Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology

http://link.springer.com/journal/40817

List of Papers (Total 22)

Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for FASD: International Perspectives

Although governments around the world are increasingly recognizing the negative impact prenatal alcohol exposure can have on a child’s neurodevelopment, the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) remains highly concerning. Pediatric neuropsychologists have an important role in the prevention of and intervention with children with FASD given the neurocognitive, ...

Behavioral Study on Emotional Voice Perception in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Previous studies conducted on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their abilities to recognize the psychological states of others have primarily focused on visual aspects such as facial expression and perception. The aims of this study were to clarify the characteristics of auditory information processing mechanisms in individuals with ASD in order to expand our ...

An Examination of Concussion Symptom Base Rates for Children Aged 5–18 Years

Aim The aim of this research was to establish base rate levels of frequency and severity of concussion symptoms for normally developing New Zealand children aged 5 to 18 years. A further aim was to compare the rates obtained through parental report with a previous study based on the self-report of New Zealand children aged 11–13 years and with studies conducted in the USA also ...

Is the Cattell–Horn–Carroll-Based Factor Structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Fifth Edition (WISC-V) Construct Invariant for a Representative Sample of African–American, Hispanic, and Caucasian Male and Female Students Ages 6 to 16 Years?

Since the inception of testing, the examination of test bias has been discussed and debated in the literature. As new tests are developed or old tests are revised, part of the standardization process involves the examination of gender and ethnic item bias. The exploration of construct invariance across different ethnic and gender groups, however, is not part of the test ...

Parent-Reported Deficits in Executive Function and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Adolescent Behavioral Weight Loss Program Participants

Objective Children and adolescents with obesity are at increased risk for developing sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and SDB has been associated with cognitive deficits including executive dysfunction. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between executive functioning and SDB among adolescents participating in a behavioral weight loss intervention. Methods ...

Latent Dimensions of Executive Functions in Early Childhood

Executive functions (EF) are known to be a multidimensional construct in adults; however, the underlying dimensions of EF in early childhood are unclear. Theoretical models of EF have generally suggested the importance of language, attention, and inhibition abilities as developmental foundations for EF abilities. This study investigated the construct validity of EF by administering ...

Principles and Practice of a Neuropsychological Approach to Conducting Independent Educational Evaluations

Pediatric clinical neuropsychological evaluations often compliment traditional psychoeducational evaluations and can facilitate the special education evaluation process in determining eligibility and providing recommendations to enhance a child’s progress. Many pediatric neuropsychologists have medical-legal experience along with knowledge of advanced assessment techniques. As a ...

Improving Educational Outcomes in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Through Interagency Collaboration

Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) demonstrate a significant array of neurocognitive impairments including deficits in intelligence, attention, processing speed, executive functions, language functions, visual-spatial abilities, memory, and academic achievement. Neuropsychological impairments in children and adolescents with prenatal exposure to alcohol follow a ...

An Updated Systematic Review of Neuroimaging Studies of Children and Adolescents with Perinatally Acquired HIV

A recent review of neuroimaging studies related to perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by Hoare and colleagues (Metabolic Brain Disease 29:221–229, 2014) included studies published between 1995 and 2012, with all but two studies being published in or before 2006. Although the review synthesized the extant research available at the time, the findings ...

Effects of Cranial Radiation on Structural and Functional Brain Development in Pediatric Brain Tumors

There is emerging research connecting neuroimaging correlates and neurocognitive functioning in pediatric brain tumors. Current work has attempted to measure the impact of cranial radiation on brain and behavior outcomes with the goal of better understanding the mechanisms of treatment late effects. While critical for treatment, cranial radiation can have a substantial impact on ...

TBI and Concussions in Student Athletes: How do Severity of Injury, Age, and Gender Influence Recovery

Concussions and mild traumatic brain injuries are seen in increasing numbers of children and adolescents participating in sports as well as in playground activities. This review evaluated literature in the past 20 years studying gender, age, and neuropsychological effects of concussions and traumatic brain injuries. Studies have found differences in age and possibly gender among ...

The Relation Between ADHD and Cognitive Profiles of Children with NF1

Despite well-accepted findings of a “downward shift” in intellectual functioning in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), research has not examined the contribution of the individual indices in this lower performance on intelligence (IQ) measures. Although 30–50 % of children with NF1 meet criteria for a diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), research ...

Functional Analysis of Phenotypic Behaviors of a 5-Year-Old Male with Novel 4q21 Microdeletion

The 4q21 microdeletion syndrome is a relatively newer syndrome that has been recently characterized by mild to severe intellectual disability, growth delay, and behavioral problems. The literature reports that aggression and self-injurious behavior have been identified as elements of the 4q21 microdeletion behavioral phenotype (Bonnet et al. in Journal of Medical Genetics, 47, ...

Neuropsychological Functioning in Individuals with Noonan Syndrome: a Systematic Literature Review with Educational and Treatment Recommendations

Noonan syndrome (NS) is a relatively common genetic syndrome with variable features including short stature, congenital heart disease, distinctive facial characteristics, skeletal anomalies, and varying degrees of developmental delay. NS is caused by gene mutations in a cellular signaling pathway that is essential for typical growth and development. Research in the past few decades ...

Which of the Three KABC-II Global Scores is the Least Biased?

In order to create fairer measures for the assessment of ethnic minority group children, the test authors of the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children–Second Edition (KABC-II) created three different global indexes: the comprehensive Fluid-Crystallized Index (FCI); the Mental Processing Index (MPI), which excludes subtests that assess crystallized knowledge; and the Nonverbal ...

The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Second Edition and its Relationship with Attention and Verbal Learning in a Pediatric Population

Concussions affect over 3.8 million Americans annually, and youths comprise the majority of those affected. “Return to play” (RTP) and “return to think” (RTT) decisions following concussions are based on the assessment of several factors including symptom resolution and neuropsychological functioning. The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-Second Edition (SCAT-2) was developed as a ...

Rates of Reporting Suicidal Ideation and Symptoms of Depression on Children’s Depression Inventory in a Paediatric Neurology Sample

Background and Objectives The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) is frequently used to screen for the symptoms of depression and suicidal thinking during psychological or neuropsychological evaluations. This includes assessment of children with neurological conditions who are at risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts due to general cognitive, psychiatric, and neurological ...