International Ophthalmology

http://link.springer.com/journal/10792

List of Papers (Total 64)

Aflibercept versus ranibizumab for treating persistent diabetic macular oedema

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept versus ranibizumab for treating therapy-resistant diabetic macular oedema (DME). A 69-year-old man presented with persistent bilateral DME despite previous ranibizumab treatment. Bilateral study treatment comprised one cycle of three monthly ranibizumab injections (0.5 mg), followed by one cycle of ...

Washout of pseudoexfoliation material combined with cataract surgery: a new surgical approach to lower intraocular pressure in pseudoexfoliation syndrome

Glaucoma or ocular hypertension can be caused by the presence of pseudoexfoliation (PEX) material and/or pigmented cells in the trabecular meshwork (TM) and/or in the irido-corneal angle (ICA). Accumulation of this material can be highlighted by slit-lamp (SL), gonioscopy, and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). Such material prevents aqueous humor from flowing out and thus induces ...

Evaluation of a novel eyelid-warming device in meibomian gland dysfunction unresponsive to traditional warm compress treatment: an in vivo confocal study

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of wet chamber warming goggles (Blephasteam®) in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) unresponsive to warm compress treatment. We consecutively enrolled 50 adult patients with low-delivery, non-cicatricial, MGD, and we instructed them to apply warm compresses twice a day for 10 min for 3 weeks and to use ...

Long-term refractive outcomes of posterior chamber phakic (spheric and toric implantable collamer lens) intraocular lens implantation

To report the long-term refractive outcomes, safety, predictability, efficacy and complications of 349 eyes treated with posterior chamber phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs). A retrospective review of consecutive clinical cases of patients who underwent spheric implantable collamer lens (ICL) and toric ICL (TICL) implantation. The study included 349 eyes of 216 patients with sphere ...

Optical coherence tomography imaging in uveitis

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-contact noninvasive technique that allows in vivo imaging of the retina, choroid, optic nerve head, retinal nerve fiber layer, and the anterior structures of the eye. It was introduced into clinical practice two decades ago. Advances in OCT technology have been achieved by searching ultra-high-resolution OCT, adaptive optics OCT, ...

Bilateral endogenous fungal endophthalmitis

Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare and severe intraocular infection which can be vision-threatening. We describe a case of bilateral fungal endogenous endophthalmitis in a 64-year-old male which was successfully treated with systemic administration of fluconazole followed by pars plana vitrectomy with an intravitreous injection of amphotericin B.

Visual evoked potential importance in the complex mechanism of amblyopia

To compare the visual evoked potential (VEP) responses of amblyopic eyes with VEP responses of sound eyes in amblyopic children. A study of 65 amblyopic children with pattern-reversal VEPs elicited by checkerboard stimuli with large, medium and small checks. The children were classified into three groups: Group A, 22 children with anisometropic amblyopia; Group B, 16 children with ...

Comparison of a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic apodized diffractive multifocal intraocular lens

To compare outcomes between a new design apodized diffractive hydrophilic multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) (Seelens MF; study group), and a well-known apodized diffractive hydrophobic multifocal IOL (SN6AD1; control group). A comparative case series comparing refractive and visual outcomes at distance and near. Patient satisfaction with a validated questionnaire, dysphotopsia and ...

Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in a case with retinitis pigmentosa

There have been no reports describing polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in eyes with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). A 63-year-old woman who had been diagnosed as having RP was referred to us because of sudden onset of blurred vision in her right eye. Funduscopic examination revealed retinal findings typical of RP in both eyes. The macular area of the right fundus showed ...

Prospective study on retinal nerve fibre layer changes after an acute episode of phacomorphic angle closure

To investigate the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) changes after an acute attack of phacomorphic angle closure. This prospective study involved ten cases of phacomorphic angle closure that underwent cataract extraction and intraocular lens insertion after intraocular pressure lowering. Apart from visual acuity and intraocular pressure (IOP), RNFL thickness and vertical cup disc ...

Loteprednol etabonate ophthalmic suspension 0.5 %: efficacy and safety for postoperative anti-inflammatory use

Topical corticosteroids are routinely used as postoperative ocular anti-inflammatory drugs; however, adverse effects such as increased intraocular pressure (IOP) are observed with their use. While older corticosteroids such as dexamethasone and prednisolone acetate offer good anti-inflammatory efficacy, clinically significant increases in IOP (≥10 mmHg) are often associated with ...

Prevention of age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of blindness in the developed world. Although effective treatment modalities such as anti-VEGF treatment have been developed for neovascular AMD, there is still no effective treatment for geographical atrophy, and therefore the most cost-effective management of AMD is to start with prevention. This review looks at ...