Sportwissenschaft

http://link.springer.com/journal/12662

List of Papers (Total 75)

Assessing coaches’ professional knowledge

Professional competency of sport and exercise coaches has been conceptualised differently depending on the theoretical and methodical approach taken. To date, no model of professional coaching competency has been agreed upon. The aim of this study was to develop a competency model for sport coaches drawing on well-known competency models developed in the context of teacher...

Exercise-based injury prevention in football

Injuries—a major concern in a high-intensity contact sport like football—are associated with possible short- and long-term harmful consequences for the individual, the team and club as well as for the whole society. Consequently, there is need for effective injury prevention in football at all levels of play, in all age groups and in both genders. The present review summarizes...

Positive environments in youth football

Derived from Basic Psychological Needs Theory (BPNT) is the notion that the social environment may promote athletes’ basic psychological needs, which are considered important for positive development and optimal motivational functioning. The present study investigated the predictive value of perceived justice and coach feedback on basic needs satisfaction in the context of youth...

Effects of different exercise intensities in the morning on football performance components in the afternoon

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two different exercise interventions in the morning on football-specific components of performance in the afternoon under conditions simulating a competition day. In the morning on 3 experimental days, 12 football players (age 24.1 ± 5.5 years) completed three different preload interventions that were applied in a counter...

On the worlds of football and the core of the game

Neymar da Silva Santos Júnior’s transfer fee of 222 million euros clearly indicates that the lifeworld of professional football proves the well-known ideal of eleven friends, all from the same hometown, to be a romantic notion of the past. When players are measured by their market value, when clubs are capital investments and when football matches are marketed as spectacular...

Chance involvement in goal scoring in football – an empirical approach

This study examines the impact of chance in football using the case of goal scoring. For this purpose, chance in goal scoring is defined as goals involving uncontrollable or not planned aspects. “Chance variables” were defined according to the principle of downward estimation, i.e. when one of these variables is involved this is an uncontrollable or not planned aspect of scoring...

Goalkeeping in the soccer penalty kick

The goalkeeper’s difficulty in the soccer penalty kick originates from the extreme spatiotemporal constraints of the situation. The present review claims that the current understanding is biased toward attributing a goalkeeper’s success in saving a penalty kick to perceptual–cognitive skill. To investigate the goalkeeper’s skill, researchers have often adopted video tasks. In...

Crowdfunding in sports

The sale of naming rights to sport facilities is a widespread practice. However, there may be public resistance to naming rights because sport remains associated with tradition and local identity. In response, sport facility operators have searched for alternatives. The newest naming alternative comes from the stadium in Nuremberg, where the Consorsbank initiated a crowdfunding...

International comparison of differences in home advantage between level 1 and level 2 of domestic football leagues

The purpose of this study was to compare home advantage at the top two levels of the domestic leagues of a wide selection of countries worldwide. Limited previous work has been inconclusive with home advantage at level 2 appearing at least as high as at level 1. Home advantage was quantified for the most recent seven seasons of the top two levels for 47 countries worldwide and...

Muscle and tendon tissue properties of competitive soccer goalkeepers and midfielders

The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of playing-position-dependent training routines in soccer on the various muscle–tendon parameters. We hypothesized that there would be differences in such parameters between competitive goalkeepers and midfielders. According to their playing position, 21 healthy volunteers were assigned to goalkeeper (n = 7...

Heart rate and movement pattern in street soccer for homeless women

Street soccer has been shown to be effective in improving cardiovascular and musculoskeletal fitness in homeless men, due to high heart rate (HR) and multiple intense actions. The purpose of this study was to investigate HR, movement pattern, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), flow and worry during street soccer for homeless women. Fifteen homeless women (30.3 ± 5.0 years...

Pacing and perceived exertion in endurance performance in exercise therapy and health sports

When humans are physically active for an extended period of time, they regulate their physical performance in order to achieve the intended goal of that activity with an individually adequate effort. This permanent conscious or subconscious proportioning of energetic reserves towards an endpoint is termed as “pacing”. While pacing has primarily attracted notice in endurance...

Affective–Reflective Theory of physical inactivity and exercise

This article introduces a new theory, the Affective–Reflective Theory (ART) of physical inactivity and exercise. ART aims to explain and predict behavior in situations in which people either remain in a state of physical inactivity or initiate action (exercise). It is a dual-process model and assumes that exercise-related stimuli trigger automatic associations and a resulting...

Das fachdidaktische Wissen und Können von Sportlehrpersonen (PCK-Sport)

Das „pedagogical content knowledge“ (PCK) gilt in verschiedenen anderen Schulfächern als zentrale Größe der Professionskompetenz von Lehrpersonen. Für die Sportdidaktik liegen noch sehr wenige Untersuchungen vor. In diesem Beitrag werden die Ergebnisse einer umfangreichen Mixed-Methods-Untersuchung zum fachdidaktischen Wissen und Können von Sportlehrpersonen (PCK-Sport...

„Denn sie wissen nicht, was sie können …!“ – die Qualität der Performanzen von angehenden Sportlehrkräften als Verzerrer der Selbstbeurteilung

In der Kompetenzdiagnostik von angehenden Sportlehrkräften nimmt die Selbstbeurteilung einen prominenten Stellenwert ein. Bislang liegen jedoch keine Studien vor, mit Hilfe derer die Datenqualität von Selbstbeurteilungsverfahren bei angehenden Sportlehrkräften quantifiziert wurde. Dies erscheint als problematisch, denn so wird nicht klar, ob in Selbstbeurteilungsverfahren...

Intangible Effekte von Sportgroßveranstaltungen aus Sicht von Athlet/innen am Beispiel der Olympischen Jugendspiele 2010 und 2012

Nachdem die Forschungsansätze im Bereich der nicht messbaren (intangiblen) Effekte von Sportgroßveranstaltungen dürftig sind, versucht dieser Beitrag am Beispiel der Olympischen Jugendspiele (YOG) die Langzeitwirkungen der YOG aus Sicht von deutschen und österreichischen Athlet/innen, die an den YOG 2010 und 2012 teilgenommen haben, 5 bzw. 3 Jahre nach den YOG mittels einer...

Kognitive Handlungsrepräsentationen als Strukturgrundlage zur Definition von kognitiver Aktivierung im Sportunterricht

Cognitive activation is known from education research but has found only limited applicability in physical education research; therefore, this paper presents a proposal for a definition as well as a theoretical structure and process model of cognitive activation in physical education based on the currently dominant representational theory of memory and a subsequent theoretical...