International Urology and Nephrology

http://link.springer.com/journal/11255

List of Papers (Total 172)

High prevalence of frailty in end-stage renal disease

Purpose Prognosis of the increasing number of elderly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is poor with high risk of functional decline and mortality. Frailty seems to be a good predictor for those patients that will not benefit from dialysis. Varying prevalences between populations are probably related to the instrument used. The aim of this study was to measure the ...

MR-targeted TRUS prostate biopsy using local reference augmentation: initial experience

Purpose To evaluate MR-targeted TRUS prostate biopsy using a novel local reference augmentation method. Patients and methods Tracker-based MR–TRUS fusion was applied using local reference augmentation. In contrast to conventional whole gland fusion, local reference augmentation focuses the highest registration accuracy to the region surrounding the lesion to be biopsied. ...

GDF-15, iron, and inflammation in early chronic kidney disease among elderly patients

Purpose The aim of the study was to assess GDF-15 and iron status in patients in early stages of chronic kidney disease with a particular emphasis on elderly population in association of classic iron status parameters with novel iron homeostasis biomarkers and inflammatory parameters. Methods Serum concentrations of GDF-15, iron (Fe), transferrin saturation, soluble transferrin ...

Rs10887800 renalase gene polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease in hemodialyzed patients

Purpose Coronary artery disease (CAD) is common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Recent studies have suggested that renalase, a novel FAD-dependent amine oxidase, may play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in ESRD patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between renalase gene polymorphisms and a risk of ...

Functional deficiency of vitamin K in hemodialysis patients in Upper Silesia in Poland

Purpose Functional vitamin K deficiency (both K1 and K2) is postulated to be one of the most relevant links between chronic kidney disease and vascular calcification in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Recommended dietary restrictions in HD patients superimposed on diversity of eating habits across the countries may affect the prevalence of functional vitamin K deficiency. The aim of ...

Back to the future: restricted protein intake for conservative management of CKD, triple goals of renoprotection, uremia mitigation, and nutritional health

Lowering dietary protein intake (DPI) to approximately 0.6–0.8 g/kgBW/day may be renoprotective through various mechanisms, and it has been recommended in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) as a means to also control various metabolic consequences of advanced CKD, such as uremic symptoms, hyperparathyroidism, hypertension, hyperkalemia, and ...

Quality of life in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms associated with BPH: change over time in real-life practice according to treatment—the QUALIPROST study

Purpose To evaluate change in quality of life (QoL) and symptoms in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) in conditions of current clinical practice. Methods Prospective, longitudinal, multicenter open-label study was carried out in urology outpatient clinics. Patients were ≥40 years of age with an International Prostate Symptom Score ...

Serum cardiac troponin T and effective blood flow in stable extracorporeal dialysis patients

Purpose We examined the association between extracorporeal dialysis (ED)-related effective blood flow (eQB) and serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) as a possible indicator of silent myocardial damage in stable ED patients. Methods In a cross-sectional study, cTnT was determined in 247 ED patients dialyzed using stable eQB and dialysate flow (QD). In a prospective study, 91 patients ...

Diabetic nephropathy: What does the future hold?

The consensus management of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in 2015 involves good control of glycaemia, dyslipidaemia and blood pressure (BP). Blockade of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-2 receptor blockers or mineralocorticoid inhibitors are key therapeutic approaches, shown to be beneficial once overt nephropathy is ...

Comparison of immunosuppressive therapies for IgA nephropathy after tonsillectomy: three-course versus one-course steroid pulse combined with mizoribine

Purpose It has been reported that steroid pulse therapy for IgA nephropathy improves renal prognosis. However, because of the side effects, steroid dose must be restricted to some cases. Treatment effects of steroid on cases already presenting with reduced renal function are unknown. In this study, we performed tonsillectomy in patients with IgA nephropathy and conducted a ...

Peritoneal dialysis as a treatment option in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Purpose When choosing a dialysis option for ADPKD patients, peritoneal dialysis (PD) is often discouraged, due to its potential drawbacks: risk of abdominal hernias and dialysis fluid leaks, risk of peritonitis and insufficient dialysis adequacy. The present study was designed to compare the outcomes and dialysis efficacy in ADPKD patients treated with PD, in comparison with ...