Photonic Sensors

http://link.springer.com/journal/13320

List of Papers (Total 360)

Study on CA-CFAR Algorithm Based on Normalization Processing of Background Noise for HI of Optical Fiber

Optical fiber pre-warning system (OFPS) is often used to monitor the occurrence of disasters such as the leakage of oil and natural gas pipeline. It analyzes the collected vibration signals to judge whether there is any harmful intrusion (HI) events. At present, the research in this field is mainly focused on the constant false alarm rate (CFAR) methods and derivative algorithms...

RVFL-Based Optical Fiber Intrusion Signal Recognition With Multi-Level Wavelet Decomposition as Feature

The optical fiber pre-warning system (OFPS) has been gradually considered as one of the important means for pipeline safety monitoring. Intrusion signal types are correctly identified which could reduce the cost of troubleshooting and maintenance of the pipeline. Most of the previous feature extraction methods in OFPS are usually quested from the view of time domain. However, in...

Composite Sinusoidal Nanograting With Long-Range SERS Effect for Label-Free TNT Detection

A composite one-dimensional (1D) Ag sinusoidal nanograting aiming at label-free surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection of TNT with robust and reproducible enhancements is discussed. 1D periodic sinusoidal SiO2 grating followed by Ag evaporation is proposed for the creation of reproducible and effective SERS substrate based on surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). The...

Porous Silicon Based Bragg-Grating Resonator for Refractive Index Biosensor

In this work, we have evaluated the biosensing capability of the porous silicon (PSi) based sidewall Bragg-grating resonator. The approximation of the quasi-TE mode full vector for the eigenmode calculation is performed using a full vector mode solver. The transmission spectra of the device are evaluated using the transfer matrix method. We have observed a shift in the resonant...

Mellin Transform-Based Correction Method for Linear Scale Inconsistency of Intrusion Events Identification in OFPS

For the problem that the linear scale of intrusion signals in the optical fiber pre-warning system (OFPS) is inconsistent, this paper presents a method to correct the scale. Firstly, the intrusion signals are intercepted, and an aggregate of the segments with equal length is obtained. Then, the Mellin transform (MT) is applied to convert them into the same scale. The spectral...

Strong Influence of Temperature and Vacuum on the Photoluminescence of In0.3Ga0.7As Buried and Surface Quantum Dots

The strong influences of temperature and vacuum on the optical properties of In0.3Ga0.7As surface quantum dots (SQDs) are systematically investigated by photoluminescence (PL) measurements. For comparison, optical properties of buried quantum dots (BQDs) are also measured. The line-width, peak wavelength, and lifetime of SQDs are significantly different from the BQDs with the...

Calibration Method to Eliminate Zeroth Order Effect in Lateral Shearing Interferometry

In this paper, a calibration method is proposed which eliminates the zeroth order effect in lateral shearing interferometry. An analytical expression of the calibration error function is deduced, and the relationship between the phase-restoration error and calibration error is established. The analytical results show that the phase-restoration error introduced by the calibration...

Laser Spot Center Detection and Comparison Test

High efficiency and precision of the pot center detection are the foundations of avionics instrument navigation and optics measurement basis for many applications. It has noticeable impact on overall system performance. Among them, laser spot detection is very important in the optical measurement technology. In order to improve the low accuracy of the spot center position, the...

Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves in Slab Waveguide Structure Consisting of Chiral Nihility Claddings and Negative-Index Material Core Layer

The dispersion equation of an asymmetric three-layer slab waveguide, in which all layers are chiral materials is presented. Then, the dispersion equation of a symmetric slab waveguide, in which the claddings are chiral materials and the core layer is negative index material, is derived. Normalized cut-off frequencies, field profile, and energies flow of right-handed and left...

SNR Improvement of QEPAS System by Preamplifier Circuit Optimization and Frequency Locked Technique

Preamplifier circuit noise is of great importance in quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) system. In this paper, several noise sources are evaluated and discussed in detail. Based on the noise characteristics, the corresponding noise reduction method is proposed. In addition, a frequency locked technique is introduced to further optimize the QEPAS system noise and...

Integrative Multi-Spectral Sensor Device for Far-Infrared and Visible Light Fusion

Infrared and visible light image fusion technology is a hot spot in the research of multi-sensor fusion technology in recent years. Existing infrared and visible light fusion technologies need to register before fusion because of using two cameras. However, the application effect of the registration technology has yet to be improved. Hence, a novel integrative multi-spectral...

Brillouin Scattering Spectrum Analysis Based on Auto-Regressive Spectral Estimation

Auto-regressive (AR) spectral estimation technology is proposed to analyze the Brillouin scattering spectrum in Brillouin optical time-domain refelectometry. It shows that AR based method can reliably estimate the Brillouin frequency shift with an accuracy much better than fast Fourier transform (FFT) based methods provided the data length is not too short. It enables about 3...

Analytical Characterization on Pulse Propagation in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier Based on Homotopy Analysis Method

Starting from the basic equations describing the evolution of the carriers and photons inside a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), the equation governing pulse propagation in the SOA is derived. By employing homotopy analysis method (HAM), a series solution for the output pulse by the SOA is obtained, which can effectively characterize the temporal features of the nonlinear...

Temperature Compensation Fiber Bragg Grating Pressure Sensor Based on Plane Diaphragm

Pressure sensors are the essential equipments in the field of pressure measurement. In this work, we propose a temperature compensation fiber Bragg grating (FBG) pressure sensor based on the plane diaphragm. The plane diaphragm and pressure sensitivity FBG (PS FBG) are used as the pressure sensitive components, and the temperature compensation FBG (TC FBG) is used to improve the...

Sensor-Based Inspection of the Formation Accuracy in Ultra-Precision Grinding (UPG) of Aspheric Surface Considering the Chatter Vibration

This paper proposes an experimental approach for monitoring and inspection of the formation accuracy in ultra-precision grinding (UPG) with respect to the chatter vibration. Two factors related to the grinding progress, the grinding speed of grinding wheel and spindle, and the oil pressure of the hydrostatic bearing are taken into account to determining the accuracy. In the...

Distributed Weak Fiber Bragg Grating Vibration Sensing System Based on 3 × 3 Fiber Coupler

A novel distributed weak fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) vibration sensing system has been designed to overcome the disadvantages of the conventional methods for optical fiber sensing networking, which are: low signal intensity in the usually adopted time-division multiplexing (TDM) technology, insufficient quantity of multiplexed FBGs in the wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM...

Research on FBG-Based CFRP Structural Damage Identification Using BP Neural Network

A damage identification system of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) structures is investigated using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors and back propagation (BP) neural network. FBG sensors are applied to construct the sensing network to detect the structural dynamic response signals generated by active actuation. The damage identification model is built based on the BP...

Center of gravity estimation using a reaction board instrumented with fiber Bragg gratings

The purpose of the present work is to construct a reaction board based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) that could be used for estimation of the 2D coordinates of the projection of center of gravity (CG) of an object. The apparatus is consisted of a rigid equilateral triangular board mounted on three supports at the vertices, two of which have cantilevers instrumented with FBGs...

A Monocular Vision Measurement System of Three-Degree-of-Freedom Air-Bearing Test-Bed Based on FCCSP

A monocular vision-based pose measurement system is provided for real-time measurement of a three-degree-of-freedom (3-DOF) air-bearing test-bed. Firstly, a circular plane cooperative target is designed. An image of a target fixed on the test-bed is then acquired. Blob analysis-based image processing is used to detect the object circles on the target. A fast algorithm (FCCSP...

An energy ratio feature extraction method for optical fiber vibration signal

The intrusion events in the optical fiber pre-warning system (OFPS) are divided into two types which are harmful intrusion event and harmless interference event. At present, the signal feature extraction methods of these two types of events are usually designed from the view of the time domain. However, the differences of time-domain characteristics for different harmful...

Influence of annealing on X-ray radiation sensing properties of TiO2 thin film

A recent study shows that the titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin film synthesised by a chemical bath deposition technique is a very useful material for the X-ray radiation sensor. In this work, we reported the influence of annealing on the X-ray radiation detection sensitivity of the TiO2 film. The films were annealed at 333 K, 363 K, 393 K, 473 K, and 573 K for 1 hour. Structural...

One novel type of miniaturization FBG rotation angle sensor with high measurement precision and temperature self-compensation

In order to achieve rotation angle measurement, one novel type of miniaturization fiber Bragg grating (FBG) rotation angle sensor with high measurement precision and temperature self-compensation is proposed and studied in this paper. The FBG rotation angle sensor mainly contains two core sensitivity elements (FBG1 and FBG2), triangular cantilever beam, and rotation angle...

ANSYS-based birefringence property analysis of side-hole fiber induced by pressure and temperature

In this paper, we theoretically investigate the influences of pressure and temperature on the birefringence property of side-hole fibers with different shapes of holes using the finite element analysis method. A physical mechanism of the birefringence of the side-hole fiber is discussed with the presence of different external pressures and temperatures. The strain field...

Performance improvement of Raman distributed temperature system by using noise suppression

In Raman distributed temperature system, the key factor for performance improvement is noise suppression, which seriously affects the sensing distance and temperature accuracy. Therefore, we propose and experimentally demonstrate dynamic noise difference algorithm and wavelet transform modulus maximum (WTMM) to de-noising Raman anti-Stokes signal. Experimental results show that...

Study on influence of crack on the blade status using FBGs

The status detection for rotating parts is difficult since the sensor is influenced by the rotation in the inflammable, explosive, and strong magnetic environment. Based on the fiber Bragg grating sensing technology, this paper studies the influence of the natural frequency and deformation of a rotor blade affected by the size of crack in the blade. Test results show that the...