European Biophysics Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/249

List of Papers (Total 163)

Understanding biomolecular motion, recognition, and allostery by use of conformational ensembles

We review the role conformational ensembles can play in the analysis of biomolecular dynamics, molecular recognition, and allostery. We introduce currently available methods for generating ensembles of biomolecules and illustrate their application with relevant examples from the literature. We show how, for binding, conformational ensembles provide a way of distinguishing the ...

Influence of the electric field on supramolecular structure and properties of amyloid-specific reagent Congo red

Among specific amyloid ligands, Congo red and its analogues are often considered potential therapeutic compounds. However, the results of the studies so far have not been univocal because the properties of this dye, derived mostly from its supramolecular nature, are still poorly understood. The supramolecular structure of Congo red, formed by π–π stacking of dye molecules, is ...

Cell motility: the integrating role of the plasma membrane

The plasma membrane is of central importance in the motility process. It defines the boundary separating the intracellular and extracellular environments, and mediates the interactions between a motile cell and its environment. Furthermore, the membrane serves as a dynamic platform for localization of various components which actively participate in all aspects of the motility ...

An AFM study of solid-phase bilayers of unsaturated PC lipids and the lateral distribution of the transmembrane model peptide WALP23 in these bilayers

An altered lipid packing can have a large influence on the properties of the membrane and the lateral distribution of proteins and/or peptides that are associated with the bilayer. Here, it is shown by contact-mode atomic force microscopy that the surface topography of solid-phase bilayers of PC lipids with an unsaturated cis bond in their acyl chains shows surfaces with a large ...

Modular protein-RNA interactions regulating mRNA metabolism: a role for NMR

Here we review the role played by transient interactions between multi-functional proteins and their RNA targets in the regulation of mRNA metabolism, and we describe the important function of NMR spectroscopy in the study of these systems. We place emphasis on a general approach for the study of different features of modular multi-domain recognition that uses well-established NMR ...

Peptide model helices in lipid membranes: insertion, positioning, and lipid response on aggregation studied by X-ray scattering

Studying membrane active peptides or protein fragments within the lipid bilayer environment is particularly challenging in the case of synthetically modified, labeled, artificial, or recently discovered native structures. For such samples the localization and orientation of the molecular species or probe within the lipid bilayer environment is the focus of research prior to an ...

A lipocentric view of peptide-induced pores

Although lipid membranes serve as effective sealing barriers for the passage of most polar solutes, nonmediated leakage is not completely improbable. A high activation energy normally keeps unassisted bilayer permeation at a very low frequency, but lipids are able to self-organize as pores even in peptide-free and protein-free membranes. The probability of leakage phenomena ...

Using zeta-potential measurements to quantify peptide partition to lipid membranes

Many cellular phenomena occur on the biomembranes. There are plenty of molecules (natural or xenobiotics) that interact directly or partially with the cell membrane. Biomolecules, such as several peptides (e.g., antimicrobial peptides) and proteins, exert their effects at the cell membrane level. This feature makes necessary investigating their interactions with lipids to clarify ...

The effect of membrane curvature on the conformation of antimicrobial peptides: implications for binding and the mechanism of action

Short cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are believed to act either by inducing transmembrane pores or disrupting membranes in a detergent-like manner. For example, the antimicrobial peptides aurein 1.2, citropin 1.1, maculatin 1.1 and caerin 1.1, despite being closely related, appear to act by fundamentally different mechanisms depending on their length. Using molecular ...

The influence of topographic microstructures on the initial adhesion of L929 fibroblasts studied by single-cell force spectroscopy

Single-cell force spectroscopy was used to investigate the initial adhesion of L929 fibroblasts onto periodically grooved titanium microstructures (height ~6 μm, groove width 20 μm). The position-dependent local adhesion strength of the cells was correlated with their rheological behavior. Spherical cells exhibited a significantly lower Young’s modulus (<1 kPa) than that reported ...

FRET characterisation for cross-bridge dynamics in single-skinned rigor muscle fibres

In this work we demonstrate for the first time the use of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) as an assay to monitor the dynamics of cross-bridge conformational changes directly in single muscle fibres. The advantage of FRET imaging is its ability to measure distances in the nanometre range, relevant for structural changes in actomyosin cross-bridges. To reach this goal we ...

Molecular dynamics of ribosomal elongation factors G and Tu

Translation on the ribosome is controlled by external factors. During polypeptide lengthening, elongation factors EF-Tu and EF-G consecutively interact with the bacterial ribosome. EF-Tu binds and delivers an aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosomal A site and EF-G helps translocate the tRNAs between their binding sites after the peptide bond is formed. These processes occur at the expense ...

Calculations of binding affinity between C8-substituted GTP analogs and the bacterial cell-division protein FtsZ

The FtsZ protein is a self-polymerizing GTPase that plays a central role in bacterial cell division. Several C8-substituted GTP analogs are known to inhibit the polymerization of FtsZ by competing for the same binding site as its endogenous activating ligand GTP. Free energy calculations of the relative binding affinities to FtsZ for a set of five C8-substituted GTP analogs were ...

Biophysical properties of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and their relationship with HOG pathway activation

Parameterized models of biophysical and mechanical cell properties are important for predictive mathematical modeling of cellular processes. The concepts of turgor, cell wall elasticity, osmotically active volume, and intracellular osmolarity have been investigated for decades, but a consistent rigorous parameterization of these concepts is lacking. Here, we subjected several data ...

The role of the disulfide bond in the interaction of islet amyloid polypeptide with membranes

Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) forms amyloid fibrils in pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It has been suggested that the N-terminal part, which contains a conserved intramolecular disulfide bond between residues 2 and 7, interacts with membranes, ultimately leading to membrane damage and β-cell death. Here, we used variants of the hIAPP1–19 ...

On computational approaches for size-and-shape distributions from sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation

Sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation has become a very popular technique to study size distributions and interactions of macromolecules. Recently, a method termed two-dimensional spectrum analysis (2DSA) for the determination of size-and-shape distributions was described by Demeler and colleagues (Eur Biophys J 2009). It is based on novel ideas conceived for ...

Single-channel properties of a stretch-sensitive chloride channel in the human mast cell line HMC-1

A stretch-activated (SA) Cl− channel in the plasma membrane of the human mast cell line HMC-1 was identified in outside-out patch-clamp experiments. SA currents, induced by pressure applied to the pipette, exhibited voltage dependence with strong outward rectification (55.1 pS at +100 mV and an about tenfold lower conductance at −100 mV). The probability of the SA channel being ...