Mathematical Problems in Engineering

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mpe/

List of Papers (Total 7,742)

Theoretical and Experimental Analysis of the Hydraulic Actuator Used in the Active Reflector System

In order to improve the control quality of the active reflector system which is used in the 500 m aperture spherical radio telescope (FAST) project, a study on hydraulic actuator is proposed. The dynamic performance of hydraulic actuator is due to the interaction of several physical phenomena. Modeling of such a system needs a unified approach to represent the nonlinear behavior...

A Simulated Annealing Algorithm to Construct Covering Perfect Hash Families

Covering perfect hash families (CPHFs) are combinatorial designs that represent certain covering arrays in a compact way. In previous works, CPHFs have been constructed using backtracking, tabu search, and greedy algorithms. Backtracking is convenient for small CPHFs, greedy algorithms are appropriate for large CPHFs, and metaheuristic algorithms provide a balance between...

Efficiency Bounds for Two-Stage Production Systems

Traditional data envelopment analysis (DEA) models find the most desirable weights for each decision-making unit (DMU) in order to estimate the highest efficiency score as possible. These efficiency scores are then used for ranking the DMUs. The main drawback is that the efficiency scores based on weights obtained from the standard DEA models ignore other feasible weights; this...

Study on the Rock Mass Caving and Surface Subsidence Mechanism Based on an In Situ Geological Investigation and Numerical Analysis

To deeply understand the mechanism of the rock mass caving and associated surface subsidence during sublevel caving mining, the Xiaowanggou iron mine was selected as an engineering project case study. The study area was analyzed by means of an in situ geological investigation and numerical simulation. First, a borehole television (BHTV) system and a GPS monitoring system were...

A Research on Fatigue Damage Constitutive Equation of Asphalt Mixture

The laboratory investigations of fatigue damage constitutive equation of asphalt mixture were carried out by three-point bending fatigue tests. The three-point bending fatigue tests were performed at three levels of stress-strength ratio (SSR), temperature, and loading rate. The coupled multifactor (stress-strength ratio, temperature, and loading rate) fatigue life equation was...

A Research on Fatigue Damage Constitutive Equation of Asphalt Mixture

The laboratory investigations of fatigue damage constitutive equation of asphalt mixture were carried out by three-point bending fatigue tests. The three-point bending fatigue tests were performed at three levels of stress-strength ratio (SSR), temperature, and loading rate. The coupled multifactor (stress-strength ratio, temperature, and loading rate) fatigue life equation was...

Self-Assisted First-Fix Method for A-BDS Receivers with Medium- and Long-Term Ephemeris Extension

As a sensor for standalone position and velocity determination, the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) receiver is becoming an important part of the intelligent logistics systems under rapid development in China. The applications in the mass market urgently require the BDS receivers to improve the performance of such functions, that is, shorter Time to First Fix (TTFF) and...

A Triangle Algorithm of Padé-Type Approximant for Two-Dimensional Fredholm Integral Equations of the Second Kind

The function-valued Padé-type approximation (2DFPTA) is used to solve two-dimensional Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. In order to compute 2DFPTA, a triangle recursive algorithm based on Sylvester identity is proposed. The advantage of this algorithm is that, in the process of calculating 2DFPTA to avoid the calculation of the determinant, it can start from the...

Further Results on Diagonally Invariant Exponential Stability of Switching Linear Systems

The concept of diagonally invariant exponential stability (DIES) was originally introduced for single-model linear systems and subsequently expanded in the study of linear systems with interval-type uncertainties and linear systems with arbitrary switching. The results presented in this article refer to new approaches to DIES characterization for arbitrary switching systems...

Multistep Wind Speed and Wind Power Prediction Based on a Predictive Deep Belief Network and an Optimized Random Forest

A variety of supervised learning methods using numerical weather prediction (NWP) data have been exploited for short-term wind power forecasting (WPF). However, the NWP data may not be available enough due to its uncertainties on initial atmospheric conditions. Thus, this study proposes a novel hybrid intelligent method to improve existing forecasting models such as random forest...

Evaluation of Rock Quality of Tunnel Wall Rock Based on Rough Set Theory and Unascertained Measurement Theory

A method for classification of the tunnel wall rock is established based on the rough set theory and unascertained measurement theory. The saturated uniaxial compressive strength, rock mass integrity index, structural surface condition, seepage measurement of groundwater, and the angle between the hole axis and main structural surface are selected as the evaluation indexes. The...

Adaptive Fuzzy Output Feedback Control for Partial State Constrained Nonlinear Pure Feedback Systems

The adaptive fuzzy output feedback control problem for a class of pure feedback systems with partial state constraints is addressed in this paper. The fuzzy state observers are designed to estimate the unmeasured state while the fuzzy logic systems are used to approximate the unknown nonlinear functions. The proposed adaptive fuzzy output feedback controller can guarantee that...

Analytical Model for the Flow in Progressing Cavity Pump with the Metallic Stator and Rotor in Clearance Fit

As the metallic stator progressing cavity pump (PCP) operates with the stator and rotor in clearance fit, the slippage between cavities has a significant influence on the pump performance. In this paper, an analytical model is developed for the flow in the metallic stator PCP. Based on the analyses of the meshing movement and the clearance geometry inside the pump, the slippage...

Measurement-Driven Multi-Target Multi-Bernoulli Filter

A measurement-driven multi-target multi-Bernoulli (MeMBer) filter which modifies the MeMBer filter by the measurements information is proposed in this paper. The proposed filter refines both the legacy estimates and the data-induced estimates of the MeMBer filter. For the targets under the legacy track set, the detection probabilities derived from the measurements are employed to...

Nonlinear Vibration of an Elastic Soft String: Large Amplitude and Large Curvature

Mechanical nonlinear vibration of slender structures, such as beams, strings, rods, plates, and even shells occurs extensively in a variety of areas, spanning from aerospace, automobile, cranes, ships, offshore platforms, and bridges to MEMS/NEMS. In the present study, the nonlinear vibration of an elastic string with large amplitude and large curvature has been systematically...

Quadratic Integral Sliding Mode Control for Nonlinear Harmonic Gear Drive Systems with Mismatched Uncertainties

For a class of nonlinear harmonic gear drive systems with mismatched uncertainties, a novel robust control method is presented on the basis of quadratic integral sliding mode surface, and the closed-loop system has satisfying performance and strong robustness against mismatched uncertainties and nonlinear disturbances. Considering time-varying nonlinear torques and parameters...

Method of Image Quality Improvement for Atmospheric Turbulence Degradation Sequence Based on Graph Laplacian Filter and Nonrigid Registration

It is challenging to restore a clear image from an atmospheric degraded sequence. The main reason for the image degradation is geometric distortion and blurring caused by turbulence. In this paper, we present a method to eliminate geometric distortion and blur and to recover a single high-quality image from the degraded sequence images. First, we use optical flow technology to...

Backstepping Control for the Schrödinger Equation with an Arbitrary Potential in a Confined Space

In this work the control design problem for the Schrödinger equation with an arbitrary potential is addressed. In particular a controller is designed which (i) for a space-dependent potential steers the state probability density function to a prescribed solution and (ii) for a space and state-dependent potential exponentially stabilizes the zero solution. The problem is addressed...

Local Measurement and Diffusion Reconstruction for Signals on a Weighted Graph

Bandlimited graph signals on an unweighted graph can be reconstructed by its local measurement, which is a generalization of decimation. Since most signals are weighted in real life, we extend and improve the iterative local measurement reconstruction (ILMR) by introducing the diffusion operators to reconstruct bandlimited signals on a weighted graph. We prove that the proposed...

Research on Shape Feature Recognition of B-Rep Model Based on Wavelet Transform

B-Rep (Boundary Representation) CAD model is widely used in the representation of manufactured product in computer, and it is a kind of real 3D structure with invisible part relative to 2.5D mesh model, so the shape feature recognition of B-Rep model is worth of much studying. We present one approach of shape feature recognition of B-Rep model based on the wavelet transform of...

On-Machine Optical Probe Based on Discrete Rotational Symmetric Triangulation

In the field of modern manufacturing, probes have been playing a more and more crucial role. However, contact probes are unfit for measuring objects with soft surfaces or very tiny cavities and require radius compensation of stylus. In comparison, noncontact probes such as optical probes do not have to consider these problems and are well-performed in measurement. However...

Backstepping Control for the Schrödinger Equation with an Arbitrary Potential in a Confined Space

In this work the control design problem for the Schrödinger equation with an arbitrary potential is addressed. In particular a controller is designed which (i) for a space-dependent potential steers the state probability density function to a prescribed solution and (ii) for a space and state-dependent potential exponentially stabilizes the zero solution. The problem is addressed...

Reliability Evolution of Elevators Based on the Rough Set and the Improved TOPSIS Method

Focusing on reliability evaluation of elevator equipment operation, this paper builds a model for reliability evaluation of elevator equipment. First, we analyze the factors influencing the reliability of elevators and extract the initial evaluation indicators from four macro-perspectives: people, management, equipment, and environment, to build the index system for reliability...

A Novel Approach Based on Kano Model, Interval 2-Tuple Linguistic Representation Model, and Prospect Theory for Apperceiving Key Customer Requirements

The precisely perception of key customer requirements (CRs) is critically important for customer collaborative product innovation (CCPI) design. A novel approach is proposed based on the Kano model, interval 2-tuple linguistic representation model, and prospect theory. First of all, a Kano model is constructed to preliminarily screen the relatively important product function...

Finite-Time Boundedness and Control for Affine Switched Systems

For affine switched systems, the existence of multiple equilibria is related to subsystems owing to the affine terms, which makes asymptotic and finite-time stability analysis nontrivial. In this paper, the problems of finite-time boundedness (FTB) analysis and stabilization are addressed for affine switched systems, and several definitions and sufficient conditions are proposed...