AMB Express

http://link.springer.com/journal/13568

List of Papers (Total 755)

Optimization of chromium and tannic acid bioremediation by Aspergillus niveus using Plackett–Burman design and response surface methodology

A chromium and tannic acid resistance fungal strain was isolated from tannery effluent, and identified as Aspergillus niveus MCC 1318 based on its rDNA gene sequence. The MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) of the isolate against chromium and tannic acid was found to be 200 ppm and 5% respectively. Optimization of physiochemical parameters for biosorption of chromium and...

Yeasts and bacterial biosurfactants as demulsifiers for petroleum derivative in seawater emulsions

Oil sludge or waste generated in transport, storage or refining forms highly stable mixtures due to the presence and additives with surfactant properties and water forming complex emulsions. Thus, demulsification is necessary to separate this residual oil from the aqueous phase for oil processing and water treatment/disposal. Most used chemical demulsifiers, although effective...

Improving cellulase production in submerged fermentation by the expression of a Vitreoscilla hemoglobin in Trichoderma reesei

Trichoderma reesei is well known as an industrial workhorse fungus in cellulase production. The low dissolved oxygen supply in the highly viscous medium of T. reesei remains a major bottleneck that hampers growth and cellulase production in submerged fermentation. Vitreoscilla hemoglobin (VHb) has been demonstrated to improve metabolism and protein production in different...

Controlling Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus biofilms with direct current and chlorhexidine

Microbial biofilms formed on biomaterials are major causes of chronic infections. Among them, Gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus are important pathogens causing infections associated with dental caries (tooth-decay) and other medical implants. Unfortunately, current antimicrobial approaches are ineffective in disrupting established biofilms and...

Characterization of a novel yeast species Metschnikowia persimmonesis KCTC 12991BP (KIOM G15050 type strain) isolated from a medicinal plant, Korean persimmon calyx (Diospyros kaki Thumb)

The yeast strain Metschnikowia persimmonesis Kang and Choi et al., sp. nov. [type strain KIOM_G15050 = Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC) 12991BP] was isolated from the stalk of native persimmon cultivars (Diospyros kaki Thumb) obtained from different regions of South Korea and was characterized phenotypically, genetically, and physiologically. The isolate grew between 4...

Significant increase in cyanide degradation by Bacillus sp. M01 PTCC 1908 with response surface methodology optimization

Cyanide is used in many industries despite its toxicity. Cyanide biodegradation is affordable and eco-friendly. Sampling from cyanide-contaminated areas from the Muteh gold mine and isolation of 24 bacteria were performed successfully. The selected bacteria—‘Bacillus sp. M01’—showed maximum tolerance (15 mM) to cyanide and deposited in Persian Type Culture Collection by PTCC No...

Effects of combined application of nitrogen fertilizer and biochar on the nitrification and ammonia oxidizers in an intensive vegetable soil

Soil amended with single biochar or nitrogen (N) fertilizer has frequently been reported to alter soil nitrification process due to its impact on soil properties. However, little is known about the dynamic response of nitrification and ammonia-oxidizers to the combined application of biochar and N fertilizer in intensive vegetable soil. In this study, an incubation experiment was...

Characterization of a beta-glucosidase from Bacillus licheniformis and its effect on bioflocculant degradation

Bacillus licheniformis CGMCC 2876, an aerobic spore-forming bacterium, produces a polysaccharide bioflocculant that is biodegradable and harmless. The present study determined that β-glucosidase played a negative role in bioflocculant synthesis. The gene encoding β-glucosidase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. This gene consists of 1437 bp and encodes 478 amino...

Metagenomic analysis reveals potential interactions in an artificial coculture

Disentangling the interactions between cyanobacteria and associated bacterial community is important for understanding the mechanisms that mediate the formation of cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater ecosystems. Despite the fact that a metagenomic approach enables researchers to profile the structure of microbial communities associated with cyanobacteria, reconstructing genome...

Taxonomic identification of the thermotolerant and fast-growing fungus Lichtheimia ramosa H71D and biochemical characterization of the thermophilic xylanase LrXynA

The zygomycete fungus Lichtheimia ramosa H71D, isolated from sugarcane bagasse compost, was identified by applying phylogenetic analysis based on the DNA sequence of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS), and subsequent secondary structure analysis of ITS2. L. ramosa H71D was able to grow over a wide range of temperatures (25–45 °C), manifesting optimal growth at 37 °C. A 64 kDa...

Linear and exponential TAIL-PCR: a method for efficient and quick amplification of flanking sequences adjacent to Tn5 transposon insertion sites

Current genome walking methods are very time consuming, and many produce non-specific amplification products. To amplify the flanking sequences that are adjacent to Tn5 transposon insertion sites in Serratia marcescens FZSF02, we developed a genome walking method based on TAIL-PCR. This PCR method added a 20-cycle linear amplification step before the exponential amplification...

Antimicrobial action of methanolic seed extracts of Syzygium cumini Linn. on Bacillus subtilis

Phytochemicals of Syzygium cumini are used for the treatment of various diseases as a traditional medicine but the mechanism behind their action is not well reported. Antimicrobial activity of methanolic seed extract of S. cumini was done by agar well diffusion assay on Bacillus subtilis and its zone of inhibition was found to be 20.06 mm in comparison to control having no zone...

Production of bioactive liver-targeting interferon Mu-IFN-CSP by soluble prokaryotic expression

A novel liver-targeting interferon (IFN-CSP) was successfully over-expressed in our previous work. The in vitro and in vivo investigation revealed that IFN-CSP has significant anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) effect and liver-targeting capacity. However, due to the IFN-CSP tends to form inclusion bodies in recombinant Escherichia coli (E. coli), efficient production of the soluble...

Responses of zinc recovery to temperature and mineral composition during sphalerite bioleaching process

Temperature and energy resources (e.g., iron, sulfur and organic matter) usually undergo dynamic changes, and play important roles during industrial bioleaching process. Thus, it is essential to investigate their synergistic effects and the changes of their independent effects with simultaneous actions of multi-factors. In this study, we explored the synergistic effects of...

Effect of incubation duration, growth temperature, and abiotic surface type on cell surface properties, adhesion and pathogenicity of biofilm-detached Staphylococcus aureus cells

The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of growth conditions such as the temperature (20, 30 and 37 °C), incubation duration (24 and 48 h) and surface type (stainless steel and polycarbonate) on the cell surface physicochemical properties and adhesion to abiotic surfaces of biofilm-detached and planktonic Staphylococcus aureus cells. This study tested also the...

Two-stage mixotrophic cultivation for enhancing the biomass and lipid productivity of Chlorella vulgaris

This study proposes a two-stage mixotrophic process for cultivating Chlorella vulgaris. Heterotrophic growth is the dominant step in Phase I (to increase microalgal biomass) and photoautotrophic growth occurs in Phase II (to improve biomass concentration and lipid production). The results show that the addition of the low-cost antioxidant sodium erythorbate (8 g L−1...

LsrB-based and temperature-dependent identification of bacterial AI-2 receptor

The luxS gene is required for autoinducer-2 (AI-2) synthesis in many bacterial species. AI-2 is taken up by a specific receptor to regulate multiple bacterial activities. However, the lack of methods to identify AI-2 receptors has impeded investigations into the roles of AI-2. Here, a luxS mutant of Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3) was constructed (named BL21∆luxS), and the...

Improved conversion of ginsenoside Rb1 to compound K by semi-rational design of Sulfolobus solfataricus β-glycosidase

Ginsenoside compound K has been used as a key nutritional and cosmetic component because of its anti-fatigue and skin anti-aging effects. β-Glycosidase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SS-BGL) is known as the most efficient enzyme for compound K production. The hydrolytic pathway from ginsenoside Rb1 to compound K via Rd and F2 is the most important because Rb1 is the most abundant...

Novel archaeal thermostable cellulases from an oil reservoir metagenome

Microbial assemblages were sampled from an offshore deep sub-surface petroleum reservoir 2.5 km below the ocean floor off the coast of Norway, providing conditions of high temperature and pressure, to identify new thermostable enzymes. In this study, we used DNA sequences obtained directly from the sample metagenome and from a derived fosmid library to survey the functional...

Utilization of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation residues as feedstock for lipid accumulation in Rhodococcus opacus

Use of oleaginous microorganisms as “micro-factories” for accumulation of single cell oils for biofuel production has increased significantly to mitigate growing energy demands, resulting in efforts to upgrade industrial waste, such as second-generation lignocellulosic residues, into potential feedstocks. Dilute-acid pretreatment (DAP) is commonly used to alter the...

Overexpression of CsLEA11, a Y3SK2-type dehydrin gene from cucumber (Cucumis sativus), enhances tolerance to heat and cold in Escherichia coli

As the group II LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) proteins, dehydrins (DHNs) play an important role in plant growth and development, as well as in response to abiotic or biotic stress challenges. In this study, a DHN gene named CsLEA11 was identified and characterized from Cucumis sativus. Sequence analysis of CsLEA11 showed that it is a Y3SK2-type DHN protein rich in hydrophilic...

Assessment of heavy metal tolerance and biosorptive potential of Klebsiella variicola isolated from industrial effluents

Heavy metal contamination now a day is one of the major global environmental concerns. Textile effluents of Faisalabad Pakistan are heavily contaminated with heavy metals and demands to explore native microorganisms as effective bioremediation tool. Study aimed to isolate heavy metal tolerant bacteria from textile effluents of Faisalabad Pakistan and to evaluate their biosorptive...

Legacy effects of continuous chloropicrin-fumigation for 3-years on soil microbial community composition and metabolic activity

Chloropicrin is widely used to control ginger wilt in China, which have an enormous impact on soil microbial diversity. However, little is known on the possible legacy effects on soil microbial community composition with continuous fumigation over different years. In this report, we used high throughput Illumina sequencing and Biolog ECO microplates to determine the bacterial...

Construction of an HRP-streptavidin bound antigen and its application in an ELISA for porcine circovirus 2 antibodies

A fusion protein SBP-Cap∆41, consisting of Cap∆41 (without 41 amino acids at the N-terminus) protein of porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) and a streptavidin binding peptide (SBP), was constructed. This fusion protein binds to HRP-labeled streptavidin (HRP-SA) through high affinity between SBP and SA, forming an HRP-streptavidin bound antigen (Hsb-Ag) with both immunoreactivity and...