Mathematical Problems in Engineering

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/

List of Papers (Total 7,736)

A Hybrid Simulated Annealing/Linear Programming Approach for the Cover Printing Problem

The NP-hard cover printing problem addressed here consists in determining the number and composition of equal size impression grids, as well as the number of times each grid is printed, in order to fulfill the demand of different book covers at minimum total printing cost. The considered costs come from printing sheets and for composing grids. Thus, to deal with this...

Development and Application of an Industry Foundation Classes-Based Metro Protection Information Model

Metro protection is the task of evaluating, detecting, and controlling the potential threats presented by external projects to metro structures. To solve the problems encountered in metro protection work, including the isolation of models, difficulties in information extraction, and lack of data processing methods, this study introduced a building information model/modeling (BIM...

Automatic Variable Selection for Partially Linear Functional Additive Model and Its Application to the Tecator Data Set

We introduce a new partially linear functional additive model, and we consider the problem of variable selection for this model. Based on the functional principal components method and the centered spline basis function approximation, a new variable selection procedure is proposed by using the smooth-threshold estimating equation (SEE). The proposed procedure automatically...

Study on Leaking Characteristics of Port Plate Pair in Primary Three-Row Axial Piston Pump/Motor

In order to investigate the leaking characteristics of the port plate pair in primary three-row axial piston pump/motor, the present paper deducts two equations about the leakage of oil film, analyzes the effect of such parameters as oil film thickness, sealing tape width, and central angle of waist-like slot on the leakage, and arrives at the following conclusions: for the...

On Narrowband Interference Suppression in TDCS with WFRFT Preprocessing

We propose a modified transform domain communication system (TDCS) structure with weighted fractional Fourier transform (WFRFT) preprocessing over the channel with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and narrowband interference (NBI). The majority of NBI can be removed by adding zeros to TDCS’s basic function (BF) amplitude vector at these subcarriers where strong NBI exists...

Modifying Olympics Medal Table via a Stochastic Multicriteria Acceptability Analysis

This paper addresses the issue of developing a widely accepted Olympics ranking scheme based upon the Olympic Game medal table published by the International Olympic Committee, since the existing lexicographic ranking and sum ranking systems are both criticized as biases. More specifically, the lexicographic ranking system is deemed as overvaluing gold medals, while the sum...

A New Calibration Method for the Real-Time Calculation of Dynamic Safety Following Distance under Railway Moving Block System

Only the actual following distance that is a little greater than the optimum safety following distance at any time can make the following train move in safety and efficiency. For this purpose, a new calibration method is studied for the real-time calculation of the dynamically optimum safety following distance. To cope with the complex situations of train following operation, the...

An Improved 3D Shape Recognition Method Based on Panoramic View

Recognition of three-dimensional (3D) shape is a remarkable subject in computer vision systems, because of the lack of excellent shape representations. With the development of 2.5D depth sensors, shape recognition is becoming more important in practical applications. Many methods have been proposed to preprocess 3D shapes, in order to get available input data. A common approach...

Sparsity Based Locality-Sensitive Discriminative Dictionary Learning for Video Semantic Analysis

Dictionary learning (DL) and sparse representation (SR) based classifiers have greatly impacted the classification performance and have had good recognition rate on image data. In video semantic analysis (VSA), the local structure of video data contains more vital discriminative information needed for classification. However, this has not been fully exploited by the current DL...

One-Phase Stefan-Like Problems with Latent Heat Depending on the Position and Velocity of the Free Boundary and with Neumann or Robin Boundary Conditions at the Fixed Face

A one-phase Stefan-type problem for a semi-infinite material which has as its main feature a variable latent heat that depends on the power of the position and the velocity of the moving boundary is studied. Exact solutions of similarity type are obtained for the cases when Neumann or Robin boundary conditions are imposed at the fixed face. Required relationships between data are...

Research on Local Government Governance and Enterprise Social Responsibility Behaviors under the Perspective of Cournot Duopoly Competition: Analyzing Taxi Companies and Online Car-Hailing Service Companies

Clarifying the rational choice strategy of local governments and enterprises is crucial for promoting control on the failure of taxis and online car-hailing service companies to fulfill their social responsibilities. The local government can reduce the negative externalities and irresponsibility of such companies by improving the regulatory system; thus, it is important to build...

Prediction of Surface Roughness and Optimization of Cutting Parameters of Stainless Steel Turning Based on RSM

The turning test of stainless steel was carried out by using the central composite surface design of response surface method (RSM) and Taguchi design method of central combination design. The influence of cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate, and cutting depth) on the surface roughness was analyzed. The surface roughness prediction model was established based on the...

A Grey-Fuzzy Multiobjective Model for Supplier Selection and Production-Distribution Planning Considering Consumer Safety

Most of the recent product recall incidents indicate that effective management of suppliers and production-distribution planning may play a vital role in increasing product safety. This study explores the opportunities to increase the product safety by analyzing the performance of suppliers and production-distribution system. More precisely, this research analyzes the impact of...

Gray Relational Optimization of the Surface Performance of Splines Formed by Cold Roll-Beating

Surface roughness, residual stress, and work hardening are the key parameters characterizing the mechanical properties of a spline surface after undergoing cold roll-beating. A comprehensive optimization of the mechanical properties of such surfaces has not been previously reported. To improve the performance of the spline surface, gray theory is used to study the relationships...

Supply Chain Decision-Making Based on Warehouse Receipt Pledge and Risk Consideration under Twice Ordering Mode

This paper studies supply chain decisions making between the retailer, supplier, and bank based on warehouse receipt pledge and risk consideration under twice ordering mode. The decentralized supply chain and centralized supply chain are divided by whether the supplier provides repurchase guarantees and whether the retailer offers revenue sharing. We develop a Stackelberg game...

Supply Chain Decision-Making Based on Warehouse Receipt Pledge and Risk Consideration under Twice Ordering Mode

This paper studies supply chain decisions making between the retailer, supplier, and bank based on warehouse receipt pledge and risk consideration under twice ordering mode. The decentralized supply chain and centralized supply chain are divided by whether the supplier provides repurchase guarantees and whether the retailer offers revenue sharing. We develop a Stackelberg game...

Strain Analysis of the Nuozhadu High Rockfill Dam during Initial Impoundment

The safety of rockfill dams during initial impoundment has always been an issue of interest for regulatory agencies. Specifically, it is necessary to identify potential tensile strain zones and shear strain concentration zones in which cracks may form. In this paper, a meshless smoothing method is proposed to construct the strain field of a prototype dam based on monitoring...

A New Control Method for Second-Order Multiple Models Control System Based on Global Sliding Mode

This paper proposed a finite time convergence global sliding mode control scheme for the second-order multiple models control system. Firstly, the global sliding surface without reaching law for a single model control system is designed and the tracking error finite time convergence and global stability are proved. Secondly, we generalize the above scheme to the second-order...

Topology Optimization Analysis of Separation Mechanism for the Rice Trans-Planter

A mechanical topology regeneration design method based on the basic chain was presented which was reducing invalid topology design workload and improving optimization design efficiency. And it is used for configuration topology research of planetary separation mechanism of rice transplanting machine to verify its feasibility and effectiveness, which mainly consists of crank...

Robust Local Stabilization of Discrete-Time Systems with Time-Varying State Delay and Saturating Actuators

The robust local stabilization of uncertain discrete-time systems with time-varying state delayed and subject to saturating actuators is investigated in this work. A convex optimization method is proposed to compute robust state feedback control law such that the uncertain closed-loop is locally asymptotically stable if the initial condition belongs to an estimate of the region...

Robust Local Stabilization of Discrete-Time Systems with Time-Varying State Delay and Saturating Actuators

The robust local stabilization of uncertain discrete-time systems with time-varying state delayed and subject to saturating actuators is investigated in this work. A convex optimization method is proposed to compute robust state feedback control law such that the uncertain closed-loop is locally asymptotically stable if the initial condition belongs to an estimate of the region...

Stability of conditionally invariant sets and controlled uncertain dynamic systems on time scales

A basic feedback control problem is that of obtaining some desired stability property from a system which contains uncertainties due to unknown inputs into the system. Despite such imperfect knowledge in the selected mathematical model, we often seek to devise controllers that will steer the system in a certain required fashion. Various classes of controllers whose design is...

A modeling and control framework for operating large-scale electric power systems under present and newly evolving competitive industry structures

This paper introduces a systematic, structure-based modeling framework for analysis and control of electric power systems for processes evolving over the mid-term and long-term time horizons. Much simpler models than the detailed dynamics specifically for control design at different hierarchical levels are obtained by applying both temporal and spatial separation. These simple...

Robust stability of nonlinear piecewise deterministic systems under matching conditions

This paper deals with the robustness of the class of nonlinear piecewise deterministic systems with unknown but bounded uncertainties. Under the assumption that all the modes of the markovian jump process (disturbance) communicate, the complete access to the system state and the boundedness of the uncertainties, a sufficient condition for stochastic stability of this class of...