VLSI Design

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/vlsi/

List of Papers (Total 29)

Design and Implementation of a Low Power Ternary Full Adder

In this work, the design and implementation of a low power ternary full adder are presented in CMOS technology. In a ternary full adder design, the basic building blocks, the positive ternary inverter (PTI) and negative ternary inverter (NTI) are developed using a CMOS inverter and pass transistors. In designs of PTI and NTI, W/L ratios of transistors have been varied for their...

Distributed and Parallel Demand Driven Logic Simulation Algorithms

Based on the demand-driven approach, distributed and parallel simulation algorithms are proposed. Demand-driven simulation ties to minimize the number of component evaluations by restricting to only those component computations required for the watched output requests. For a specific output value request, the input line values that are required are requested to the respective...

New Methods for the Construction of Test Cases for Partitioning Heuristics

Partitioning is an important problem in the design automation of integrated circuits. This problem in many of its formulation is NP-Hard, and several heuristic methods have been proposed for its solution. To evaluate the effectiveness of the various partitioning heuristics, it is desirable to have test cases with known optimal solutions that are as “random looking” as possible...

High-Level Graphical Abstraction in Digital Design

We base our approach to the design of complex logic ICs on four premises:

Combining Technology Mapping With Layout

Due to the significant contribution of interconnect to the area and speed of today's circuits and the technological trend toward smaller and faster gates which will make the effects of interconnect even more substantial, interconnect optimization must be performed during all phases of the design. The premise of this paper is that by increasing the interaction between logic...

Total Dielectric Function Approach to the Electron Boltzmann Equation for Scattering from a Two-Dimensional Coupled Mode System

The nonequilibrium total dielectric function lends itself to a simple and general method for calculating the inelastic collision term in the electron Boltzmann equation for scattering from a coupled mode system. Useful applications include scattering from plasmon-polar phonon hybrid modes in modulation doped semiconductor structures. This paper presents numerical methods for...

Cellular Automaton Study of Time-Dynamics of Avalanche Breakdown in IMPATT Diodes

Employing a recently developed efficient cellular automaton technique for solving Boltzmann’s transport equation for realistic devices, we present a detailed study of the carrier dynamics in GaAs avalanche p-i-n (IMPATT) diodes. We find that the impact ionization in reverse bias p-i-n diodes with ultrathin (less than 50 nm) intrinsic regions is triggered by Zener tunneling rather...

Monte Carlo Simulations of High Field Transport in Electroluminescent Devices

High field transport in phosphor materials is an essential element of thin film electroluminescent device performance. Due to the high accelerating fields in these structures (1–3 MV/cm), a complete description of transport under high field conditions utilizing information on the full band structure of the material is critical to understand the light emission process due to...

Dynamic Cancellation: Selecting Time Warp Cancellation Strategies at Runtime

The performance of Time Warp parallel discrete event simulators can be affected by the cancellation strategy used to send anti-messages. Under aggressive cancellation, antimessage generation occurs immediately after a straggler message is detected. In contrast, lazy cancellation delays the sending of anti-messages until forward processing from a straggler message confirms that...

Electro-thermal Modelling of Monolithic and Hybrid Microwave and Millimeter Wave IC's

The first completely physical electro-thermal model is presented that is capable of describing the large signal performance of MESFET- and HEMT-based, high power microwave and millimeter wave monolithic and hybrid ICs, on timescales suitable for CAD. The model includes the effects of self-heating and mutual thermal interaction on active device performance with full treatment of...

Exact Output Response Computation of RC Interconnects Under General Polynomial Input Waveforms

Accurate output response computation of RC interconnects under various input excitations is a key issue in deep submicron delay analysis. In this paper, we present an exact analysis of output response computation of a distributed RC interconnect under input signals that are polynomial in time (tn). A simple, recursive equation that helps us to calculate the interconnect response...

Design and Analysis of Radix-8/4/2 64b/32b Integer Divider Using COMPASS Cell Library

A high speed 64b/32b integer divider employing digit-recurrence division method and the on-the-fly conversion algorithm, wherein a fast normalizer is included, which is used as the pre-processor of the proposed integer divider. For the sake of enhancing throughput rate, the proposed divider uses a mixed radix-8/4/2 division instead of the traditional radix-2 division. On-the-fly...

The Single Row Routing Problem Revisited: A Solution Based on Genetic Algorithms

With the advent of VLSI technology, circuits with more than one million transistors have been integrated onto a single chip. As the complexity of ICs grows, the time and money spent on designing the circuits become more important. A large, often dominant, part of the cost and time required to design an IC is consumed in the routing operation. The routing of carriers, such as in...

Efficient Implementation of a Demultiplexer Based on a Multirate Filter Bank for the Skyplex Satellites DVB System

In this paper, an extensive comparison among alternative algorithms for the implementation of a digital demultiplexer has been carried out. The computational complexity, the performances and the accuracy with respect to the quantization effects (quantization noise and coefficient quantization) have been evaluated for the different algorithms. The selected digital architecture has...

A Modularized Noise Analysis Method with Its Application in Readout Circuit Design

A readout integrated circuit (ROIC) is a crucial part that determines the quality of imaging. In order to analyze the noise of a ROIC with distinct illustration of each noise source transferring, a modularized noise analysis method is proposed whose application is applied for a ROIC cell, where all the MOSFETs are optimized in subthreshold region, leading to the power dissipation...

Low-Area Wallace Multiplier

Multiplication is one of the most commonly used operations in the arithmetic. Multipliers based on Wallace reduction tree provide an area-efficient strategy for high speed multiplication. A number of modifications are proposed in the literature to optimize the area of the Wallace multiplier. This paper proposed a reduced-area Wallace multiplier without compromising on the speed...

A Low-Power Scalable Stream Compute Accelerator for General Matrix Multiply (GEMM)

Many applications ranging from machine learning, image processing, and machine vision to optimization utilize matrix multiplication as a fundamental block. Matrix operations play an important role in determining the performance of such applications. This paper proposes a novel efficient, highly scalable hardware accelerator that is of equivalent performance to a 2 GHz quad core...

Ingredients of Adaptability: A Survey of Reconfigurable Processors

For a design to survive unforeseen physical effects like aging, temperature variation, and/or emergence of new application standards, adaptability needs to be supported. Adaptability, in its complete strength, is present in reconfigurable processors, which makes it an important IP in modern System-on-Chips (SoCs). Reconfigurable processors have risen to prominence as a dominant...

Design a Bioamplifier with High CMRR

A CMOS amplifier with differential input and output was designed for very high common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR) and low offset. This design was implemented by the 0.35 μm CMOS technology provided by TSMC. With three stages of amplification and by balanced self-bias, a voltage gain of 80 dB with a CMRR of 130 dB was achieved. The related input offset was as low as 0.6 μV. In...

A High-Speed and Low-Energy-Consumption Processor for SVD-MIMO-OFDM Systems

A processor design for singular value decomposition (SVD) and compression/decompression of feedback matrices, which are mandatory operations for SVD multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) systems, is proposed and evaluated. SVD-MIMO is a transmission method for suppressing multistream interference and improving communication quality...

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous MPSoC Architectures with Network-On-Chip Connectivity for Low-Power and Real-Time Multimedia Signal Processing

Two multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC) architectures are proposed and compared in the paper with reference to audio and video processing applications. One architecture exploits a homogeneous topology; it consists of 8 identical tiles, each made of a 32-bit RISC core enhanced by a 64-bit DSP coprocessor with local memory. The other MPSoC architecture exploits a heterogeneous...

FastRoute: An Efficient and High-Quality Global Router

Modern large-scale circuit designs have created great demand for fast and high-quality global routing algorithms to resolve the routing congestion at the global level. Rip-up and reroute scheme has been employed by the majority of academic and industrial global routers today, which iteratively resolve the congestion by recreating the routing path based on current congestion. This...

Cognitive Radio RF: Overview and Challenges

Cognitive radio system (CRS) is a radio system which is aware of its operational and geographical environment, established policies, and its internal state. It is able to dynamically and autonomously adapt its operational parameters and protocols and to learn from its previous experience. Based on software-defined radio (SDR), CRS provides additional flexibility and offers...