Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/127

List of Papers (Total 273)

India’s response to adolescent mental health: a policy review and stakeholder analysis

PurposeMental health problems and suicide are the leading cause of mortality in young people globally. India is home to the largest number of adolescents in the world. This study was undertaken to assess the policy environment for addressing adolescent mental health in India.MethodsWe conducted a review of 6 policies and programs and 11 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders...

Prevalence of anxiety disorders and symptoms in people with hearing impairment: a systematic review

PurposeAnxiety disorders are common. Prevalence is likely to be raised in people with hearing impairment, who experience higher rates of associated risk factors. We conducted, to our knowledge, the first systematic review of the prevalence and correlates of anxiety in people with hearing impairment.MethodsWe searched electronic databases and references of included studies, using...

Factors associated with regular physical activity participation among people with severe mental ill health

PurposePeople with severe mental ill health (SMI) are less physically active and more sedentary than the general population. There is limited research investigating the correlates of physical activity (PA) in people with SMI impeding the development of successful interventions. This study aimed to assess the factors associated with regular participation of PA among a large sample...

Implementing an intervention designed to enhance service user involvement in mental health care planning: a qualitative process evaluation

PurposeShared decision-making (SDM) and the wider elements of intersecting professional and lay practices are seen as necessary components in the implementation of mental health interventions. A randomised controlled trial of a user- and carer-informed training package in the United Kingdom to enhance SDM in care planning in secondary mental health care settings showed no effect...

Non-fatal self-harm in Scottish military veterans: a retrospective cohort study of 57,000 veterans and 173,000 matched non-veterans

PurposeAlthough suicide risk in veterans has been widely studied, there is little information on the risk of non-fatal self-harm in this population. We used data from the Scottish Veterans Health Study to conduct an epidemiological analysis of self-harm in veterans, in comparison with people who have never served.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective, 30-year cohort study of 56,205...

Depression among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China: prevalence, associated factors and impacts

PurposeThis study aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and to investigate its associated factors and impacts on daily life functioning among the general adult population in Jiangsu Province of China.MethodsAs part of the Jiangsu Provincial Survey on Chronic Disease and Behavioural Risk Factors (2010), a sample of 8400 community residents aged ≥ 18 years were recruited...

The association of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder with the metabolic syndrome in a multi-ethnic cohort: the HELIUS study

PurposeDepression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be linked to the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Consistency of this association across ethnic groups and the influence of comorbidity of depression/PTSD were examined.MethodsCross-sectional baseline data from the HELIUS study were used (4527 Dutch, 2999 South-Asian Surinamese, 4058 African Surinamese, 2251 Ghanaian, 3522...

Review of mental health promotion interventions in schools

PurposeThe prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and...

Social inequalities in mental disorders and substance misuse in young adults

PurposeTo investigate the association between mental disorders and substance misuse at 30 years of age with gender, socioeconomic position at birth, and family income trajectories.MethodsThe 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used; all 5914 children born alive at hospital were originally enrolled (99.2% of all city births). In 2012, 3701 subjects were located and interviewed (68...

Inhalant use in adolescents in northern Russia

PurposeTo determine the prevalence of inhalant use in Russian adolescents and to investigate associated psychosocial problems from a gender perspective.MethodsData on inhalant use and comorbid psychopathology were collected by means of self-reports from 2892 (42.4% boys) sixth to tenth grade students in public schools in Arkhangelsk, Russia. Multivariate analysis of covariance...

Association between obesity and depressive symptoms in Mexican population

PurposeObesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population.MethodsWe used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity...

Prevalence and risk factors of psychiatric disorders in early adolescence: 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort

PurposeThe present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in early adolescence, to examine the distribution of psychiatric disorders by maternal and child characteristics and to evaluate the occurrence of psychiatric comorbidities.MethodsThis was a prospective cohort study of all live births in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, in 2004 (n = 4231). A total of...

Characteristics and motivations of volunteers providing one-to-one support for people with mental illness: a survey in Austria

PurposeLarge numbers of volunteers provide one-to-one support for people with mental illness, sometimes referred to as befriending. However, there has been very little research on their characteristics and motivations. This study aimed to assess the personal characteristics and motivations of such volunteers across different regions in Austria.MethodsQuestionnaires assessing...

Utilization of psychiatric care and antidepressants among people with different severity of depression: a population-based cohort study in Stockholm, Sweden

PurposeTo identify how severity of depression predicts future utilization of psychiatric care and antidepressants.MethodsData derived from a longitudinal population-based study in Stockholm, Sweden, include 10443 participants aged 20–64 years. Depression was assessed by Major Depression Inventory and divided into subsyndromal, mild, moderate and severe depression. Outcomes were...

The relation between obesity and depressed mood in a multi-ethnic population. The HELIUS study

PurposeTo examine the association between obesity and depressed mood in a large multi-ethnic population and check for consistency in this association across six ethnic groups.MethodsData of 21,030 persons (18–70 years) were sourced from the HELIUS study. Cross-sectional relationships between obesity measures [body mass index (kg/m2) and waist circumference (cm)] and depressed...