Injury Epidemiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/40621

List of Papers (Total 150)

Autonomous vehicles are cost-effective when used as taxis

BackgroundAutonomous vehicles (AVs) will radically re-shape the health and well-being of people in the United States in good ways and bad. We set out to estimate a reasonable time-to-adoption using cost-effectivenessmodels to estimate the point at which AVs become reasonably safe and affordable for widespread adoption.MethodsWe used Waymo data (previously, Google Self-Driving Car...

Characteristics of sports and recreation-related emergency department visits among school-age children and youth in North Carolina, 2010–2014

BackgroundSports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population...

Epidemiological patterns of traumatic musculoskeletal injuries and non-traumatic disorders in Japan Self-Defense Forces

BackgroundThe epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.MethodsAll orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who...

Using matrix frame to present road traffic injury pattern

BackgroundAlthough many epidemiological studies have presented road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to the victim’s mode of transport, very few have mentioned the mode of transport of the victim’s counterparts. We sought to use matrix frame to present the pattern of RTIs based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes.MethodsPatients...

Efficacy of a proactive health and safety risk management system in the fire service

BackgroundThis study evaluated the efficacy of a fire department proactive risk management program aimed at reducing firefighter injuries and their associated costs.MethodsInjury data were collected for the intervention fire department and a contemporary control department. Workers’ compensation claim frequency and costs were analyzed for the intervention fire department only...

Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls

BackgroundUnintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific...

Common data elements collected among universities for sport-related concussion studies

BackgroundUniversities are increasingly implementing programs to effectively respond to and manage sport-related concussions (SRCs). One such effort is to develop common data elements (CDEs) and standardize data collection methods. The objectives of this study were to describe CDEs currently collected by Big Ten and Ivy League universities for SRC studies, and to compare the data...

Epidemiology of asphyxiation suicides in the United States, 2005–2014

BackgroundFrom 2005 to 2014, the asphyxiation suicide rate in the United States (U.S.) increased by 45.7% from 2.45 to 3.57 per 100,000 population. The primary purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe decedent and incident characteristics of asphyxiation suicides in the U.S. from 2005 to 2014. The secondary purpose of this study was to explore whether any demographic...

Firearm ownership among American veterans: findings from the 2015 National Firearm Survey

Background While the majority of veteran suicides involve firearms, no contemporary data describing firearm ownership among US veterans are available. This study uses survey data to describe the prevalence of firearm ownership among a nationally representative sample of veterans, as well as veterans’ reasons for firearm ownership. Methods A cross-sectional, nationally...

Characteristics of unintentional drowning deaths in children with autism spectrum disorder

Background The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased markedly in the past two decades. Recent research indicates that children with ASD are at a substantially increased risk of injury mortality, particularly from unintentional drowning. The purpose of this study was to explore the circumstances of fatal unintentional drowning incidents involving...

Pediatric emergency department visits for pedestrian and bicyclist injuries in the US

Background Despite reductions in youth pedestrian and bicyclist deaths over the past two decades, these injuries remain a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality for children and adolescents. There is a need for additional information on non-fatal pediatric pedestrian injuries and the role of traumatic brain injury (TBI), a leading cause of acquired disability. Methods Using...

Design of ProjectRun21: a 14-week prospective cohort study of the influence of running experience and running pace on running-related injury in half-marathoners

BackgroundParticipation in half-marathon has been steeply increasing during the past decade. In line, a vast number of half-marathon running schedules has surfaced. Unfortunately, the injury incidence proportion for half-marathoners has been found to exceed 30% during 1-year follow-up. The majority of running-related injuries are suggested to develop as overuse injuries, which...