Nucleic Acids Research

https://academic.oup.com/nar

List of Papers (Total 5,756)

Dissecting the role of conserved box C/D sRNA sequences in di-sRNP assembly and function

In all three kingdoms of life, nucleotides in ribosomal RNA (rRNA) are post-transcriptionally modified. One type of chemical modification is 2′-O-ribose methylation, which is, in eukaryotes and archaea, performed by box C/D small ribonucleoproteins (box C/D sRNPs in archaea) and box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins (box C/D snoRNPs in eukaryotes), respectively. Recently...

Biophysical and atomic force microscopy characterization of the RNA from satellite tobacco mosaic virus

Agarose gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism and differential scanning calorimetry showed that single-stranded RNA from satellite tobacco mosaic virus transforms from a conformationally ‘closed state’ at 4°C to a more conformationally ‘open state’ at 65°C. The transition is reversible and shows no hysteresis. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) allowed visualization of the two...

Stimulation of ribosomal frameshifting by antisense LNA

Programmed ribosomal frameshifting is a translational recoding mechanism commonly used by RNA viruses to express two or more proteins from a single mRNA at a fixed ratio. An essential element in this process is the presence of an RNA secondary structure, such as a pseudoknot or a hairpin, located downstream of the slippery sequence. Here, we have tested the efficiency of RNA...

Mapping of long-range associations throughout the fission yeast genome reveals global genome organization linked to transcriptional regulation

We have comprehensively mapped long-range associations between chromosomal regions throughout the fission yeast genome using the latest genomics approach that combines next generation sequencing and chromosome conformation capture (3C). Our relatively simple approach, referred to as enrichment of ligation products (ELP), involves digestion of the 3C sample with a 4 bp cutter and...

Building promoter aware transcriptional regulatory networks using siRNA perturbation and deepCAGE

Perturbation and time-course data sets, in combination with computational approaches, can be used to infer transcriptional regulatory networks which ultimately govern the developmental pathways and responses of cells. Here, we individually knocked down the four transcription factors PU.1, IRF8, MYB and SP1 in the human monocyte leukemia THP-1 cell line and profiled the genome...

Identifying eIF4E-binding protein translationally-controlled transcripts reveals links to mRNAs bound by specific PUF proteins

eIF4E-binding proteins (4E-BPs) regulate translation of mRNAs in eukaryotes. However the extent to which specific mRNA targets are regulated by 4E-BPs remains unknown. We performed translational profiling by microarray analysis of polysome and monosome associated mRNAs in wild-type and mutant cells to identify mRNAs in yeast regulated by the 4E-BPs Caf20p and Eap1p; the first...

ChIPing the cistrome of PXR in mouse liver

The pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a key regulator of xenobiotic metabolism and disposition in liver. However, little is known about the PXR DNA-binding signatures in vivo, or how PXR regulates novel direct targets on a genome-wide scale. Therefore, we generated a roadmap of hepatic PXR bindings in the entire mouse genome [chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-Seq]. The most...

A network of conserved co-occurring motifs for the regulation of alternative splicing

Cis-acting short sequence motifs play important roles in alternative splicing. It is now possible to identify such sequence motifs as conserved sequence patterns in genome sequence alignments. Here, we report the systematic search for motifs in the neighboring introns of alternatively spliced exons by using comparative analysis of mammalian genome alignments. We identified 11...

Reference-unbiased copy number variant analysis using CGH microarrays

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) microarrays have been used to determine copy number variations (CNVs) and their effects on complex diseases. Detection of absolute CNVs independent of genomic variants of an arbitrary reference sample has been a critical issue in CGH array experiments. Whole genome analysis using massively parallel sequencing with multiple ultra-high...

A fast, efficient and sequence-independent method for flexible multiple segmental isotope labeling of RNA using ribozyme and RNase H cleavage

Structural information on RNA, emerging more and more as a major regulator in gene expression, dramatically lags behind compared with information on proteins. Although NMR spectroscopy has proven to be an excellent tool to solve RNA structures, it is hampered by the severe spectral resonances overlap found in RNA, limiting its use for large RNA molecules. Segmental isotope...

Capturing, sharing and analysing biophysical data from protein engineering and protein characterization studies

Large amounts of data are being generated annually on the connection between the sequence, structure and function of proteins using site-directed mutagenesis, protein design and directed evolution techniques. These data provide the fundamental building blocks for our understanding of protein function, molecular biology and living organisms in general. However, much experimental...

CELF proteins regulate CFTR pre-mRNA splicing: essential role of the divergent domain of ETR-3

Cystic fibrosis is a prominent genetic disease caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Among the many disease-causing alterations are pre-mRNA splicing defects that can hamper mandatory exon inclusion. CFTR exon 9 splicing depends in part on a polymorphic UG(m)U(n) sequence at the end of intron 8, which can be bound by TDP-43...

Facilitated leaky scanning and atypical ribosome shunting direct downstream translation initiation on the tricistronic S1 mRNA of avian reovirus

The S1 mRNA of avian reovirus is functionally tricistronic, encoding three unrelated proteins, p10, p17 and σC, from three sequential, partially overlapping open reading frames (ORFs). The mechanism of translation initiation at the 3′-proximal σC ORF is currently unknown. Transient RNA transfections using Renilla luciferase reporter constructs revealed only a modest reduction in...

Export of microRNAs and microRNA-protective protein by mammalian cells

The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) as a new class of regulators of gene expression has triggered an explosion of research activities, but has left many unanswered questions about how this regulation functions and how it is integrated with other regulatory mechanisms. A number of miRNAs have been found to be present in plasma and other body fluids of humans and mice in...

MicroRNA-181a modulates gene expression of zinc finger family members by directly targeting their coding regions

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous, non-coding RNAs that specifically bind to the 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR) of target genes in animals. However, some recent studies have demonstrated that miRNAs also target the coding regions of mammalian genes. Here, we show that miRNA-181a downregulates the expression of a large number of zinc finger genes (ZNFs). Bioinformatics...

DNA synapsis through transient tetramerization triggers cleavage by Ecl18kI restriction enzyme

To cut DNA at their target sites, restriction enzymes assemble into different oligomeric structures. The Ecl18kI endonuclease in the crystal is arranged as a tetramer made of two dimers each bound to a DNA copy. However, free in solution Ecl18kI is a dimer. To find out whether the Ecl18kI dimer or tetramer represents the functionally important assembly, we generated mutants aimed...

hnRNP Q and PTB modulate the circadian oscillation of mouse Rev-erb α via IRES-mediated translation

The physiological and behavioral circadian rhythms of most creatures are controlled by a harmony of functional relationships between clock genes. In mammals, several core clock genes show rhythmic profiles of their mRNA and protein expression. Among them, Rev-erb α functions as a transcriptional repressor, affecting expression patterns of other clock genes. For the continuous and...

Time-dependent increase in ribosome processivity

We created a novel tripartite reporter RNA to separately and simultaneously examine ribosome translation rates at the 5′- and 3′-ends of a large open reading frame (ORF) in vitro in HeLa cell lysates. The construct contained Renilla luciferase (RLuc), β-galactosidase and firefly luciferase (FLuc) ORFs linked in frame and separated by a viral peptide sequence that causes...

5′-UTR G-quadruplex structures acting as translational repressors

Given that greater than 90% of the human genome is expressed, it is logical to assume that post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms must be the primary means of controlling the flow of information from mRNA to protein. This report describes a robust approach that includes in silico, in vitro and in cellulo experiments permitting an in-depth evaluation of the impact of G...

Meta-analysis of cancer gene expression signatures reveals new cancer genes, SAGE tags and tumor associated regions of co-regulation

Cancer is among the major causes of human death and its mechanism(s) are not fully understood. We applied a novel meta-analysis approach to multiple sets of merged serial analysis of gene expression and microarray cancer data in order to analyze transcriptome alterations in human cancer. Our methodology, which we denote ‘COgnate Gene Expression patterNing in tumours’ (COGENT...

Targeted next-generation sequencing of DNA regions proximal to a conserved GXGXXG signaling motif enables systematic discovery of tyrosine kinase fusions in cancer

Tyrosine kinase (TK) fusions are attractive drug targets in cancers. However, rapid identification of these lesions has been hampered by experimental limitations. Our in silico analysis of known cancer-derived TK fusions revealed that most breakpoints occur within a defined region upstream of a conserved GXGXXG kinase motif. We therefore designed a novel DNA-based targeted...