Photonic Sensors

http://link.springer.com/journal/13320

List of Papers (Total 339)

An energy ratio feature extraction method for optical fiber vibration signal

The intrusion events in the optical fiber pre-warning system (OFPS) are divided into two types which are harmful intrusion event and harmless interference event. At present, the signal feature extraction methods of these two types of events are usually designed from the view of the time domain. However, the differences of time-domain characteristics for different harmful intrusion ...

Influence of annealing on X-ray radiation sensing properties of TiO2 thin film

A recent study shows that the titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin film synthesised by a chemical bath deposition technique is a very useful material for the X-ray radiation sensor. In this work, we reported the influence of annealing on the X-ray radiation detection sensitivity of the TiO2 film. The films were annealed at 333 K, 363 K, 393 K, 473 K, and 573 K for 1 hour. Structural ...

One novel type of miniaturization FBG rotation angle sensor with high measurement precision and temperature self-compensation

In order to achieve rotation angle measurement, one novel type of miniaturization fiber Bragg grating (FBG) rotation angle sensor with high measurement precision and temperature self-compensation is proposed and studied in this paper. The FBG rotation angle sensor mainly contains two core sensitivity elements (FBG1 and FBG2), triangular cantilever beam, and rotation angle transfer ...

ANSYS-based birefringence property analysis of side-hole fiber induced by pressure and temperature

In this paper, we theoretically investigate the influences of pressure and temperature on the birefringence property of side-hole fibers with different shapes of holes using the finite element analysis method. A physical mechanism of the birefringence of the side-hole fiber is discussed with the presence of different external pressures and temperatures. The strain field ...

Performance improvement of Raman distributed temperature system by using noise suppression

In Raman distributed temperature system, the key factor for performance improvement is noise suppression, which seriously affects the sensing distance and temperature accuracy. Therefore, we propose and experimentally demonstrate dynamic noise difference algorithm and wavelet transform modulus maximum (WTMM) to de-noising Raman anti-Stokes signal. Experimental results show that the ...

Study on influence of crack on the blade status using FBGs

The status detection for rotating parts is difficult since the sensor is influenced by the rotation in the inflammable, explosive, and strong magnetic environment. Based on the fiber Bragg grating sensing technology, this paper studies the influence of the natural frequency and deformation of a rotor blade affected by the size of crack in the blade. Test results show that the speed ...

Research on adaptive optics image restoration algorithm based on improved joint maximum a posteriori method

In this paper, we propose a point spread function (PSF) reconstruction method and joint maximum a posteriori (JMAP) estimation method for the adaptive optics image restoration. Using the JMAP method as the basic principle, we establish the joint log likelihood function of multi-frame adaptive optics (AO) images based on the image Gaussian noise models. To begin with, combining the ...

Characterization of polycrystalline nickel cobaltite nanostructures prepared by DC plasma magnetron co-sputtering for gas sensing applications

In this work, a gas sensor is fabricated from polycrystalline nickel cobaltite nano films deposited on transparent substrates by closed-field unbalanced dual-magnetrons (CFUBDM) co-sputtering technique. Two targets of nickel and cobalt are mounted on the cathode of discharge system and co-sputtered by direct current (DC) argon discharge plasma in presence of oxygen as a reactive ...

Detection of gain enhancement in laser-induced fluorescence of rhodamine B lasing dye by silicon dioxide nanostructures-coated cavity

In this work, nanostructured silicon dioxide films are deposited by closed-field unbalanced direct-current (DC) reactive magnetron sputtering technique on two sides of quartz cells containing rhodamine B dye dissolved in ethanol with 10‒5 M concentration as a random gain medium. The preparation conditions are optimized to prepare highly pure SiO2 nanostructures with a minimum ...

Interference-based optical measurement of fluidic flow in a hollow-core fiber

In this study, we present speed and displacement measurements of micro-fluid in a hollow-core optical fiber, where an optical interference signal is created by two guided beams reflected at a fixed facet and a moving fluid end. By counting the number of intensity oscillations of the signal, the movement of the fluid end is successfully traced with high accuracy. Furthermore, we ...

An HDR imaging method with DTDI technology for push-broom cameras

Conventionally, high dynamic-range (HDR) imaging is based on taking two or more pictures of the same scene with different exposure. However, due to a high-speed relative motion between the camera and the scene, it is hard for this technique to be applied to push-broom remote sensing cameras. For the sake of HDR imaging in push-broom remote sensing applications, the present paper ...

Sensitivity enhancement of nonlinear waveguide sensors with conducting graphene layer: TE mode

We propose a three-layer waveguide sensor. The proposed sensor consists of a graphene thin layer with constant conductivity at the interface between air and dielectric media with thickness d sitting above a nonlinear layer. The sensitivity of the sensor is derived from the dispersion equation. The sensitivity is calculated for both TE0 and TE1. Results show that the sensitivity of ...

Detection of laser-produced tin plasma emission lines in atmospheric environment by optical emission spectroscopy technique

A spectroscopic study on laser-produced tin plasma utilizing the optical emission spectroscopy (OES) technique is presented. Plasma is produced from a solid tin target irradiated with pulsed laser in room environment. Electron temperature is determined at different laser peak powers from the ratio of line intensities, while electron density is deduced from Saha-Boltzmann equation. ...

Development of high temperature acoustic emission sensing system using fiber Bragg grating

In some applications in structural health monitoring (SHM), the acoustic emission (AE) detection technology is used in the high temperature environment. In this paper, a high-temperature-resistant AE sensing system is developed based on the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor. A novel high temperature FBG AE sensor is designed with a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared with the ...

Short cavity DFB fiber laser based vector hydrophone for low frequency signal detection

A short cavity distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser is used for low frequency acoustic signal detection. Three DFB fiber lasers with different central wavelengths are chained together to make three-element vector hydrophone with proper sensitivity enhancement design, which has extensive and significant applications to underwater acoustic monitoring for the national defense, oil, ...

Analytical study of planar waveguide sensor with a metamaterial guiding layer

Sensitivities of three-layer and four-layer planar waveguide sensors having metamaterial as guiding layer are analyzed for p-polarization of incident light and compared with existing results. Proposed sensors show improved cover layer sensitivity for each case of the cover layer refractive index. Also, proposed sensors demonstrate improved adlayer sensitivity for different values ...

Large strain detection of SRM composite shell based on fiber Bragg grating sensor

There may be more than 2% strain of carbon fiber composite material on solid rocket motor (SRM) in some extreme cases. A surface-bonded silica fiber Bragg grating (FBG) strain sensor coated by polymer is designed to detect the large strain of composite material. The strain transfer relation of the FBG large strain sensor is deduced, and the strain transfer mechanism is verified by ...

A micro S-shaped optical fiber temperature sensor based on dislocation fiber splice

We fabricated a simple, compact, and stable temperature sensor based on an S-shaped dislocated optical fiber. The dislocation optical fiber has two splice points, and we obtained the optimal parameters based on the theory and our experiment, such as the dislocation amount and length of the dislocation optical fiber. According to the relationship between the temperature and the peak ...

Review on pressure sensors for structural health monitoring

This paper reports the state of art in a variety of pressure and the detailed study of various matrix based pressure sensors. The performances of the bridges, buildings, etc. are threatened by earthquakes, material degradations, and other environmental effects. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is crucial to protect the people and also for assets planning. This study is a ...

Thermal analysis and experimental study of end-pumped Nd: YLF laser at 1053 nm

We have numerically analyzed the thermal effects in Nd: YLF laser rod. The calculations of temperature and stress distributions in the Nd: YLF laser rod was performed with finite element (FE) simulations. The calculations showed that the laser rod could be pumped up to a power of 40 W without fracture caused by thermal stress. The calculated thermal lens power of thermally induced ...

Two-channel highly sensitive sensors based on 4 × 4 multimode interference couplers

We propose a new kind of microring resonators (MRR) based on 4 × 4 multimode interference (MMI) couplers for multichannel and highly sensitive chemical and biological sensors. The proposed sensor structure has advantages of compactness and high sensitivity compared with the reported sensing structures. By using the transfer matrix method (TMM) and numerical simulations, the designs ...

Novel design of ring resonator based temperature sensor using photonics technology

In the present paper, we study the transmission of the two-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) superellipse ring resonator. The fast growing applications of optomechanical systems lead to strong demands in new sensing mechanism in order to design the sensing elements to nanometer scale. The photonic crystal based resonator has been investigated as promising solutions because the band ...

Research on a new fiber-optic axial pressure sensor of transformer winding based on fiber Bragg grating

Based on the principle of the fiber Bragg grating, a new type of fiber-optic pressure sensor for axial force measurement of transformer winding is designed, which is designed with the structure of bending plate beam, the optimization of the packaging process, and material of the sensor. Through the calibration experiment to calibrate the sensor, the field test results of the Taikai ...

Principle and experiment of protein detection based on optical fiber sensing

A method for detecting protein molecules based on the tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) surface plasma resonance (SPR) is proposed to achieve the quick online real-time detection of trace amount of proteins. The detection principles of the TFBG-SPR protein molecular probe are analyzed, and its feasibility is demonstrated. The intermediary material between the protein molecules and ...

Development of high sensitivity eight-element multiplexed fiber laser acoustic pressure hydrophone array and interrogation system

Fiber laser hydrophones have got widespread concerns due to the unique advantages and broad application prospects. In this paper, the research results of the eight-element multiplexed fiber laser acoustic pressure array and the interrogation system are introduced, containing low-noise distributed feedback fiber laser (DFB-FL) fabrication, sensitivity enhancement packaging, and ...