International Urology and Nephrology

http://link.springer.com/journal/11255

List of Papers (Total 178)

Determinants of anxiety in patients with advanced somatic disease: differences and similarities between patients undergoing renal replacement therapies and patients suffering from cancer

Objective Anxiety is the most frequent emotional reaction to the chronic somatic disease. However, little is known about anxiety and coping strategies in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing renal replacement therapies (RRTs). The purpose of the study was to assess the intensity and determinants of anxiety in patients treated with different RRTs in comparison ...

The lipid story in chronic kidney disease: a long story with a happy end?

Cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality increase with the severity of kidney disease, reaching 30 times higher mortality rates in dialysis patients compared with the general population. Although dyslipidemia is a well-established CV risk factor in the general population, the relationship between lipid disorders and CV risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is less ...

Is inflammation a new risk factor of depression in haemodialysis patients?

Purpose Prevalence of depression is high in patients with chronic kidney disease. Depression is associated with increased mortality and the higher rate of suicides in these patients. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in haemodialyzed patients in Upper Silesia region of Poland and the possible role of inflammation in depression development. ...

C.E.R.A. maintains stable hemoglobin in Latin American patients on dialysis

Background C.E.R.A. is a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator with characteristics that permit a once-monthly schedule of administration for the maintenance treatment for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The main objective of this study was to assess the maintenance of Hb concentration with once-monthly intravenous and/or subcutaneous C.E.R.A. therapy in Latin ...

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, mantle cell lymphoma infiltration, and acute kidney injury

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare aggressive lymphoid neoplasm occurring in about 3–7 % of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States and Europe. Although lymphomas infiltrations are recognized in about half of post-mortem studies, in available literature we found only eight cases of mantle cell lymphoma with renal involvement. Five of them present MCL related ...

The distribution of interstitial cells of Cajal in congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction

Purpose The authors analysed the distribution of c-kit-positive interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in obstructed ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) and its age-related changes. Methods Twenty specimens were obtained from children with intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), at the average age of 8.1 years (8 months–16.8 years), fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. ...

Effect of aliskiren on proteinuria in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease: a double-blind, crossover, randomised, controlled trial

Aim To evaluate the proteinuria-lowering effect of a renin inhibitor (aliskiren), compared to placebo and to an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (perindopril), in patients with non-diabetic chronic kidney disease. Methods A randomised, double-blind, crossover trial was performed in 14 patients with nondiabetic chronic kidney disease with 24-h mean proteinuria of 2.01 g (95% ...

ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation in elderly patients over 60 years of age

Introduction Patients aged 60 years and older represent the fastest-growing population with end-stage renal disease worldwide, and the need for a kidney transplant among this population is increasing. Due to the severe shortage of deceased donors in Japan, ABO-incompatible living donor kidney transplantation has been performed since the late 1980s. Excellent long-term outcomes have ...

Genetic variation in APOL1 and MYH9 genes is associated with chronic kidney disease among Nigerians

Purpose A region of chromosome 22 which includes APOL1 and MYH9 genes was recently identified as a risk locus for non-diabetic forms of kidney disease, including idiopathic and HIV-associated focal segmental glomerular sclerosis and kidney disease clinically attributed to hypertension among African Americans. The purposes of the current study were, therefore, to examine the ...

Influence of megestrol acetate on nutrition, inflammation and quality of life in dialysis patients

Aim Malnutrition is a common clinical problem in dialysis patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of megestrol acetate in malnourished dialysis patients. Thirty-two hypoalbuminemic dialysis patients took 160 mg of megestrol acetate daily for up to 6 months. Methods We measured height, dry weight, BMI, modified Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) ...

Bladder carcinoma in a 31-year-old female spina bifida patient with an auto-augmented bladder

We present the case of a 31-year-old spina bifida patient presenting with a poorly differentiated T3N1M0 bladder carcinoma with sarcomatoid differentiation in an auto-augmented bladder. She underwent a radical cystectomy and a bilateral lymph node dissection. However, only 10 months after the onset of her symptoms, she died after major lymphatic metastases had developed in the ...

Transferrin changes in haemodialysed patients

Transferrin (Tf) is a glycoprotein responsible for iron transport in the human body. Physiologically in reaction with Concanavalin A, Tf occurs in four distinct variants Tf1, Tf2, Tf3 (apo-Tf) and Tf4. It was reported recently that Tf is changing, particularly during acute phase response, taking place among others in end-stage renal disease. In this study, we wanted to find the ...

Renal function and adaptive changes in patients after radical or partial nephrectomy

Introduction Renal function after renal surgery depends on the volume of renal parenchyma loss and improves in the postoperative period. However, the knowledge on kidney function after radical (RN) and partial (PN) nephrectomy is still insufficient. The aim of this study is to analyze the global renal function and compensatory hyperfunction of the non-operated kidney in patients ...

Comparison of treatment results between holmium laser endourethrotomy and optical internal urethrotomy for urethral stricture

Purpose We comparatively evaluated urethral stricture (US) treatment outcomes, efficacy and complications, using either holmium laser endourethrotomy (HLU) or optical internal urethrotomy (OIU) since studies such as this are scarce in literature. Methods During 2003–2008, 50 men aged 17–78 years were operated on for primary or refractory US, 32 (64%) and 18 (36%) patients, ...