Damage data on low-to-mid-rise Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings, collected during the UK Earthquake Engineering Field Investigation Team post-earthquake reconnaissance mission on the August 24 Central Italy earthquake, are employed to derive empirical fragility relationships. Given the small dataset, the new data distributions are used for the Bayesian update of fragility ...

The analysis of structures is a fundamental part of seismic design and assessment. It began more than a 100 years ago, when static analysis with lateral loads of about 10% of the weight of the structure was adopted in seismic regulations. For a long time seismic loads of this size remained in the majority of seismic codes worldwide. In the course of time, more advanced analysis ...

In the initial online publication of this article, the word “seismic” was missing from the title. The original article has been corrected.

The y-axis label of Fig. 8 should preferably be τ 0,s,l . The caption to Fig. 9 should read:Fig. 9 Total τ mech of CEA15 compared with the weighted standard deviation τ 0,n of the between-events residuals as explained in the text

The following changes are needed to demonstrate more clearly and precisely the use of sources in Eqs. (14), (15) and (17) in Sect. 6.2 Sufficiency of the original publication.

The impact of the two seismic events of August 24th 2016 on the municipality of Amatrice was highly destructive. There were 298 victims, 386 injured, about 5000 homeless, and the historical center of the town suffered a great number of partial and total collapses. The 260 strong motion records obtained for the first event were analyzed and plotted in a shakemap, comparing them with ...

In regions that undergo low deformation rates, as is the case for metropolitan France (i.e. the part of France in Europe), the use of historical seismicity, in addition to instrumental data, is necessary when dealing with seismic hazard assessment. This paper presents the strategy adopted to develop a parametric earthquake catalogue using moment magnitude Mw, as the reference ...

Viscous dampers are widely employed for enhancing the seismic performance of structural systems, and their design is often carried out using simplified approaches to account for the uncertainty in the seismic input. This paper introduces a novel and rigorous approach that allows to explicitly consider the variability of the intensity and characteristics of the seismic input in ...

Surface wave methods gained in the past decades a primary role in many seismic projects. Specifically, they are often used to retrieve a 1D shear wave velocity model or to estimate the VS,30 at a site. The complexity of the interpretation process and the variety of possible approaches to surface wave analysis make it very hard to set a fixed standard to assure quality and ...

Strong-motion data from large (M ≥ 7.2) shallow crustal earthquakes invariably make up a small proportion of the records used to develop empirical ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Consequently GMPEs are more poorly constrained for large earthquakes than for small events. In this article peak ground accelerations (PGAs) observed in 38 earthquakes worldwide with M ≥ 7.2 ...

The estimation of the seismological parameters of historical earthquakes is a key step when performing seismic hazard assessment in moderate seismicity regions as France. We propose an original method to assess magnitude and depth of historical earthquakes using intensity data points. A flowchart based on an exploration tree (ET) approach allows to apply a consistent methodology to ...

A three-dimensional model of the Sichuan basin was established by incorporating the Quaternary Chengdu plain, the near surface sediment, the crystalline basement, the 1D crustal velocity structure, and the realistic surface topography of the basin. Based on this model, and by using the spectral-element method and a parallel computing technique, the low frequency (0.05–0.5 Hz) wave ...

Pipe bends, often referred to as “elbows”, are special pipeline components, widely used in onshore buried steel pipelines. They are sensitive to imposed deformations and their structural behavior is quite flexible and associated with the development of significant stress and strain, which may lead to failure. In the present paper, the mechanical performance of buried steel pipeline ...

A key component in seismic hazard assessment is the estimation of ground motion for hard rock sites, either for applications to installations built on this site category, or as an input motion for site response computation. Empirical ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) are the traditional basis for estimating ground motion while VS30 is the basis to account for site ...

Data provided by accelerometric networks are important for seismic hazard assessment. The correct use of accelerometric signals is conditioned by the station site metadata quality (i.e., soil class, VS30, velocity profiles, and other relevant information that can help to quantify site effects). In France, the permanent accelerometric network consists of about 150 stations. ...

Seismic signal windowing is the preliminary step for many analysis procedures in engineering seismology (standard spectral ratio, quality factor, general inversion techniques, etc.). Moreover a noise window is often necessary for the data quality control through the signal-to-noise verification. Selecting the noise window can be challenging when large heterogeneous datasets are ...

This Special Issue describes some steps for introducing measurable improvements into Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment, done during the Italian Project S2-2014 “Constraining Observations into Seismic Hazard”. The papers here gathered cover different topics, but are joint by the common aim of confronting models’ results with observations. In this volume, some contributions for ...

This study proposes an “optimal” spectral acceleration based intensity measure (IM) to assess the collapse capacity of generic moment frames vulnerable to the P-delta effect. The IM is derived from the geometric mean of the spectral pseudo-acceleration over a certain period interval. The optimized IM includes for first time a flexible lower limit for the period interval, ...

A regional shear-wave velocity (VS) model has been developed for the Groningen gas field in the Netherlands as the basis for seismic microzonation of an area of more than 1000 km2. The VS model, extending to a depth of almost 1 km, is an essential input to the modelling of hazard and risk due to induced earthquakes in the region. The detailed VS profiles are constructed from a ...

Accelerometric data from the well-studied valley EUROSEISTEST are used to investigate ground motion uncertainty and variability. We define a simple local ground motion prediction equation (GMPE) and investigate changes in standard deviation (σ) and its components, the between-event variability (τ) and within-event variability (φ). Improving seismological metadata significantly ...

An estimation method for earthquake-induced pore water pressure and the post-earthquake settlement of soft clay was developed by focusing on its Atterberg’s limits and the direction of cyclic shearing. To clarify the fundamental characteristics of clays with different Atterberg’s limits under multi-directional cyclic shear, normally consolidated specimens of Kaolinite clay, Tokyo ...