Arthropod-Plant Interactions

http://link.springer.com/journal/11829

List of Papers (Total 46)

Struggle to survive: aphid—plant relationships under low-light stress. A case of Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) and Pisum sativum L.

Light is primary source of energy and also plays signaling and regulatory roles in developmental processes and defense responses of plants. The aim of the study was to determine the performance, settling preferences, probing, and feeding behavior of Acyrthosiphon pisum on Pisum sativum grown in complete darkness (NL), with light at minimum level required for photoperiodic reaction ...

The effect of co-infestation by conspecific and heterospecific aphids on the feeding behaviour of Nasonovia ribisnigri on resistant and susceptible lettuce cultivars

Aphid saliva can suppress the blocking of sieve elements, a reaction that plants employ to inhibit aphid feeding, but aphid saliva can also elicit plant defence responses. Such plant responses might affect interactions between different aphid species and intraspecifically, e.g. among different biotypes. The objectives of our study were to investigate if feeding behaviour and ...

Insights from measuring pollen deposition: quantifying the pre-eminence of bees as flower visitors and effective pollinators

Using our accumulated datasets from Kenyan savanna, Mediterranean garigue, UK gardens and heathland, involving 76 plants from 30 families, we present detailed data to quantify the superiority of bees as pollinators of most flowering plants when compared with other flower visitors. Bees provided the majority of visits to study species at all sites, and 33 of the 76 plants received ...

A dual function for 4-methoxybenzaldehyde in Petasites fragrans? Pollinator-attractant and ant-repellent

Ant-repellent floral volatiles offer one method through which plants can mediate the detrimental effects of ants on flowers. Although the repellence itself is well documented, the volatiles involved are less well explored. Here, we investigated the floral bouquet of ant-repellent male flowers of Petasites fragrans, identifying 4-methoxybenzaldehyde as the main component. ...

Pollen and stamen mimicry: the alpine flora as a case study

Many melittophilous flowers display yellow and UV-absorbing floral guides that resemble the most common colour of pollen and anthers. The yellow coloured anthers and pollen and the similarly coloured flower guides are described as key features of a pollen and stamen mimicry system. In this study, we investigated the entire angiosperm flora of the Alps with regard to visually ...

Accumulation of amino acids and phenolic compounds in biochemical plant responses to feeding of two different herbivorous arthropod pests

The study aimed at comparing the changes in the content of free amino acids, phenolic compounds and the activity of PAL and TAL caused by two piercing-sucking arthropods: the grape mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus Ehrh.) and the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) in the leaves of orchid and strawberry, respectively. The obtained results show that the amino acid ...

Interpopulation variation in pollinators and floral scent of the lady’s-slipper orchid Cypripedium calceolus L.

Floral scent is a key mediator in many plant–pollinator interactions. It is known to vary not only among plant species, but also within species among populations. However, there is a big gap in our knowledge of whether such variability is the result of divergent selective pressures exerted by a variable pollinator climate or alternative scenarios (e.g., genetic drift). Cypripedium ...

Volatility of network indices due to undersampling of intraspecific variation in plant–insect interactions

Appropriate sampling effort of interaction networks is necessary to extract robust indices describing the structure of species interactions. Here we show that time-invariant variation in the composition and diversity of interaction partners of plant individuals of the same species explains volatility in aggregate network statistics due to undersampling. Within a multi-species ...

Exploring the predation of UK bumblebees (Apidae, Bombus spp.) by the invasive pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea: examining the effects of annual variation, seasonal variation, plant density and bumblebee gender

Invasive carnivorous plant species can impact the native invertebrate communities on which they prey. This article explores the predation of native UK bumblebees (Bombus spp.) by the invasive pitcher plant species Sarracenia purpurea and discusses the potential effect of S. purpurea on native bumblebees. Specifically, it evaluates whether the extent to which bumblebees are captured ...

Invasive Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis L.) as a preferred foraging habitat for spiders

Invasions of alien species are a great threat to biodiversity and native species communities. There are many examples in the literature on how the invasive plants affect the natural environment. Beside reports on negative effects of these invasions, there are also several studies indicating a positive impact of the invaders. Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) is one of the ...

What if we lose a hub? Experimental testing of pollination network resilience to removal of keystone floral resources

On the basis of theoretical predictions, pollination networks seem to be resilient to random node elimination but sensitive to targeted exclusion. However, such predictions have a very weak empirical basis. In order to test the robustness of the pollination network to short-term disturbances, we removed inflorescences of the most connected species occurring in a lowland meadow ...

Determining the duration of Aphis glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) induced susceptibility effect in soybean

Insect herbivores can increase the suitability of host plants for conspecifics by inducing susceptibility. Induced susceptibility can be separated into feeding facilitation, whereby herbivore feeding increases performance of conspecifics regardless of the genotype of the herbivore or plant, and obviation of resistance, whereby feeding by a virulent herbivore increases performance ...

The ecological role of extremely long-proboscid Neotropical butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in plant-pollinator networks

Extremely long proboscides of insect flower visitors have been regarded as an example of a coevolutionary arms race, assuming that these insects act as efficient pollinators for their nectar host plants. However, the effect of proboscis length on generalized or specialized flower use remains unclear and the efficiency of butterfly pollination is ambiguous. Neotropical Hesperiidae ...

Apoptosis induction by concanavalin A in gut cells of grain aphid

In this study, the toxicity and mechanism of action of concanavalin A (ConA) in the grain aphid (Sitobion avenae) were studied. Feeding assays with S. avenae on an artificial diet containing different concentrations of ConA demonstrated an inhibitory effect on fecundity as well as high mortality caused by this lectin. ConA also increased the pre-reproductive period and the ...

Impact of scale insect infestation on the content of photosynthetic pigments and chlorophyll fluorescence in two host plant species

The aim of this experiment was to determine plant responses to Coccus hesperidum L. infestation on two host plants. Groups of five lemon and five fern plants were colonised by various numbers of mobile C. hesperidum instar nymphs. After 6 months, all scale insect individuals were counted on each plant. According to the insect density, the plants were divided into a five-degree ...

Orientation behavior of predaceous ground beetle species in response to volatile emissions identified from yellow starthistle damaged by an invasive slug

We investigated indirect defense in the yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)–grey garden slug (Deroceras reticulatum)–ground beetle (Pterostichus melanarius and Scaphinotus interruptus) system. In this host plant/herbivore/predator system, the ground beetles are the primary predator of D. reticulatum, the dominant herbivore of the highly invasive weed, C. solstitialis. The ...

Plant response to touch affects the behaviour of aphids and ladybirds

Touching between leaves of the same plant and/or by neighbouring plants is one of the most common mechanical stimuli to which an individual plant has to respond on a daily basis. The possible ecological implications of a plant’s response to touch on plant–insect interactions have not been explicitly investigated. We examined whether plant response to 1 min daily touching over a ...

Feeding damage by Bagrada hilaris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and impact on growth and chlorophyll content of Brassicaceous plant species

Bagrada hilaris Burmeister is an invasive species native to the old world and is currently threatening commercial vegetable production in the southwestern USA. A series of no-choice experiments were conducted to investigate multiple plant responses in six Brassica crops to feeding by B. hilaris. Varying numbers of adults were caged onto cotyledon, 2-true leaf, and 4-true leaf-stage ...

Essential oils from buds and leaves of two hazelnut (Corylus L.) cultivars with different resistance to filbert big bud mite (Phytoptus avellanae Nal.) and filbert aphid (Myzocallis coryli Goetze)

The aim of this study was to identify the allelopatic effect of the components of a mixture of essential oils (EO) contained in the buds and leaves of hazel (Corylus L.) on herbivores. We examined the effect of these compounds on the choice of plants of two different hazel cultivars by Phytoptus avellanae Nal. (filbert big bud mite) and Myzocallis coryli Goetze (filbert aphid), ...

Flower-visitor and pollen transport networks in a large city: structure and properties

Plant species and their pollinators are linked by their mutualistic interactions, which form the basis of pollination networks. The use of a network approach allows one to take into account all interactions between a group of plants and its animal pollinators, and to reveal the structure of these connections. We analysed pollination interactions for urban habitat fragments located ...