treatment room without mechanical ventilation...

Aflibercept versus ranibizumab for treating persistent diabetic macular oedema

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept versus ranibizumab for treating therapy-resistant diabetic macular oedema (DME). A 69-year-old man presented with persistent bilateral DME despite previous ranibizumab treatment. Bilateral study treatment comprised one cycle of three monthly ranibizumab injections (0.5 mg), followed by one cycle of...

Evaluation of a novel eyelid-warming device in meibomian gland dysfunction unresponsive to traditional warm compress treatment: an in vivo confocal study

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of wet chamber warming goggles (Blephasteam®) in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) unresponsive to warm compress treatment. We consecutively enrolled 50 adult patients with low-delivery, non-cicatricial, MGD, and we instructed them to apply warm compresses twice a day for 10 min for 3 weeks and to use...

Washout of pseudoexfoliation material combined with cataract surgery: a new surgical approach to lower intraocular pressure in pseudoexfoliation syndrome

Glaucoma or ocular hypertension can be caused by the presence of pseudoexfoliation (PEX) material and/or pigmented cells in the trabecular meshwork (TM) and/or in the irido-corneal angle (ICA). Accumulation of this material can be highlighted by slit-lamp (SL), gonioscopy, and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). Such material prevents aqueous humor from flowing out and thus induces...