Arthropod-Plant Interactions

http://link.springer.com/journal/11829

List of Papers (Total 37)

Exploring the predation of UK bumblebees (Apidae, Bombus spp.) by the invasive pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea: examining the effects of annual variation, seasonal variation, plant density and bumblebee gender

Invasive carnivorous plant species can impact the native invertebrate communities on which they prey. This article explores the predation of native UK bumblebees (Bombus spp.) by the invasive pitcher plant species Sarracenia purpurea and discusses the potential effect of S. purpurea on native bumblebees. Specifically, it evaluates whether the extent to which bumblebees are captured ...

Invasive Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis L.) as a preferred foraging habitat for spiders

Invasions of alien species are a great threat to biodiversity and native species communities. There are many examples in the literature on how the invasive plants affect the natural environment. Beside reports on negative effects of these invasions, there are also several studies indicating a positive impact of the invaders. Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) is one of the ...

Interspecific differences in milkweeds alter predator density and the strength of trophic cascades

Trophic cascades occur when predators benefit plants by consuming herbivores, but the overall strength of a trophic cascade depends upon the way species interactions propagate through a system. For example, plant resistance to, or tolerance of, herbivores reduces the potential magnitude of a trophic cascade. At the same time, plants can also affect predator foraging or consumption ...

What if we lose a hub? Experimental testing of pollination network resilience to removal of keystone floral resources

On the basis of theoretical predictions, pollination networks seem to be resilient to random node elimination but sensitive to targeted exclusion. However, such predictions have a very weak empirical basis. In order to test the robustness of the pollination network to short-term disturbances, we removed inflorescences of the most connected species occurring in a lowland meadow ...

Determining the duration of Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) induced susceptibility effect in soybean

Insect herbivores can increase the suitability of host plants for conspecifics by inducing susceptibility. Induced susceptibility can be separated into feeding facilitation, whereby herbivore feeding increases performance of conspecifics regardless of the genotype of the herbivore or plant, and obviation of resistance, whereby feeding by a virulent herbivore increases performance ...

The ecological role of extremely long-proboscid Neotropical butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in plant-pollinator networks

Extremely long proboscides of insect flower visitors have been regarded as an example of a coevolutionary arms race, assuming that these insects act as efficient pollinators for their nectar host plants. However, the effect of proboscis length on generalized or specialized flower use remains unclear and the efficiency of butterfly pollination is ambiguous. Neotropical Hesperiidae ...

Apoptosis induction by concanavalin A in gut cells of grain aphid

In this study, the toxicity and mechanism of action of concanavalin A (ConA) in the grain aphid (Sitobion avenae) were studied. Feeding assays with S. avenae on an artificial diet containing different concentrations of ConA demonstrated an inhibitory effect on fecundity as well as high mortality caused by this lectin. ConA also increased the pre-reproductive period and the ...

Impact of scale insect infestation on the content of photosynthetic pigments and chlorophyll fluorescence in two host plant species

The aim of this experiment was to determine plant responses to Coccus hesperidum L. infestation on two host plants. Groups of five lemon and five fern plants were colonised by various numbers of mobile C. hesperidum instar nymphs. After 6 months, all scale insect individuals were counted on each plant. According to the insect density, the plants were divided into a five-degree ...

Orientation behavior of predaceous ground beetle species in response to volatile emissions identified from yellow starthistle damaged by an invasive slug

We investigated indirect defense in the yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)–grey garden slug (Deroceras reticulatum)–ground beetle (Pterostichus melanarius and Scaphinotus interruptus) system. In this host plant/herbivore/predator system, the ground beetles are the primary predator of D. reticulatum, the dominant herbivore of the highly invasive weed, C. solstitialis. The ...

Plant response to touch affects the behaviour of aphids and ladybirds

Touching between leaves of the same plant and/or by neighbouring plants is one of the most common mechanical stimuli to which an individual plant has to respond on a daily basis. The possible ecological implications of a plant’s response to touch on plant–insect interactions have not been explicitly investigated. We examined whether plant response to 1 min daily touching over a ...

Feeding damage by Bagrada hilaris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and impact on growth and chlorophyll content of Brassicaceous plant species

Bagrada hilaris Burmeister is an invasive species native to the old world and is currently threatening commercial vegetable production in the southwestern USA. A series of no-choice experiments were conducted to investigate multiple plant responses in six Brassica crops to feeding by B. hilaris. Varying numbers of adults were caged onto cotyledon, 2-true leaf, and 4-true leaf-stage ...

Essential oils from buds and leaves of two hazelnut (Corylus L.) cultivars with different resistance to filbert big bud mite (Phytoptus avellanae Nal.) and filbert aphid (Myzocallis coryli Goetze)

The aim of this study was to identify the allelopatic effect of the components of a mixture of essential oils (EO) contained in the buds and leaves of hazel (Corylus L.) on herbivores. We examined the effect of these compounds on the choice of plants of two different hazel cultivars by Phytoptus avellanae Nal. (filbert big bud mite) and Myzocallis coryli Goetze (filbert aphid), ...

Flower-visitor and pollen transport networks in a large city: structure and properties

Plant species and their pollinators are linked by their mutualistic interactions, which form the basis of pollination networks. The use of a network approach allows one to take into account all interactions between a group of plants and its animal pollinators, and to reveal the structure of these connections. We analysed pollination interactions for urban habitat fragments located ...

The most effective pollinator revisited: pollen dynamics in a spring-flowering herb

Most flowers are visited by a wide range of potential pollinators. However, their efficiency in pollen removal and deposition, and other behavioural factors affecting pollination effectiveness may greatly differ among taxa, and even individuals. Fritillary (Fritillaria meleagris L., Liliaceae) is a spring-flowering, critically endangered plant in the Polish flora, red-listed in ...

The spatial distribution of canopy-resident and ground-resident cereal aphids (Sitobion avenae and Metopolophium dirhodum) in winter wheat

We investigated, within two cereal fields in Southern England, the within-canopy spatial distribution of the aphids Sitobion avenae and Metopolophium dirhodum in relation to crop yield and plant nitrogen. We extended the study to investigate the spatial distribution of aphids that fell to, or returned from, the ground in order to estimate availability of the within-canopy aphid ...

Floral visual signal increases reproductive success in a sexually deceptive orchid

Sexually deceptive orchids mimic signals emitted by female insects in order to attract mate-searching males. Specific attraction of the targeted pollinator is achieved by sex pheromone mimicry, which constitutes the major attraction channel. In close vicinity of the flower, visual signals may enhance attraction, as was shown recently in the sexually deceptive orchid Ophrys ...

Probing behavior of bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) on native bird cherry Prunus padus L. and alien invasive black cherry Prunus serotina Erhr. in Europe and the role of cyanogenic glycosides

The probing behavior of bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi was studied on its natural winter host in Europe, the bird cherry Prunus padus, and on the invasive black cherry Prunus serotina, on which spring generations of R. padi do not survive. The EPG-recorded behavior of R. padi on bird cherry and black cherry showed differences in crucial aspects of probing and feeding. The ...

The effect of nitrogen additions on bracken fern and its insect herbivores at sites with high and low atmospheric pollution

The impact of atmospheric pollution, including nitrogen deposition, on bracken fern herbivores has never been studied. Bracken fern is globally distributed and has a high potential to accumulate nitrogen in plant tissue. We examined the response of bracken fern and its herbivores to N fertilization at a high and low pollution site in forests downwind of Los Angeles, California. ...

Tithonia diversifolia, Cyperus rotundus and Hyptis suaveloensis ethanol extracts combinatorially and competitively inhibit affinity purified cowpea storage bruchid (Callosobrochus maculatus) glutathione S-transferase

Ethanol extracts of Tithonia diversifolia, Cyperus rotundus and Hyptis suaveloensis have earlier been reported to have insecticidal activity against storage bruchid (Callosbrochus maculatus) reared on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Here, antioxidant capacities of the ethanol extracts of these plants were evaluated by determining their effects on DPPH radical scavenging, lipid ...

Background matching behaviour and pathogen acquisition: plant site preference does not predict the bacterial acquisition efficiency of vectors

Many insect-borne pathogens are heterogeneously distributed within their hosts: therefore, a vector’s within-plant distribution may be a predictor of its exposure to pathogens. In this study, we set out to quantify plant site preference, in the context of background matching, and investigated its effect on acquisition of a bacterial pathogen by its leafhopper vectors. The two ...