Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/12350

List of Papers (Total 797)

Automatic calculation of myocardial external efficiency using a single 11C-acetate PET scan

BackgroundMyocardial external efficiency (MEE) is defined as the ratio of kinetic energy associated with cardiac work [forward cardiac output (FCO)*mean systemic pressure] and the chemical energy from oxygen consumed (MVO2) by the left ventricular mass (LVM). We developed a fully automated method for estimating MEE based on a single 11C-acetate PET scan without ECG-gating.Methods...

Accurate myocardial blood flow measurements: Quality from start to finish is key to success

Overall repeatability and accuracy of myocardial blood flow measurements depend on the quality of the image data, the proper use of the quantitative software, and the training of clinical staff. Unlike most imaging tests, absolute blood flow measurements have the potential to provide accurate information beyond what is seen visually. This additive information has been shown to...

Myocardial 123I-mIBG scintigraphy in relation to markers of inflammation and long-term clinical outcome in patients with stable chronic heart failure

Aim Chronic heart failure (CHF) results in both increased cardiac sympathetic activity and myocardial inflammation. The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between severity of heart failure (i.e., NT-proBNP and LVEF), cardiac sympathetic activity (123I-mIBG scintigraphy), and measures of inflammation in subjects with stable, optimally treated CHF. In addition, the...

The hidden risk: Incorporating inflammation and HIV serostatus into coronary artery disease screening

CAD is a well-established comorbidity associated with HIV infection. This association is in large part due to ongoing inflammation propagated by viremia and dysregulation of the immune system. Despite this knowledge, evidence to guide clinical management and screening for CAD among HIV-infected patients is lacking. The following editorial discusses recent evidence that HIV...

Polymorphism of SLC6A2 gene does not influence outcome of myocardial 123I-mIBG scintigraphy in patients with chronic heart failure

Aim The NET, encoded by SLC6A2, is responsible for presynaptic NE-reuptake. 123I-mIBG is clinically used to evaluate cardiac sympathetic function. However, it is unknown if polymorphism of SLC6A2 influences cardiac sympathetic activity as assessed with 123I-mIBG. Therefore we studied the influence of SLC6A2 SNPs on myocardial 123I-mIBG parameters in CHF. Materials and Methods...

Consistent tracer administration profile improves test–retest repeatability of myocardial blood flow quantification with 82Rb dynamic PET imaging

Objectives Quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and stress/rest flow reserve is used increasingly to diagnose multi-vessel coronary artery disease and micro-vascular disease with PET imaging. However, variability in the measurements may limit physician confidence to direct revascularization therapies based on specific threshold values. This study evaluated the effects of...

Subacute cardiac rubidium-82 positron emission tomography (82Rb-PET) to assess myocardial area at risk, final infarct size, and myocardial salvage after STEMI

Background Determining infarct size and myocardial salvage in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is important when assessing the efficacy of new reperfusion strategies. We investigated whether rest 82Rb-PET myocardial perfusion imaging can estimate area at risk, final infarct size, and myocardial salvage index when compared to cardiac SPECT and...

Stress myocardial blood flow correlates with ventricular function and synchrony better than myocardial perfusion reserve: A Nitrogen-13 ammonia PET study

Background Cardiac PET quantifies stress myocardial blood flow (MBF) and perfusion reserve (MPR), while ECG-gated datasets can measure components of ventricular function simultaneously. Stress MBF seems to outperform MPR in the detection of significant CAD. However, it is uncertain which perfusion measurement is more related to ventricular function. We hypothesized that stress...

Imaging inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques: Just make it easy!

The presence of inflammatory cells is a hallmark of unstable atherosclerotic plaques. Several imaging approaches have been developed for the noninvasive detection of inflammatory activities in atherosclerotic plaques. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the injection of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is currently the most widely used imaging technique to evaluate the...

The continual innovation of commercial PET/CT solutions in nuclear cardiology: Siemens Healthineers

Cardiac PET/CT is an evolving, non-invasive imaging modality that impacts patient management in many clinical scenarios. Beyond offering the capability to assess myocardial perfusion, inflammatory cardiac pathologies, and myocardial viability, cardiac PET/CT also allows for the non-invasive quantitative assessment of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR...