European Biophysics Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/249

List of Papers (Total 171)

On the simple random-walk models of ion-channel gate dynamics reflecting long-term memory

Several approaches to ion-channel gating modelling have been proposed. Although many models describe the dwell-time distributions correctly, they are incapable of predicting and explaining the long-term correlations between the lengths of adjacent openings and closings of a channel. In this paper we propose two simple random-walk models of the gating dynamics of voltage and ...

On the biophysics of cathodal galvanotaxis in rat prostate cancer cells: Poisson–Nernst–Planck equation approach

Rat prostate cancer cells have been previously investigated using two cell lines: a highly metastatic one (Mat-Ly-Lu) and a nonmetastatic one (AT-2). It turns out that the highly metastatic Mat-Ly-Lu cells exhibit a phenomenon of cathodal galvanotaxis in an electric field which can be blocked by interrupting the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) activity. The VGSC activity is ...

A comparative study of structures and structural transitions of secondary transporters with the LeuT fold

Secondary active transporters from several protein families share a core of two five-helix inverted repeats that has become known as the LeuT fold. The known high-resolution protein structures with this fold were analyzed by structural superposition of the core transmembrane domains (TMDs). Three angle parameters derived from the mean TMD axes correlate with accessibility of the ...

Impairment of the biomechanical compliance of P pili: a novel means of inhibiting uropathogenic bacterial infections?

Gram-negative bacteria often initiate their colonization by use of extended attachment organelles, so called pili. When exposed to force, the rod of helix-like pili has been found to be highly extendable, mainly attributed to uncoiling and recoiling of its quaternary structure. This provides the bacteria with the ability to redistribute an external force among a multitude of pili, ...

Antimicrobial and cell-penetrating peptides induce lipid vesicle fusion by folding and aggregation

According to their distinct biological functions, membrane-active peptides are generally classified as antimicrobial (AMP), cell-penetrating (CPP), or fusion peptides (FP). The former two classes are known to have some structural and physicochemical similarities, but fusogenic peptides tend to have rather different features and sequences. Nevertheless, we found that many CPPs and ...

Probing the oligomeric state and interaction surfaces of Fukutin-I in dilauroylphosphatidylcholine bilayers

Fukutin-I is localised to the endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus within the cell, where it is believed to function as a glycosyltransferase. Its localisation within the cell is thought to to be mediated by the interaction of its N-terminal transmembrane domain with the lipid bilayers surrounding these compartments, each of which possesses a distinctive lipid composition. ...

Understanding biomolecular motion, recognition, and allostery by use of conformational ensembles

We review the role conformational ensembles can play in the analysis of biomolecular dynamics, molecular recognition, and allostery. We introduce currently available methods for generating ensembles of biomolecules and illustrate their application with relevant examples from the literature. We show how, for binding, conformational ensembles provide a way of distinguishing the ...

Modular protein-RNA interactions regulating mRNA metabolism: a role for NMR

Here we review the role played by transient interactions between multi-functional proteins and their RNA targets in the regulation of mRNA metabolism, and we describe the important function of NMR spectroscopy in the study of these systems. We place emphasis on a general approach for the study of different features of modular multi-domain recognition that uses well-established NMR ...

Influence of the electric field on supramolecular structure and properties of amyloid-specific reagent Congo red

Among specific amyloid ligands, Congo red and its analogues are often considered potential therapeutic compounds. However, the results of the studies so far have not been univocal because the properties of this dye, derived mostly from its supramolecular nature, are still poorly understood. The supramolecular structure of Congo red, formed by π–π stacking of dye molecules, is ...

Cell motility: the integrating role of the plasma membrane

The plasma membrane is of central importance in the motility process. It defines the boundary separating the intracellular and extracellular environments, and mediates the interactions between a motile cell and its environment. Furthermore, the membrane serves as a dynamic platform for localization of various components which actively participate in all aspects of the motility ...

An AFM study of solid-phase bilayers of unsaturated PC lipids and the lateral distribution of the transmembrane model peptide WALP23 in these bilayers

An altered lipid packing can have a large influence on the properties of the membrane and the lateral distribution of proteins and/or peptides that are associated with the bilayer. Here, it is shown by contact-mode atomic force microscopy that the surface topography of solid-phase bilayers of PC lipids with an unsaturated cis bond in their acyl chains shows surfaces with a large ...

Peptide model helices in lipid membranes: insertion, positioning, and lipid response on aggregation studied by X-ray scattering

Studying membrane active peptides or protein fragments within the lipid bilayer environment is particularly challenging in the case of synthetically modified, labeled, artificial, or recently discovered native structures. For such samples the localization and orientation of the molecular species or probe within the lipid bilayer environment is the focus of research prior to an ...

A lipocentric view of peptide-induced pores

Although lipid membranes serve as effective sealing barriers for the passage of most polar solutes, nonmediated leakage is not completely improbable. A high activation energy normally keeps unassisted bilayer permeation at a very low frequency, but lipids are able to self-organize as pores even in peptide-free and protein-free membranes. The probability of leakage phenomena ...

Using zeta-potential measurements to quantify peptide partition to lipid membranes

Many cellular phenomena occur on the biomembranes. There are plenty of molecules (natural or xenobiotics) that interact directly or partially with the cell membrane. Biomolecules, such as several peptides (e.g., antimicrobial peptides) and proteins, exert their effects at the cell membrane level. This feature makes necessary investigating their interactions with lipids to clarify ...

The effect of membrane curvature on the conformation of antimicrobial peptides: implications for binding and the mechanism of action

Short cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are believed to act either by inducing transmembrane pores or disrupting membranes in a detergent-like manner. For example, the antimicrobial peptides aurein 1.2, citropin 1.1, maculatin 1.1 and caerin 1.1, despite being closely related, appear to act by fundamentally different mechanisms depending on their length. Using molecular ...

The influence of topographic microstructures on the initial adhesion of L929 fibroblasts studied by single-cell force spectroscopy

Single-cell force spectroscopy was used to investigate the initial adhesion of L929 fibroblasts onto periodically grooved titanium microstructures (height ~6 μm, groove width 20 μm). The position-dependent local adhesion strength of the cells was correlated with their rheological behavior. Spherical cells exhibited a significantly lower Young’s modulus (<1 kPa) than that reported ...

FRET characterisation for cross-bridge dynamics in single-skinned rigor muscle fibres

In this work we demonstrate for the first time the use of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) as an assay to monitor the dynamics of cross-bridge conformational changes directly in single muscle fibres. The advantage of FRET imaging is its ability to measure distances in the nanometre range, relevant for structural changes in actomyosin cross-bridges. To reach this goal we ...