Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

http://link.springer.com/journal/11665

List of Papers (Total 188)

On the Influence of Elastic Deformation for Residual Stress Determination by Sharp Indentation Testing

The determination of residual stresses in engineering materials using sharp indentation testing is studied analytically and numerically. The numerical part of the investigation is based on the finite element method. In particular, the effect from elastic deformations on global indentation properties is discussed in detail. This effect is essential when residual stresses are to be ...

Assessment of Fatigue Resistance of Aluminide Layers on MAR 247 Nickel Super Alloy with Full-Field Optical Strain Measurements

This work presents the results of fatigue tests of MAR 247 alloy flat specimens with aluminides layers of 20 or 40 µm thickness obtained in CVD process. Fatigue test was conducted at amplitude equal to half of maximum load and ranging between 300 and 650 MPa (stress asymmetry ratio R = 0, frequency f = 20 Hz). Additionally, 4 of the tests, characterized by the highest amplitude, ...

Microstructural Characterization of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Sintered at Different Temperatures Using 3D EBSD, 2D EBSD and Stereological Calculations

A set of yttria-stabilized zirconia samples sintered at increasing temperatures was investigated using two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques to calculate grain size distributions and grain boundary densities. The obtained results were compared to the results of stereological calculations and revealed that mean intercept ...

Effect of Aging Temperature on Corrosion Behavior of Sintered 17-4 PH Stainless Steel in Dilute Sulfuric Acid Solution

The general corrosion behavior of sintered 17-4 PH stainless steel processed under different processing conditions in dilute sulfuric acid solution at 25 °C was studied by open-circuit potential measurement and potentiodynamic polarization technique. The corrosion resistance was evaluated based on electrochemical parameters, such as polarization resistance, corrosion potential, ...

Thermal Stability and Coefficient of Friction of the Diamond Composites with the Titanium Compound Bonding Phase

In this paper, processes occurring during heat treatment of the diamond-Ti compound composites without Co addition were investigated and compared with commercial PCD. Three types of materials were prepared. The first material was sintered using the mixture containing diamond and 10 mass% of TiC, the second material was prepared using diamond powder and 10 mass% of Ti-Si-C, and the ...

Corrosion Resistance of Cordierite-Modified Light MMCs

Composites are one of the fastest developing materials. Research is particularly intensive in case of light metal alloys due to i.a. economic and environmental aspects. One of the innovative solutions is production of the metal matrix composites (MMC) by adding the cordierite ceramics obtained from fly ashes to magnesium alloys. In addition to obtaining new-generation materials ...

Effect of Surface Roughness and Structure Features on Tribological Properties of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Ni and Ni/Al2O3 Coatings

Metal matrix composite coatings obtained by electrodeposition are one of the ways of improving the surfaces of materials to enhance their durability and properties required in different applications. This paper presents an analysis of the surface topography, microstructure and properties (residual stresses, microhardness, wear resistance) of Ni/Al2O3 nanocomposite coatings ...

Low-Cycle Fatigue Properties of a Nickel-Based Superalloy Haynes 282 for Heavy Components

Low-cycle fatigue (LCF) tests of the nickel-based superalloy Haynes 282 from a large forged ingot were conducted at 25 and 750 °C with total strain ranges from 0.7 to 1.7%. Compared with other tests on this alloy, it was found that the LCF properties showed similar results at room temperature, but improved number of cycles to failure at high temperatures. The number of cycles at a ...

Microstructure and Hardness Profiles of Bifocal Laser-Welded DP-HSLA Steel Overlap Joints

The article presents results related to the bifocal laser welding of overlap joints made of HSLA and DP high-strength steels. The joints were made using a disk laser and a head enabling the 50-50% distribution of laser power. The effects of the laser welding rates and the distance between laser spots on morphological features and hardness profiles were analyzed. It was established ...

Structure and Electrical Properties of Mn-Cu-O Spinels

The study presents the results of structural and electrical conductivity investigations of a Cu1.3Mn1.7O4 spinel obtained using EDTA gel processes. An amorphous gel was synthesized and calcinated for 5 h in air at temperatures of 673, 773, 873, and 973 K. When calcinating the gel at temperatures below 973 K, the obtained powders consisted of two phases—the regular Cu1.5Mn1.5O4 ...

The Quality Issue of the Parts Blanked from Thin Silicon Sheets

In this paper, the wear mechanism of punches made of M3:2 and M2 steel sheet which are used in blanking process of the rotor part of the low-power asynchronous motor was presented. The influence of additional TiN coating on the punch flank surface degradation intensity was described. The punch wear influence on the hardness changes close the material intersection surface was ...

Effect of Long-Term Service on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Martensitic 9% Cr Steel

The paper presents the results of research on the X10CrMoVNbN9-1 (T91) steel after long-term service. The material for testing was taken from a pipe section of a boiler superheater coil serviced for around 105,000 h at the temperature of 540 °C, at the pressure of 12.5 MPa. A quantitative analysis including the measurement of mean diameter of subgrains and precipitates as well as ...

Steam Oxidation Behavior of Advanced Steels and Ni-Based Alloys at 800 °C

This publication studies the steam oxidation behavior of advanced steels (309S, 310S and HR3C) and Ni-based alloys (Haynes® 230®, alloy 263, alloy 617 and Haynes® 282®) exposed at 800 °C for 2000 h under 1 bar pressure, in a pure water steam system. The results revealed that all exposed materials showed relatively low weight gain, with no spallation of the oxide scale within the ...

The Effect of Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Properties of Explosively Welded Titanium-Steel Plates

This paper describes a study of explosively welded titanium-carbon steel S355J2+N plates. Following the welding, plates underwent heat treatment at temperature of 600 °C for 90 min with cooling in furnace to 300 °C and in air to room temperature. The structure of the bonding was examined by using light, scanning electron (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy. The mechanical ...

Twin-Induced Plasticity of an ECAP-Processed TWIP Steel

The TWIP steels show high strain hardening rates with high ductility which results in high ultimate tensile strength. This makes their processing by equal channel angular pressing very difficult. Up to now, this has only been achieved at warm temperatures (above 200 °C). In this paper, a FeMnCAl TWIP steel has been processed at room temperature and the resulted microstructure and ...

Influence of Cutting Parameters and Tool Wear on the Surface Integrity of Cobalt-Based Stellite 6 Alloy When Machined Under a Dry Cutting Environment

The efficiency of a machining process can be measured by evaluating the quality of the machined surface and the tool wear rate. The research reported herein is mainly focused on the effect of cutting parameters and tool wear on the machined surface defects, surface roughness, deformation layer and residual stresses when dry milling Stellite 6, deposited by overlay on a carbon steel ...

Structural and Microhardness Changes After Turning of the AISI 1045 Steel for Minimum Quantity Cooling Lubrication

This work presents the cooling effect under minimum quantity cooling lubrication and dry cutting on structural changes and microhardness of the ferritic-pearlitic AISI 1045 steel after turning. Due to the fact that the AISI 1045 steel has a two-phase structure, microhardness tests using the Vickers method were conducted with a load of 0.05 HV separately for ferrite and pearlite ...

Evolution of Globular Microstructure and Rheological Properties of Stellite™ 21 Alloy after Heating to Semisolid State

Metal alloys can be successfully thixoformed in the partially liquid state if they display non-dendritic near-globular microstructures. The article presents the development of feedstock with such non-dendritic microstructure produced through the solid-state route of strain-induced melt-activated (SIMA) method, for a Stellite™ 21 alloy. Stellite™ alloys are a range of ...

High-Temperature Performance of Ferritic Steels in Fireside Corrosion Regimes: Temperature and Deposits

The paper reports high temperature resistance of ferritic steels in fireside corrosion regime in terms of temperature and deposits aggressiveness. Four candidate power plant steels: 15Mo3, T22, T23 and T91 were exposed under simulated air-fired combustion environment for 1000 h. The tests were conducted at 600, 650 and 700 °C according to deposit-recoat test method. Post-exposed ...

The Influence of Fabrication Process on the Initial Stages of Steam Oxidation Performed on Haynes® 282® Alloy at 760 °C

This work presents results observed after the first 5 h of oxidation of Haynes® 282® alloy. The steam oxidation tests have been carried out in pure water at 760 °C for 1, 2 and 5 h, respectively, using an accurate thermogravimetric balance technique. The alloy used for comparison in this work was fabricated using three different methods. The initial steam oxidation performance of ...

Grit Blasting for Removal of Recast Layer from EDM Process on Inconel 718 Shaft: An Evaluation of Surface Integrity

The heat generated during EDM melts the work material and thereby allows large amounts to be removed, but an unfavorable surface of a recast layer (RCL) will also be created. This layer has entirely different properties compared to the bulk. Hence, it is of great interest to efficiently remove this layer and to verify that it has been removed. The main objective of this work has ...