Chemical Papers

http://link.springer.com/journal/11696

List of Papers (Total 57)

Dicationic ionic liquids as new feeding deterrents

In this study, new quaternary bis(ammonium) salts with alkyl-1,X-bis(dimethyldecylammonium) cation and saccharinate, acesulfamate, lactate and pyroglutamate anions were synthesized and characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Thermal gravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry analyses confirmed that all salts were thermally stable and the majority of them exhibited...

The range of protein hydrolysis and biogenic amines content in selected acid- and rennet-curd cheeses

The aim of this experiment was to assess the range of proteolysis and biogenic amine content in the selected rennet- and acid-curd cheeses available on the Polish market, randomly chosen for the analyses: three ripened hard with eyes cheeses, three ripened hard smooth cheeses, three ripened soft moulded cheeses, three fresh unripened acid-curd cheeses, three ripened acid-curd...

The influence of filler type on the separation properties of mixed-matrix membranes

Chitosan-based membranes filled with different metal oxide particles were prepared and their performance in ethanol dehydration process depending on the type of oxide and loading was discussed. For membrane preparation three oxides: TiO2, Cr2O3 or Fe3O4 were selected. From experimental data suitable ethanol and water transport coefficients were evaluated. As shown in the results...

The influence of chemical structure on thermal properties and surface morphology of polyurethane materials

The surface morphology and thermal properties of polyurethanes can be correlated to their chemical composition. The hydrophilicity, surface morphology, and thermal properties of polyurethanes (differed in soft segments and in linear/cross-linked structure) were investigated. The influence of poly([R,S]-3-hydroxybutyrate) presence in soft segments and blending of polyurethane with...

Effect of medium pH on chemical selectivity of oxalic acid biosynthesis by Aspergillus niger W78C in submerged batch cultures with sucrose as a carbon source

The pH of the medium is the key environmental parameter of chemical selectivity of oxalic acid biosynthesis by Aspergillus niger. The activity of the enzyme oxaloacetate hydrolase, which is responsible for decomposition of oxaloacetate to oxalate and acetate inside the cell of the fungus, is highest at pH 6. In the present study, the influence of pH in the range of 3–7 on oxalic...

The evidence of proteases in sprouted seeds and their application for animal protein digestion

It has been experimentally proven that germinated plant seeds, such as leek, red clover, broccoli, and others contain proteases, which are able to digest animal protein such as gelatin, bovine albumin, casein, and egg albumin. Preliminary tests were carried out with the use of a semi-qualitative gelatin test, which is often applied to prove the presence of fruit enzymes...

Power consumption for an agitated vessel equipped with pitched blade turbine and short baffles

Power characteristics for an agitated vessel equipped with planar short baffles of length L and pitched blade turbine of pitch β are presented in the paper. The studies were carried out in the vessel of inner diameter D = 0.6 m, where the baffles were located in the distance p from the vessel bottom (p + L = H). Torque was measured using strain gauge method within the turbulent...

Continuous laccase concentration in an aqueous two-phase system

An approach to describe continuous partitioning of Cerrena unicolor laccase in a PEG 6000—phosphate aqueous two-phase system was proposed. The laccase was separated from crude supernatant of C. unicolor-submerged culture, and all the experiments were carried out in 25 °C and pH 7 conditions. Masses of both phases and their compositions at phase equilibrium, as well as laccase...

Comparative PIV and LDA studies of Newtonian and non-Newtonian flows in an agitated tank

The paper presents results of an experimental study of the fluid velocity field in a stirred tank equipped with a Prochem Maxflo T (PMT) type impeller which was rotating at a constant frequency of N = 4.1 or 8.2 s−1 inducing transitional (Re = 499 or 1307) or turbulent (Re = 2.43 × 104) flow of the fluid. The experiments were performed for a Newtonian fluid (water) and a non...

Radiodegradation of nadolol in the solid state and identification of its radiolysis products by UHPLC–MS method

Nadolol ((2R*,3S*)-5-{[(2R*)-3-(tert-butylamino)-2-hydroxypropyl]oxy}-1,2,3,4 tetrahydronaphthalene-2,3-diol) in substantia was exposed to ionizing radiation generated by a beam of high-energy electrons in an accelerator, in the standard sterilisation dose of 25 kGy and in higher doses of 50 − 400 kGy. The irradiated and non-irradiated (control) samples were analysed by the...

Facilitated transport of palladium(II) across polymer inclusion membrane with ammonium ionic liquid as effective carrier

This work focuses on the application of polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) with tricaprylmethylammonium thiosalicylate, [A336][TS] (TOMATS), a thiol-containing task-specific ionic liquid for the transport of Pd(II) ions from aqueous solutions. 0.3 M thiourea in 0.1 M hydrochloric acid was found the most effective stripping phase in the transport of Pd(II) from membrane phase...

The long-term studies of osmotic membrane distillation

The results of osmotic membrane distillation carried out for 2.5 years were presented in this work. The influence of the process conditions, such as temperature and brine concentration on the permeate flux, was investigated. The saturated NaCl solutions and distilled water were used as a stripping solution and feed, respectively. A continuous regeneration of stripping solution...

A simple economic and heat transfer analysis of the nanoparticles use

In this paper, a review of the impact of most common nanoparticles on the Leidenfrost temperature T Leid in heat transfer applications is delivered. Moreover, a simple economic analysis of the nanoparticles use is proposed. When coolant is distilled water, T Leid can range 150–220 °C; occasionally, it can even amount to over 400 °C. When the base liquid is modified by additives...

Degradability of cross-linked polyurethanes based on synthetic polyhydroxybutyrate and modified with polylactide

In many areas of application of conventional non-degradable cross-linked polyurethanes (PUR), there is a need for their degradation under the influence of specific environmental factors. It is practiced by incorporation of sensitive to degradation compounds (usually of natural origin) into the polyurethane structure, or by mixing them with polyurethanes. Cross-linked...